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Kourou ELS
Part of Kourou Family
Ensemble de Lancement Soyuz

First Launch: 2011-10-21. Last Launch: 2014-08-22. Number: 9 . Longitude: -52.8354 deg. Latitude: 5.2954 deg.



Spacecraft: ELiTeBus, Prima, Pleiades, Myriade, Galileo Navsat, Gaia. Launch Vehicles: Soyuz-ST-B, Soyuz ST / Fregat ST, Soyuz-ST-A. Launch Sites: Kourou.

2011 October 21 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-B.
  • GalileoSat-1 - . Payload: Galileo-PFM / Thijs. Mass: 640 kg (1,410 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 37846 . COSPAR: 2011-060A. Apogee: 23,307 km (14,482 mi). Perigee: 23,234 km (14,436 mi). Inclination: 54.7000 deg. Period: 846.80 min. First Galileo navigation satellites launched to establish an autonomous European navigation satellite constellation. First Soyuz booster launch from the new Ensemble de Lancement Soyuz pad in Kourou..
  • GalileoSat-2 - . Payload: Galileo-FM2 / Natalia. Mass: 640 kg (1,410 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 37847 . COSPAR: 2011-060B. Apogee: 23,274 km (14,461 mi). Perigee: 23,228 km (14,433 mi). Inclination: 54.7000 deg. Period: 845.90 min.

2011 December 17 - . 02:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-A.
  • Pleiades HR1 - . Mass: 970 kg (2,130 lb). Nation: France. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Pleiades. USAF Sat Cat: 38007 . COSPAR: 2011-076A. Apogee: 692 km (429 mi). Perigee: 676 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.50 min. High resolution military surveillance satellite..
  • Elisa 1 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 38008 . COSPAR: 2011-076B. Apogee: 692 km (429 mi). Perigee: 675 km (419 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.40 min.

    Quartet of electronic intelligence satellites, which succeed Essaim as France's next space-based SIGINT demonstrator. Like Essaim, Elisa consists of four Myriade microsatellites equipped with electronic intelligence instruments to intercept radar transmissions from space. Elisa was to offer a pre-operational capability until a fully operational space-based intelligence capability would be deployed in 2016.

  • Elisa 2 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 38009 . COSPAR: 2011-076C. Apogee: 693 km (430 mi). Perigee: 681 km (423 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.50 min.
  • Elisa 3 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 38010 . COSPAR: 2011-076D. Apogee: 693 km (430 mi). Perigee: 674 km (418 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.40 min.
  • Elisa 4 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 38011 . COSPAR: 2011-076E. Apogee: 616 km (382 mi). Perigee: 601 km (373 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 96.90 min.
  • Fasat-Charlie - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Chile. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 38012 . COSPAR: 2011-076F. Apogee: 612 km (380 mi). Perigee: 597 km (370 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 96.80 min. Imaging satellite for the Chilean Air Force..

2012 October 12 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-B.
  • GalileoSat-3 - . Payload: Galileo IOV-3 / David. Mass: 640 kg (1,410 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 38857 . COSPAR: 2012-055A. Apogee: 23,228 km (14,433 mi). Perigee: 23,217 km (14,426 mi). Inclination: 55.3000 deg. Period: 844.70 min. In-orbit validation satellite for the Galileo navigation system. Nicknamed David in honor a competition winner, Mr. David Markarjanc (b.2001) of the Czech Republic..
  • GalileoSat-4 - . Payload: Galileo IOV-4 / Sif. Mass: 640 kg (1,410 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 38858 . COSPAR: 2012-055B. Apogee: 23,227 km (14,432 mi). Perigee: 23,218 km (14,426 mi). Inclination: 55.3000 deg. Period: 844.70 min. In-orbit validation satellite for the Galileo navigation system. Nicknamed Sif in honor a competition winner, Ms. Sif Skov Christensen (b.2002) of Denmark..

2012 December 2 - . 02:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-A.
  • Pleiades 1B - . Mass: 970 kg (2,130 lb). Nation: France. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Pleiades. USAF Sat Cat: 39019 . COSPAR: 2012-068A. Apogee: 699 km (434 mi). Perigee: 697 km (433 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. High resolution French military optical reconnaisance satellite..

2013 June 25 - . 19:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-B.
  • O3b SC4/FM5 - . Payload: O3B FM5. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 39188 . COSPAR: 2013-031A. Apogee: 7,838 km (4,870 mi). Perigee: 7,808 km (4,851 mi). Inclination: 0.0400 deg. Period: 280.71 min. O3b (the other 3 billion) satellite providing Ka-band communications with steerable antennas for broadband internet capacity in the developing world..
  • O3b SC3/FM4 - . Payload: O3B FM4. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 39189 . COSPAR: 2013-031B. Apogee: 7,838 km (4,870 mi). Perigee: 7,820 km (4,850 mi). Inclination: 0.0400 deg. Period: 280.88 min.
  • O3b SC2/FM2 - . Payload: O3B FM2. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 39190 . COSPAR: 2013-031C. Apogee: 7,838 km (4,870 mi). Perigee: 7,828 km (4,864 mi). Inclination: 0.0400 deg. Period: 281.00 min.
  • O3b SC1/PFM - . Payload: O3B PFM. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 39191 . COSPAR: 2013-031D. Apogee: 8,007 km (4,975 mi). Perigee: 7,843 km (4,873 mi). Inclination: 0.0300 deg. Period: 283.73 min.

2013 December 19 - . 09:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-B.
  • Gaia - . Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Astronomy. Type: Astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Gaia. USAF Sat Cat: 39479 . COSPAR: 2013-074A.

    European Space Agency Gaia spacecraft to measure the three-dimensional positions and velocities of galactic stars, placed in Lagrangian Point 2. As Gaia rotated, a gigapixel detector array consisting of a complex arrangement of mirrors, CCD's, and photometers measured stellar positions, brightness and color; and Doppler shifts of stars with unprecedented accuracy. The Gaia catalog, when it is available in the 2020's, was expected to put the whole field of astrophysics on a firmer footing. Soyuz ST-B with upper stage Fregat-MT No. 1039 from Kourou-Sinnamary. The Fregat upper stage separated from the Soyuz booster at suborbital velocity. It then made a first burn to a 175 x 175 km parking orbit, then reignited for a 16-minute burn from 09:33 GMT to propel Gaia to a 344 km x 962,690 km x 15.0 deg orbit, on its way to the Sun-Earth L2 point. Gaia fired its own propulsion system of 6 10-N thrusters to raise apogee to around 1.5 million km towards midnight; after a few weeks it entered a Lissajous orbit around the L2 point and began observations. Gaia's data will take years to process and was to result in the best yet catalog of galactic stars.


2014 April 3 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-A.
  • Sentinel-1A - . Mass: 2,157 kg (4,755 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: Prima. USAF Sat Cat: 39634 . COSPAR: 2014-016A. Apogee: 692 km (429 mi). Perigee: 690 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.1600 deg. Period: 98.58 min.

    First satellite in the European Commission's Sentinel/Copernicus Earth observing program. Sentinel-1A's C-band SAR was 13.3 x 0.8m in size. The satellite was only a quarter the mass of its predecessor Envisat which carried a wider array of instruments; in the Sentinel program there will be a series of smaller, more specialized satellites. At 05:14 GMT on April 5, Sentinel made a maneuver to avoid a very close pass by NASA's defunct ACRIMSAT satellite, which failed on December 14 2013 after suffering battery issues.


2014 July 10 - . 18:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-B.
  • O3b FM3 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: UK. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 40079 . COSPAR: 2014-038A. Apogee: 8,069 km (5,013 mi). Perigee: 8,062 km (5,009 mi). Inclination: 0.0300 deg. Period: 287.93 min.
  • O3b FM7 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: UK. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 40080 . COSPAR: 2014-038B. Apogee: 8,071 km (5,015 mi). Perigee: 8,061 km (5,008 mi). Inclination: 0.0300 deg. Period: 287.93 min.
  • O3b FM6 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: UK. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 40081 . COSPAR: 2014-038C. Apogee: 8,069 km (5,013 mi). Perigee: 8,063 km (5,010 mi). Inclination: 0.0300 deg. Period: 287.93 min.
  • O3b FM8 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: UK. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 40082 . COSPAR: 2014-038D. Apogee: 8,071 km (5,015 mi). Perigee: 8,061 km (5,008 mi). Inclination: 0.0300 deg. Period: 287.93 min.

2014 August 22 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-B.
  • GalileoSat-5 - . Payload: Galileo FOC FM01 / Doresa. Mass: 733 kg (1,615 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: AE. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 40128 . COSPAR: 2014-050A. Apogee: 25,918 km (16,104 mi). Perigee: 13,721 km (8,525 mi). Inclination: 49.6900 deg. Period: 703.33 min.

    Europe's first two Galileo FOC (Full Operational Capability) navigation satellites were put on a suborbital trajectory by the booster. The Fregat-MT No. 1039 upper stage made a first burn to put the stack in elliptical transfer orbit, and then began the coast to apogee. At apogee at 16:05 GMT the Fregat made a second burn intended to circularize the orbit at 23500 km x and 55.0 deg inclination. The satellites separated from the Fregat at 16:15 GMT. Unfortunately the Fregat was wrongly oriented and the orbit actually reached was 13,700 x 25,900 km x 49.7 deg. An attitude control thrusters may have failed during the coast, leaving Fregat pointing the wrong way at second main engine ignition.

  • GalileoSat-6 - . Payload: Galileo FOC FM02 / Milena. Mass: 733 kg (1,615 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: AE. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 40129 . COSPAR: 2014-050B. Apogee: 25,906 km (16,097 mi). Perigee: 13,702 km (8,514 mi). Inclination: 49.6900 deg. Period: 702.69 min.

2014 December 18 - . 18:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz ST / Fregat ST.
  • O3b FM9 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 40351 . COSPAR: 2014-083D. Apogee: 8,071 km (5,015 mi). Perigee: 8,061 km (5,008 mi). Inclination: 0.0500 deg. Period: 287.93 min. Second quartet of O3b satellites for broadband internet distribution. Each satellite carried an array of 12 Ka-band spot beam dishes and provided capacity for internet providers in the developing world..
  • O3b FM10 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 40349 . COSPAR: 2014-083B. Apogee: 8,070 km (5,010 mi). Perigee: 8,061 km (5,008 mi). Inclination: 0.0400 deg. Period: 287.93 min. O3b satellites launched as part of a constellation for broadband internet distribution..
  • O3b FM11 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 40349 . COSPAR: 2014-083B. Apogee: 8,070 km (5,010 mi). Perigee: 8,061 km (5,008 mi). Inclination: 0.0400 deg. Period: 287.93 min.
  • O3b FM12 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: ELiTeBus. USAF Sat Cat: 40350 . COSPAR: 2014-083C. Apogee: 8,070 km (5,010 mi). Perigee: 8,062 km (5,009 mi). Inclination: 0.0400 deg. Period: 287.93 min.

2015 March 27 - . 21:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz ST / Fregat ST.
  • GalileoSat-7 - . Payload: Galileo FOC FM03 / Adam. Mass: 733 kg (1,615 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 40544 . COSPAR: 2015-017A. Apogee: 23,234 km (14,436 mi). Perigee: 23,210 km (14,420 mi). Inclination: 55.1900 deg. Period: 844.70 min. European navigation satellite..
  • GalileoSat-8 - . Payload: Galileo FOC FM04 / Anastasia. Mass: 733 kg (1,615 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 40545 . COSPAR: 2015-017B. Apogee: 23,234 km (14,436 mi). Perigee: 23,210 km (14,420 mi). Inclination: 55.2000 deg. Period: 844.69 min. European navigation satellite..

2015 December 17 - . 11:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-B.
  • GalileoSat-11 - . Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 41174 . COSPAR: 2015-079A. Apogee: 23,568 km (14,644 mi). Perigee: 23,511 km (14,609 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Adriana.
  • GalileoSat-12 - . Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 41175 . COSPAR: 2015-079B. Apogee: 23,617 km (14,674 mi). Perigee: 23,552 km (14,634 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Liene.

2016 April 25 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-A.
  • Sentinel-1B - . Mass: 2,157 kg (4,755 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: Prima. USAF Sat Cat: 41456 . COSPAR: 2016-025A. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi). Perigee: 695 km (431 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg.

    Arianespace flight VS14. The Fregat stage first burn reached an initial orbit of 695 x 700 km and deployed the Sentinel-1B radar imaging satellite for ESA. It then made a burn to 442 x 690 km and deployed three 1U cubesats. The ASAP-S adapter was ejected into the same orbit. Next, the Fregat stage made two more burns to reach 711 x 714 km and released the Microscope satellite. Finally, at 0118 UTC, Fregat made a deorbit burn and reentered over the S Atlantic. 1800LT SSO.

  • Microscope - . Nation: Europe. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 41457 . COSPAR: 2016-025B. Apogee: 714 km (443 mi). Perigee: 711 km (441 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. 1800LT SSO.Operated by the French space agency CNES, Microscope uses the Myriade bus and contains drag-free test masses to test the Equivalence Principle..
  • OUFTI-1 - . Nation: Europe. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 41458 . COSPAR: 2016-025C. Apogee: 686 km (426 mi). Perigee: 442 km (274 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. University of Liege 1U cubesat.
  • AAUSAT-4 - . Payload: E-STAR-2. Nation: Europe. Class: Communications. Type: Search and rescue satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 41459 . COSPAR: 2016-025D. Apogee: 686 km (426 mi). Perigee: 442 km (274 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Aalborg University 1U cubesat.
  • ESt@r-II - . Nation: Europe. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 41460 . COSPAR: 2016-025E. Apogee: 686 km (426 mi). Perigee: 442 km (274 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Politecnico di Torino 1U cubesat.

2016 May 24 - . 08:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-B.
  • GalileoSat-13 - . Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 41550 . COSPAR: 2016-030B. Apogee: 23,566 km (14,643 mi). Perigee: 23,551 km (14,633 mi). Inclination: 57.4000 deg. Daniele.
  • GalileoSat-14 - . Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 41549 . COSPAR: 2016-030A. Apogee: 23,616 km (14,674 mi). Perigee: 23,553 km (14,635 mi). Inclination: 57.4000 deg. Alizee.

2017 January 28 - . 01:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-B.
  • Hispasat 36W-1 - . Nation: Spain. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: SmallGEO. USAF Sat Cat: 41942 . COSPAR: 2017-006A. Apogee: 35,754 km (22,216 mi). Perigee: 252 km (156 mi). Inclination: 5.4000 deg. Spanish Hispasat 36W-1 communications satellite (3220 kg at launch, 1700 kg dry) was the first SmallGEO bus, made by OHB of Bremen, Germany. It was launched to geotransfer orbit by a Soyuz ST-B/Fregat in the first GTO launch by a Soyuz from Kourou..


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