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Groettrup



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Groettrup
Groettrup, Helmut (1916-1981) German engineer. Head of German design group held in Russia German rocket guidance expert, worked at Peenemuende and later headed German rocket team in Russia, 1945-1953. Headed the group that fired V-2 rockets at Kapustin Yar in 1946.

Born: 1916.
Died: 1981.01.01.

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Groettrup Chronology


1946 June - . LV Family: R-1. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
  • Groettrup team completes R-2 design. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Groettrup. Groettrup team in Nordhausen completes design of the K1 (R-1). The design uses some parts manufactured in reopened factories in the German east zone. Factory 88 at Podlipki (later Kaliningrad, then Korolev) 16 km north-west of Moscow, and Factory 456, at Khimki, 7 km north-west of Moscow, are to be the first two Soviet rocket assembly factories.

1946 September - . Launch Vehicle: G-2.
  • Groettrup team designs 2 stage IRBM. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Groettrup. Summary: Groettrup sketches design for a 2500 km range missile..

1947 May 22 - . Launch Vehicle: G-1.
  • Groettrup G-1 design ordered - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Korolev; Glushko; Groettrup. The G-1 was Groettrup's first design after the German engineering team had been moved to Russia. The first group of 234 specialists was given the task of designing a 600 km range rocket (the G-1/R-10). Work had begun on this already in Germany but the initial challenge in Russia was that the technical documentation was somehow still 'in transit' from the Zentralwerke. The other obstacle was Russian manufacturing technology, which was equivalent to that of Germany at the beginning of the 1930's. The Germans worked at two locations, NII-88 (Korolev OKB) and Gorodmlya Island to complete the design of the G-1. Other groups of Germans worked at Factory 88 (R-1 production) and Factory 456 (Glushko OKB / engine production).

1949 March - . Launch Vehicle: G-2.
  • Groettrup team completes G-2 design. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Groettrup. Summary: Groettrup completes design work on G-2, 1,000 kg warhead, 2500 km range..

1949 June - . LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11.
  • Groettrup team designs R-13. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Groettrup. Summary: Groettrup group consulted on 'R-13' (code name for R-11?). Specifications include 1000 kg warhead, 120 km range..

1949 July - . Launch Vehicle: G-4.
  • Groettrup G-4 IRBM design complete - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Groettrup. Summary: Groettrup's team finished the 20 volume design study three months after go-ahead. The selected configuration was a conical single-stage design, which was aerodynamically stable in all flight regimes..

1949 October - . Launch Vehicle: Buran; Burya; EKR; G-3.
  • Albring G-3 cruise missile - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Groettrup; Ustinov; Albring; Saenger. Program: Navaho. German aerodynamicist Albring designed the G-3 missile for the Russians. This would use a rocket-powered Groettrup-designed G-1 as the first stage. The cruise stage would have an aerodynamic layout like that of the Saenger-Bredt rocket-powered antipodal bomber of World War II. Cruising at 13 km altitude, the supersonic missile would carry a 3000 kg warhead to a range of 2900 km. This was an alternate approach to Ustinov's 3000 kg over 3000 km range missile requirement of April 1949. This design would be elaborated at Korolev's bureau into the EKR ramjet design of 1953.

1949 October - . Launch Vehicle: G-4.
  • Groettrup team briefs G-4 - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Groettrup. The Scientific-Technical Soviet of NII-88 receives a briefing on Groettrup's G-4 IRBM design: 23.7 m long, 2.74 m diameter, 70.800 kg takeoff mass, 7000 kg empty, 3,000 kg warhead, turbine exhaust for roll control (as in Jupiter), plywood RV, lox/alcohol propellants.

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