Encyclopedia Astronautica

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Frimout, Dirk Dries David Damian (1941-) Belgian engineer payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-45. First Belgian astronaut.

Educated Ghent.

NAME: Dirk D. Frimout

BIRTHPLACE AND DATE: Frimout was born on March 21, 1941 in Poperinge, Belgium.

EDUCATION: Diploma as electronics engineer, 1963. Doctorate in applied physics, 1970 from the University of Ghent. Post-doctorate work at the Laboratory of Atmospheric and Space Physics, Colorado, 1972. EXPERIENCE: Frimout worked at the Institute of Space Aeronomy of Belgium until 1978. He became an astronaut candidate in 1977. Frimout was selected in 1989 for Shuttle Flight STS-45 (the ATLAS-1 mission). Fifteen years later, he was the first Belgian in space, on board the Atlantis shuttle on March 24, 1992. was responsible for the European scientific experiments carried out on board Atlantis. This ATLAS-1 mission of earth observation was completed on April 2. Frimout was also the Alternate Payload Specialist to STS-61K, Mission EOM-1/2.

Dirk Frimout carried out his dream, to fly and float in space. His exploits raised the enthusiasm of all Belgians. He was made a Grand Officier de l'Ordre de Léopold and also received the title of Viscount. Frimout returned to Belgium and directed a team of researchers in the field of telephony at Belgacom.

Birth Place: Poperinge.
Status: Inactive.

Born: 1941.03.21.
Spaceflights: 1 .
Total time in space: 8.92 days.

More... - Chronology...

Associated Countries
See also
Associated Flights
  • STS-61-K Crew: Brand, Griggs, Stewart, Nicollier, Garriott, Lichtenberg, Lampton, Stevenson. Planned EOM-1 shuttle mission. Cancelled after Challenger disaster. No crew named, later combined with STS-61K Backup crew: Frimout, Chappell. More...
  • STS-45 Crew: Bolden, Duffy, Foale, Frimout, Leestma, Lichtenberg, Sullivan. First Belgian astronaut. Manned seven crew. Carried ATLAS-1 experimental package. More...

Associated Programs
  • STS The Space Transportation System (Space Shuttle) was conceived originally as a completely reusable system that would provide cheap, routine access to space and replace all American and civilian military launch vehicles. Crippled by technological overreach, political compromise, and budget limitations, it instead ended up costing more than the expendable rockets it was to have replaced. STS sucked the money out of all other NASA projects for half a century. The military abandoned its use after the Challenger shuttle explosion in the 1980's. More...

Frimout Chronology

1986 October - .
1992 March 24 - . 13:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-45.
  • STS-45 - . Call Sign: Atlantis. Crew: Bolden; Duffy; Foale; Frimout; Leestma; Lichtenberg; Sullivan. Payload: Atlantis F11 / Atlas 1 Fwd. Mass: 8,020 kg (17,680 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bolden; Duffy; Foale; Frimout; Leestma; Lichtenberg; Sullivan. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-45. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Duration: 8.92 days. Decay Date: 1992-04-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 21915 . COSPAR: 1992-015A. Apogee: 294 km (182 mi). Perigee: 282 km (175 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Manned seven crew. Carried ATLAS-1 experimental package. Payloads: Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science (ATLAS)-1, Shuttle Solar Backscat-ter Ultraviolet (SSBUV)-4, Getaway Special Experiment G-229, Space Tissue Loss (STL)-1, Radiation Monitoring Equipment (RME)-lIl, Visual Function Tester (VFT)-lI, Cloud Logic To Opti-mize Use of Defense Systems (CLOUDS)-1A, Investigations Into Polymer Membrane Process-ing (IPMP), Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX)-Il, Ultraviolet Plume Instrument (UVPl).

1992 April 2 - .
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