Encyclopedia Astronautica
Magnus



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Magnus
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
Magnus, Sandra Hall (1964-) American materials scientist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-112, ISS EO-18-1.

Educated Missouri-Rolla; Georgia Tech.


NASA Official Biography

NAME: Sandra H. Magnus (Ph.D.)
NASA Astronaut Candidate (Mission Specialist)

PERSONAL DATA:
Born October 30, 1964 in Belleville, Illinois. Married to Robert Magnus. Enjoys soccer, reading, travel, water activities.

EDUCATION:
Graduated from Belleville West High School, Belleville, Illinois, in 1982; received a bachelor degree in physics and a master degree in electrical engineering from the University of Missouri-Rolla in 1986 and 1990, respectively, and a doctorate from the School of Material Science and Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology in 1996.

ORGANIZATIONS:
ASM/TMS (Metallurgical/Material Society) Material Research Society.

SPECIAL HONORS:
Outstanding Graduate Teaching Assistant Award (1994 and 1996), Saturn Team Award (1994), Performance Bonus Award (1989).

EXPERIENCE:
During 1986 to 1991, Magnus worked for McDonnell Douglas Aircraft Company as a stealth engineer where she worked on internal research and development studying the effectiveness of RADAR signature reduction techniques. She was also assigned to the Navy's A-12 Attack Aircraft program primarily working on the propulsion system until the program was cancelled. From 1991 to 1996, Magnus completed her thesis work which was supported by NASA-Lewis Research Center through a Graduate Student Fellowship and involved investigations on materials of interest for "Scandate" thermionic cathodes. Thermodynamic equilibria studies along with conductivity and emission measurements on compounds in the Ba OSC2O3WO3 ternary system were conducted to identify compounds with potential use in these types of cathodes.

NASA EXPERIENCE:
Selected by NASA in April 1996, Dr. Magnus reported to the Johnson Space Center in August 1996 to begin two years of training and evaluation. Successful completion of initial training will qualify her for various technical assignments leading to selection as a mission specialist on a Space Shuttle flight crew.

JANUARY 1997

Birth Place: Belleville, Illinois.
Status: Active.


Born: 1964.10.30.
Spaceflights: 2 .
Total time in space: 144.59 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • NASA Group 16 - 1996 Requirement: pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights. Nickname: The Sardines (named because that's how packed they were; at 44 this was the largest ASCAN class of all time) More...

Associated Flights
  • STS-112 Crew: Ashby, Melroy, Wolf, Sellers, Magnus, Yurchikhin. ISS Assembly flight. Extended the truss of the exterior rail line with a 14-m, 13-ton girder. At liftoff primary hold-down bolt initiators failed; backups functioned. At T+33s, a piece of the bipod ramp separated, hitting booster-tank attachment. More...
  • ISS EO-16-1 NASA long-term third ISS astronaut residence mission. Crew: Tani. Tani replaced Anderson as third long-duration crew member aboard the station. Backup crew: Magnus. More...
  • ISS EO-18-1 NASA long-term third ISS astronaut residence mission. Crew: Magnus. Magnus replaced Chamitoff as third long-duration crew member aboard the station. Backup crew: Stott. More...
  • STS-135 Last flight of shuttle Atlantis and last space shuttle flight. Delivered supplies to keep ISS running at six-crew level until commercial resupply was to come on line in 2012. Crew: Ferguson; Hurley; Walheim; Magnus. Extra contingency mission at end of shuttle program. The crew trained as STS-335, a rescue mission to return the STS-134 crew to earth if they became marooned in space. After the safe return of STS-134, the mission proceeded as STS-135, with a reduced crew that could be returned over an 18 month period aboard Soyuz capsules in case the crew could not return in Atlantis. More...

Associated Programs
  • ISS Finally completed in 2010 after a torturous 25-year development and production process, the International Space Station was originally conceived as the staging post for manned exploration of the solar systrem. Instead, it was seemed to be the death knell of manned spaceflight. More...

Bibliography
  • NASA Astronaut Biographies, Johnson Space Center, NASA, 1995-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Magnus Chronology


1983 December 5 - .
  • NASA Astronaut Training Group 16 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brown, David; Burbank; Cagle; Caldeiro; Camarda; Carey; Clark; Fincke; Forrester; Frick; Guidoni; Herrington; Higginbotham; Hobaugh; Kelly; Kelly, Mark; Kelly, Scott; Lockhart; Loria; Magnus; Massimino; Mastracchio; McCool; Morin; Nowak; Pettit; Phillips. The group was selected to provide pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights.. Qualifications: Pilots: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics. Advanced degree desirable. At least 1,000 flight-hours of pilot-in-command time. Flight test experience desirable. Excellent health. Vision minimum 20/50 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20 vision; maximum sitting blood pressure 140/90. Height between 163 and 193 cm.

    Mission Specialists: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics and minimum three years of related experience or an advanced degree. Vision minimum 20/150 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20. Maximum sitting blood pressure of 140/90. Height between 150 and 193 cm.. 10 pilots and 25 mission specialists selected from over 2,400 applicants. 9 additional international astronauts.


2002 September 29 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #02-44 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Bowersox; Budarin; Korzun; Magnus; Melroy; Pettit; Sellers; Whitson; Wolf; Yurchikhin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5. An unmanned Russian resupply craft successfully docked to the International Space Station Sunday, bringing almost a ton of food, fuel and supplies to the residents on board, and for the next trio of space travelers, which will arrive on the ISS in November. Additional Details: here....

2002 October 7 - .
  • STS-112 MCC Status Report #01 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Korzun; Magnus; Melroy; Sellers; Whitson; Wolf; Yurchikhin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; STS-112. Summary: With hardware and the weather finally in order, Atlantis lifted off at 2:46 p.m. Central time today from Launch Pad 39-B at the Kennedy Space Center to deliver the 28,000 pound Starboard 1 (S1) truss segment to the International Space Station.. Additional Details: here....

2002 October 7 - . 19:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-112.
  • STS-112 - . Call Sign: Atlantis. Crew: Ashby; Melroy; Wolf; Sellers; Magnus; Yurchikhin. Payload: Atlantis F26 / S1. Mass: 116,640 kg (257,140 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Melroy; Wolf; Sellers; Magnus; Yurchikhin. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: Boeing. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-112. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Duration: 10.83 days. Decay Date: 2002-10-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 27537 . COSPAR: 2002-047A. Apogee: 405 km (251 mi). Perigee: 273 km (169 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.30 min. ISS Assembly flight delayed from March 22, April 4, August 22, September 28, October 2 due to payload delays and then SSME problems. American shuttle spacecraft STS-112 carried a crew of five Americans and one Russian to the International Space Station (ISS). During the 11-day mission, the crew extended the truss system of the exterior rail line with a 14-m, 13-ton girder. The crew also tested a manual cart on the rails. The cart, named CETA (Crew and Equipment Transportation Aid), was designed to increase mobility of crew and equipment during the later installation phases. STS-112 landed back in Cape Canaveral at 15:43 UT on 2002 October 18 carrying the same crew of six.

2002 October 8 - .
  • STS-112 MCC Status Report #03 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Korzun; Magnus; Melroy; Sellers; Whitson; Wolf. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; STS-112. Summary: After Monday's exciting launch, the STS-112 crew today settled into preparations for Wednesday's rendezvous and docking with the International Space Station, and the first of three spacewalks Thursday.. Additional Details: here....

2002 October 8 - .
  • STS-112 MCC Status Report #02 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Korzun; Magnus; Melroy; Sellers; Whitson; Wolf; Yurchikhin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; STS-112. Summary: As Atlantis continues its pursuit of the International Space Station with docking planned at 10:24 a.m. Wednesday, crewmembers began a day of preparation for the linkup with the orbiting laboratory.. Additional Details: here....

2002 October 9 - .
  • STS-112 MCC Status Report #04 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Korzun; Magnus; Melroy; Sellers; Whitson; Wolf; Yurchikhin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; STS-112. A rendezvous in space awaits Space Shuttle Atlantis and the International Space Station this morning with docking expected at 10:24 a.m. Central time. The shuttle's six crewmembers are the first visitors for the station's Expedition Five crew since it arrived aboard the station in early June. The week of joint operations begins when the hatches are opened about 12:30 p.m. Television of the approach, docking and hatch opening is expected on NASA TV. Additional Details: here....

2002 October 9 - .
  • STS-112 MCC Status Report #05 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Korzun; Magnus; Melroy; Sellers; Whitson; Wolf; Yurchikhin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; STS-112. The crew of the International Space Station welcomed the first visitors to its home in space today when the hatch between the space station and the space shuttle Atlantis was opened at 11:51 a.m. CDT. Hugs and smiles, backslapping and laughter marked the elated celebration as the shuttle crew entered the International Space Station and greeted the expedition crew. Earlier, guided by Commander Jeff Ashby, Atlantis made a picture-perfect rendezvous and docked with the station at 10:17 a.m. at the end of a chase that began with its launch at 2:46 p.m. on Monday. With the crewmembers merged into a single team, they went to work on preparations for the mission's busiest day tomorrow. Additional Details: here....

2002 October 10 - .
  • STS-112 MCC Status Report #06 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Korzun; Magnus; Melroy; Sellers; Whitson; Wolf. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; STS-112. Summary: The International Space Station is a construction site in orbit once again as Space Shuttle Atlantis and Expedition Five crewmembers today prepare to install the next segment of the station's backbone – the Starboard One (S1) Truss.. Additional Details: here....

2002 October 10 - .
  • STS-112 MCC Status Report #07 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Magnus; Melroy; Sellers; Whitson; Wolf. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; STS-112. Astronauts Dave Wolf and Piers Sellers completed all planned International Space Station assembly tasks today during a 7-hour, 1-minute spacewalk, an excursion focused on attaching the next segment of the station's backbone – the Starboard One (S1) Truss – to the Starboard Zero (S0) Truss. Additional Details: here....

2002 October 11 - .
  • STS-112 MCC Status Report #09 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Korzun; Magnus; Melroy; Sellers; Wolf; Yurchikhin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; STS-112. After a very busy day Thursday, the combined shuttle and space station crew took several hours of off-duty time today, and then began transfer operations between the vehicles and preparations for the second of the mission's three spacewalks scheduled to begin at 9:41 a.m. Saturday. Additional Details: here....

2002 October 11 - .
  • STS-112 MCC Status Report #08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Korzun; Magnus; Melroy; Sellers; Whitson; Wolf; Yurchikhin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; STS-112. With a major milestone of the STS-112 mission behind them, Space Shuttle Atlantis and International Space Station crewmembers will have a quieter day today. Following some time off to relax, the joint crews later will begin transferring equipment and supplies to the orbiting laboratory. Additional Details: here....

2002 October 12 - .
  • STS-112 MCC Status Report #11 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Magnus; Melroy; Sellers; Whitson; Wolf. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; STS-112. Astronauts Dave Wolf and Piers Sellers moved smoothly and ahead of schedule through their second spacewalk of the week today, continuing to bring the International Space Station's newest component to life and installing devices to prevent future difficulties with station cooling connections. Additional Details: here....

2002 October 12 - .
  • STS-112 MCC Status Report #10 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Magnus; Melroy; Sellers; Whitson; Wolf. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; STS-112. Focus of attention aboard Space Shuttle Atlantis and the International Space Station once again is outside the complex as Astronauts Dave Wolf and Piers Sellers conduct the second of three planned spacewalks to bring the station's newest component – the Starboard 1 (S1) Truss – to life. Additional Details: here....

2002 October 14 - .
  • STS-112 MCC Status Report #14 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Magnus; Melroy; Sellers; Whitson; Wolf. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; STS-112. Summary: Another spacewalk is the order of business aboard Atlantis and the International Space Station today to complete the installation and checkout of the newly installed truss segment.. Additional Details: here....

2002 October 14 - .
  • STS-112 MCC Status Report #15 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Magnus; Melroy; Sellers; Whitson; Wolf. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; STS-112. Summary: The third and final spacewalk of the mission concluded at 3:47 p.m. today, 6 hours and 36 minutes after Dave Wolf and Piers Sellers floated out of the Quest airlock of the International Space Station and into the vacuum of space.. Additional Details: here....

2002 October 15 - .
  • STS-112 MCC Status Report #16 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Magnus. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; STS-112. Now that the outside work has been completed with the third spacewalk Monday, crewmembers aboard Space Shuttle Atlantis and the International Space Station today turn their attention to the remaining inside work to be done prior to the shuttle's departure Wednesday from the ever growing orbital outpost. Additional Details: here....

2002 October 15 - .
  • STS-112 MCC Status Report #17 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Magnus; Melroy; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; STS-112. Space shuttle and International Space Station crew members enjoyed a final evening meal together Tuesday after a day of activities aimed at relaxing after a challenging week of joint operations and making final preparations for Atlantis' undocking and departure tomorrow. Additional Details: here....

2002 October 16 - .
  • STS-112 MCC Status Report #19 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Korzun; Magnus; Melroy; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; STS-112. Following an emotional farewell, the crews of Atlantis and the International Space Station closed the hatches of their spacecraft concluding a week of joint operations, that saw the transfer of about 1,800 pounds of supplies and hardware to the station, and the addition of the 15 ton, 45-foot long Starboard One (S1) truss segment continuing the station's expansion. Additional Details: here....

2002 October 17 - .
  • STS-112 MCC Status Report #20 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Korzun; Magnus; Melroy; Ross; Sellers; Whitson; Wolf; Yurchikhin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; STS-112. On its own again following yesterday's undocking from the International Space Station, Space Shuttle Atlantis and its crew today focuses on readying the orbiter for the return to Earth tomorrow at 10:44 a.m. Weather forecasts indicate pristine conditions across the southeastern U.S. tomorrow with clear skies and light winds. Additional Details: here....

2002 October 17 - .
2002 October 18 - .
  • STS-112 MCC Status Report #22 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ashby; Korzun; Magnus; Melroy; Sellers; Whitson; Wolf; Yurchikhin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5; STS-112. Summary: After traveling more than 4.5 million miles, delivering the second segment of the International Space Station's main truss and three successful spacewalks to hook it up, Atlantis is scheduled to land at the Kennedy Space Center today.. Additional Details: here....

2002 October 18 - .
2008 November 15 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-126 / OV-105 / ET-129 / RSRM-04.
  • STS-126 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Ferguson; Boe; Pettit; Bowen; Stefanyshyn-Piper; Kimbrough; Magnus. Return Crew: Ferguson; Boe; Pettit; Bowen; Stefanyshyn-Piper; Kimbrough; Magnus. Payload: Endeavour F22 / MPLM-1 / ULF-2. Mass: 116,500 kg (256,800 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ferguson; Boe; Pettit; Bowen; Stefanyshyn-Piper; Kimbrough; Magnus. Agency: NASA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-126; ISS EO-18; ISS EO-17-1; ISS EO-18-1. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 15.85 days. Decay Date: 2008-11-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 33441 . COSPAR: 2008-059A. Apogee: 352 km (218 mi). Perigee: 344 km (213 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.50 min. ISS resupply and internal outfitting flight, docked at the Harmony module of the sation at 22:01 GMT on 16 November. The Leonardo module contained 6956 kg of cargo, mainly devoted to allowing a future full ISS crew of six: two crew quarters racks, a Galley rack, a Waste and Hygiene Compartment rack, two Water Recovery System racks, an experiment rack, a Combustion integration rack, and miscellaneous supplies in three Resupply Stowage Racks and six Resupply Stowage Platforms. On 17 November at 17:09 GMT the ISS robot arm moved the Leonardo module from the shuttle's payload bay to the Harmony module nadir port for unloading. The mission also rotated the ISS long-term NASA crew member, replacing Chamitoff with Magnus. Four spacewalks were conducted, primarily to repair a broken ISS Solar Array Rotary Joint.

    The unloaded Leonardo module was returned to the shuttle bay on 26 November. The shuttle undocked from the ISS at 14:47 GMT on 28 November. The next day, at 20:33 GMT, it released a 7 kg PicoSat Solar Cell Testbed Experiment, a prototype for a later picosat mission to geostationary transfer orbit to study degradation of solar cells while passing through the earth's radiation belts.

    Following two wave-offs for a Kennedy Space Center landing due to weather, Endeavour made its 89 m/s deorbit maneuver at 20:19 on 29 November, and landed at Runway 04L/22R at Edwards AFB at 21:25 GMT.

    Cargo Manifest, Total = 17,370 kg:

    • Bay 1-2: Orbiter Docking System = 1800 kg + EMUs 3005 and 3011 = 260 kg
    • Bay 3 Port: APC/SPDU = 100 kg
    • Bay 3 Starboard: APC/SSPL Picosat launcher = 50 kg + PSSC Picosats = 7 kg
    • Bay 7 Starboard: ROEU 751 umbilical = 50 kg
    • Bay 7-12: Leonardo (MPLM-1) = 12748 kg
    • Bay 13: Lightweight MPESS Carrier (LMC)= 1495 kg
    • Sill: RMS 201 = 410 kg + OBSS = 450 kg

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