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Poppy
American military naval signals reconnaissance satellite series, launched 1962-1971. It evolved from the simple Grab satellite, but was launched in pairs, triplets, or quadruplets in order to localize the source of electronic emissions detected. Led to the NOSS production satellite series.

First Launch: 1962-12-13. Last Launch: 1971-12-14. Number: 24 . Gross mass: 83 kg (182 lb).

The official history and even name of the satellite was not declassified until 2012. Even then, most of the information was redacted.


More at: Poppy.

Subtopics

Poppy (20 in series) ELINT satellite built by Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) for Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) / US Navy, USA. Launched 1962 - 1964.

Poppy (24 in series) ELINT satellite built by Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) for Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) / US Navy, USA. Launched 1963 - 1967.

Country: USA.

1962 December 13 - . 04:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D.
  • Black Sphere - . Payload: NRL PL120 / Poppy 1A (Poppy 20-inch). Mass: 23 kg (50 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF, USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. Decay Date: 1967-02-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 502 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Tau-1. Apogee: 2,385 km (1,481 mi). Perigee: 230 km (140 mi). Inclination: 70.3000 deg. Period: 111.80 min. First launch of a pair of Poppy naval signals intelligence satellites, which would lead to the NOSS production series..
  • SURCAL 2A - . Payload: NRL PL121 / Poppy 1B (Poppy 20-inch). Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF, USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. Decay Date: 1963-07-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 507 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Tau-3. Apogee: 2,762 km (1,716 mi). Perigee: 222 km (137 mi). Inclination: 70.2000 deg. Period: 115.80 min. Poppy naval signals intelligence satellite. Officially: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..

1963 June 15 - . 14:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D.
  • USN satellite - . Payload: NRL PL130 / Poppy 2C / RADOSE (Poppy 24-inch). Mass: 35 kg (77 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. Decay Date: 1963-07-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 598 . COSPAR: 1963-021E. Apogee: 859 km (533 mi). Perigee: 170 km (100 mi). Inclination: 69.9000 deg. Period: 94.90 min. Poppy naval signals intelligence satellite..
  • Solrad 6A - . Payload: NRL PL110 / Poppy 2A (Poppy 24-inch). Mass: 39 kg (85 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. Decay Date: 1963-08-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 599 . COSPAR: 1963-021C. Apogee: 869 km (539 mi). Perigee: 170 km (100 mi). Inclination: 69.9000 deg. Period: 95.10 min.

    First launch of a triplet of Poppy naval signals intelligence satellites, which would lead to the NOSS production series. Official and secondary mission: Solar radiation data. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A).

  • RADOSE 112 - . Payload: NRL PL 112 / Poppy 2B (Poppy 20-inch). Mass: 25 kg (55 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. Decay Date: 1963-07-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 600 . COSPAR: 1963-021D. Apogee: 875 km (543 mi). Perigee: 170 km (100 mi). Inclination: 69.9000 deg. Period: 95.10 min. Poppy naval signals intelligence satellite. Official and secondary mission: Radiation dosimeter measurements. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..

1964 January 11 - . 20:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
  • Solrad 7A - . Payload: NRL PL124 / Poppy 3A (Poppy 24-inch). Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 730 . COSPAR: 1964-001D. Apogee: 920 km (570 mi). Perigee: 902 km (560 mi). Inclination: 69.9000 deg. Period: 103.20 min. Poppy naval signals intelligence satellite. Official and secondary mission: Solar radiation data. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • GGSE 1 - . Payload: NRL PL134 / Poppy 3C (Poppy 20-inch). Mass: 39 kg (85 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 728 . COSPAR: 1964-001B. Apogee: 916 km (569 mi). Perigee: 899 km (558 mi). Inclination: 69.9000 deg. Period: 103.20 min.

    First launch of a triplet of Poppy naval signals intelligence satellites, which would lead to the NOSS production series. Official and secondary mission: Gravity gradient stabilization tests. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A).

  • Unidentified - . Payload: NRL PL135 / Poppy 3B (Poppy 20-inch). Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 731 . COSPAR: 1964-001E. Apogee: 919 km (571 mi). Perigee: 902 km (560 mi). Inclination: 69.9000 deg. Period: 103.20 min. Poppy naval signals intelligence satellite..

1965 March 9 - . 18:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2 Agena D.
  • Solrad 6B - . Payload: NRL PL142 / OPS 4988 / Poppy 4B (Poppy 24-inch). Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 1271 . COSPAR: 1965-016A. Apogee: 924 km (574 mi). Perigee: 896 km (556 mi). Inclination: 70.1000 deg. Period: 103.20 min.

    A Thor/Agena D booster was employed to launch eight military satellites into orbit from Vandenberg AFB. This was the largest number of individual payloads yet orbited by the United States with one launch vehicle. First launch of a quadruplet of Poppy naval signals intelligence satellites, which would lead to the NOSS production series. Official and secondary mission: Solar radiation data.

  • GGSE 2 - . Payload: NRL PL143 / Poppy 4C (Poppy 24-inch). Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 1244 . COSPAR: 1965-016B. Apogee: 925 km (574 mi). Perigee: 898 km (557 mi). Inclination: 70.1000 deg. Period: 103.20 min. Poppy naval signals intelligence satellite. Official and secondary mission: Gravity gradient stabilization tests. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • GGSE 3 - . Payload: NRL PL144 / Poppy 4D (Poppy 24-inch). Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 1292 . COSPAR: 1965-016C. Apogee: 915 km (568 mi). Perigee: 886 km (550 mi). Inclination: 70.1000 deg. Period: 103.00 min. Poppy naval signals intelligence satellite. Official and secondary mission: Gravity gradient stabilization tests. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • Solrad 7B - . Payload: NRL PL141 / Poppy 4A (Poppy 24-inch). Mass: 47 kg (103 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 1291 . COSPAR: 1965-016D. Apogee: 928 km (576 mi). Perigee: 901 km (559 mi). Inclination: 70.1000 deg. Period: 103.30 min. Solar radiation monitoring. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1967 May 31 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2 Agena D.
  • Surcal (151) - . Payload: NRL PL151 / OPS 5712 / Poppy 5A (Poppy 24-inch). Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 2873 . COSPAR: 1967-053G. Apogee: 910 km (560 mi). Perigee: 902 km (560 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 103.10 min. Poppy naval signals intelligence satellite. Official and secondary mission: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • Surcal (153) - . Payload: NRL PL153 / OPS 5712 / Poppy 5C (Poppy multifacete. Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 2874 . COSPAR: 1967-053H. Apogee: 912 km (566 mi). Perigee: 905 km (562 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 103.20 min. Poppy naval signals intelligence satellite. Official and secondary mission: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • GGSE 5 - . Payload: NRL PL154 / Poppy 5D (Poppy multifaceted). Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 2834 . COSPAR: 1967-053D. Apogee: 913 km (567 mi). Perigee: 906 km (562 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 103.20 min. Poppy naval signals intelligence satellite. Official and secondary mission: Gravity gradient stabilization tests. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • GGSE 4 - . Payload: NRL PL152 / Poppy 5B (Poppy multifaceted). Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 2828 . COSPAR: 1967-053C. Apogee: 910 km (560 mi). Perigee: 903 km (561 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 103.10 min.

    Second launch of a quadruplet of Poppy naval signals intelligence satellites, which would lead to the NOSS production series. Official and secondary mission: Gravity gradient stabilization tests. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A).


1969 September 30 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thorad SLV-2G Agena D.
  • Surcal - . Payload: NRL PL162 / OPS 7613 / Poppy 6B (Poppy multifacet. Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 4237 . COSPAR: 1969-082E. Apogee: 925 km (574 mi). Perigee: 899 km (558 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 103.30 min. Poppy naval signals intelligence satellite. Official and secondary mission:Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • Surcal - . Payload: NRL PL163 / OPS 7613 / Poppy 6C (Poppy multifacete. Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 4247 . COSPAR: 1969-082F. Apogee: 925 km (574 mi). Perigee: 898 km (557 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 103.20 min. Poppy naval signals intelligence satellite. Official and secondary mission: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • Surcal - . Payload: NRL PL161 / OPS 7613 / Poppy 6A (Poppy multifacet. Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 4259 . COSPAR: 1969-082D. Apogee: 928 km (576 mi). Perigee: 899 km (558 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 103.30 min. Launch of a quadruplet of Poppy naval signals intelligence satellites. Official and secondary mission: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • Surcal - . Payload: NRL PL164 / OPS 7613 / Poppy 6D (Poppy multifacete. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 4295 . COSPAR: 1969-082G. Apogee: 926 km (575 mi). Perigee: 899 km (558 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 103.30 min. Poppy naval signals intelligence satellite..

1971 December 14 - . 12:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thorad SLV-2G Agena D.
  • OPS 7898 P/L 1 - . Payload: NRL PL171 / OPS 7898 / Poppy 7A (Poppy multifacete. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 5678 . COSPAR: 1971-110A. Apogee: 999 km (620 mi). Perigee: 983 km (610 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Launch of a quadruplet of Poppy naval signals intelligence satellites. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • OPS 7898 P/L 2 - . Payload: NRL PL172 / OPS 7898 / Poppy 7B (Poppy multifacete. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 5680 . COSPAR: 1971-110C. Apogee: 999 km (620 mi). Perigee: 983 km (610 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Poppy naval signals intelligence satellite. Official and secondary mission: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • OPS 7898 P/L 3 - . Payload: NRL PL173 / OPS 7898 / Poppy 7C (Poppy multifacete. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 5681 . COSPAR: 1971-110D. Apogee: 997 km (619 mi). Perigee: 982 km (610 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Poppy naval signals intelligence satellite. Official and secondary mission: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • OPS 7898 P/L 4 - . Payload: NRL PL174 / OPS 7898 / Poppy 7D (Poppy multifacete. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 5682 . COSPAR: 1971-110E. Apogee: 997 km (619 mi). Perigee: 981 km (609 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Poppy naval signals intelligence satellite. Official and secondary mission: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..


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