Encyclopedia Astronautica
Shriver



ishriver.jpg
Shriver
Credit: www.spacefacts.de - www.spacefacts.de
10062005.jpg
STS-51-C
Astronauts Onizuka and Shriver pose in middeck
Credit: NASA
Shriver, Loren James (1944-) American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-51-C, STS-31, STS-46. Grew up in Paton, Iowa.


Official NASA Biography

NAME: Loren J. Shriver (Colonel, USAF)

NASA Astronaut

BIRTHPLACE AND DATE: Born September 23, 1944, in Jefferson, Iowa, but considers Paton, Iowa to be his hometown. His parents, Mr. and Mrs. Darrel R. Shriver, still reside in Paton, Iowa.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Blond hair; blue eyes; 5 feet 10 inches; 160 pounds.

EDUCATION: Graduated from Paton Consolidated High School, Paton, Iowa, in 1962; received a bachelor of science degree in aeronautical engineering from the United States Air Force Academy in 1967 and a master of science degree in astronautical engineering from Purdue University in 1968.

MARITAL STATUS: Married to the former Susan Diane Hane of Paton, Iowa. Her father is deceased; her mother resides near Jefferson, Iowa.

CHILDREN: Camilla Marie, July 15, 1969; Melinda Sue, September 27, 1970; Jered Loren, December 19, 1973; Rebecca Hane, January 24, 1977.

RECREATIONAL INTERESTS: His hobbies are softball, running and exercising, camping, backpacking, and sailboarding.

ORGANIZATIONS: Member of the Society of Experimental Test Pilots and the Air Force Association; life member of the Air Force Academy Association of Graduates and the Air Force Academy Athletic Association; and member of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.

SPECIAL HONORS: Received the Defense Superior Service Medal, the Air Force Meritorious Service Medal, the Air Force Commendation Medal, 2 Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards, and the National Defense Service Medal; named High School Class Valedictorian, a USAF Academy Distinguished Graduate, a USAF Pilot Training Distinguished Graduate, a Squadron Officer's School Distinguished Graduate, and the USAF Test Pilot School Distinguished Graduate; recipient of the F-4 Combat Crew Training Academic Award.

EXPERIENCE: Shriver was commissioned in 1967 upon graduation from the USAF Academy in Colorado Springs, Colorado, and subsequently attended graduate school for one year at Purdue University. From 1969 to 1973, he served as a T-38 academic instructor pilot at Vance Air Force Base, Oklahoma. He completed F-4 combat crew training at Homestead Air Force Base, Florida, in 1973, and was then assigned to an overseas tour in Thailand until October 1974. In 1975, he attended the USAF Test Pilot School at Edwards Air Force Base, California, and upon completion of this training was assigned to the 6,512th Test Squadron at Edwards. He has completed Air Force Squadron Officer's School and the Air Command and Staff College correspondence course of study.

In 1976, Shriver began serving as a test pilot for the F-15 Joint Test Force at Edwards Air Force Base. He has participated in the Air Force development test and evaluation of the F-15 fighter aircraft and has participated in or conducted several follow-on systems tests on the same aircraft. He also took part in the Air Force development test and evaluation of the T-38 lead-in fighter. Shriver has been contributing author on six technical reports for these various programs.

He has flown in 30 different types of single- and multi-engine civilian and military fixed-wing and helicopter aircraft, has logged over 5,000 hours in jet aircraft, and holds commercial pilot and private glider ratings.

NASA EXPERIENCE: Shriver was selected as an astronaut candidate by NASA in January 1978. In August 1979, he completed a one-year training and evaluation period, making him eligible for assignment as a pilot on future Space Shuttle flight crews. In September of 1982 he was selected as pilot for the first Department of Defense mission, STS-10. That mission was later canceled.

Shriver was pilot of STS 51-C which launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida on January 24, 1985. He was accompanied by Captain Thomas K. Mattingly (spacecraft commander), Colonel James F. Buchli and Lieutenant Colonel Ellison S. Onizuka (mission specialists), and Lieutenant Colonel Gary E. Payton (DOD payload specialist). STS 51-C performed its DOD mission which included deployment of a modified Inertial Upper Stage (IUS) vehicle from the Space Shuttle Discovery. Landing occurred on January 27, 1985, after slightly more than 3 days on orbit.

More recently, Shriver was spacecraft commander of STS-31 crew, which launched on April 24, 1990, from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The crew members aboard Space Shuttle Discovery included Col. Charles F. Bolden (pilot), and Captain Bruce McCandless, Dr. Steven A. Hawley, and Dr. Kathryn D. Sullivan (mission specialists). During this five-day mission, crew members deployed the Hubble Space Telescope, and conducted a variety of mid-deck experiments involving the study of protein crystal growth, polymer membrane processing, and the effects of weightlessness and magnetic fields on an ion arc. They also operated a variety of cameras, including both the IMAX in cabin and cargo bay cameras, for Earth observations from their record setting altitude of 380 miles. Following 76 orbits of the Earth in 121 hours, STS-31 Discovery landed at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on April 29, 1990.

With the completion of his second mission, Shriver has logged over 194 hours in space.

CURRENT ASSIGNMENT: Colonel Shriver is assigned to command the crew of STS-46. This seven-day mission will feature the deployment of the European Retrievable Carrier (EURECA), an ESA-sponsored free-flying science platform, and will also demonstrate the Tethered Satellite System (TSS), a joint project between NASA and the Italian Space Agency. STS-46 is scheduled for launch in the summer of 1992.

APRIL 1992

Birth Place: Jefferson, Iowa.
Status: Inactive.


Born: 1944.09.23.
Spaceflights: 3 .
Total time in space: 16.09 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Astronaut Category of persons, applied to those trained for spaceflight outside of Russia and China. More...
  • NASA Group 8 - 1978 Requirement: pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights. Recruit women and minorities to introduce diversity into the astronaut corps. Nickname: TFNG - Thirty-Five New Guys, also an obscene military phrase. More...

Associated Flights
  • STS-10 Crew: Mattingly, Shriver, Onizuka, Buchli, Payton. Planned Department of Defense shuttle mission. Cancelled due to payload delays. Backup crew: Wright. More...
  • STS-41-E Crew: Mattingly, Shriver, Onizuka, Buchli, Detroye. Planned Department of Defense shuttle mission. Cancelled due to IUS failure. Backup crew: Sundberg.Support crew: Watterson. More...
  • STS-51-C Crew: Buchli, Mattingly, Onizuka, Payton, Shriver. First shuttle military mission. Manned five crew. Deployed USA 8 (Aquacade ELINT spacecraft). Experienced blow-by in both nozzle joints and erosion and blow-by in two case joints. More...
  • STS-61-M Crew: Shriver, O Connor, Lee, Ride, Fisher William, Wood Robert. Planned TDRS/IUS deployment shuttle mission. Cancelled after Challenger disaster. Backup crew: Walker. More...
  • STS-31 Crew: Bolden, Hawley, McCandless, Shriver, Sullivan. Deployed HST (Hubble Space Telescope). More...
  • STS-46 Crew: Allen Andy, Chang-Diaz, Hoffman, Ivins, Malerba, Nicollier, Shriver. First Italian astronaut. First Swiss astronaut. Manned seven crew. Deployed Eureca-1; failed to deploy Italian tether probe TSS-1. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • USAF American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. United States Air Force, USA. More...

Associated Programs
  • STS The Space Transportation System (Space Shuttle) was conceived originally as a completely reusable system that would provide cheap, routine access to space and replace all American and civilian military launch vehicles. Crippled by technological overreach, political compromise, and budget limitations, it instead ended up costing more than the expendable rockets it was to have replaced. STS sucked the money out of all other NASA projects for half a century. The military abandoned its use after the Challenger shuttle explosion in the 1980's. More...

Bibliography
  • NASA Astronaut Biographies, Johnson Space Center, NASA, 1995-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Shriver Chronology


1978 January 16 - .
  • NASA Astronaut Training Group 8 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bluford; Brandenstein; Buchli; Coats; Covey; Creighton; Fabian; Fisher; Gardner; Gibson; Gregory; Griggs; Hart; Hauck; Hawley; Hoffman; Lucid; McBride; McNair; Mullane; Nagel; Nelson; Onizuka; Resnik; Ride; Scobee; Seddon; Shaw; Shriver; Stewart; Sullivan. The group was selected to provide pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights. Recruit women and minorities to introduce diversity into the astronaut corps. Qualifications: Pilots: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics. Advanced degree desirable. At least 1,000 flight-hours of pilot-in-command time. Flight test experience desirable. Excellent health. Vision minimum 20/50 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20 vision; maximum sitting blood pressure 140/90. Height between 163 and 193 cm.

    Mission Specialists: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics and minimum three years of related experience or an advanced degree. Vision minimum 20/150 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20. Maximum sitting blood pressure of 140/90. Height between 150 and 193 cm.. 8,079 applicants, of which half met the basic qualifications. 208 invited for physical tests and interviews. Of the 35 selected, six were women, three were male African-Americans, and one was a male Asian-American.


1983 November - .
1984 July - .
1985 January 24 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-20/51-C.
  • STS-51-C - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Buchli; Mattingly; Onizuka; Payton; Shriver. Payload: Discovery F03 / Magnum 1 [IUS]. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Buchli; Mattingly; Onizuka; Payton; Shriver. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-51-C. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 3.06 days. Decay Date: 1985-01-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 15496 . COSPAR: 1985-010A. Apogee: 341 km (211 mi). Perigee: 332 km (206 mi). Inclination: 28.4000 deg. Period: 91.30 min. Manned five crew. Deployed USA 8 (Aquacade ELINT spacecraft). Orbits of Earth: 48. Landed at: Runway 15 at Kennedy Space Center, Florida. Landing Speed: 342 kph. Touchdown miss distance: 839.00 m. Landing Rollout: 2,240.00 m. Payloads: Department of Defence classified payloads.

1985 January 27 - .
1986 July - .
1990 April 24 - . 12:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-31R.
  • STS-31 - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Bolden; Hawley; McCandless; Shriver; Sullivan. Payload: Discovery F10 / Hubble Space Telescope. Mass: 13,005 kg (28,671 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bolden; Hawley; McCandless; Shriver; Sullivan. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-31. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 5.05 days. Decay Date: 1990-04-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 20579 . COSPAR: 1990-037A. Apogee: 615 km (382 mi). Perigee: 585 km (363 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 96.70 min. Deployed HST (Hubble Space Telescope). Payloads: Deployment of Hubble Space Telescope, IMAX camera in payload bay and in crew compartment, Protein Crystal Growth III-03, Investigation Into Polymer Membrane Process-ing- 01, Air Force Maui Optical Site-05, Radiation Monitoring Equipment III-01, Student Experiment 82-16, and Ascent Particle Monitor 01.

1990 April 29 - .
1992 July 31 - . 13:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-46.
  • STS-46 - . Call Sign: Atlantis. Crew: Allen, Andy; Chang-Diaz; Hoffman; Ivins; Malerba; Nicollier; Shriver. Payload: Atlantis F12 / Eureca 1 / TSS 1. Mass: 12,965 kg (28,582 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Allen, Andy; Chang-Diaz; Hoffman; Ivins; Malerba; Nicollier; Shriver. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-46. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Duration: 7.97 days. Decay Date: 1992-08-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 22064 . COSPAR: 1992-049A. Apogee: 437 km (271 mi). Perigee: 425 km (264 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 93.20 min. Manned seven crew. Deployed Eureca-1; failed to deploy Italian tether probe TSS-1. Payloads: Tethered Satellite System (TSS)-1; European Retrievable Carrier (EURECA)-1L; Evaluation of Oxygen Integration with Materials (EOlM)-lll/ Thermal Energy Management Processes (TEMP)-2A; Consortium for Materials Development In Space Complex Autonomous Payloads (CONCAP)-ll and Ill; IMAX Cargo Bay Camera (ICBC); Limited Duration Space Environment Candidate Materials Exposure (LDCE); Pituitary Growth Hormone Cell Function (PHCF); Ultravio-let Plume Instrument (UVPl).

1992 August 8 - .
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