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Nodong 1
North Korean intermediate range ballistic missile. Single stage vehicle, basis for Iranian Shahab 3 and Pakistani Ghauri.

AKA: Nodong. Status: Active. First Launch: 1990-05-01. Last Launch: 2016-03-17. Number: 12 . Payload: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Thrust: 255.00 kN (57,326 lbf). Gross mass: 14,500 kg (31,900 lb). Height: 14.82 m (48.61 ft). Diameter: 1.19 m (3.90 ft). Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

Maximum range: 1,200 km (700 mi). Boost Propulsion: Storable liquid rocket.



Subtopics

Ghauri Pakistani intermediate range ballistic missile. Derivative of North Korean Nodong. First fired April, 1998. Payload is about 700 kg. Managed by A Q Khan Research Laboratories.

Paektusan 1 North Korean orbital launch vehicle. The third stage for the satellite launch version was probably a small solid rocket engine. It failed to reach orbit in the 1998 launch attempt, and later such tests are believed to have used a different design.

Shahab 3 Iranian intermediate range ballistic missile, evolved incrementally with Russian assistance from initial copy of North Korean Nodong 1 into a longer-range missile and the first stage of an orbital launch vehicle. Initial version began flight tests in 1998.

Safir Iran's first orbital launch vehicle, based on the Shahab 3 intermediate range ballistic missile with upper stages.

Safir-1A Iranian orbital launch vehicle variant.

Safir-1B Iranian orbital launch vehicle variant.

Ghadr 1 Iranian intermediate range ballistic missile, adding a solid propellant second stage to a Shahab 3 liquid propellant first stage. Improved version with range of up to 2,000 km tested in 2015.

Emad Iranian single-stage IRBM announced 2015; improved version of Shahab 3 with precision guidance and a claimed CEP of 500 m at a range of 1700 km.

Family: IRBM. Country: Korea North. Launch Sites: Gitdaeryung. Stages: Nodong 1 stage. Bibliography: 2.

1990 May 1 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Korea North. Agency: CMIK. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1992 June 1 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong 1. FAILURE: Failure.
1993 May 29 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Korea North. Agency: CMIK. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1998 April 6 - . Launch Site: Tilla. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghauri.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1998 July 22 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1998 August - . LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Iranian satellite launcher mockup exhibited - . Nation: Iran. Iranian television showed what appeared to be a mock-up of a clam-shell nosecone with a small satellite inside and a model of a space launch vehicle with a bulbous payload section, apparently based upon the Shahab 3 joint North Korean/Iranian IRBM..

1998 August 31 - . 03:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Paektusan 1. FAILURE: Third stage failure.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Kwangmyongsong 1 - . Nation: Korea North. Agency: Choson. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Kwangmyongsong.

    North Korea reported the launch of its first satellite on the first of September. This announcement was followed on September 14 by the release of a photograph of the satellite and the claim that the satellite had completed its 100th orbit of the earth between 08:24 and 11:17 local time (2017 GMT) on September 13. Video of the launch, the satellite, and an animation of the satellite in orbit around the earth were distributed to foreign news agencies the following weekend. The satellite appeared almost identical to the first Chinese test satellite (which itself appeared almost identical to the US Telstar).

    Despite these claims no foreign observer ever detected the satellite visually, by radar, or picked up its radio signals. The Pentagon at first claimed it was an ICBM launch, and that the satellite story was just a cover for the test. However on further analysis of the data collected on the launch they admitted nearly a month later that there had been some a satellite launch attempt. What seems to have happened is that the third stage either failed and fell into the Pacific or misfired and put the satellite into a low orbit where it decayed very quickly before it could be detected by foreign observers. Additional Details: here....


1999 April 14 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Tilla. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghauri.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2000 July 15 - . Launch Site: Mashad. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2000 September 21 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Nation: Iran. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

2002 May 5 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2002 May 25 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tilla. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghauri.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2002 July 4 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2003 June 1 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
2004 May 29 - . Launch Site: Tilla. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghauri.
  • Ghauri test - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2004 June 4 - . Launch Site: Tilla. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghauri.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2004 August 11 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghadr 1.
  • Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Missile demonstration flight. Stretched Shahab-3 launched into Dasht-E-Kavir desert..

2004 October 12 - . Launch Site: Tilla. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghauri.
  • Ghauri test - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2004 October 20 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghadr 1.
  • Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Missile demonstration flight. Stretched Shahab-3 launched into Dasht-E-Kavir desert..

2006 January 17 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Nation: Iran. Agency: IR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2006 May 22 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghadr 1.
  • Shahab 3D test - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2006 July 4 - . 19:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong 1.
2006 July 4 - . 22:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong 1.
2006 July 4 - . 22:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong 1.
2006 July 5 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong 1.
2006 November 2 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghadr 1.
  • Iranian multiple missile firings - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

    The Iranians fired at least one Shahab-3 and "dozens of" Shahab-2, Zolfaghar-73, Scud B, Fath-110 and Zelzal missiles in a mass firing demonstration to kick off their Great Prophet 2 military exercise. It marked the first firing of the Shahab 3 by troops on exercise as opposed to a test flight. The Shahab 2 was reported to have demonstrated a 1,400-bomblet cluster bomb warhead.


2006 November 16 - . Launch Site: Tilla. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghauri.
  • Ghauri test launch - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2006 December 1 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghadr 1.
  • Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2008 February 1 - . Launch Site: Tilla. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghauri.
2008 July 8 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghadr 1.
  • Nation: Iran. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

2008 August 16 - . 19:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir. FAILURE: Second stage failed catastrophically..
  • Omid - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Omid. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

    Iranian suborbital launch in support of development of an indigenous satellite launch capability. Western analysts claimed it was a failed satellite launch attempt, and that the second stage of the launch vehicle failed catastrophically at 152 km altitude.


2009 February 2 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir.
  • Omid - . Mass: 25 kg (55 lb). Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Omid. Decay Date: 2009-04-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 33506 . COSPAR: 2009-004A. Apogee: 373 km (231 mi). Perigee: 245 km (152 mi). Inclination: 55.5500 deg. Period: 90.70 min. First Iranian satellite launched by an Iranian launch vehicle..

2009 July 4 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong 1.
2009 July 4 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong 1.
  • Nation: Korea North. Agency: KP. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). 1 of 7?.

2009 September 28 - . LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghadr 1.
  • Shahab RV - . Mass: 500 kg (1,100 lb). Nation: Iran. Operational test.

2010 December 21 - . Launch Site: Tilla. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghauri.
2011 Feb - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Nation: Iran. Agency: IR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2011 June 15 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir.
  • Rasad - . Mass: 15 kg (33 lb). Nation: Iran. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Rasad. Decay Date: 2011-07-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 37675 . COSPAR: 2011-025A. Apogee: 299 km (185 mi). Perigee: 236 km (146 mi). Inclination: 55.7000 deg. Satellite with an imaging payload..

2011 June 28 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghadr 1.
  • Nation: Iran. Agency: IR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2012 February 3 - . 00:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir.
  • Navid - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Iran. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Navid. Duration: 59.00 days. Decay Date: 2012-04-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 38075 . COSPAR: 2012-005A. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi). Perigee: 149 km (92 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 87.60 min. Earth observation satellite with 400 m resolution built by Iran University of Science and Technology in Tehran..

2012 May 23? - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir. FAILURE: Reported orbital launch failure.
2012 July 3 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Exercise mission..

2012 Sep 22? - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir. FAILURE: Reported orbital launch failure.
2012 November 28 - . Launch Site: Tilla. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghauri.
  • Haft-5 - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi). Operational test..

2014 March 25 - . 17:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Sukchon. Launch Vehicle: Nodong 1.
  • Nodong RV - . Nation: Korea North. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Missile test.

2014 March 25 - . 17:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Sukchon. Launch Vehicle: Nodong 1.
  • Nodong RV - . Nation: Korea North. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Missile test.

2015 February 2 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Semnan. Launch Complex: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir.
  • Fajr - . Mass: 52 kg (114 lb). Nation: Iran. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Fajr. Decay Date: 2015-02-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 40387 . COSPAR: 2015-006A. Apogee: 469 km (291 mi). Perigee: 224 km (139 mi). Inclination: 55.5000 deg.

    Fourth Iranian satellite, and Iran's first successful orbital launch since February 2012. Fajr (Aurora) had a technology payload with a cold-gas thruster developed by Iran Electronics Industries. There is suggestive evidence (mostly based on satellite imagery of launch pad damage revealed by the magazine Jane's Intelligence Review) that Iran had two launch failures in 2012, as well as more speculative evidence of further launch failures since then. The satellite did not seem to make any orbital maneuvers. The orbit decayed from an initial 223 km x 470 km to 196 km x 293 km by February 22, and then after falling to 134 km x 155 km early on February 26 it reentered. The Safir rocket stage orbit decayed a bit more slowly, and was at 203 km x 325 km on Feb 26.


2015 April 15 - . Launch Site: Tilla. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghauri.
  • RV - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi). Test flight..

2015 October 11 - . LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Emad.
  • Emad RV - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Test mission. Impacted in Iran..

2016 March 9 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghadr 1.
  • Ghadr RV - . Nation: Iran. Type: Test. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Test mission. Impacted in Makran, S Iran..
  • Ghadr RV - . Nation: Iran. Type: Test. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Test mission. Impacted in Makran, S Iran..

2016 March 17 - . 20:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Sukchon. Launch Vehicle: Nodong 1.
  • Nodong RV - . Nation: Korea North. Type: Test. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Test mission. Impacted in Sea of Japan..

2016 April 19 - . 09:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir.
  • Test payload - . Nation: Iran. Type: Test. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Test mission. Impacted in S Iran. It was reported that Iran's new Simorgh launch vehicle failed in its initial launch attempt on Apr 19. However, Russian sources suggested that it was a successful suborbital test flight of the rocket..


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