Encyclopedia Astronautica
Reiter



ireitert.jpg
Reiter
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
Reiter, Thomas Arthur (1958-) German test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-20, ISS Astrolab.


ESA Official Biography

NAME: Thomas Reiter

BIRTHPLACE AND DATE: Frankfurt/Main, Germany, 23 May 1958.

EDUCATION: Thomas Reiter has a Masters Degree in Aerospace Technology. He graduated from Goethe-High School in Neu-Isenburg in June 1977, from the Armed Forces University in Neubiberg in December 1982 and from the Empire Test Pilots School (ETPS) in Boscombe Down, England, in December 1992.

FAMILY: Married, two sons.

RECREATIONAL INTERESTS: Fencing, badminton, cooking, playing guitar.

EXPERIENCE: After completion of military jet training at Sheppard Air Force Base, Texas, Thomas Reiter flew the Alpha-Jet in a fighter-bomber squadron based in Oldenburg, Germany. He was involved in the development of computerised mission planning stations and became a flight-operations officer and deputy squadron commander. After completing test-pilot training Class 2 at the German flight test centre in Manching during 1990, Reiter was involved in several flight test projects and conversion training on the Tornado the following year. Reiter attended the Class 1 test pilot training at ETPS, Boscombe Down, in 1992 and his flight experience includes 2000 hours in military combat jet aircraft of more than 15 types. Thomas Reiter was also involved in European Space Agency (ESA) studies into a proposed manned space vehicle (Hermes) and development of equipment for the Columbus module, one of Europe's main contributions to the International Space Station.

He was selected to join ESA's Astronaut Corps, based at the European Astronaut Centre (EAC) in Cologne, Germany, in 1992 and the following year underwent basic training. Reiter was selected for the Euromir 95 mission and in August 1993 started training at TsPK (Cosmonauts Training Centre) in Star City near Moscow, preparing for onboard-engineer tasks, extra-vehicular activities and operations of the Soyuz transportation system. Euromir 95 experiment training was organised and mainly carried out at the EAC.

In March 1995, he was named as a member of Crew 1 for the Euromir 95 mission, along with Russian colleagues Yuri Gidzenko and Serguei Avdeev.

During a record-breaking 179 days on ESA's Euromir 95 mission, which started on 3 September 1995, Reiter preformed some 40 European scientific experiments and, as on-board engineer, participated in the maintenance of the Mir space station. He also performed two spacewalks (EVAs) to install and later retrieve cassettes of the European Space Exposure Facility experiments (ESEF). The mission ended successfully on 29 February 1996 with a landing in Kazakhstan.

Between October 1996 and July 1997, Reiter underwent training on Soyuz-TM spacecraft operations for de-docking, atmospheric re-entry and landing. He was awarded the Russian ‘Soyuz Return Commander' certificate, which qualifies him to command a three person Soyuz capsule during its return from space.

Under an agreement between ESA and the German Air Force, Reiter is now on an 18-month detachment with the German Air Force where he has the function of Operational Group Commander. He remains available to support ESA projects linked to the International Space Station and will resume his activities at the EAC in March 1999.

July 1998

Birth Place: Frankfurt/Main.
Status: Inactive.


Born: 1958.05.23.
Spaceflights: 2 .
Total time in space: 350.23 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Cosmonaut Category of persons who have been trained for spaceflight in Russia. More...

Associated Flights
  • Mir EO-20 Crew: Avdeyev, Gidzenko, Reiter. First ESA astronaut on long-duration Mir crew. Backup crew: Manakov, Vinogradov, Fuglesang. More...
  • ISS Astrolab Europe's first long-duration mission to the ISS. Crew: Reiter.Thomas Reiter lived and worked on board the ISS for five months. Backup crew: Eyharts. More...
  • STS-116 Crew: Polansky, Oefelein, Curbeam, Patrick, Fuglesang, Higginbotham. First Swedish astronaut. Most demanding ISS assembly mission to date. Completed installation of the P5 truss, retracted the recalcitrant port P6 solar array wing, and activated the truss electrical and cooling system. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Luftwaffe German agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Luftwaffe, Germany. More...

Associated Programs
  • ISS Finally completed in 2010 after a torturous 25-year development and production process, the International Space Station was originally conceived as the staging post for manned exploration of the solar systrem. Instead, it was seemed to be the death knell of manned spaceflight. More...
  • Mir The Mir space station was the last remnant of the once mighty Soviet space programme. It was built to last only five years, and was to have been composed of modules launched by Proton and Buran/Energia launch vehicles. These modules were derived from those originally designed by Chelomei in the 1960's for the Almaz military station programme. As the Soviet Union collapsed Mir stayed in orbit, but the final modules were years late and could only be completed with American financial assistance. Kept flying over a decade beyond its rated life, Mir proved a source of pride to the Russian people and proved the ability of their cosmonauts and engineers to improvise and keep operations going despite all manner of challenges and mishaps. More...

Reiter Chronology


1994 October 3 - . 22:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2.
  • Soyuz TM-20 - . Call Sign: Vityaz (Knight ). Crew: Kondakova; Merbold; Viktorenko. Backup Crew: Budarin; Reiter; Solovyov. Payload: Soyuz TM 11F732 s/n 69. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kondakova; Merbold; Viktorenko; Budarin; Reiter; Solovyov. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mir EO-17; Mir Euromir 94; Mir EO-16; Mir LD-4. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 169.22 days. Decay Date: 1995-03-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 23288 . COSPAR: 1994-063A. Apogee: 395 km (245 mi). Perigee: 392 km (243 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.43 min. Mir Expedition EO-17. Docked at the Mir forward port at 00:28 on 1994 October 6. The Mir crew of Viktorenko, Kondakova and Polyakov boarded Soyuz TM-20 on January 11, and undocked from Mir's front port at 09:00 GMT. The spacecraft withdrew to about two hundred metres from Mir and then redocked in a test of the automatic Kurs system, which had failed in Progress M-24's attempted docking. Redocking came at 09:25 GMT.

1995 September 3 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2.
  • Soyuz TM-22 - . Call Sign: Uran (Uranus ). Crew: Avdeyev; Gidzenko; Reiter. Backup Crew: Duque; Kaleri; Korzun. Payload: Soyuz TM 11F732 s/n 71. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Avdeyev; Gidzenko; Reiter; Duque; Kaleri; Korzun. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mir EO-20; Mir EO-19. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 179.07 days. Decay Date: 1996-02-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 23665 . COSPAR: 1995-047A. Apogee: 398 km (247 mi). Perigee: 391 km (242 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 92.50 min. Mir Expedition EO-20. Crew commander was Yuriy Pavlovich Gidzenko of the Russian Air Force. Flight engineer was Sergey Vasilyevich Avdeev of RKK Energiya, and cosmonaut-researcher was Thomas Reiter of the European Space Agency. Soyuz TM-22 docked with Mir's front (-X) port at 10:29:54 GMT on September 5 and the hatch was opened at 11:01:23.

1995 October 20 - . 11:50 GMT - .
  • EVA Mir EO-20-1 - . Crew: Avdeyev; Reiter. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.22 days. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Avdeyev; Reiter. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: Mir EO-20. Spacecraft: Mir. Summary: Sample cassettes installed in ESEF (European Science Exposure Facility)..

1996 February 8 - . 14:03 GMT - .
  • EVA Mir EO-20-3 - . Crew: Gidzenko; Reiter. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.13 days. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gidzenko; Reiter. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: Mir EO-20. Spacecraft: Mir. Summary: Retrieved and installed material samples.

1996 February 29 - .
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2006 April 21 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report: SS06-018 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Vinogradov; Williams, Jeffrey; Reiter. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-13; STS-121; ISS Astrolab. Summary: The Expedition 13 crew this week focused on experiments, maintenance and preparations for the arrival of two and a half tons of food, supplies and equipment.. Additional Details: here....

2006 June 23 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report: SS06-030 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Vinogradov; Williams, Jeffrey; Reiter. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-13; STS-121; ISS Astrolab. Summary: New supplies arrived at the International Space Station Monday as an unpiloted Russian cargo spacecraft linked up to the station's Pirs Docking Compartment.. Additional Details: here....

2006 June 26 - .
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2006 July 4 - . 18:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-121.
  • STS-121 - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Lindsey; Kelly, Mark; Fossum; Nowak; Wilson; Sellers; Reiter. Return Crew: Lindsey; Kelly, Mark; Fossum; Nowak; Wilson; Sellers. Payload: Discovery F32 / Leonardo. Mass: 121,094 kg (266,966 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lindsey; Kelly, Mark; Fossum; Nowak; Wilson; Sellers; Reiter. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: Boeing. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-121; ISS EO-13; ISS Astrolab. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 12.78 days. Decay Date: 2006-07-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 29251 . COSPAR: 2006-028A. Apogee: 351 km (218 mi). Perigee: 332 km (206 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. The shuttle was launched using external tank ET-119 and solid motors RSRM-93. Cameras revealed that large chunks of foam were still shed from the external tank during the ascent to orbit. However examination of the heat shield using a new extension and sensors attached to the shuttle's robot arm revealed no significant damage. Discovery docked with the PMA-2 adapter on the Destiny module of the ISS at 14:52 GMT on 6 July. On July 7 the Leonardo cargo module was moved from the shuttle payload bay by the robot arm and docked to the Unity Module of the ISS between 09:42 and 11:50 GMT. The crew then began unloading the spare parts and supplies in the module to the station. A series of three EVAs conducted on 8 to 12 July tested the new equipment and techniques for repairing the shuttle heat shield in case of damage, and did some preliminary installations on the exterior of the ISS to pave the way for continued station assembly missions. On 14 July, the station's SSRMS robot moved the Leonardo module from the station back to the shuttle cargo bay between 13:08 and 14:50 GMT. The shuttle separated from the ISS, and fired its engines at 12:07 GMT on 17 July to make a 92 m/s deorbit maneuver. Discovery landed at the Kennedy Space Center at 13:14 GMT. European astronaut Reiter was left behind to make up part of the EO-13 resident crew on the station.

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  • STS-121 MCC Status Report #26 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Reiter; Lindsey; Kelly, Mark; Fossum; Nowak; Wilson; Sellers. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-121; ISS EO-13; ISS Astrolab. Summary: A smooth landing by the Space Shuttle Discovery at the Kennedy Space Center this morning completed the second return to flight test mission and set the stage to resume assembly of the International Space Station later this summer.. Additional Details: here....

2006 July 22 - .
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2006 August 3 - . 14:04 GMT - .
  • EVA ISS EO-13-2 - . Crew: Reiter; Williams, Jeffrey. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.25 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Reiter; Williams, Jeffrey. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-13. The crew exited the station from the Quest airlock wearing American suits. They installed a replacement Floating Potential Measurement Unit and two long-duration materials exposure MISSE containers. The crew then moved to the S1 truss, where Williams conducted several assembly and repair tasks on the right side of the truss, while Reiter did the same on the left. Then they worked together to install a new infrared camera that would scan arriving shuttles for damage to their heat shields. After completing further minor repairs, they were ahead of the timeline, so ground contorl passed up additonal tasks in preparation for future assembly spacewalks.

2006 August 4 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report: SS06-036 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Vinogradov; Williams, Jeffrey; Reiter. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-13; ISS Astrolab. Summary: Space station crewmen Jeff Williams and Thomas Reiter worked quickly through scheduled spacewalk tasks Thursday, then completed three get-ahead jobs, or extra tasks, and were ready for more.. Additional Details: here....

2006 August 11 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report: SS06-037 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Vinogradov; Williams, Jeffrey; Reiter. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-13; STS-115; ISS Astrolab. Summary: This week on the International Space Station crew members refurbished their exercise treadmill, prepared areas inside and out for an imminent expansion of their home and took a couple of special calls to discuss soccer and food in space.. Additional Details: here....

2006 August 18 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report: SS06-038 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Vinogradov; Williams, Jeffrey; Reiter. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-13; ISS Astrolab. Summary: The astronauts aboard the International Space Station spent much of their week preparing for the arrival of the Space Shuttle Atlantis, set for launch Aug. 27 on the STS-115 mission.. Additional Details: here....

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2006 October 6 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report: SS06-043 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Reiter; Tyurin; Lopez-Alegria. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-14; ISS Astrolab. Summary: Expedition 14 completed its first full week solo on the International Space Station performing standard early mission checks, drills and some equipment troubleshooting.. Additional Details: here....

2006 October 13 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report: SS06-044 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Williams, Jeffrey; Reiter; Tyurin; Lopez-Alegria. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-14; ISS EO-13; ISS Astrolab. Summary: The International Space Station's Expedition 14 crew went for a short ride this week, performed maintenance and experiments aboard the growing outpost and celebrated one crew member's 100th day in space.. Additional Details: here....

2006 October 20 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report: SS06-045 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Reiter; Tyurin; Lopez-Alegria. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-14; ISS Astrolab. Summary: The three residents of the International Space Station spent a busy week with varied science and technical tasks as they began their second month in orbit.. Additional Details: here....

2006 October 24 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report: SS06-046 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Reiter; Tyurin; Lopez-Alegria. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-14; ISS Astrolab. Summary: A shipment of supplies began its journey to the International Space Station Monday as the ISS Progress 23 cargo ship was launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.. Additional Details: here....

2006 October 27 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report: SS06-047 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Reiter; Tyurin; Lopez-Alegria. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-14; ISS Astrolab. Summary: New supplies arrived at the International Space Station Thursday as an unpiloted Russian cargo spacecraft docked to the aft port of the Zvezda Service Module.. Additional Details: here....

2006 November 3 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report: SS06-048 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Reiter; Tyurin; Lopez-Alegria. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-14; ISS Astrolab. Summary: Repair of an oxygen generator, robotic arm operations and cargo unpacking were the top priorities aboard the International Space Station this week.. Additional Details: here....

2006 November 10 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report: SS06-049 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Williams; Reiter; Tyurin; Lopez-Alegria. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-14; ISS EO-13; ISS Astrolab. Summary: The International Space Station crewmembers spent this week getting ready for an upcoming spacewalk, performing scientific research and voting in the U.S. elections back on Earth.. Additional Details: here....

2006 November 17 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report: SS06-050 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Reiter; Tyurin; Lopez-Alegria. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-14; ISS Astrolab. Summary: Expedition 14 Commander Michael Lopez-Alegria and flight engineers Mikhail Tyurin and Thomas Reiter continue to prepare for a spacewalk Wednesday, Nov. 22, out of the International Space Station's Russian Pirs Docking Compartment airlock.. Additional Details: here....

2006 November 23 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report: SS06-051 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Reiter; Tyurin; Lopez-Alegria. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-14; ISS Astrolab. Summary: Two residents of the International Space Station ventured outside the complex Wednesday for a 5 hour, 38 minute spacewalk to reposition, deploy and relocate equipment, and to take a swing at a commercially sponsored activity.. Additional Details: here....

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2006 December 10 - . 01:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-116.
  • STS-116 - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Polansky; Oefelein; Curbeam; Patrick; Fuglesang; Higginbotham; Williams. Return Crew: Polansky; Oefelein; Curbeam; Patrick; Fuglesang; Higginbotham; Reiter. Payload: Discovery F32 / P5. Mass: 120,420 kg (265,480 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Williams; Polansky; Oefelein; Curbeam; Patrick; Fuglesang; Higginbotham; Reiter. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: Boeing. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-116; ISS EO-14; ISS Astrolab. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 12.86 days. Decay Date: 2006-12-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 29647 . COSPAR: 2006-055A. Apogee: 358 km (222 mi). Perigee: 326 km (202 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. The mission used solid rocket booster pair RSRM-95 and external tank ET-123. At SSME burnout Discovery was in a 58 km x 220 km x 51.6 deg preliminary burn. The OMS-2 burn at 02:25 GMT placed the shuttle in a stable 225 x 250 km orbit from which rendezvous maneuvers began. Discovery docked with the ISS at 22:12 GMT on December 11. In the most demanding ISS assembly mission ever, the crew would require an additional spacewalk to complete installation of the P5 truss, retraction of the recalcitrant port P6 solar array wing, and activation of the truss electrical and cooling system. Sunita Williams rode the shuttle to the station, and remained behind with the EO-14 crew; ESA astronaut Thomas Reiter, already aboard the station, was returned to earth. Due to weather problems a landing at White Sands was considered; but in the end Discovery landed safely at Kennedy Space Center, after which it was to enter a year-long overhaul cycle.

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