Encyclopedia Astronautica
Kuipers



ikuipers.jpg
Kuipers
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
Kuipers, Andre (1958-) Dutch engineer cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS Delta.

Educated Amsterdam.


ESA Official Biography

André Kuipers

BIRTHPLACE AND DATE: Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 5 October 1958.

EDUCATION: André Kuipers graduated from van der Waals Lyceum, Amsterdam, in 1977 and received a Medical Doctor degree from the University of Amsterdam in 1987.

FAMILY: Two daughters.

RECREATIONAL INTERESTS: Diving, skiing, flying, history, travelling.

EXPERIENCE: During his medical studies, André Kuipers worked in the Vestibular department of the Academic Medical Centre in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, where he was involved in research on the equilibrium system.

In 1987 and 1988, as an officer of the Royal Netherlands Airforce Medical Corps, he studied accidents and near-accidents caused by spatial disorientation of pilots of high-performance aircraft.

In 1989 and 1990, he worked for the Research and Development department of the Netherlands Aerospace Medical Centre in Soesterberg. He was involved in research on the Space Adaptation Syndrome, contact lenses for pilots, vestibular apparatus, blood pressure and cerebral blood flow. In addition, he performed medical examinations of pilots and medical monitoring of human centrifuge training, and lectured pilots.

Since 1991, Kuipers has been involved in the preparation, coordination, baseline data collection and ground control of physiological experiments developed by the European Space Agency for space missions. In particular he was a project scientist for the Anthrorack, a human physiology facility that flew on the D-2 Spacelab mission in 1993, and for two payloads, for lung and bone physiology, that flew on board the Mir space station during the half-year Euromir 95 mission. He was then involved in the development of the Torque Velocity Dynamometer that flew on the LMS Spacelab mission in 1996.

He is coordinating the life science experiments for the ESA parabolic flight campaigns and participates in flights as an experiment operator, test subject and flight surgeon.

CURRENT ASSIGNMENT: André Kuipers is a project scientist for several ESA human physiology payloads, both in the development and in the operational phase. He is coordinating the scientific input for the development of the Muscle Atrophy Research and Development System and the Percutaneous Electrical Muscle Stimulator, both to be flown on the International Space Station. He is also coordinating experiments for the Advanced Respiratory Monitoring System, which will fly in 2000 on the US Space Shuttle mission STS-107.

September 1999

Birth Place: Amsterdam.
Status: Active.


Born: 1958.10.05.
Spaceflights: 1 .
Total time in space: 10.87 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Cosmonaut Category of persons who have been trained for spaceflight in Russia. More...

Associated Flights
  • ISS Cervantes Crew: Duque. Spanish / ESA astronaut. Primary mission was to swap Soyuz lifeboats. Backup crew: Kuipers. More...
  • Soyuz TMA-3A Crew: Dezhurov, Kuipers, Skripochka. Soyuz TMA-3 was originally to switch lifeboats on the ISS. After the Columbia disaster, the remaining shuttles were grounded. Soyuz TMA-3 instead flew with a skeleton crew to provide minimal manning of space station while shuttle was grounded. More...
  • ISS Delta Crew: Kuipers. European Space Agency / Netherlands space mission to the ISS. Primary mission was to swap Soyuz lifeboats. Backup crew: Thiele. More...
  • ISS EO-20 ISS long-term residence mission. Crew: Romanenko Roman, De Winne,Thirsk. Six-month, long-term, resident crew of the International Space Station. Backup crew: Kondratiyev, Kuipers,Hadfield. More...
  • ISS EO-28 ISS long-term residence mission. Crew: Volkov, Sergey; Fossum; Furukawa. Backup crew: Kononenko; Pettit; Kuipers. This crew manned the station alone for six weeks due to the failure of the Soyuz launch vehicle carrying Progress M-12M and the subsequent delay in the launch of the Soyuz EO-29 crew to replace the departed Soyuz EO-27 crew. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • ESA European agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. European Space Agency, Europe. More...

Associated Programs
  • ISS Finally completed in 2010 after a torturous 25-year development and production process, the International Space Station was originally conceived as the staging post for manned exploration of the solar systrem. Instead, it was seemed to be the death knell of manned spaceflight. More...

Kuipers Chronology


1998 August 1 - .
  • ESA Astronaut Training Group 3 selected. - . Nation: Europe. Related Persons: De Winne; Kuipers. Summary: European Space Agency astronauts sent to Russia for cosmonaut training..

2003 October 18 - . 05:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz FG. LV Configuration: Soyuz-FG D15000-007 / ISS-7S.
  • Soyuz TMA-3 - . Call Sign: Ingul. Crew: Foale; Kaleri; Duque. Return Crew: Foale; Kaleri; Kuipers. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 213. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Foale; Kaleri; Duque; Kuipers. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-8; ISS Cervantes; ISS EO-7. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 194.77 days. Decay Date: 2004-04-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 28052 . COSPAR: 2003-047A. Apogee: 384 km (238 mi). Perigee: 376 km (233 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. The spacecraft carried the Expedition 8 crew of Mike Foale and Aleksandr Kaleri and the EP-5 (Cervantes) mission crewmember Pedro Duque. During the flight to the station spacecraft Commander was Aleksandr Kaleri . Soyuz TMA-3 docked with the Pirs module at 07:16 GMT on October 20. Once the EO-7 crew aboard the ISS was relieved, the roles switched, with Foale becoming the ISS Commander. Duque carried out out 24 experiments in the fields of life and physical sciences, Earth observation, education and technology. The experiments were sponsored by the European Space Agency and Spain. After ten days in space, Duque returned to earth with the EO-7 crew of Malenchenko and Lu aboard Soyuz TMA-2.

2003 November 12 - .
  • Soyuz TMA-3A (cancelled) - . Crew: Dezhurov; Kuipers; Skripochka. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Dezhurov; Kuipers; Skripochka. Agency: RAKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-3A. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Soyuz TMA-3 was originally to switch lifeboats on the International Space Station. The crew would have returned to earth in the Soyuz TMA-2 already docked to the station. After the Columbia disaster, the remaining shuttles were grounded. The Soyuz was then the only means of keeping the station manned. It was therefore decided that Soyuz TMA-3 would fly with the skeleton crew of Foale and Kaleri.

2004 January 29 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-6 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Foale; Kaleri; Kuipers. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-8. Summary: An unmanned Russian Progress resupply ship blasted off successfully today from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan to deliver 21/2 tons of food, fuel and supplies to the residents of the International Space Station.. Additional Details: here....

2004 April 2 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-17 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke; Foale; Kaleri; Kuipers; Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-8. Summary: Plans for the next crew rotation on the International Space Station are on schedule this week, as the Expedition 8 crew members moved into their final month on orbit and their successors to within weeks of their scheduled launch.. Additional Details: here....

2004 April 9 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-18 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke; Foale; Kaleri; Kuipers; Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-8. Three weeks remain in the six-month voyage aboard the International Space Station for Commander Mike Foale and Flight Engineer Alexander Kaleri as the Expedition 8 crew prepares to return home later this month. Their week aboard the station focused on wrapping up science experiments and tidying up for their replacement crew, which is in Russia for launch preparations. Additional Details: here....

2004 April 16 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-19 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke; Foale; Kaleri; Kuipers; Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-8. Summary: Work to prepare for the eighth International Space Station crew exchange continued on schedule this week, both on the Station and at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.. Additional Details: here....

2004 April 18 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-21 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke; Foale; Kaleri; Kuipers; Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-8. New residents arrived at the International Space Station at 12:01 a.m. CDT (0501 GMT, 9:01 a.m. Moscow time) Wednesday. Docking of the Expedition 9 Crew's Soyuz spacecraft (ISS Soyuz 8 / TMA-4) initiated a nine-day handover and science operation by a visiting European Space Agency researcher. Additional Details: here....

2004 April 18 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-20 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke; Foale; Kaleri; Kuipers; Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-8. A new crew is en route to the International Space Station following the launch tonight of the ISS Soyuz 8 spacecraft carrying Expedition 9 Commander Gennady Padalka, NASA Science Officer and Flight Engineer Mike Fincke and visiting researcher European Space Agency Astronaut Andre Kuipers of the Netherlands. Additional Details: here....

2004 April 19 - . 03:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz FG. LV Configuration: Soyuz-FG Zh15000-009.
  • Soyuz TMA-4 - . Call Sign: Altair. Crew: Fincke; Padalka; Kuipers. Return Crew: Fincke; Padalka; Shargin. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 214. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Fincke; Padalka; Kuipers; Shargin. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-8; ISS EO-9; ISS Delta. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 187.89 days. Decay Date: 2004-10-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 28228 . COSPAR: 2004-013A. Apogee: 367 km (228 mi). Perigee: 359 km (223 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.80 min. Soyuz TMA-4 was ISS transport mission ISS 8S and delivered the EO-9 caretaker crew of Gennadiy Padalka and Michael Fincke, together with the ESA/Netherlands Delta mission crewmember Andre Kuipers, to the Space Station. Soyuz TMA-4 docked with the nadir port on Zarya at 05:01 GMT on April 21 and the hatches to the ISS were opened at 06:30 GMT. Another gyro on the station had shut down prior to the docking and possibly would require a maintenance spacewalk to replace its failed electronics.

    After Soyuz TMA-5 docked with the ISS on October 16, the EO-9 crew handed activities over to the EO-10 crew.


2004 April 23 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-22 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke; Foale; Kaleri; Kuipers; Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS Delta; ISS EO-8. Summary: New crewmembers aboard the International Space Station settled into a routine of handover briefings and scientific experiments after their arrival early Wednesday.. Additional Details: here....

2004 April 29 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-23 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke; Foale; Kaleri; Kuipers; Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS Delta; ISS EO-8. Completing more than six months in space, the International Space Station Expedition 8 crew, Commander Mike Foale and Flight Engineer Alexander Kaleri, returned to Earth today, bringing with them European Space Agency Astronaut Andre Kuipers of the Netherlands, who had spent nine days aboard the complex conducting research. Additional Details: here....

2004 April 30 - .
  • Landing of Soyuz TMA-3 - . Return Crew: Kaleri; Foale; Kuipers. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kaleri; Foale; Kuipers. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-8; ISS EO-9; ISS Delta. The ISS EO-8 crew of Kaleri and Foale, together with the ESA Delta mission astronaut Kuipers, undocked Soyuz TMA-3 from the International Space Station at 20:52 GMT on 29 April. There was minor concern due to a helium leak in the Soyuz engine pressurisation system. The Soyuz capsule made a soft landing at 00:11 GMT on 30 April near the city of Arkalyk. The recovery forces consisted of 160 people, eight helicopters, two aircraft and two all-terrain vehicles.The EO-9 crew of Fincke and Padalka remained aboard the ISS on a six-month caretaking mission.

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