Encyclopedia Astronautica
Kuklin



ikuklina.jpg
Kuklin
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
Kuklin, Anatoli Petrovich (1932-2006) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1963-1975. Left cosmonaut corps for medical reasons (heart problems) in July 1975 . Worked on the General Staff of the Soviet Air Force until retirement in 1987.

Graduated from Air Force Academy, Monino, 1961 Cosmonaut training January 1963 - 21 January 1965. Died in Space City.

Birth Place: Satka, Chelyabinsk.
Status: Deceased.


Born: 1932.01.03.
Died: 2006.01.16.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Cosmonaut Category of persons who have been trained for spaceflight in Russia. More...

Associated Flights
  • Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 1 Crew: Leonov, Makarov. Planned first manned circumnavigation of the moon. It was decided after the American Apollo 8 lunar orbital flight in December 1968 to cancel any 'second place' Soviet manned circumlunar flights. Backup crew: Kuklin. More...
  • Soyuz n 17 Crew: Grechko, Kuklin. Cancelled 16 day mission with Soyuz n 18 to conduct rendezvous and docking operations and demonstrate life support system for the LK manned lunar lander. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Bibliography
  • Becker, Joachim, "Space Facts Web Site", http://www.spacefacts.de/, Web Address when accessed: here.

Kuklin Chronology


1963 January 8 - .
1963 January 10 - .
1965 July - . Launch Vehicle: Spiral 50-50.
  • Spiral cosmonaut team formed - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Titov; Dobrovolsky; Filipchenko; Kuklin; Matinchenko. Spacecraft: Spiral OS. In 1965 the advanced project of the Mikoyan Spiral aerospace system was approved. The ambitious work plan indicted operation of a regular earth-orbit-earth reusable transportation system by the mid-1970's. With Gherman Titov as its head, a Spiral cosmonaut training group was formed (Titov, Dobrovolskiy, Filipchenko, Kuklin, Matinchenko) to train to fly the spaceplane.

1965 September 2 - . Launch Vehicle: Spiral 50-50.
1966 September 2 - .
1968 September 28 - .
  • Cosmonaut exams are held for Beregovoi, Shatalov, and Volynov. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Beregovoi; Shatalov; Volynov; Leonov; Makarov; Kuklin; Bykovsky; Rukavishnikov; Klimuk; Popovich; Sevastyanov; Voloshin. Program: Soyuz; Lunar L1. Flight: Soyuz 3; Soyuz 4; Soyuz 5; Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 1; Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 2; Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 3. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK; Soyuz 7K-L1. The results will establish the order in which they will fly as Soyuz commanders. A 25-person board, consisting of spacecraft designers and cosmonauts, conduct the oral examinations. Each cosmonaut must answer five mandatory essay questions and select two two-part questions. All three are certified for flight and have a complete mastery of the Soyuz systems.

    Mishin and Kamanin meet and decide on L1 crews: Leonov-Makarov (with Kuklin as back-up); Bykovsky-Rukavishnikov (Klimuk back-up); and Popovich-Sevastyanov (Voloshin back-up). But that evening Leonov has yet another automobile accident. He hit a bus with his Volga at kilometre 24 near Shchelkovsky. This was his second accident in four months. Kamanin decides to prohibit him from driving automobiles for six months.


1969 March - .
  • Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 1 (cancelled) - . Crew: Leonov; Makarov. Backup Crew: Kuklin. Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Leonov; Makarov; Kuklin. Program: Lunar L1. Flight: Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 1. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1. Planned first manned circumnavigation of the moon. Soviet plans to beat America around the moon were upstaged by the sudden decision to fly Apollo 8 into lunar orbit over Christmas 1968. It was decided after the American success to cancel any 'second place' Soviet manned circumlunar flights.

1969 April 26 - .
  • Soyuz program review - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Volynov; Shonin; Kubasov; Filipchenko; Volkov; Gorbatko; Nikolayev; Sevastyanov; Kuklin; Grechko; Kolodin. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 5; Soyuz 6; Soyuz 7; Soyuz 8; Soyuz n 17; Soyuz n 18; Soyuz n 19; Soyuz n 20. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK; Soyuz Kontakt. The commission considers plans for the rest of the Soyuz production. Spacecraft s/n 14, 15, and 16 are to fly in August 1969, 17 and 18 in November 1969, and 19 and 20 in February-March 1970. Crews selected for the August flights are: for spacecraft 14, Shonin and Kubasov; for 15, Filipchenko, Volkov, and Gorbatko; for 16, Nikolayev and Sevastyanov. Back-ups will be Kuklin, Grechko, and Kolodin. All of the spacecraft will fly 4 to 5 day missions. Spacecraft 15 and 16 will dock and remain together 2 or 3 days to form an 'orbital station'. Experiments planned for the flight are:

    • Visual observation of rocket launch plumes using the Svinets device
    • Film and photography of the spacecraft 15-16 docking from spacecraft 14
    • Demonstration of welding in weightless vacuum conditions using the Vulkan device
    • Demonstration of autonomous navigation by the cosmonauts using a sextant
    • Medium wave radio communications
    • Test of new television sensors for the Soyuz orientation system

    Spacecraft 17 through 20 will fly 15 to 16 day missions to demonstrate the new SZhO life support system for the L3, and conduct rendezvous and docking operations using the L3's Kontakt system. Additional Details: here....


1969 August 21 - .
  • Final crew selections are made for the Soyuz 6, 7, 8 flights. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Sevastyanov; Nikolayev; Shatalov; Yeliseyev; Khrunov; Kuklin. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 6; Soyuz 7; Soyuz 8. Summary: Sevastyanov and Nikolayev did poorly on the final test for the 7/6 crew. Therefore Shatalov and Yeliseyev have been selected. Khrunov has been in an auto accident, and Kuklin didn't pass his centrifuge tests - so they're out as well..

1969 November - .
2006 January 16 - .
  • Death of Anatoli Petrovich Kuklin at Zvyozdny Gorodok, Russia. Natural causes. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kuklin. Summary: Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1963-1975. Left cosmonaut corps for medical reasons (heart problems) in July 1975 . Worked on the General Staff of the Soviet Air Force until retirement in 1987..

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