Russian suborbital launch vehicle. Version of the R-11 'Scud' missile used as a single stage sounding rocket. First launched in 1957, and capable of taking 250 to 400 kg of payload to 100 to 160 km altitude. The payloads were enclosed in a spherical re-entry capsule, which was gyro-stabilized to ensure instruments could be pointed precisely at the sun or other astronomical target.
AKA: 8K14;V-11A. Status: Retired 1963. First Launch: 1958-10-04. Last Launch: 1963-01-27. Number: 26 . Thrust: 80.00 kN (17,984 lbf). Gross mass: 4,600 kg (10,100 lb). Height: 10.20 m (33.40 ft). Diameter: 0.88 m (2.88 ft). Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).