Encyclopedia Astronautica
Polishchuk



ipolshch.jpg
Polishchuk
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
Polishchuk, Aleksandr Fyodorovich (1953-) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-13. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO

Educated MAI. Total EVA Time: 0.42 days. Number of EVAs: 2.

Official NASA Biography - 1994

NAME: Alexander Fedorovich Poleshchuk
Pilot-cosmonaut. Resides in Kaliningrad, Moscow region.

BIRTHPLACE AND DATE:
October 30, 1953 in Cheremkhovo, Irkutsk region, Russia.

PARENTS:
Fedor Demyanovich Poleshchuk, father, deceased in 1981. Valentina Sergeevna Poleshchuk, mother, resides in Bratsk, Irkutsk region, Russia.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION:
Blonde hair; green eyes; 5 feet 9 inches; 178 pounds.

EDUCATION:
Graduated from S. Ordzhonikidze Moscow Aviation Institute in 1979 with a mechanical engineering diploma.

MARITAL STATUS:
Married to Irina Petrovna Poleshchuk (nee Chistyakova).

CHILDREN:
Daughter, Lyubov in 1979.

HONORS:
Awarded the title of Hero of the Russian Federation.

EXPERIENCE:
A.F. Poleshchuk has worked as a test engineer at NPO "Energiya" since 1977, where he was occupied with perfecting repair and assembly techniques performed during space flights. He has extensive experience in experimental work under conditions of simulated weightlessness.

In February 1989, he was enrolled in a cosmonaut detachment as a candidate test cosmonaut. In the period from September 1989 to January 1991, he underwent the complete course of general space training and qualified as a test cosmonaut.

From February 1991 to March 1992, he trained for a flight on the Soyuz-TM transport vehicle and the Mir Station as a member of a group.

From March until July 1992, he underwent flight training to be the flight engineer of a back-up Russian-French crew comprised of G.M. Manakov, A.F. Poleshchuk, and J.P.Haigneré, of France.

He underwent a complete course of training to be the flight engineer for the Soyuz-TM transport vehicle and Mir Station for the 13th primary expedition and, in the period from January 24 to March 22, 1993, accomplished a 179-day space flight with G.M. Manakov.

During the flight, two EVAs were performed, lasting a total of 9 hours and 58 minutes. Testing of the androgynous peripheral docking subassembly of the "Kristall" module was performed.

At present, he is undergoing flight training to be the flight engineer of the stand-by Russian crew for the Mir-18 expedition as part of the Mir-Shuttle program.

MAY 1994

Birth Place: Cheremkhovo, Irkutsk.
Status: Inactive.


Born: 1953.10.30.
Spaceflights: 1 .
Total time in space: 179.03 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Cosmonaut Category of persons who have been trained for spaceflight in Russia. More...

Associated Flights
  • Soyuz TM-14A Crew: Aubakirov, Avdeyev, Viktorenko. Soyuz TM-13 and TM-14 crews were reshuffled extensively due to commercial seat bookings by Austria and Germany and the necessity of flying a Kazakh-born cosmonaut as part of the Baikonur rental agreement. Backup crew: Musabayev, Polishchuk, Solovyov. More...
  • Mir EO-12 Crew: Avdeyev, Solovyov. Mir Expedition EO-12. Russian astronauts Solovyov and Avdeev and French astronaut Tognini were inserted into an initial 190 x 200 km orbit inclined 51.6 deg. Later on July 27 they maneuvered to a 223 x 343 km orbit, and on July 28 docked with Mir in its 405 x 410 km orbit. Aleksandr Solovyov and Sergey Avdeev undocked from the Mir complex aboard Soyuz TM-15 on February 1 and landed the same day in Kazakhstan after six months in space at 03:58 GMT. Soyuz TM-15's flight was an in-orbit record for a Soyuz spaceship - 188 days 21 h 39 m. Backup crew: Manakov, Polishchuk. More...
  • Mir EO-13 Crew: Manakov, Polishchuk. Soyuz carried the APAS androgynous docking system instead of the usual probe system. Backup crew: Usachyov, Tsibliyev. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Korolev Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Korolev Design Bureau, Kaliningrad, Russia. More...

Associated Programs
  • Mir The Mir space station was the last remnant of the once mighty Soviet space programme. It was built to last only five years, and was to have been composed of modules launched by Proton and Buran/Energia launch vehicles. These modules were derived from those originally designed by Chelomei in the 1960's for the Almaz military station programme. As the Soviet Union collapsed Mir stayed in orbit, but the final modules were years late and could only be completed with American financial assistance. Kept flying over a decade beyond its rated life, Mir proved a source of pride to the Russian people and proved the ability of their cosmonauts and engineers to improvise and keep operations going despite all manner of challenges and mishaps. More...

Bibliography
  • NASA Astronaut Biographies, Johnson Space Center, NASA, 1995-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Polishchuk Chronology


1989 January 25 - .
1991 End - .
1992 July 27 - . 06:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2.
  • Soyuz TM-15 - . Call Sign: Rodnik (Spring - water spring). Crew: Avdeyev; Solovyov; Tognini. Backup Crew: Haignere; Manakov; Polishchuk. Payload: Soyuz TM 11F732 s/n 65. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Avdeyev; Solovyov; Tognini; Haignere; Manakov; Polishchuk. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mir EO-12; Mir Antares; Mir EO-11. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 188.90 days. Decay Date: 1993-02-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 22054 . COSPAR: 1992-046A. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi). Perigee: 196 km (121 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Mir Expedition EO-12. Russian astronauts Solovyov and Avdeev and French astronaut Tognini were inserted into an initial 190 x 200 km orbit inclined 51.6 deg. Later on July 27 they maneuvered to a 223 x 343 km orbit, and on July 28 docked with Mir in its 405 x 410 km orbit.

1993 January 24 - . 05:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2.
  • Soyuz TM-16 - . Call Sign: Vulkan (Volcano ). Crew: Manakov; Polishchuk. Backup Crew: Serebrov; Tsibliyev. Payload: Soyuz TM 11F732 s/n 101. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Manakov; Polishchuk; Serebrov; Tsibliyev. Agency: RAKA. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mir EO-13; Mir EO-12. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 179.03 days. Decay Date: 1993-07-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 22319 . COSPAR: 1993-005A. Apogee: 394 km (244 mi). Perigee: 393 km (244 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.40 min. Manned two crew. Mir Expedition EO-13. Transported to the Mir manned orbital station a crew of the thirteenth main expedition comprising the cosmonauts G M Manakov and A F Poleschuk.The Soyuz carried the APAS androgynous docking system instead of the usual probe system.

1993 April 19 - . 17:15 GMT - .
  • EVA Mir EO-13-1 - . Crew: Manakov; Polishchuk. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.23 days. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Manakov; Polishchuk. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: Mir EO-13. Spacecraft: Mir. Summary: Began installation of Kvant 1 solar array drive unit..

1993 June 18 - . 17:25 GMT - .
  • EVA Mir EO-13-2 - . Crew: Manakov; Polishchuk. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.19 days. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Manakov; Polishchuk. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: Mir EO-13. Spacecraft: Mir. Summary: Completed installation of Kvant 1 solar array drive unit..

1993 July 22 - .
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