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Semnan
Launch site for Iran's Safir space launch vehicle.

First Launch: 2000-09-21. Last Launch: 2013-12-14. Number: 19 . Longitude: 53.9210 deg. Latitude: 35.2347 deg.



Family: Shahab. Country: Iran. Spacecraft: Fajr, Omid. Launch Vehicles: Safir, Seijil.

2000 September 21 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Nation: Iran. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

2007 November 20 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Sejjil. Launch Vehicle: Ashura.
  • Nation: Iran. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2008 August 16 - . 19:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir. FAILURE: Second stage failed catastrophically..
  • Omid - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Omid. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

    Iranian suborbital launch in support of development of an indigenous satellite launch capability. Western analysts claimed it was a failed satellite launch attempt, and that the second stage of the launch vehicle failed catastrophically at 152 km altitude.


2008 November 11 - . Launch Site: Semnan. Launch Vehicle: Sejjil.
  • Sejjil-1 - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).
  • Iran RV - . Nation: Iran. Technology payload..

2009 February 2 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir.
  • Omid - . Mass: 25 kg (55 lb). Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Omid. Decay Date: 2009-04-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 33506 . COSPAR: 2009-004A. Apogee: 373 km (231 mi). Perigee: 245 km (152 mi). Inclination: 55.5500 deg. Period: 90.70 min. First Iranian satellite launched by an Iranian launch vehicle..

2009 May 20 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Sejjil. Launch Vehicle: Sejjil-2.
  • Missile test - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Test.

2009 September 28 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Sejjil. Launch Vehicle: Sejjil-2.
  • Sejjil RV - . Mass: 800 kg (1,760 lb). Nation: Iran. Operational test.

2009 December 16 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Sejjil. Launch Vehicle: Sejjil-2.
  • Seijil test - . Nation: Iran. Test of two-stage solid-propellant IRBM, which Iran claimed was 'faster' (lower drag re-entry vehicel?) than earlier versions and had stealth capabilities. US authorities said they detected no different performance compared to earlier launches..

2010 Oct - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Sejjil. Launch Vehicle: Sejjil-2.
  • Sejjil-2 - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IR. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

2011 Feb - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Nation: Iran. Agency: IR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2011 Feb - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Sejjil. Launch Vehicle: Sejjil-2.
  • Sejjil-2 - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IR. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

2011 June 15 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir.
  • Rasad - . Mass: 15 kg (33 lb). Nation: Iran. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Rasad. Decay Date: 2011-07-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 37675 . COSPAR: 2011-025A. Apogee: 299 km (185 mi). Perigee: 236 km (146 mi). Inclination: 55.7000 deg. Satellite with an imaging payload..

2011 June 28 - . Launch Site: Semnan. Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Operational test..

2011 June 28 - . Launch Site: Semnan. Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 2.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Operational test..
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Operational test..

2011 June 28 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghadr 1.
  • Nation: Iran. Agency: IR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2011 June 28 - . Launch Site: Semnan. Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Operational test..

2011 June 28 - . Launch Site: Semnan. Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 2.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Operational test..

2011 September 7 - . Launch Site: Semnan. Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Fateh-110. Launch Vehicle: Kavoshgar K110.
  • Kavoshgar-5 - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi). Fifth in Kavoshgar series of biology missions; Capsule C recovery test; crashed on recover, monkey killed..
  • Kavoshgar Class C - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

2012 February 3 - . 00:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir.
  • Navid - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Iran. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Navid. Duration: 59.00 days. Decay Date: 2012-04-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 38075 . COSPAR: 2012-005A. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi). Perigee: 149 km (92 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 87.60 min. Earth observation satellite with 400 m resolution built by Iran University of Science and Technology in Tehran..

2012 May 23? - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir. FAILURE: Reported orbital launch failure.
2012 July 3 - . Launch Site: Semnan. Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 2.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Exercise mission..

2012 July 3 - . Launch Site: Semnan. Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Exercise mission..

2012 July 3 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Exercise mission..

2012 Sep 22? - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir. FAILURE: Reported orbital launch failure.
2012 October 23 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Unha. Launch Vehicle: Unha-3. FAILURE: Launch vehicle exploded on pad, causing extensive damage..
  • Fajr - . Nation: Iran. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Payload of the failed launch was a 50 kg satellite built by Iran Electronics Industry, with an imaging sensor and a small thruster..

2013 December 14 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • Kavoshgar Pazhuhesh - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

    Eighth in Kavoshgar series of biology missions; Capsule D recovery test. Launched from the Imam Khomeini Space Center in Semnan province on a 120 km suborbital flight, carrying a 3 kg, 3 year old rhesus monkey named Fargam. This was the fourth Iranian monkey in space, and the second to return successfully following the Kavoshgar Pisgham ('Pioneer Probe') mission in January 2013. The use of a liquid fuel missile provided gentler acceleration than the small solid propellant sounding rockets used for earlier experiments. The Kavoshgar Pazhuhesh ('Research Probe') flight was the first 'Class D' mission of the Kavoshgar series. The payload was developed by the Institute of Astronautical Systems, which I believe is part of the Aerospace Research Institute in Tehran.


2015 February 2 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Semnan. Launch Complex: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir.
  • Fajr - . Mass: 52 kg (114 lb). Nation: Iran. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Fajr. Decay Date: 2015-02-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 40387 . COSPAR: 2015-006A. Apogee: 469 km (291 mi). Perigee: 224 km (139 mi). Inclination: 55.5000 deg.

    Fourth Iranian satellite, and Iran's first successful orbital launch since February 2012. Fajr (Aurora) had a technology payload with a cold-gas thruster developed by Iran Electronics Industries. There is suggestive evidence (mostly based on satellite imagery of launch pad damage revealed by the magazine Jane's Intelligence Review) that Iran had two launch failures in 2012, as well as more speculative evidence of further launch failures since then. The satellite did not seem to make any orbital maneuvers. The orbit decayed from an initial 223 km x 470 km to 196 km x 293 km by February 22, and then after falling to 134 km x 155 km early on February 26 it reentered. The Safir rocket stage orbit decayed a bit more slowly, and was at 203 km x 325 km on Feb 26.


2016 March 9 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghadr 1.
  • Ghadr RV - . Nation: Iran. Type: Test. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Test mission. Impacted in Makran, S Iran..
  • Ghadr RV - . Nation: Iran. Type: Test. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Test mission. Impacted in Makran, S Iran..

2016 April 19 - . 09:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir.
  • Test payload - . Nation: Iran. Type: Test. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Test mission. Impacted in S Iran. It was reported that Iran's new Simorgh launch vehicle failed in its initial launch attempt on Apr 19. However, Russian sources suggested that it was a successful suborbital test flight of the rocket..

2017 January 29 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Khorramshahr.
  • RV - . Nation: Iran. Type: Test. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

    Iran made the second known test flight of the Khorramshahr, which was suspected to be a medium range missile based on the Soviet R-27, similar to North Korea's Hwasong-10/Musudan. The missile's reentry vehicle failed to survive reentry, according to US sources.



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