Kurushin, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich
(1922-) Russian officer. Commander of Baikonur 1965-1973.
After service in artillery branch in World War II, attended Dzerzhinsky Academy 1949-1955. Assigned to Kapustin Yar, leading trials of Yangel IRBM's. Named commander of the Second Directorate at Baikonur in 1960. After serving as Baikonur's chief, served as a Deputy Commander of 4 NII MO.
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Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
RVSN Russian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Raketniye Voiska Stratigcheskovo Naznacheniya (Russian Strategic Rocket Forces), Russia. More...
Siddiqi, Asif A, The Soviet Space Race With Apollo, University Press of Florida, 2003.
1966 November 19 -
- First Soyuz Launch Commission - .
Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Malinovskiy; Grechko; Zakharov; Vershinin; Ustinov; Serbin; Smirnov; Pashkov; Keldysh; Afanasyev, Sergei; Petrovskiy; Kerimov; Mishin; Rudenko; Krylov; Pravetskiy; Kurushin; Ryazanskiy; Mnatsakanian; Tkachev. Program: Soyuz; Lunar L1; Lunar L3. Flight: Soyuz 1; Soyuz 2A; Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 1; Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 2; Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 3; Soviet Lunar Landing. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK; Soyuz 7K-L1. Rudenko has reached agreement with Mishin that L1 and L3 crews will also consist of a VVS pilot as commander, and an OKB-1 flight engineer. Kamanin is depressed. Despite the support six marshals (Malinovskiy, Grechko, Zakharov, Krylov, Vershinin and Rudenko), Mishin has won this argument with the support of Ustinov, Serbin, Smirnov, Pashkov, Keldysh, Afanasyev, and Petrovskiy. Later the State Commission meets, for the first time in a long time at Tyuratam. Kerimov chairs the session, with more than 100 attendees, including Mishin, Rudenko, Krylov, Pravetskiy, Kurushin, Ryazanskiy, Mnatsakanian, and Tkachev. All is certified ready,. Launch of the active spacecraft is set for 26 November, and the passive vehicle on 27 November.
1969 January 9 -
. Launch Vehicle
- State Commission for the first N1 launch - .
Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Afanasyev, Sergei; Kurushin. Program: Lunar L3; Lunar L1. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1A. The State Commission for the first N1 launch, headed by Afanasyev, convenes at Area 12 of Baikonur. All of the Chief Designers and top generals of the VVS are in attendance. Many defects are identified in the review, but there seem to be no show-stoppers. Payload integration with the booster is to begin 13 January and launch by 18 February. Then Baikonur commander General Kurushin drops a bombshell - he declares he is not prepared to attempt to launch this 'unready' rocket. Much argument and discussion ensues. Finally Afanasyev asks that the issues raised be reviewed, in preparation for the next commission meeting on 11 January.
1969 February 9 -
. Launch Vehicle
- Final meeting held to review the N1 before the launch. - .
Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin; Krylov; Kurushin; Barmin. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft: LK; Soyuz 7K-LOK. Marshal Krylov, Commander of the Strategic Rocket Forces, headed the meeting. The conference room was mobbed - many unfamiliar faces were in attendance - everyone wanted to witness the historic event. General Kurushin, Commander of Baikonur, stated that he was against proceeding with the launch, due to the many unresolved technical issues, unless he could somehow be persuaded otherwise. He pointed out that Mishin had made a large number of changes to the N1 to increase its payload. However these at the same time negatively impacted the booster's reliability. Additional Details: here....
1969 October 9 -
- Final preparations - .
Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Kurushin; Shonin; Kubasov; Beregovoi; Feoktistov; Shatalov; Belyayev. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 6; Soyuz 7; Soyuz 8. The ship's logs/flight plans are reviewed one more time. Tyuratam commander General Kurushin runs through the Svinets ABM experiment again with Shonin and Kubasov - they're ready. The Communist Party has selected Beregovoi and Feoktistov for the trip to the United States in November, ignoring Kamanin's recommendation of Belyayev and Shatalov. Kamanin is not so much against Beregovoi, but he firmly believes that Feoktistov is not worthy of the privilege - he's a degenerate, now on this third marriage..
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