Encyclopedia Astronautica
Johnson, Gregory C

Johnson Gregory C
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
Johnson, Gregory Carl 'Ray J' (1954-) American test pilot astronaut, 1998-on.

Educated Washington; Edwards.

NASA Official Biography

NAME: Gregory C. Johnson (Mr.)
NASA Astronaut Candidate (Pilot)

Born July 30, 1954 in Seattle, Washington. Married to the former Christine R. Scott. They have 2 children, Scott (21) and Kent (18). Recreational interests include running, cycling and auto repair. His father, Raleigh O. Johnson, resides in Everett, Washington. His mother, Mary Ann Johnson, is deceased. Her parents are Earl and Patricia Scott of Seattle, Washington.

West Seattle High School, Seattle, Washington, 1972.
B.S., Aerospace Engineering, University of Washington, 1977.

Society of Experimental Test Pilots; American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics; Tau Beta Pi Honorary Engineering Society; Naval Reserve Association.

NASA William A. Korkowski Excellence in Achievement Award, VA-128 Attack Pilot of the Year, Carrier Airwing Fifteen Top Ten Tailhook Pilot, Carrier Airwing Fourteen Top Ten Tailhook Pilot, Navy Commendation Medals (3), Navy Achievement Medal, Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal, Humanitarian Service Medal and numerous other USN decorations.

Johnson received his commission through the Naval Aviation Officer Candidate Program at Naval Air Station Pensacola, Fl. in September 1977. He received his Naval Aviator wings in December 1978 and following training was designated an instructor pilot in TA-4J aircraft. In 1980 he transitioned to A-6E aircraft completing 2 deployments in the Western Pacific and Indian Oceans. In 1984 he reported to the United States Air Force Test Pilot School at Edwards Air Force Base, CA. After graduation he reported to the Naval Weapons Center, China lake CA. performing flight test in A-6 and F/A-18 aircraft. Following his flight test tour he reported to Naval Air Station Whidbey Island WA. as the maintenance deartment head in an operational A-6 squadron. During this tour he completed another western Pacific and Indian Ocean deployment as well as a Northern Pacific deployment. He resigned his commission in 1990 and accepted a position at the NASA JSC Aircraft Operations Division. Johnson is a Captain in the United States Naval Reserve and has served as the commanding officer of three Naval Reserve units. He is the current Commanding Officer of Naval Research Lab 510 in Houston, TX. He has logged over 7,400 flying hours in 50 aircraft and 500 carrier landings.

In April 1990, Johnson was accepted as an aerospace engineer and research pilot at the NASA JSC Aircraft Operations Division, Ellington Field, TX. He qualified as a T-38 instructor, functional check flight and examiner pilot, as well as Gulfstream I aircraft commander, WB-57 high altitude research pilot and KC-135 co-pilot. Additionally, he conducted flight test programs in the T-38 aircraft including JET-A airstart testing, T-38N avionics upgrade testing and the first flight of the T-38 inlet redesign aircraft. In 1994 he assumed duties as the Chief, Maintenance & Engineering Branch responsible for all maintenance and engineering modifications on NASA JSC aircraft.

Selected by NASA in June 1998, he reported for training in August 1998. Astronaut Candidate Training includes orientation briefings and tours, numerous scientific and technical briefings, intensive instruction in Shuttle and International Space Station systems, physiological training and ground school to prepare for T-38 flight training, as well as learning water and wilderness survival techniques. Following a period of training and evaluation, Johnson will receive technical assignments within the Astronaut Office before being assigned to a space flight.


Birth Place: Seattle, Washington.
Status: Active.

Born: 1954.07.30.
Spaceflights: 1 .
Total time in space: 12.90 days.

More... - Chronology...

Associated Countries
See also
  • Astronaut Category of persons, applied to those trained for spaceflight outside of Russia and China. More...
  • NASA Group 17 - 1998 Requirement: pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights. Nickname: The Penguins. Originally called the Dodos by the Sardines, after an extinct flightless bird; they renamed themselves after a flightless bird that eats fish... More...

Associated Flights
  • STS-125 Crew: Altman, Johnson Gregory C, Grunsfeld, Massimino, Feustel, Good, McArthur. Fourth and final servicing mission to the Hubble Space Telescope. Only shuttle mission authorized prior to shuttle retirement not to go to the ISS - therefore with no means of space rescue should the heat shield be damaged during ascent to orbit. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • USN American agency overseeing development of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. USN Joint Task Force 7, USA. More...

  • NASA Astronaut Biographies, Johnson Space Center, NASA, 1995-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Johnson, Gregory C Chronology

1985 July 19 - .
  • NASA Astronaut Training Group 17 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Anderson, Clayton; Archambault; Caldwell; Chamitoff; Creamer; Ferguson; Foreman; Fossum; Ham; Hilliard; Johnson, Gregory C; Johnson, Gregory H; Love; Melvin; Morgan; Nespoli; Oefelein; Olivas; Patrick; Poindexter; Pontes; Reisman; Swanson; Vittori. The group was selected to provide pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights.. Qualifications: Pilots: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics. Advanced degree desirable. At least 1,000 flight-hours of pilot-in-command time. Flight test experience desirable. Excellent health. Vision minimum 20/50 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20 vision; maximum sitting blood pressure 140/90. Height between 163 and 193 cm.

    Mission Specialists: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics and minimum three years of related experience or an advanced degree. Vision minimum 20/150 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20. Maximum sitting blood pressure of 140/90. Height between 150 and 193 cm.. Of 25 Americans, eight pilots and 17 mission specialists.

2009 May 11 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • STS-125 - . Call Sign: Atlantis. Crew: Altman; Johnson, Gregory C; Good; McArthur, Megan; Grunsfeld; Massimino; Feustel. Payload: Atlantis F30 /. Mass: 119,820 kg (264,150 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Hubble. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-125; ISS EO-19. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Duration: 12.90 days. Decay Date: 2009-05-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 34933 . COSPAR: 2009-025A. Apogee: 566 km (351 mi). Perigee: 302 km (187 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 93.30 min. Hubble Servicing Mission SM-4. Atlantis rendezvoused with the Hubble space observatory, grappled it with the RMS arm, and secured it in the payload bay at 18:12 GMT on 13 May. After repairs and upgrades over four EVA's, the satellite was released at 12:57 GMT on 19 May. Atlantis landed at Edwards AFB at 15:39 GMT on 24 May.

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