Encyclopedia Astronautica
Shaw



ishawbre.jpg
Shaw
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
Shaw, Brewster Hopkinson Jr (1945-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-9, STS-61-B, STS-28.


Official NASA Biography

NAME: Brewster H. Shaw, Jr. (Colonel, USAF)

NASA Astronaut

BIRTHPLACE AND DATE: Born May 16, 1945, in Cass City, Michigan. His parents, Mr. and Mrs. Brewster H. Shaw, Sr., reside in Cass City.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Brown hair; blue eyes; height: 5 feet 8 inches; weight: 140 pounds.

EDUCATION: Graduated from Cass City High School, Cass City, Michigan, in 1963; received bachelor and master of science degrees in Engineering Mechanics from the University of Wisconsin (Madison) in 1968 and 1969, respectively.

MARITAL STATUS: Married to the former Kathleen Ann Mueller of Madison, Wisconsin. Her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Robert E. Mueller, reside in Madison.

CHILDREN: Brewster Hopkinson III, August 6, 1970; Jessica Hollis, February 3, 1975; Brandon Robert, August 15, 1976.

RECREATIONAL INTERESTS: He enjoys flying, running, skiing, sailing, hunting, and camping.

SPECIAL HONORS: Awarded the Defense Superior Service Medal, Air Force Distinguished Flying Cross with 6 Oak Leaf Clusters, Defense Meritorious Service Medal, Air Medal with 20 Oak Leaf Clusters, Air Force Commendation Medal with 1 Oak Leaf Cluster, Air Force Outstanding Unit Award, Combat Readiness Medal, National Defense Service Medal, Vietnam Service Medal, Air Force Longevity Service Award, Small Arms Expert Marksmanship Ribbon, Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal, Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross. Named a Distinguished Graduate from Officer Training School and the USAF Test Pilot School. Recipient of undergraduate pilot training Commanders Trophy, Outstanding Flying Trophy, Outstanding Academic Trophy, Best T-38 Pilot Award, and Top Formation Pilot Award; F-100 Barry Goldwater Top Gun Award and Top Academic Student, and F-4 Outstanding Academic Student Award and Top Gun Award. Recipient of Group Achievement Award 1981 Launch & Landing Operations Team, NASA Space Flight Medals (1983, 1985, 1989), American Astronautical Society 1983 Flight Achievement Award STS-9 (Spacelab 1), Veterans of Foreign Wars 1984 National Space Award STS-9, NASA Group Achievement Award 61-B EASE/ACCESS (1986), NASA-JSC Aviation Safety Award (1987), NASA Special Achievement Award (1988), NASA Outstanding Leadership Medal (1988).

EXPERIENCE: Shaw entered the Air Force in 1969 after completing Officer Training School and attended undergraduate pilot training at Craig Air Force Base, Alabama. He received his wings in 1970 and was then assigned to the F-100 Replacement Training Unit at Luke Air Force Base, Arizona. In March 1971, he was assigned as an F-100 combat fighter pilot to the 352d Tactical Fighter Squadron at Phan Rang Air Base, Republic of Vietnam. He returned to the United States in August 1971 for assignment to the F-4 Replacement Training Unit at George Air Force Base, California. He was subsequently sent to the 25th Tactical Fighter Squadron at Ubon RTAFB, Thailand, where he flew combat missions as an F-4 fighter pilot. In April 1973, he reported to the 20th Tactical Fighter Training Squadron, George Air Force Base, California, for F-4 instructor duties. Shaw attended the USAF Test Pilot School at Edwards Air Force Base, California, from July 1975 to 1976.

Following completion of this training, he remained at Edwards as an operational test pilot with the 6512th Test Squadron (Test Operations). He served as an instructor at the USAF Test Pilot School from August 1977 to July 1978.

He has logged more than 5,000 hours flying time in over 30 types of aircraft -- including 644 hours of combat in F-100 and F-4 aircraft.

NASA EXPERIENCE: Shaw was selected as an astronaut in January 1978. His technical assignments have included support crew and Entry CAPCOM for STS-3 and STS-4, staff member of the Roger's Presidential Commission investigating the STS-51L Challenger accident, head of the Orbiter return to flight team responsible for implementing safety modifications to the Orbiter fleet, and Astronaut Office Liaison with the Department of Defense (DOD) for classified payloads. He has flown on three Shuttle mission, STS-9, SSTS-61B and STS-28.

On his first mission, Shaw was pilot on STS-9/Spacelab-1 which launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on November 28, 1983. The crew on board the Orbiter Columbia included spacecraft commander, John Young; mission specialists, Owen Garriott and Robert Parker; and payload specialists, Byron Lichtenberg and Ulf Merbold. This six-man crew was the largest yet to fly aboard a single spacecraft, the first international Shuttle crew, and the first to carry payload specialists. During this maiden flight of the European Space Agency (ESA)-developed laboratory, the crew conducted more than seventy multi-disciplinary scientific and technical investigations in the fields of life sciences, atmospheric physics and earth observations, astronomy and solar physics, space plasma physics, and materials processing. After 10-days of Spacelab hardware verification and around-the-clock scientific operations, Columbia and its laboratory cargo (the heaviest payload to be returned to earth in the Shuttle Orbiter's cargo bay) landed on the dry lakebed at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on December 8, 1983.

He was spacecraft commander on STS-61B which launched at night from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on November 26, 1985. On board the Orbiter Atlantis, his crew included the pilot, Bryan O'Connor, mission specialists, Mary Cleave, Jerry Ross and Woody Spring, as well as payload specialists, Rodolfo Neri Vela (Mexico), and Charles Walker (McDonnell Douglas). During the mission the crew deployed the MORELOS-B, AUSSAT II, and SATCOM K-2 communications satellites, conducted 2 six hour space walks to demonstrate Space Station construction techniques with the EASE/ACCESS experiments, operated the Continuous Flow Electrophoresis (CFES) experiment for McDonnell Douglas and a Getaway Special (GAS) container for Telesat, Canada, conducted several Mexican Payload Specialist Experiments for the Mexican Government, and tested the Orbiter Experiments Digital Autopilot (OEX DAP). This was the heaviest payload weight carried to orbit by the Space Shuttle to date. After completing 108 orbits of the Earth in 165 hours, Shaw landed Atlantis on Runway 22 at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on December 3, 1985.

As spacecraft commander of STS-28, Shaw and his crew launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on August 8, 1989. The crew on board Shuttle Orbiter Columbia included the pilot, Dick Richards, and three mission specialists, Jim Adamson, David Leestma, and Mark Brown. The mission carried Department of Defense payloads and a number of secondary payloads. After 80 orbits of the earth, this five day mission concluded with a dry lakebed landing on Runway 17 at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on August 13, 1989.

With the completion of this flight Col. Shaw logged a total of 534 hours in space.

Currently Deputy Director, Space Shuttle Operations, NASA Headquarters, stationed at NASA John F. Kennedy Space Center, Florida.

NOVEMBER, 1989

Birth Place: Cass City, Michigan.
Status: Inactive.


Born: 1945.05.16.
Spaceflights: 3 .
Total time in space: 22.24 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Astronaut Category of persons, applied to those trained for spaceflight outside of Russia and China. More...
  • NASA Group 8 - 1978 Requirement: pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights. Recruit women and minorities to introduce diversity into the astronaut corps. Nickname: TFNG - Thirty-Five New Guys, also an obscene military phrase. More...

Associated Flights
  • STS-9 Crew: Garriott, Lichtenberg, Merbold, Parker, Shaw, Young. First West German to fly in space. First Spacelab mission. Record six crew size in a single spacecraft. Suspect exhaust nozzle on right solid rocket booster. Landing delayed when two computers failed. Landed on fire when hydraulic pump leaked. More...
  • STS-51-DA Crew: Shaw, O Connor, Cleave, Spring. Planned TDRS/IUS deployment shuttle mission. Cancelled due to IUS failure. More...
  • STS-61-B Crew: Cleave, Neri Vela, O Connor, Ross, Shaw, Spring, Walker. Manned seven crew. Deployed Morelos 2, Aussat 2, Satcom K2, OEX. Experienced primary O-ring erosion in both nozzle joints More...
  • STS-61-N Crew: Shaw, McCulley, Leestma, Adamson, Brown Mark, Casserino. Planned Department of Defense shuttle mission. Cancelled after Challenger disaster. Backup crew: Joseph. More...
  • STS-28 Crew: Adamson, Brown Mark, Leestma, Richards, Shaw. Manned five crew. Deployed two classified satellites. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • USAF American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. United States Air Force, USA. More...

Associated Programs
  • STS The Space Transportation System (Space Shuttle) was conceived originally as a completely reusable system that would provide cheap, routine access to space and replace all American and civilian military launch vehicles. Crippled by technological overreach, political compromise, and budget limitations, it instead ended up costing more than the expendable rockets it was to have replaced. STS sucked the money out of all other NASA projects for half a century. The military abandoned its use after the Challenger shuttle explosion in the 1980's. More...

Bibliography
  • NASA Astronaut Biographies, Johnson Space Center, NASA, 1995-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Shaw Chronology


1978 January 16 - .
  • NASA Astronaut Training Group 8 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bluford; Brandenstein; Buchli; Coats; Covey; Creighton; Fabian; Fisher; Gardner; Gibson; Gregory; Griggs; Hart; Hauck; Hawley; Hoffman; Lucid; McBride; McNair; Mullane; Nagel; Nelson; Onizuka; Resnik; Ride; Scobee; Seddon; Shaw; Shriver; Stewart; Sullivan. The group was selected to provide pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights. Recruit women and minorities to introduce diversity into the astronaut corps. Qualifications: Pilots: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics. Advanced degree desirable. At least 1,000 flight-hours of pilot-in-command time. Flight test experience desirable. Excellent health. Vision minimum 20/50 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20 vision; maximum sitting blood pressure 140/90. Height between 163 and 193 cm.

    Mission Specialists: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics and minimum three years of related experience or an advanced degree. Vision minimum 20/150 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20. Maximum sitting blood pressure of 140/90. Height between 150 and 193 cm.. 8,079 applicants, of which half met the basic qualifications. 208 invited for physical tests and interviews. Of the 35 selected, six were women, three were male African-Americans, and one was a male Asian-American.


1983 November 28 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-9.
  • STS-9 - . Call Sign: Columbia. Crew: Garriott; Lichtenberg; Merbold; Parker; Shaw; Young. Payload: Columbia F06 / Spacelab 1 Pallet. Mass: 15,088 kg (33,263 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Garriott; Lichtenberg; Merbold; Parker; Shaw; Young. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-9. Spacecraft: Columbia. Duration: 10.32 days. Decay Date: 1983-12-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 14523 . COSPAR: 1983-116A. Apogee: 254 km (157 mi). Perigee: 241 km (149 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Carried ESA Spacelab. Payloads: Payload: Spacelab-1 experiments, habitable Spacelab and pallet, carried 71 experiments. The six-man crew was divided into two 12-hour-day red and blue teams to operate experiments. First high-inclination orbit of 57 degrees.

1983 December 8 - .
1985 July - .
1985 November 27 - . 00:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-30/61-B.
  • STS-61-B - . Call Sign: Atlantis. Crew: Cleave; Neri, Vela; O Connor; Ross; Shaw; Spring; Walker. Payload: Atlantis F02 / EASE / ACCESS. Mass: 21,791 kg (48,040 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cleave; Neri, Vela; O Connor; Ross; Shaw; Spring; Walker. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-61-B. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Duration: 6.88 days. Decay Date: 1985-12-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 16273 . COSPAR: 1985-109A. Apogee: 370 km (220 mi). Perigee: 361 km (224 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 91.90 min. Manned seven crew. Deployed Morelos 2, Aussat 2, Satcom K2, OEX. Payloads: Deploy SATCOM (RCA-Satellite Communi-cations) Ku-2 with Payload Assist Module (PAM)-D II. Deploy Morelos (Mexico communications satellite)-B with PAM-D. Deploy AUSSAT (Australian communications satellite)-2 with PAM-D. EASE/ACCESS (Assembly of Structures— Assembly Concept for Construction of Erectable Space Structures) by extravehicular activity (EVA) astronauts, Continuous Flow Electrophore-sis System (CFES), Diffusive Mixing of Organic Solutions (DMOS), IMAX camera, one getaway special (GAS), Linhof camera and Hasseblad camera.

1985 December 3 - .
1986 September - .
1989 August 8 - . 12:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-28R.
  • STS-28 - . Call Sign: Columbia. Crew: Adamson; Brown, Mark; Leestma; Richards; Shaw. Payload: Columbia F08 / DoD. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Adamson; Brown, Mark; Leestma; Richards; Shaw. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-28. Spacecraft: Columbia. Duration: 5.04 days. Decay Date: 1989-08-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 20164 . COSPAR: 1989-061A. Apogee: 306 km (190 mi). Perigee: 289 km (179 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 90.50 min. Manned five crew. Deployed 2 classified satellites. Landed at: Runway 17 dry lake bed at Edwards Air Force Base, . Landing Speed: 287 kph. Touchdown miss distance: 1,618.00 m. Landing Rollout: 1,833.00 m. Payloads: DoD Mission.

1989 August 13 - .
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