Encyclopedia Astronautica
Gibson, Edward

Gibson Edward
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
Gibson, Dr Edward George (1936-) American scientist astronaut. Flew on Skylab 4.

Educated Rochester; Caltech. Total EVA Time: 0.64 days. Number of EVAs: 3.

NAME: Edward G. Gibson

BIRTHPLACE AND DATE: Gibson was born November 8, 1936, in Buffalo, New York.

EDUCATION: Gibson received a Bachelor of Science in engineering from the University of Rochester in 1959, a Master of Science in engineering from California Institute of Technology in 1960, and a Doctorate of Philosophy in engineering and physics from Caltech in 1964.

EXPERIENCE: While studying at Caltech, Gibson was a research assistant in the fields of jet propulsion and physics. He was a senior research scientist with the Applied Research Laboratories of Philco Corporation at the time NASA selected him as a scientist-astronaut in June 1965.

Gibson was the Science Pilot for Skylab 4, the third flight to the Skylab space station. Commander Gerald Carr, Command Module Pilot William Pogue, and Gibson were launched on November 16, 1973 for an 84 day stay on the station. Solar physicist Gibson concentrated on operation of astronomical and solar telescopes. Gibson participated in three of the four space walks of the mission, spending a total of 15 hours 17 minutes outside Skylab, changing film in the telescope cameras and taking photos of Comet Kohoutek. The crew returned with 780 kg of film, data and biological specimens after the record space flight.

Gibson left NASA in 1974 and became a Senior Staff Scientist with the Aerospace Corporation of Los Angeles. In this position he was still involved in analysis of the Skylab solar physics data. In 1976 he served as a consultant in West Germany on the design of the Spacelab module that later flew aboard the Space Shuttle. He returned to NASA in 1977 as Chief of Scientist-Astronaut Candidates. After leaving NASA again, he worked for Booz, Allen and Hamilton, Inc, before becoming President of Casey Aerospace Corporation.

Birth Place: Buffalo, New York.
Status: Inactive.

Born: 1936.11.08.
Spaceflights: 1 .
Total time in space: 84.05 days.

More... - Chronology...

Associated Countries
See also
  • Astronaut Category of persons, applied to those trained for spaceflight outside of Russia and China. More...
  • NASA Group 4 - 1965 Requirement: scientist-astronauts for Apollo lunar landing and Apollo applications earth-orbit space station missions. Nickname: The Scientists. More...

Associated Flights
  • Skylab 4 Crew: Carr, Gibson Edward, Pogue. Record flight duration. Final Skylab mission; included observation and photography of Comet Kohoutek among numerous experiments. Rebellion by crew against NASA Ground Control overtasking led to none of the crew ever flying again. Backup crew: Brand, Lenoir, Lind. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • NASA American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA, USA. More...

Associated Programs
  • Skylab First and only US space station to date. Project began life as Apollo Orbital Workshop - outfitting of an S-IVB stage with docking adapter with equipment launched by several subsequent S-1B launches. Curtailment of the Apollo moon landings meant that surplus Saturn V's were available, so the pre-equipped, five times heavier, and much more capable Skylab resulted. More...

Gibson, Edward Chronology

1965 June 28 - .
  • NASA Astronaut Training Group 4 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Garriott; Gibson, Edward; Graveline; Kerwin; Michel; Schmitt. The group was selected to provide scientist-astronauts for Apollo lunar landing and earth-orbit space station missions.. Qualifications: Doctorate in natural sciences, medicine, or engineering. Under 35 years old, under 183 cm height, excellent health. US citizen.. 1,351 applicants. The National Academy of Science was responsible for the final selection. NASA planned to select up to twenty, but the quality of the applicants was considered so poor that only six were named. Of those, four would fly in space. Geologist Schmitt would walk on the moon on the last Apollo mission, and only after pressure from the scientific community. The other three would fly on Skylab. Only Garriot would fly twice, supplementing his 59 days on Skylab with a ten-day shuttle mission.

1973 November 16 - . 14:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn IB. LV Configuration: Saturn IB SA-208.
  • Skylab 4 - . Call Sign: Skylab. Crew: Carr; Gibson, Edward; Pogue. Backup Crew: Brand; Lenoir; Lind. Payload: Apollo CSM 118. Mass: 20,847 kg (45,959 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Carr; Gibson, Edward; Pogue; Brand; Lenoir; Lind. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Skylab. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Flight: Skylab 4. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. Duration: 84.05 days. Decay Date: 1974-02-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 6936 . COSPAR: 1973-090A. Apogee: 437 km (271 mi). Perigee: 422 km (262 mi). Inclination: 50.0000 deg. Period: 93.10 min. Final Skylab mission; included observation and photography of Comet Kohoutek among numerous experiments. Completed 1,214 Earth orbits and four EVAs totalling 22 hours, 13 minutes. Increased manned space flight time record by 50%. Rebellion by crew against NASA Ground Control overtasking led to none of the crew ever flying again. Biological experiments included two Mummichog fish (Fundulus heteroclitus).

    The space vehicle consisted of a modified Apollo CSM and a Saturn IB launch vehicle. All launch phase events were normal, and the CSM was inserted into a 150.1- by 227.08-km orbit. The rendezvous sequence was performed according to the anticipated timeline. Stationkeeping was initiated about seven and one-half hours after liftoff, and hard docking was achieved about 30 minutes later following two unsuccessful docking attempts. Planned duration of the mission was 56 days, with the option of extending it to a maximum of 84 days.

1973 November 23 - . 17:42 GMT - .
1973 December 29 - . 17:00 GMT - .
1974 February 3 - . 15:19 GMT - .
  • EVA Skylab 4-4 - . Crew: Carr; Gibson, Edward. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.22 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Carr; Gibson, Edward. Program: Skylab. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: Skylab 4. Spacecraft: Skylab. Summary: Retrieved solar camera film cartridges and external materials exposure package..

1974 February 8 - .
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