Encyclopedia Astronautica
Garneau



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Garneau
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
Garneau, Dr Joseph Jean-Pierre Marc (1949-) Canadian engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-G, STS-77, STS-97. First Canadian astronaut.


NASA Official Biography

NAME: Marc Garneau (Ph.D.)
CSA Astronaut

PERSONAL DATA:
Born February 23, 1949, in Quebec City, Canada. Married to the former Pamela Soame of Ottawa, Canada. Three children. He enjoys flying, scuba diving, squash, tennis, car mechanics, and home repairs. In 1969 and again in 1970, he sailed across the Atlantic in a 59-foot yawl with 12 other crewmen. His parents, Jean and Andre Garneau, reside in Ottawa, Canada. Her parents, Diana and James Soame, reside in Ottawa, Canada.

EDUCATION:
Attended primary and secondary schools in Quebec City & Saint-Jean, Quebec, and in London, England. Received a bachelor of science degree in engineering physics from the Royal Military College of Kingston in 1970, and a doctorate in electrical engineering from the Imperial College of Science and Technology, London, England, in 1973. Attended the Canadian Forces Command and Staff College of Toronto in 1982-83.

ORGANIZATIONS:
Honorary Fellow of the Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute. Member of the Association of Professional Engineers of Nova Scotia, the Navy League of Canada, and the Canadian Academy of Engineering. In 1988, he was named Honorary Member of the Canadian Society of Aviation Medicine.

SPECIAL HONORS:
Recipient of the Athlone Fellowship in 1970, and the National Research Council (NRC) Bursary in 1972. Awarded the Canadian Decoration (military) in 1980, and the NASA Space Flight Medal in 1984. Appointed as an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1984. Awarded three doctorates (Honoris causa) in 1985, one by Université Laval, Québec, the second by the Technical University of Nova Scotia, and the third by the Royal Military College, Kingston, Ontario. Co-recipient of the F.W. (Casey) Baldwin Award in 1985 for the best paper in the Canadian Aeronautics and Space Journal. In 1990 the Collège militaire royal de Saint-Jean presented him with a doctorate (Honoris causa).

EXPERIENCE:
Dr. Garneau was a combat systems engineer in HMCS Algonquin, 1974-76. While serving as an instructor in naval weapon systems at the Canadian Forces Fleet School in Halifax, 1976-77, he designed a simulator for use in training weapons officers in the use of missile systems aboard Tribal class destroyers. He served as project engineer in naval weapon systems in Ottawa from 1977 to 1980. He returned to Halifax with the Naval Engineering Unit which troubleshoots and performs trials on ship-fitted equipment, and helped develop an aircraft-towed target system for the scoring of naval gunnery accuracy. Promoted to Commander in 1982 while at Staff College, he was transferred to Ottawa in 1983 and became design authority for naval communications and electronic warfare equipment and systems. In January 1986, he was promoted to Captain. He retired from the Navy in 1989. He is one of six Canadian astronauts selected in December 1983. He was seconded to the Canadian Astronaut Program from the Department of National Defence in February 1984 to begin astronaut training. He flew as a payload specialist on Shuttle Mission 41-G, October 5-13, 1984. He was named Deputy Director of the Canadian Astronaut Program in 1989, providing technical and program support in the preparation of experiments to fly during future Canadian missions. He was selected for astronaut candidate training in July 1992.

NASA EXPERIENCE:
Dr. Garneau reported to the Johnson Space Center in August 1992. He completed a one-year training and evaluation program and is qualified for flight assignment as a mission specialist. Dr. Garneau initially worked technical issues for the Astronaut Office Robotics Integration Team. He subsequently served as spacecraft communicator (CAPCOM) in Mission Control during Shuttle flights. A veteran of two space flights (STS-41G in 1984 and STS-77 in 1996), Dr. Garneau has logged over 437 hours in space.

STS-41G (October 5-13, 1984) was an eight-day mission aboard Space Shuttle Challenger. Dr. Garneau was the first Canadian to fly on NASA's first mission to carry a seven-person crew. During 133 orbits of the earth in 3.4 million miles, the crew deployed the Earth Radiation Budget Satellite, conducted scientific observations of the earth with the OSTA-3 pallet and Large Format Camera (LFC), performed numerous in-cabin experiments, activated eight "Getaway Special" canisters, and demonstrated potential satellite refueling with an EVA and associated hydrazine transfer. Mission duration was 197 hours 23 minutes.

STS-77 (May 19-29, 1996) was a ten-day mission aboard Space Shuttle Endeavour. During 160 orbits of the earth in 4.1 million miles, the crew deployed two satellites ( the SPARTAN satellite which carried the Inflatable Antenna Experiment designed to test the concept of large, inflatable space structures, and the small Satellite Test Unit designed to test the concept of self-stabilization by using aerodynamic forces and magnetic damping, conducted twelve materials processing, fluid physics and biotechnology experiments in the Spacehab laboratory module carried in Endeavour's payload bay. Mission duration was 240 hours and 39 minutes.

FEBRUARY 1997

Birth Place: Quebec City, Quebec.
Status: Inactive.


Born: 1949.02.23.
Spaceflights: 3 .
Total time in space: 29.08 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Canada Group 1 - 1983 Requirement: engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flight billets provided in exchange for Canadian development of the shuttle's remote manipulator arm. More...

Associated Flights
  • STS-41-G Crew: Crippen, Garneau, Leestma, McBride, Ride, Scully-Power, Sullivan. First spaceflight to include two women. First American woman to walk in space. First Canadian astronaut. Record crew size aboard a single spacecraft. Manned seven crew. Deployed Earth Radiation Budget Satellite; performed high resolution Earth imagery. More...
  • STS-77 Crew: Brown, Bursch, Casper, Garneau, Runco, Thomas Andrew. Deployed and retrieved Spartan 2; deployed PAMS-STU; carried Spacehab module. More...
  • STS-97 Crew: Jett, Bloomfield, Tanner, Garneau, Noriega. Installed a 72 m x 11.4 m, 65 kW double-wing solar panel on the Unity module of the ISS. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Associated Programs
  • ISS Finally completed in 2010 after a torturous 25-year development and production process, the International Space Station was originally conceived as the staging post for manned exploration of the solar systrem. Instead, it was seemed to be the death knell of manned spaceflight. More...
  • STS The Space Transportation System (Space Shuttle) was conceived originally as a completely reusable system that would provide cheap, routine access to space and replace all American and civilian military launch vehicles. Crippled by technological overreach, political compromise, and budget limitations, it instead ended up costing more than the expendable rockets it was to have replaced. STS sucked the money out of all other NASA projects for half a century. The military abandoned its use after the Challenger shuttle explosion in the 1980's. More...

Bibliography
  • NASA Astronaut Biographies, Johnson Space Center, NASA, 1995-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Garneau Chronology


1984 October 5 - . 11:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-17/41-G.
  • STS-41-G - . Call Sign: Challenger. Crew: Crippen; Garneau; Leestma; McBride; Ride; Scully-Power; Sullivan. Payload: Challenger F06 / ERBS / LFC / ORS. Mass: 10,643 kg (23,463 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Crippen; Garneau; Leestma; McBride; Ride; Scully-Power; Sullivan. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-41-G. Spacecraft: Challenger. Duration: 8.22 days. Decay Date: 1984-10-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 15353 . COSPAR: 1984-108A. Apogee: 390 km (240 mi). Perigee: 350 km (210 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Manned seven crew. Deployed ERBS; performed high resolution Earth imagery. Payloads: Earth Radiation Budget Satellite (ERBS) deployment, Office of Space and Terrestrial Applications (OSTA)-3 experiments, Large Format Camera (LFC). First use of Orbital Refueling System (ORS) with extravehicular activity (EVA) astronauts, IMAX camera.

1984 October 13 - .
1996 May 19 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-77.
  • STS-77 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Brown; Bursch; Casper; Garneau; Runco; Thomas, Andrew. Payload: Endeavour F11 / GBA-9. Mass: 12,233 kg (26,969 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brown; Bursch; Casper; Garneau; Runco; Thomas, Andrew. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-77. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 10.03 days. Decay Date: 1996-05-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 23870 . COSPAR: 1996-032A. Apogee: 285 km (177 mi). Perigee: 274 km (170 mi). Inclination: 39.0000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Deployed and retrieved Spartan 2; deployed PAMS-STU; carried Spacehab module. Payloads: Shuttle Pointed Research Tool for Astronomy (SPARTAN) 207/Inflatable Antenna Experiment (IAE); Technology Experiments Advancing Missions in Space (TEAMS) 01 (includes Vented Tank Resupply Experiment (VTRE), Global Positioning System (GPS) Attitude and Navigation Experiment (GANE) (RME 1316), Liquid Metal Test Experiment (LMTE) and Passive Aerodynami-cally Stabilized Magnetically Damped Satellite (PAMS) Satellite Test Unit (STU); SPACEHAB-4; Brilliant Eyes Ten-Kelvin Sorption Cryocooler Experiment (BETSCE); 12 getaway specials attached to a GAS bridge assembly (GAS 056, 063, 142, 144, 163, 200, 490, 564, 565, 703, 741 and the Reduced-Fill Tank Pressure Control Experiment (RFTPCE); Aquatic Research Facility (ARF) 01; Biological Research in Canisters (BRIC) 07, Block III.

1996 May 29 - .
2000 November 7 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 00-52 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1. Summary: The Expedition One crew today completed the installation of electronics into a key like support system aboard the International Space Station and exercised on a new treadmill system as they completed one week in space since launch Oct. 31.. Additional Details: here....

2000 November 8 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 00-53 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1. The Expedition One crew today installed the final cables and sensors into the prime oxygen-generation system aboard the International Space Station and continued to set up laptop computers and communications gear as they neared the end of a full week aboard the outpost. Additional Details: here....

2000 November 30 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #01 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Jett; Noriega; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1. Endeavour's five astronauts blasted off from the Kennedy Space Center on the 101st mission in space shuttle history tonight to deliver the first set of U.S. solar arrays that will significantly increase the power generation capabilities of the International Space Station. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 1 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #03 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Endeavour's astronauts spent much of Friday checking out equipment to be used for Saturday's docking with the International Space Station, subsequent assembly operations and three space walks. For much of the crew's day, their spacecraft was gaining on the space station at about 500 statute miles each 90-minute orbit of the Earth. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 1 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #02 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Summary: Astronauts will fire the Space Shuttle Endeavour's large orbital maneuvering thrusters twice today as they make their way toward the International Space Station, where three fellow space travelers await their Saturday arrival.. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 1 - . 03:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-97.
  • STS-97 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Jett; Bloomfield; Tanner; Garneau; Noriega. Payload: Endeavour F15. Mass: 120,742 kg (266,190 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Jett; Bloomfield; Tanner; Garneau; Noriega. Agency: NASA Houston. Manufacturer: North American. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-97. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 10.83 days. Decay Date: 2000-12-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 26630 . COSPAR: 2000-078A. Apogee: 365 km (226 mi). Perigee: 352 km (218 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.70 min. Endeavour was launched on an assembly mission to the to the International Space Station (ISS). The main mission was to install a 72 m x 11.4 m, 65 kW double-wing solar panel on the Unity module of the ISS. The external tank and the Orbiter entered a 74 x 325 km orbit at 0314 GMT. Endeavour's OMS burn raised its perigee to 205 km at around 0347 GMT; the ET re-entered over the Pacific. Endeavour docked with the Station's PMA-3 docking port at 1959 GMT on December 2. Astronauts then installed the P6 solar panel truss to the station during a series of spacewalks. The P6 was made up of the LS (Long Spacer), PV-1 IEA (Integrated Equipment Assembly) and the PVAA (Photovoltaic Array). The LS carried two Thermal Control Systems with radiators to eject waste heat from the Station; these radiators were to be moved to truss segments S4 and S6 later in assembly. The PVAA had solar array wings SAW-2B and SAW-4B, which deployed to a span of 73 meters. Only after completion of three station assembly space walks on December 3, 5, and 7 did the Endeavour crew enter the station (at 1436 GMT on December 8), delivering supplies to Alpha's Expedition One crew. Hatches were closed again at 1551 GMT December 9, and Endeavour undocked at 1913 GMT the same day. After one flyaround of the station, Endeavour fired its engines to depart the vicinity at 2017 GMT December 9. The deorbit burn was at 2158 GMT on December 11, changing the orbit from 351 x 365 km to 27 x 365 km, with landing at Runway 15 of Kennedy Space Center at 2303 GMT.

    The payload bay of Endeavour for STS-97 contained a total cargo of 18740 kg:

    • Bay 1-2:
      • Orbiter Docking System 1800 kg
      • 3 EMU spacesuits (S/N unknown) 360 kg
      • FPPU experiment (in airlock) 23 kg. The FPPU (Floating Potential Probe Experiment) was installed on P6 to measure charge build-up as the arrays pass through the ionosphere plasma. P6 had devices to bleed off excess charge, and FPPU would monitor their effectiveness.
      • APCU Assembly Power Converter Unit 35 kg
      • APCU Assembly Power Converter Unit 35 kg
    • Bay 3-6:
      • ITS P6 Long Spacer 4000 kg
      • TCS radiator (aft) 500 kg
      • TCS radiator (starboard) 500 kg
    • Bay 8-11:
      • ITS P6 Integrated Equipment Assembly 7200 kg
      • PV radiator P6 500 kg
    • Bay 12-13:
      • ITS P6 Photovoltaic Array/Beta Gimbal Assembly. 1000 kg
      • Solar array wing 2B 1070 kg
      • Solar array wing 4B 1070 kg
    • Bay 13S: IMAX Cargo Bay Camera 238 kg
    • Sill: Canadarm RMS 303 410 kg


2000 December 2 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #04 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Summary: Docking day for the crew of Endeavour began at 7:06 a.m. CST with the Shuttle about 700 miles away from the first linkup of a Shuttle and an inhabited International Space Station. The crew was awakened to the song, "I Believe I Can Fly," by R. Kelly.. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 2 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #05 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Endeavour's astronauts executed a flawless docking to the inhabited International Space Station at 2 p.m. Saturday and took the first step in providing additional power to the orbiting complex in preparation for the first of three planned space walks Sunday. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 3 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #06 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. "It's kind of like Christmas up here going through these bags." With that comment, International Space Station Expedition 1 Commander Bill Shepherd indicated his happiness about the equipment, supplies and care packages today that were dropped by Endeavour's astronauts following Saturday's shuttle docking with the station. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 3 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #07 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Jett; Noriega; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Summary: The International Space Station spread one of its wings Sunday night as the first half of the P6 solar array was unfurled after Endeavour astronauts installed the 17.5-ton P6 solar array structure.. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 4 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Jett; Noriega; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Following a busy weekend that saw the crew of Endeavour dock with the International Space Station and install the new U.S. solar array structure during a 7 ½ hour space walk, the STS-97 astronauts have light duty on their schedule today before continuing activation of the new station power generation system. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 4 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #09 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Ross; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Endeavour astronauts deployed the second of two huge solar wings on the International Space Station Monday in a slow and deliberate, almost two-hour-plus process that began at 6:52 p.m. The other solar wing, the starboard wing, was deployed nonstop Sunday in about 13 minutes. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 5 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #11 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Endeavour astronauts completed the second of the STS-97 mission's three space walks Tuesday, hooking up power and data cables and connecting ammonia coolant lines between the International Space Station's new solar array truss and the rest of the ISS. They also prepared a docking port for a January move to another area on the space station to get ready for arrival of the U.S. laboratory Destiny. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 5 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #10 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Summary: Space walk number two is at the top of the agenda for Endeavour's astronauts today as they continue work to install, connect and activate the International Space Station's new solar arrays.. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 6 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #13 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Endeavour's astronauts worked Wednesday to get ready for the Thursday space walk by Mission Specialists Joe Tanner and Carlos Noriega. They also took a few hours off to rest and enjoy the view from their spacecraft, moving at five miles a second about 235 miles above the Earth. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 6 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #12 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Endeavour's astronauts today will prepare for a third planned space walk, getting their tools ready and preparing the Floating Potential Probe for installation on the exterior of the International Space Station to measure the electrical potential of plasma around the station. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 7 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #15 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner; Wolf. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Space walking Endeavour astronauts sailed through an add-on job to tension a solar blanket Thursday, then completed their other tasks in textbook fashion. They topped off their scheduled activities with an image of an evergreen tree placed atop the P6 solar array structure, the highest point in their construction project. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 7 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #14 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner; Wolf. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Two of Endeavour's astronauts will return to their jobs as orbiting construction workers today, installing probes that will measure electrical potential surrounding the station and performing some added "warranty work" on solar array blankets that didn't stretch out completely on Sunday. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 8 - .
2000 December 8 - .
2000 December 9 - .
2000 December 9 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #18 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Summary: Endeavour's astronauts said good-bye to the crew aboard the International Space Station at 9:51 a.m. CST today, closing the hatches between the two vehicles in preparation for undocking at 1:13 p.m.. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 10 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #21 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. After their successful mission to the International Space Station, Endeavour astronauts spent much of Sunday getting ready to land at Kennedy Space Center Monday afternoon. They tested Endeavour's controls and stowed equipment in preparation for their 5:04 p.m. CST landing in Florida. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 10 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #20 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Summary: Endeavour's five-member crew will pack up and get ready to come home today after successfully completing all the objectives of the STS-97 mission to help the International Space Station spread its wings.. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 11 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #22 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Summary: Endeavour's astronauts were awakened this morning to Bing Crosby's "I'll Be Home for Christmas," beginning what should be their final day in orbit as they prepare for a landing this evening at the Kennedy Space Center.. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 11 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #23 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield; Garneau; Gidzenko; Jett; Noriega; Shepherd; Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1; STS-97. Endeavour and its five astronauts returned home to the Kennedy Space Center Monday evening, wrapping up a mission that delivered first set of U.S.-provided solar arrays to the Expedition One crew aboard the International Space Station, increasing power to the complex five fold in setting the stage for future station assembly. Additional Details: here....

2000 December 11 - .
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