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Nike Iroquois
American sounding rocket. Aerojet developed the Nike-Iroquois (also called Niro) to fulfill a US Air Force requirement for a low-cost sounding rocket with roll control and high structural strength.

Status: Retired 1979. First Launch: 1964-11-27. Last Launch: 1979-02-26. Number: 207 . Thrust: 217.00 kN (48,783 lbf). Gross mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Height: 8.00 m (26.20 ft). Diameter: 0.42 m (1.37 ft). Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

The vehicle consisted of an M5 Nike booster stage and a Thiokol TE-M-388 Iroquois upper stage.

Historical Essay © Andreas Parsch

Unlike Nike boosters in many other sounding rocket applications, the Nike-Iroquois boosters retained the original three-fin configuration. The Niro was first launched by the USAF on 27 November 1964.

The Nike-Iroquois could lift a small payload of 18 kg (40 lb) to about 290 km (180 miles) and a large one of 82 kg (180 lb) to about 110 km (70 miles) altitude. The Air Force Cambridge Research Lab launched a total of 213 rockets of this type until the last mission on 26 February 1979. The experiments covered aeronomy, plasma physics, ionosphere physics and other topics. One reason for the USAF's Nike-Iroquois launches was that the service wanted to keep active its capability for high-altitude soundings of nuclear tests, should the atmospheric test ban be lifted.

Specifications

  • Length (w-o payload) 6.53 m (21 ft 5 in)
  • Diameter 1st stage: 41.9 cm (16.5 in); 2nd stage: 19.7 cm (7.75 in)
  • Weight (w-o payload) 720 kg (1590 lb)
  • Altitude 290 km (180 miles) (with 18 kg (40 lb) payload)
  • Propulsion 1st stage: ABL M5 Nike solid-fueled rocket; 246 kN (55000 lb) for 3 s
  • Propulsion 2nd stage: Thiokol TE-M-388 Iroquois solid-fueled rocket; 24 kN (5500 lb) for 7.7 s


More at: Nike Iroquois.

Country: USA. Launch Sites: Wallops Island, White Sands, Poker Flat, Fort Churchill, Eglin, Wallops Island LA3, Barking Sands, Natal, Poker Flat FW, Arecibo, Arecibo VB, Fort Churchill LC7, Red Lake, Red Lake CHK. Stages: M5E1, TE-388. Agency: Aerojet.

1964 November 27 - . 13:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1965 April 12 - . 18:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1965 July 21 - . 10:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere / Vehicle test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1965 October 18 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat FW. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Auroral I / O Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1965 October 22 - . 07:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat FW. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Auroral I / O Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1966 March 10 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Bremss density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

1966 June 23 - . 08:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • DALE (TMA) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1966 June 25 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1966 June 25 - . 03:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • BABY Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1966 June 25 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • CORA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1966 June 25 - . 09:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1966 October 10 - . 16:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1966 October 10 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 48 km (29 mi).

1966 October 14 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1967 January 11 - . 22:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Release Ba Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1967 January 16 - . 10:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • IRIS (TMA) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi).

1967 January 16 - . 22:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Ba Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1967 January 16 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • JILL (TMA) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1967 January 19 - . 23:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

1967 January 19 - . 23:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1967 March 4 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1967 March 6 - . 02:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1967 April 12 - . 23:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1967 April 12 - . 23:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1967 April 12 - . 23:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1967 April 12 - . 23:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1967 April 18 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass spectrometer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1967 April 18 - . 09:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • TMA / LangP Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1967 April 18 - . 09:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1967 April 18 - . 10:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1967 April 18 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere / Ion trap Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1967 June 7 - . 13:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Meteor dust Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1967 August 26 - . 06:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1967 September 7 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1967 October 24 - . 18:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Arecibo calibration Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1967 October 25 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Arecibo cal Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1967 October 26 - . 18:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Arecibo cal Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi).

1967 October 27 - . 18:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Arecibo cal Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1967 October 28 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Arecibo cal Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1967 November 19 - . 10:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Recovery test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1967 November 22 - . 10:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Recovery test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1967 November 29 - . 22:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Smoke Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1967 November 29 - . 22:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Smoke Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1967 December 3 - . 22:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Smoke Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1967 December 3 - . 22:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Smoke Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1967 December 4 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • D / E ions Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1967 December 4 - . 22:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • D / E ions Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1967 December 6 - . 18:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • D / E ions Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1967 December 13 - . 07:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1967 December 13 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • ADA TMA / Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1967 December 14 - . 08:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1967 December 16 - . 22:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Smoke Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1967 December 16 - . 22:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Smoke Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1968 January 17 - . 23:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Atmospheric / TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1968 January 19 - . 23:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Atmospheric / TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1968 January 22 - . 13:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • O2 / TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1968 March 15 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Auroral P / F Aurora / plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1968 May 1 - . 20:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi).

1968 May 2 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1968 May 2 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Elec backscatter Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1968 May 2 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 218 km (135 mi).

1968 May 7 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1968 May 17 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1968 May 23 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1968 July 18 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass spectrometer Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1968 July 19 - . 18:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Accidental launch Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1968 July 22 - . 04:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1968 July 23 - . 04:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1968 July 23 - . 04:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1968 July 23 - . 04:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1968 July 23 - . 04:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1968 August 8 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Meteor dust Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1968 August 11 - . 07:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Meteorites Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1968 August 12 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Meteorites Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1968 August 15 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Meteorites Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1968 August 19 - . 09:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1968 August 20 - . 10:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • NO / TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1968 August 27 - . 03:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1968 September 4 - . 01:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1968 September 4 - . 01:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi).

1968 November 9 - . 08:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Complex: Fort Churchill LC7. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. FAILURE: Failure.
  • B field / particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1968 December 9 - . 21:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Smoke Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1968 December 9 - . 21:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Smoke Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1968 December 10 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1968 December 12 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1969 January 7 - . 00:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • AFGL TMA release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1969 January 7 - . 23:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • AFGL Barium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1969 January 12 - . 01:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • AFGL TMA release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1969 January 13 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • AFGL Barium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1969 January 31 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • AFCRL Atmosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1969 January 31 - . 18:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • AFCRL Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1969 January 31 - . 21:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • AFCRL Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1969 April 18 - . 05:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Magnetic field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1969 May 13 - . 01:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1969 May 13 - . 01:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release QUEENA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1969 May 14 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1969 May 15 - . 01:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1969 May 15 - . 01:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release SOPHIA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1969 May 22 - . 05:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1969 May 22 - . 15:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1969 July 1 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1969 August 7 - . 03:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1969 August 7 - . 03:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • NOT IN FC Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1969 August 7 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. FAILURE: Failure.
  • AH7.893 Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1969 August 13 - . 04:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1969 October 11 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • AH7.893 in FC Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1969 November 3 - . 06:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Polar Cap N-2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1969 November 3 - . 06:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Polar Cap C-1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1969 November 3 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Polar Cap N-1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1969 November 3 - . 12:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Polar Cap C-2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1969 November 3 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Polar Cap N-3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1969 November 3 - . 17:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Polar Cap N-4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1969 November 3 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Polar Cap C-3 Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 47 km (29 mi).

1969 November 3 - . 23:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Polar Cap C-4 Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1969 November 4 - . 22:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Polar Cap N-5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1969 November 5 - . 20:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Polar Cap N? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1969 November 7 - . 02:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Polar Cap N-6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1969 December 5 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1969 December 5 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1969 December 5 - . 10:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1969 December 10 - . 04:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Polar disturbance Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1969 December 12 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 16:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 18:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • O2-OH / Soft X Eclipse aeronomy / solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 18:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass spectrometer Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass spectrometer Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 18:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass spectrometer Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 19:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 19:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Composition / Soft X Eclipse aeronomy / solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1970 March 9 - . 03:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • E field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1970 March 25 - . 07:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • E field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1970 March 26 - . 03:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • E field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1970 April 12 - . 19:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1970 May 7 - . 01:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1970 May 7 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1970 May 21 - . 02:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1970 May 21 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1970 May 21 - . 11:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 163 km (101 mi).

1970 May 22 - . 11:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy / Barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1970 November 20 - . 22:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1970 November 20 - . 22:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1970 November 20 - . 22:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1970 November 20 - . 22:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass spectrometer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1970 November 20 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1970 November 20 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1971 January 8 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 278 km (172 mi).

1971 January 8 - . 22:31 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 276 km (171 mi).

1971 March 12 - . 04:13 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1971 March 12 - . 06:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 283 km (175 mi).

1971 March 20 - . 05:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1971 May 6 - . 01:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1971 May 8 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1971 May 17 - . 08:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • LYNN Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1971 May 17 - . 08:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • KAY Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1971 May 18 - . 00:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1971 May 18 - . 01:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1971 May 18 - . 01:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 May 18 - . 02:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1971 May 18 - . 02:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1971 May 18 - . 03:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1971 May 18 - . 10:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1971 May 19 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1971 May 21 - . 01:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1971 September 21 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1971 September 27 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1971 October 6 - . 00:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1971 October 6 - . 00:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Neutral Atmosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1971 October 6 - . 00:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi).

1971 October 6 - . 01:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1971 October 6 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Neutral Atmosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1971 October 6 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass Spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1971 October 6 - . 12:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass Spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1971 October 6 - . 12:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass Spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1971 October 6 - . 13:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass Spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1971 December 10 - . 14:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • 7-in Density Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1971 December 10 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • 7-in Density Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi).

1972 January 31 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1972 January 31 - . 21:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1972 February 6 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1972 April 5 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1972 April 11 - . 00:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1972 April 12 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1972 April 13 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass Spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1972 April 13 - . 01:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass Spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1972 April 13 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1972 April 13 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 219 km (136 mi).

1972 April 13 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1972 April 13 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • TMA / Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1972 April 13 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1972 April 15 - . 00:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1972 October 31 - . 23:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1972 October 31 - . 23:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1972 November 1 - . 01:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1972 November 1 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1972 November 1 - . 09:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • HIBAL Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1972 December 7 - . 07:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • 7-in Density Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1972 December 11 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Auroral composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1972 December 11 - . 01:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • 7-in Density Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 255 km (158 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1973 September 27 - . 04:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi).

1973 October 18 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1973 October 19 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1973 October 20 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1974 June 29 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Aladdin 74 Pre-Aladdin Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1977 September 24 - . 11:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • DMSP CHEM Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1979 February 26 - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Eclipse DEN Sphere Eclipse / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi). Eclipse DEN. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..


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