Encyclopedia Astronautica
Bakhchivangi


Bakhchivangi, Grigori Yakovlevich (1908-1943) Russian test pilot, 1935-1943. Set 1943 world speed record in BI-1 rocketplane, but killed when it crashed.

Bakhchivangi completed school in 1934 and entered the Air Force Scientific Research Institute. There he was trained as a test pilot, testing 65 types of Soviet military aircraft. After the start of the Second World War he flew five types of captured enemy aircraft. He then went to the front to fly combat missions, but was called back in 1942 to test the BI-1 rocket plane. Bakhchivangi was fatally injured on March 27, 1943 in the crash of BI-1 # 3 after reaching a record speed of 800 km/hr. He was made a (posthumous) Hero of the Soviet Union.

Birth Place: Brinkovskya, Krasnodar.
Status: Deceased.


Born: 1908.02.20.
Died: 1943.03.27.

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Associated Countries
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Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Bibliography
  • Melnik, T G, Voenno-Kosmicheskiy Siliy, Nauka, Moscow, 1997..

Bakhchivangi Chronology


1942 May 15 - .
  • First powered flight of BI-1 rocketplane. - . Crew: Bakhchivangi. Payload: BI-1 # 1 flight 1. Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Bakhchivangi. Spacecraft: BI-1. First glide flight was on 10 September 1941, but the factory had to be evacuated to Sverdlovsk. Accidents in ground runs of the rocket engine further delayed the first powered flight. First flight performance was: First flight BI-1. Maximum Speed - 400 kph. Maximum Altitude - 840 m. Flight Time - 189 sec.

1943 January 10 - .
  • BI-1 Flight 2 - . Crew: Bakhchivangi. Payload: BI-1 # 2 flight 1. Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Bakhchivangi. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: BI-1. Summary: Maximum Speed - 400 kph. Maximum Altitude - 1110 m. .

1943 March 11 - .
  • BI-1 Flight 4 - . Crew: Bakhchivangi. Payload: BI-1 # 2 flight 3. Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Bakhchivangi. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: BI-1. Summary: Maximum Altitude - 4000 m..

1943 March 14 - .
  • BI-1 Flight 5 - . Crew: Bakhchivangi. Payload: BI-1 # 2 flight 4. Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Bakhchivangi. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: BI-1. Summary: Maximum Altitude - 4000 m..

1943 March 21 - .
1943 March 27 - .
1943 March 27 - .
  • BI-1 Flight 7 - . Crew: Bakhchivangi. Payload: BI-1 # 3 flight 2. Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Bakhchivangi. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: BI-1. Summary: Maximum Speed - 800 kph. Unofficial world speed record.The aircraft crashed into the ground, killing the pilot. Plans for production were abandoned. Rocketplane testing in the USSR only resumed with the testing of German designs after the war..

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