Encyclopedia Astronautica

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Ewald, Dr Reinhold (1956-) German engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir 97.

Educated Cologne.

ESA Official Biography

Reinhold Ewald

BIRTHPLACE AND DATE: Moenchengladbach, Germany, 18 December 1956.

EDUCATION: Reinhold Ewald received a Bachelor of Science degree in Physics from the University of Cologne in 1977 and a Master of Science degree in Experimental Physics in 1983. He graduated in 1986 with a PhD in Physics and a minor degree in human physiology.

FAMILY: Married, three children.

RECREATIONAL INTERESTS: Ewald enjoys reading and spending time with his family, and performs with an amateur theatre group. He also plays soccer and holds a black belt in karate.

ORGANISATIONS: Member of the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft (German Physics Society) and the Association of Space Explorers.

EXPERIENCE: From 1983-1987 Reinhold Ewald was a research scientist with the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German academic research federation) on a special research project to assemble and exploit a three-metre radiotelescope for the University of Cologne. His research topics were the structure and dynamics of interstellar molecular clouds which are thought to be the birthplace of new stars. The telescope was later installed at the Gornergrat Observatory at an altitude of 3100 metres in the High Alps, near Zermatt, Switzerland.

In 1987 Ewald joined DLR (now the German Aerospace Centre). He managed several projects in extraterrestrial science, including an airborne stratospheric observatory called SOFIA, and various experiments launched on sounding rockets from ESRANGE in northern Sweden. He then became the coordinator for spaceflight in DLR's planning department.

In 1990 he joined the German national astronaut team and took up training for the German-Russian MIR'92 mission at the Cosmonaut Training Centre (TsPK) in Star City, Russia. As the back-up astronaut for the flight (17-25 March 1992), he served as Crew Interface Coordinator at the Russian mission control centre (TsUP) in Kaliningrad, providing communications between the crew in orbit and the project management and scientists on the ground involved in the mission.

After the mission, he returned to Germany as the Deputy Head of DLR's Astronaut Office and supported the D-2/Spacelab mission on board the US Space Shuttle (April-May 1993). In addition, he provided commentary on the mission from the German payload control centre in Oberpfaffenhofen for DLR's televised coverage broadcast in Germany during the flight.

In 1993 Ewald was appointed Assistant to the Director of DLR's Space Programme. In this capacity he was responsible for extraterrestrial, spaceflight and microgravity programmes.

In 1995 he returned to Star City, Russia, to train for the second German-Russian mission on board Mir, named MIR'97. From 10 February to 2 March 1997, he flew as a research cosmonaut on the Russian Soyuz vehicle and spent 18 days on board the Mir space station performing experiments in biomedical and material sciences and carrying out operational tests in preparation for the International Space Station.

Since 1998 Reinhold Ewald has also been lecturing part-time on spaceflight operations at the Technical University of Munich.

In February 1999 he joined ESA's European astronaut corps. The German and other national astronaut programmes are being merged with the ESA programme to form a single European corps that will prepare for mission opportunities available to ESA as the European partner in the International Space Station.

SPECIAL HONOURS: Reinhold Ewald received the Russian "Order of Friendship" in 1992 and the Russian "Medal for Personal Courage" in 1997, awarded by President Yeltsin of the Russian Federation. He was awarded the German Federal Cross of Merit (First Class) in 1997.

CURRENT ASSIGNMENT: Reinhold Ewald is involved in Europe's preparations for the International Space Station, preparing and implementing the training infrastructure for ESA's Space Station elements and payloads. He is stationed at ESA's European Astronaut Centre, the astronaut corps' home base in Cologne, Germany.

ESA astronauts will be involved in the assembly and on-board operations of the International Space Station, a multinational, permanently-inhabited research facility currently being assembled in Earth orbit.

Birth Place: Moenchengladbach.
Status: Inactive.

Born: 1956.12.18.
Spaceflights: 1 .
Total time in space: 19.69 days.

More... - Chronology...

Associated Countries
See also
  • Cosmonaut Category of persons who have been trained for spaceflight in Russia. More...

Associated Flights
  • Mir 92 Crew: Flade. German 'Mir 92' flight to the Russian space station. Swapped Soyuz lifeboats at station. Backup crew: Ewald. More...
  • Mir Cassiopee Crew: Andre-Deshays. French astronaut. Primary mission swap of Soyuz lifeboats. Backup crew: Eyharts. More...
  • Mir EO-22 Crew: Kaleri, Korzun. Mir Expedition EO-22. Valeriy Korzun and Aleksandr Kaleri of the Russian Space Agency (RKA) Claudie Andre-Deshays of the French space agency CNES. This launch was the first of the Soyuz-U booster with a crew aboard following two launch failures of on unmanned flights. More...
  • Mir 97 Crew: Ewald. ESA German astronaut. Primary mission swap of Soyuz lifeboats. Backup crew: Schlegel. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • DLR German agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Deutsche Agentur fuer Raumfahrtangelegenheiten, Cologne, Germany. More...

Associated Programs
  • Mir The Mir space station was the last remnant of the once mighty Soviet space programme. It was built to last only five years, and was to have been composed of modules launched by Proton and Buran/Energia launch vehicles. These modules were derived from those originally designed by Chelomei in the 1960's for the Almaz military station programme. As the Soviet Union collapsed Mir stayed in orbit, but the final modules were years late and could only be completed with American financial assistance. Kept flying over a decade beyond its rated life, Mir proved a source of pride to the Russian people and proved the ability of their cosmonauts and engineers to improvise and keep operations going despite all manner of challenges and mishaps. More...

Ewald Chronology

1992 March 17 - . 10:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2.
  • Soyuz TM-14 - . Call Sign: Vityaz (Knight ). Crew: Flade; Kaleri; Viktorenko. Backup Crew: Avdeyev; Ewald; Solovyov. Payload: Soyuz TM 11F732 s/n 64. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Flade; Kaleri; Viktorenko; Avdeyev; Ewald; Solovyov. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mir EO-11; Mir 92; Mir EO-10; Mir LD-3. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 145.59 days. Decay Date: 1992-08-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 21908 . COSPAR: 1992-014A. Apogee: 394 km (244 mi). Perigee: 373 km (231 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Summary: Mir Expedition EO-11. Joint flight with Germany. Docked at the Kvant rear port at 12:33 GMT on March 19..

1997 February 10 - . 14:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
1997 March 2 - .
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