Clark, Laurel Blair Salton
(1961-2003) American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-107. Physician. Perished in Columbia shuttle disintegration during re-entry.
Grew up in Racine, Wisconsin. Educated Wisconsin-Madson.
NASA Official Biography
- NAME: Laurel Blair Salton Clark, M.D. (Lieutenant Commander, USN)
- NASA Astronaut Candidate (Mission Specialist)
- PERSONAL DATA:
- Born March 10, 1961 in Ames, Iowa, but considers Racine, Wisconsin, to be her hometown. Married to Jonathan B. Clark (Captain, USN). They have one child. She enjoys scuba diving, hiking, camping, biking, parachuting, flying, traveling. Her mother and step-father, Dr. and Mrs. R.J.C. Brown, reside in Racine, Wisconsin. Her father and step-mother, Mr. and Mrs. Robert Salton, reside in Albuquerque, New Mexico. His parents, Colonel (ret) & Mrs. E.B. Clark III, reside in Alexandria, Virginia.
- Graduated from William Horlick High School, Racine Wisconsin in 1979; received bachelor of science degree in zoology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1983 and doctorate in medicine from the same school in 1987.
- Aerospace Medical Association, Society of U.S. Naval Flight Surgeons.
- Navy Commendation Medals (3); National Defense Medal, and Overseas Service Ribbon.
- During medical school she did active duty training with the Diving Medicine Department at the Naval Experimental Diving Unit in March 1987. After completing medical school, Dr. Clark underwent postgraduate Medical education in Pediatrics from 1987-1988 at Naval Hospital Bethesda, Maryland. The following year she completed Navy undersea medical officer training at the Naval Undersea Medical Institute in Groton Connecticut and diving medical officer training at the Naval Diving and Salvage Training Center in Panama City, Florida, and was designated a Radiation Health Officer and Undersea Medical Officer. She was then assigned as the Submarine Squadron Fourteen Medical Department Head in Holy Loch Scotland. During that assignment she dove with US Navy divers and Naval Special Warfare Unit Two Seals and performed numerous medical evacuations from US submarines. After two years of operational experience she was designated as a Naval Submarine Medical Officer and Diving Medical Officer. She underwent 6 months of aeromedical training at the Naval Aerospace Medical Institute in Pensacola, Florida and was designated as a Naval Flight Surgeon. She was stationed at MCAS Yuma, Arizona and assigned as Flight Surgeon for a Marine Corps AV-8B Night Attack Harrier Squadron (VMA 211). She made numerous deployments, including one overseas to the Western Pacific, and practiced medicine in austere environments, and flew on multiple aircraft. Her squadron won the Marine Attack Squadron of the year for its successful deployment. She was then assigned as the Group Flight Surgeon for the Marine Aircraft Group (MAG 13). Prior to her selection as an astronaut candidate she served as a Flight Surgeon for the Naval Flight Officer advanced training squadron (VT-86) in Pensacola, Florida. LCDR Clark is Board Certified by the National Board of Medical Examiners and holds a Wisconsin Medical License. Her military qualifications include Radiation Health Officer, Undersea Medical Officer, Diving Medical Officer, Submarine Medical Officer, and Naval Flight Surgeon. She is a Basic Life Support Instructor, Advanced Cardiac Life Support Provider, Advanced Trauma Life Support Provider, and Hyperbaric Chamber Advisor.
- NASA EXPERIENCE:
- Selected by NASA in April 1996, Dr. Clark reported to the Johnson Space Center in August 1996 to begin two years of training and evaluation. Successful completion of initial training will qualify her for various technical assignments leading to selection as a mission specialist on a Space Shuttle flight crew.
Birth Place: Ames, Iowa.
More... - Chronology...
Spaceflights: 1 .
Total time in space: 15.93 days.
NASA Group 16 - 1996 Requirement: pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights. Nickname: The Sardines (named because that's how packed they were; at 44 this was the largest ASCAN class of all time) More...
STS-107 Crew: Anderson, Brown David, Chawla, Clark, Husband, McCool, Ramon. First Israeli astronaut. Conducted experiments in Double Spacehab module. Crew perished when shuttle broke up during re-entry. Cause was damage to a leading-edge RCC from foam breaking off of external tank bipod strut. More...
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
USN American agency overseeing development of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. USN Joint Task Force 7, USA. More...
STS The Space Transportation System (Space Shuttle) was conceived originally as a completely reusable system that would provide cheap, routine access to space and replace all American and civilian military launch vehicles. Crippled by technological overreach, political compromise, and budget limitations, it instead ended up costing more than the expendable rockets it was to have replaced. STS sucked the money out of all other NASA projects for half a century. The military abandoned its use after the Challenger shuttle explosion in the 1980's. More...
NASA Astronaut Biographies, Johnson Space Center, NASA, 1995-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
1983 December 5 -
- NASA Astronaut Training Group 16 selected. - .
Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brown, David; Burbank; Cagle; Caldeiro; Camarda; Carey; Clark; Fincke; Forrester; Frick; Guidoni; Herrington; Higginbotham; Hobaugh; Kelly; Kelly, Mark; Kelly, Scott; Lockhart; Loria; Magnus; Massimino; Mastracchio; McCool; Morin; Nowak; Pettit; Phillips. The group was selected to provide pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights.. Qualifications: Pilots: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics. Advanced degree desirable. At least 1,000 flight-hours of pilot-in-command time. Flight test experience desirable. Excellent health. Vision minimum 20/50 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20 vision; maximum sitting blood pressure 140/90. Height between 163 and 193 cm.
Mission Specialists: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics and minimum three years of related experience or an advanced degree. Vision minimum 20/150 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20. Maximum sitting blood pressure of 140/90. Height between 150 and 193 cm.. 10 pilots and 25 mission specialists selected from over 2,400 applicants. 9 additional international astronauts.
2003 January 16 -
2003 January 16 -
2003 January 16 -
15:39 GMT - .
: Cape Canaveral
. Launch Complex
: Cape Canaveral LC39A
. LV Family
. Launch Vehicle
. LV Configuration
: Space Shuttle STS-107.
- STS-107 - .
Call Sign: Columbia. Crew: Husband; McCool; Anderson; Chawla; Brown, David; Clark; Ramon. Payload: Columbia F28 / Spacehab. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Husband; McCool; Anderson; Chawla; Brown, David; Clark; Ramon. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: Boeing. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-107. Spacecraft: Columbia. Duration: 15.94 days. Decay Date: 2003-02-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 27647 . COSPAR: 2003-003A. Apogee: 276 km (171 mi). Perigee: 263 km (163 mi). Inclination: 39.0000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. Summary: The last solo shuttle earth orbit mission ended in tragedy when the shuttle Columbia disintegrated during re-entry at an altitude of 63.15 km and a speed of Mach 18. Launch delayed from May 23, June 27, July 11 and 19, November 29, 2002..
2003 January 17 -
2003 January 18 -
- STS-107 MCC Status Report #04 - .
Nation: USA. Related Persons: Anderson; Bowersox; Brown, David; Budarin; Chawla; Clark; Husband; McCool; Pettit; Ramon. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-6; STS-107. Space shuttle Columbia's astronauts pointed two Israeli cameras over the Atlantic and the Mediterranean today in search of small dust particles that might impact the weather and began experiments in human life sciences in the third day of the STS-107 scientific research flight. Additional Details: here....
2003 January 19 -
2003 January 20 -
- STS-107 MCC Status Report #06 - .
Nation: USA. Related Persons: Anderson; Bowersox; Brown, David; Budarin; Chawla; Clark; Husband; McCool; Pettit; Ramon; Ross. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-6; STS-107. Columbia's astronauts conducted scientific studies ranging from the behavior of granular materials in weightlessness to the effects of microgravity on fungi, and filmed the sprites associated with thunderstorms across the globe as their scientific research flight continued in its fifth day. Additional Details: here....
2003 January 21 -
- STS-107 MCC Status Report #07 - .
Nation: USA. Related Persons: Anderson; Brown, David; Chawla; Clark; Husband; McCool; Ramon. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-6; STS-107. Summary: The seven astronauts aboard Columbia continued to conduct scientific studies 24-7 today, concentrating their efforts on combustion in weightlessness, the growth of cell cultures, and measurements of the ozone layer.. Additional Details: here....
2003 January 22 -
- STS-107 MCC Status Report #08 - .
Nation: USA. Related Persons: Anderson; Brown, David; Chawla; Clark; Husband; McCool; Ramon. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-6; STS-107. The seven astronauts aboard Columbia beamed down television views of their smallest companions in orbit today, including insects, spiders, fish, bees and silk worms that are part of the Space Technology and Research Students package of experiments designed and developed by students in six countries. Additional Details: here....
2003 January 23 -
2003 January 24 -
2003 January 25 -
- STS-107 MCC Status Report #11 - .
Nation: USA. Related Persons: Anderson; Bowersox; Brown, David; Budarin; Chawla; Clark; Husband; McCool; Pettit; Ramon; Tani. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-6; STS-107. Space shuttle Columbia's astronauts completed an experiment studying the activity of bone cells in microgravity and began final tests with a technology demonstration designed to investigate the behavior of capillary-pumped loops in space as the 16-day international science mission completed Flight Day 10. Additional Details: here....
2003 January 26 -
2003 January 27 -
2003 January 28 -
- STS-107 MCC Status Report #14 - .
Nation: USA. Related Persons: Anderson; Brown, David; Chawla; Clark; Husband; McCool; Ramon. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-6; STS-107. The Red team of astronauts aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia accomplished repairs on the third and final combustion experiment of STS-107 this afternoon, and support scientists on the ground were looking forward to working with the Blue team on the first scientific runs. Additional Details: here....
2003 January 29 -
2003 January 31 -
2003 February 1 -
- Loss of STS-107 - .
Return Crew: Husband; McCool; Anderson; Chawla; Brown, David; Clark; Ramon. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Husband; McCool; Anderson; Chawla; Brown, David; Clark; Ramon. Program: STS. Flight: STS-107. The shuttle Columbia disintegrated over Texas during re-entry at an altitude of 63.15 km and a speed of Mach 18. All hands aboard were lost. The loss grounded the shuttle fleet pending a failure investigation and left the crew of Bowersox, Pettit and Budarin aboard the International Space Station with a Soyuz emergency return vehicle but without means of major station resupply.
2003 February 1 -
2003 February 2 -
- STS-107 MCC Status Report #20 - .
Nation: USA. Related Persons: Anderson; Bowersox; Brown, David; Budarin; Cabana; Chawla; Clark; Husband; McCool; Pettit; Ramon. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-6; STS-107. Aided by federal and local agencies, NASA stepped up its inquiry into the loss of the Space Shuttle Columbia and its seven astronauts. Multiple investigative teams continue to pore over engineering data in an effort to uncover the cause of the breakup of the orbiter over Texas on Saturday 16 minutes from landing. Additional Details: here....
2003 February 3 -
2003 February 4 -
- STS-107 MCC Status Report #22 - .
Nation: USA. Related Persons: Anderson; Bowersox; Brown, David; Budarin; Chawla; Clark; Husband; McCool; Pettit; Ramon. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-6. As NASA paused to pay tribute to Columbia's astronauts, the agency reported making "considerable progress" in recovering debris from the Space Shuttle and analyzing data in the search for clues to what caused the orbiter to breakup 16 minutes before its landing last Saturday. Additional Details: here....
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