Encyclopedia Astronautica

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Soyuz 30
Klimuk and Hermaszewski before launch
Credit: RKK Energia
Hermaszewski, Miroslaw 'Mirek' (1941-) Polish pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-3. First Polish astronaut.

First cosmonaut from Poland.

Miroslav Hermaszewski was born on September 15, 1941 in the village of Lipniki to a peasant family. His father died in 1944 during the Second World War. In 1961, he graduated from middle school and entered High Aviation School in Demblin. After graduation in 1965, he served with the Polish Air Force. In 1971, he graduated from the Karol Sverchevski Military Academy.

In 1976 he was accepted into the Soviet cosmonaut unit (1976 Intercosmos Group # 1) together with Zenon Jankowski. He underwent the full general space preparation course under the Intercosmos program for co-operation with socialist countries. He made his space flight from June 27 through July 5, 1978, as research cosmonaut of the space ship Soyuz-30 (call sign - Kavkas-2) together with Soviet cosmonaut Pyotr Illyich Klimuk. The cosmonauts worked onboard the orbital complex Salyut-6 - Soyuz -29 - Soyuz -30 together with Vladimir Vasyllyevich Kovalenok and Aleksandr Sergeyevich Ivanchenkov. Their stay in space was 7 days 22 hours 2 minutes and 59 seconds.

After 1978, he continued service in the Polish Air Force. In 1981 - 1982 was a member of Poland's Military Council for National Salvation. In 1982 he graduated from the Voroshilov Military Academy in Moscow. He served as the Chief of the Shkola Orlyat High Aviation School (1982 - 1985). Afterwards, he served in the Defence Office of Poland (1985 - 1989). He is currently retired.

Awards: Hero of the Soviet Union. Awarded Soviet Order of Lenin, Poland Order of Krest Grunvald, others orders and medals.

Copyright (C) Alexander Zheleznyakov, 1998

Birth Place: Lipniki.
Status: Inactive.
Born: 1941.09.15.
Spaceflights: 1 .
Total time in space: 7.92 days.

More... - Chronology...

Associated Countries
See also
  • Cosmonaut Category of persons who have been trained for spaceflight in Russia. More...
  • Intercosmos Group - 1976 Requirement: pilots from friendly socialist countries to visit Salyut space stations for propaganda purposes on Soyuz ferry-exchange missions. More...

Associated Flights
  • Salyut 6 EP-3 Crew: Hermaszewski, Klimuk. First Polish astronaut. Manned two crew. Docked with Salyut 6. Mission to swap Soyuz lifeboats docked to station. Backup crew: Jankowski, Kubasov. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Associated Programs
  • Salyut 6 Mishin was authorised in December 1973 to build an improved design DOS-5 version of the Salyut station using Almaz facilities. Mishin's bureau borrowed the two docking port configuration of Chelomei's Almaz OPS-2 This station's second docking port would allow rotation of crews and resupply/refueling using unmanned Progress spacecraft. More...

Hermaszewski Chronology

1976 November 25 - .
  • Intercosmos Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Hermaszewski; Jaehn; Jankowski; Koellner; Pelczak; Remek. Summary: Training group of potential 'guest cosmonauts' for propaganda flights to the Salyut space station. The 'guests', from states allied to the Soviet Union, would be flown on Soyuz lifeboat changeout missions to the station..

1978 June 27 - . 15:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Soyuz 30 - . Call Sign: Kavkas (Caucasus ). Crew: Hermaszewski; Klimuk. Backup Crew: Jankowski; Kubasov. Payload: Soyuz 7K-T(A9) s/n 67. Mass: 6,800 kg (14,900 lb). Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Hermaszewski; Klimuk; Jankowski; Kubasov. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Salyut 6 EP-3; Salyut 6 EO-2. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-T/A9. Duration: 7.92 days. Decay Date: 1978-07-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 10968 . COSPAR: 1978-065A. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Summary: Manned two crew. Docked with Salyut 6. Placed on board the Salyut-6 station, under the Intercosmos programme, a second, international, crew consisting of P.I. Klimuk (USSR) and M. Hermaszewski (Poland) to conduct scientific investigations and experiments..

1978 July 5 - .
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