Encyclopedia Astronautica
Nespoli



inespoli.jpg
Nespoli
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
Nespoli, Paolo Alberto (1957-) Italian engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-120, ISS EO-26.

Grew up in Verano Brianza, Italy. Educated PUNY; Firenze.


Official NASA Biography

NAME: Paolo Angelo Nespoli
ESA Astronaut (Mission Specialist Candidate)

PERSONAL DATA:
Born April 6, 1957 in Milan, Italy. His hometown is Verano Brianza, Milan, Italy, where his mother Maria, father Luigi, brother Raoul and sisters Antonella and Lia live. He is single. Recreational interests include SCUBA diving, aircraft piloting, assembly of computer hardware and electronic equipment, computer software.

EDUCATION:
In 1977, he graduated from the Liceo Scientifico Statale Paolo Frisi of Desio, Milano, Italy. In 1988, he received a Bachelor of Science in Aerospace Engineering from the Polytechnic University of New York and, in 1989, received a Master of Science in Aeronautics and Astronautics from the same institution. In 1990, the Università degli Studi di Firenze, Italy, recognized a Laurea in Ingegneria Meccanica.

QUALIFICATIONS - LICENSES:
Civilian: Professional Engineer, Private Pilot, Advanced SCUBA Diver, NitrOx diver. Military: Master Parachutist, Parachutist Instructor, Jump Master, High Altitude Low Opening, Demolition expert, Special Forces operator.

AWARDS:
Team Achievement Awards for: Space Mission Mir97 (German Space Agency), Space Mission EUROMIR 95 (European Space Agency), NASA-Mir Program (National Aeronautics and Space Administration), Space Mission EUROMIR 94 (European Space Agency), Bed Rest Experiment (European Space Agency – French Space Agency), Columbus Utilization Simulation (European Space Agency).

EXPERIENCE:
Nespoli was drafted by the Italian Army in 1977, and became a non-commissioned officer working as a parachute instructor at the Scuola Militare di Paracadutismo of Pisa. In 1980, he joined the 9° Btg d'Assalto "Col Moschin" of Livorno where he became a Special Forces operator. From 1982 to 1984, he was assigned to the Italian contingent of the Multinational Peacekeeping Force in Beirut, Lebanon. Following his return to Italy, he was appointed an officer and continued working as a Special Forces operator. He resumed college studies in 1985. Nespoli left Army active duty in 1987. In 1988 and 1989, he obtained a BS and an MS from the Polytechnic University of New York. He returned to Italy in 1989 to work as a design engineer for Proel Tecnologie in Florence, where he conducted mechanical analysis and supported the qualification of the flight units of the Electron Gun Assembly, one of the main parts of the Italian Space Agency's Tethered Satellite System (TSS). In 1991, he joined the Astronaut Training Division , European Astronaut Centre, European Space Agency (ESA), Cologne, Germany. As an astronaut training engineer, he contributed to the preparation and implementation of European astronaut basic training and he was responsible for the preparation and management of astronaut proficiency maintenance. He was also responsible for the Astronaut Training Database, a software system used for the preparation and management of astronaut training. In 1995, he was detached to ESA's EUROMIR Project in the European Space Technology Centre, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, where he was responsible for the team that prepared, integrated and supported the Payload and Crew Support Computer used on the Russian space station Mir. Detached to NASA's Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas in 1996, he worked in the Spaceflight Training Division on the preparation of training for the ground and in-orbit crew of the International Space Station. Following his selection in July 1998 by the Italian Space Agency, he was sent to the European Space Agency where he joined the European Astronaut Corps.

NASA EXPERIENCE:
In August 1998, he reported to the Johnson Space Center , Houston, Texas. He is currently attending Astronaut Candidate Training which includes orientation briefings and tours, numerous scientific and technical briefings, intensive instruction in Shuttle and International Space Station systems, physiological training and ground school to prepare for T-38 flight training, as well as learning water and wilderness survival techniques. Following a period of training and evaluation, Nespoli will receive technical assignments within the Astronaut Office before being assigned to a space flight.

OCTOBER 1998

Birth Place: Milan.
Status: Active.


Born: 1957.04.06.
Spaceflights: 2 .
Total time in space: 174.40 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • NASA Group 17 - 1998 Requirement: pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights. Nickname: The Penguins. Originally called the Dodos by the Sardines, after an extinct flightless bird; they renamed themselves after a flightless bird that eats fish... More...

Associated Flights
  • STS-120 Crew: Melroy, Zamka, Parazynski, Wheelock, Wilson, Nespoli. ISS assembly mission. Delivered the Harmony module to the station, and external work moved the P6 truss to its final location and put the ISS into its full-power configuration for the first time. More...
  • ISS EO-24 ISS long-term residence mission. Crew: Yurchikhin; Wheelock; Walker, Shannon. Backup crew: Kondratiyev, Dmitry; Nespoli; Coleman. More...
  • ISS EO-26 ISS long-term residence mission. Crew: Kondratiyev, Dmitry; Nespoli; Coleman. Backup crew: Ivanishin; Furukawa; Fossum. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Associated Programs
  • ISS Finally completed in 2010 after a torturous 25-year development and production process, the International Space Station was originally conceived as the staging post for manned exploration of the solar systrem. Instead, it was seemed to be the death knell of manned spaceflight. More...

Bibliography
  • NASA Astronaut Biographies, Johnson Space Center, NASA, 1995-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Nespoli Chronology


1985 July 19 - .
  • NASA Astronaut Training Group 17 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Anderson, Clayton; Archambault; Caldwell; Chamitoff; Creamer; Ferguson; Foreman; Fossum; Ham; Hilliard; Johnson, Gregory C; Johnson, Gregory H; Love; Melvin; Morgan; Nespoli; Oefelein; Olivas; Patrick; Poindexter; Pontes; Reisman; Swanson; Vittori. The group was selected to provide pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights.. Qualifications: Pilots: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics. Advanced degree desirable. At least 1,000 flight-hours of pilot-in-command time. Flight test experience desirable. Excellent health. Vision minimum 20/50 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20 vision; maximum sitting blood pressure 140/90. Height between 163 and 193 cm.

    Mission Specialists: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics and minimum three years of related experience or an advanced degree. Vision minimum 20/150 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20. Maximum sitting blood pressure of 140/90. Height between 150 and 193 cm.. Of 25 Americans, eight pilots and 17 mission specialists.


2007 October 23 - .
2007 October 23 - .
2007 October 23 - . 15:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-120.
  • STS-120 - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Melroy; Zamka; Parazynski; Wheelock; Wilson; Nespoli; Tani. Return Crew: Melroy; Zamka; Parazynski; Wheelock; Wilson; Nespoli; Anderson, Clayton. Payload: Discovery F33 / Harmony / ISS-10A. Mass: 123,400 kg (272,000 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Tani; Melroy; Zamka; Parazynski; Wheelock; Wilson; Nespoli; Anderson, Clayton. Agency: NASA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-120; ISS EO-15; ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-1; ISS EO-15-1. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 15.10 days. Decay Date: 2007-11-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 32272 . COSPAR: 2007-050A. Apogee: 344 km (213 mi). Perigee: 340 km (210 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. Main mission objectives were delivery of the Harmony module to the station, and external work to move the P6 truss to its final location and put the ISS into its full-power configuration for the first time. Discovery docked with the ISS at the Destiny module at 12:40 GMT on 25 October. The cargo of 17,390 kg was as follows:
    • Orbiter Docking System - Bay 1-2 - 1800 kg
    • Spacesuit EMU 3004 - 130 kg
    • Spacesuit EMU 3003 - 130 kg
    • Station Power Distribution Unit SPDU - Bay 3P - 100 kg
    • Fixture for return of S-band Antenna - SASA FSE - Bay 3P - 4S - 100 kg
    • Power/Data Grapple Fixture for Node-2 - PDGF - Bay 5P - 50 kg
    • Main Bus Switching Unit - MBSU - Bay 6S - 238 kg
    • MBSU adapter - Bay 6S - 122 kg
    • Station Power Distribution Unit - SPDU - Bay 6S - 7P - 100 kg
    • Node-2 Harmony module - Bays 8-12 - 14,300 kg
    • OBSS 203 - Sill 450 kg
    • RMS 301 - Sill 410 kg

2007 October 24 - .
2007 October 24 - .
2007 October 26 - .
  • STS-120 MCC Status Report #8 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Parazynski; Wheelock; Wilson; Nespoli; Tani; Anderson, Clayton; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-120; ISS EO-15; ISS EO-15-2. It proved to be a perfect day for a spacewalk. In just over six hours, STS-120 Mission Specialists Scott Parazynski and Doug Wheelock installed the Harmony module in its temporary location on the International Space Station, readied the P6 truss for its relocation on Sunday, retrieved a failed radio communications antenna and snapped shut a window cover on Harmony that opened during launch on the space shuttle. Additional Details: here....

2007 October 27 - .
2007 October 27 - .
2007 October 29 - .
2007 October 31 - .
2007 October 31 - .
  • STS-120 MCC Status Report #17 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Nespoli. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-120; ISS EO-15; ISS EO-15-1. Summary: Crew members on space shuttle Discovery and the International Space Station will spend today preparing for a spacewalk designed to learn more about the joint that rotates the starboard side solar arrays.. Additional Details: here....

2007 November 4 - .
2007 November 5 - .
  • STS-120 MCC Status Report #27 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Melroy; Zamka; Parazynski; Wilson; Nespoli. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-120; ISS EO-15; ISS EO-15-1. All systems are go for this morning’s undocking of space shuttle Discovery from the International Space Station, completing 11 days of joint docked operations that saw the successful delivery of a new pressurized module and the repair of a damaged solar array wing. Additional Details: here....

2007 November 7 - .
2007 November 7 - . 18:01 GMT - .
2010 June 15 - . 21:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz FG. LV Configuration: Soyuz-FG s/n 1757.
  • Soyuz TMA-19 - . Call Sign: Olympus. Crew: Yurchikhin; Wheelock; Walker, Shannon. Backup Crew: Kondratiyev, Dmitry; Nespoli; Coleman. Payload: Soyuz 7K-STMA s/n 229. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-24; ISS EO-23. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 163.30 days. Decay Date: 2010-11-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 36603 . COSPAR: 2010-029A. Apogee: 361 km (224 mi). Perigee: 350 km (210 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.60 min. ISS EO-24 crew. The return to earth was reported advanced four days to avoid coinciding with an OSCE conference in Kazakhstan. The crew undocked from the Rassvet module of the ISS at 01:23 GMT on 26 November 2010. There was a leak in the descent module, but ground controllers concluded the return to earth could be conducted safely. The Soyuz made its deorbit burn at 03:55 GMT and landed safely in Kazakhstan at 04:46 GMT.

2010 December 15 - . 19:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-20 - . Call Sign: Varyag. Crew: Kondratiyev, Dmitry; Nespoli; Coleman. Backup Crew: Ivanishin; Furukawa; Fossum. Payload: Soyuz 7K-STMA s/n 230. Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-26; ISS EO-25. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 159.30 days. Decay Date: 2011-05-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 37254 . COSPAR: 2010-067A. Apogee: 355 km (220 mi). Perigee: 350 km (210 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.60 min. ISS EO-26 crew. Docked at the Rassvet module of the ISS at 20:11 GMT on 17 December. The crew boarded Soyuz TMA-20 and undocked at 21:35 GMT on 23 May 2011. They pulled back 200 m from the station, then took comprehensive photography of the station until 22:17 as it rotated before them. After departure from the visinity of the station, the Soyuz fired its engines at 01:36 GMT on 24 May to start the descent into the atmosphere. The orbital module and service modules separated from the descent module at 02:01 GMT. The crew landed safely in Kazakhstan at 02:27 GMT.

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