Encyclopedia Astronautica
Simonyi



wsimonyi.jpg
Simonyi
Credit: NASA
Simonyi, Charles 'Karoly' (1948-) Hungarian-American computer scientist, space tourist cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-12, ISS EP-16. Inventor of the Macintosh/Windows visual interface.

Simonyi became interested in computing while working as a night watchman for a Soviet Ural II mainframe computer during high school. His programming talent was quickly apparent, and he was able to leave for the United States in 1968, where he was educated at the University of California, Berkeley, and Stanford. He worked at Xerox PARC and was involved in instrumental in development of the graphic computer interface that was later adopted first by the Macintosh, and later for Windows and other computer operating systems.

He was hired by Microsoft in 1981 and developed the company's flagship Word and Excel applications. After 21 years at Microsoft, and having become a billionaire, Simonyi left in 2002 and co-founded Intentional Software. He also became a philanthropist, and decided in 2006 to spend a small part of his fortune on a ticket to the International Space Station.

Birth Place: Budapest.
Status: Inactive.


Born: 1948.09.10.
Spaceflights: 2 .
Total time in space: 25.65 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Cosmonaut Category of persons who have been trained for spaceflight in Russia. More...

Associated Flights
  • ISS EP-12 Space tourist mission of Hungarian-American billionare. Crew: Simonyi. Mission to swap Soyuz lifeboats docked to station. More...
  • ISS EP-16 Crew: Simonyi. First space tourist to fly to space twice; and the last tourist to the ISS until the Orion spacecraft becomes operational. Mission to swap Soyuz lifeboats docked to station. Backup crew: Dyson. More...

Associated Programs
  • ISS Finally completed in 2010 after a torturous 25-year development and production process, the International Space Station was originally conceived as the staging post for manned exploration of the solar systrem. Instead, it was seemed to be the death knell of manned spaceflight. More...

Simonyi Chronology


2006 September 18 - . 04:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz FG. LV Configuration: Soyuz-FG Ts15000-023.
  • Soyuz TMA-9 - . Call Sign: Vostok. Crew: Tyurin; Lopez-Alegria; Ansari. Return Crew: Tyurin; Lopez-Alegria; Simonyi. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 219. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Ansari; Tyurin; Lopez-Alegria; Simonyi. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-14; ISS EO-13. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 215.35 days. Decay Date: 2007-04-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 29400 . COSPAR: 2006-040A. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi). Perigee: 330 km (200 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.30 min. Carried the Expedition 14 crew and space tourist Anousheh Ansari to the International Space Station. Ansari replaced tourist Daisuke Enomoto, who was removed from flight status by the Russians just 28 days before the flight. Docked at the Zvezda port of the station at 05:21 GMT on September 20. On 21 April 2007, Lopez-Alegria, Tyurin and space tourist Charles Simonyi (who was taken to the station aboard Soyuz TMA-10) boarded Soyuz TMA-9, separated from the ISS, conducted retrofire, and landed in Kazakhstan at 12:31 GMT.

2007 March 2 - .
2007 March 16 - .
2007 March 23 - .
2007 March 29 - .
2007 April 6 - .
2007 April 7 - .
2007 April 7 - . 17:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz FG. LV Configuration: Soyuz-FG 019.
  • Soyuz TMA-10 - . Call Sign: Pulsar. Crew: Yurchikhin; Kotov; Simonyi. Return Crew: Yurchikhin; Kotov; Muszaphar. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 220 / ISS-14S. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Simonyi; Yurchikhin; Kotov; Muszaphar. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-15; ISS EP-12. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 196.71 days. Decay Date: 2007-10-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 31100 . COSPAR: 2007-008A. Apogee: 341 km (211 mi). Perigee: 330 km (200 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.20 min. Carried the Expedition 15 crew and space tourist Charles Simonyi to the International Space Station. Soyuz TMA-10 docked at the Zarya port of the International Space Station at 19:10 GMT on 9 April. It undocked from Zarya at 19:20 GMT on Sep 27 September and docked at the Zvezda port at 19:47 GMT to clear Zarya for Soyuz TMA-10.

    The EO-15 crew and EP-13 space tourist Shukor (brought to the station by Soyuz TMA-11) boarded Soyuz TM-10 and undocked from the Zvezda port at 07:14 GMT on 21 October. The re-entry burn began at 09:47 and was normal. But afterwards, due to failure of an explosive bolt, the Soyuz service module remained connected to the re-entry capsule. The Soyuz tumbled, then began re-entry with the forward hatch taking the re-entry heating, until the connecting strut burned through. The Soyuz the righted itself with the heat shield taking the heating, but defaulted to an 8.6 G ballistic re-entry, landing 340 km short of the aim point at 10:36 GMT. Improved procedures after the ballistic re-entry of Soyuz TMA-1 meant a helicopter recovery crew reached the capsule only 20 minutes after thumpdown. However the true nature of the failure was concealed from the world until the same thing happened on Soyuz TMA-11.


2007 April 9 - .
2007 April 13 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #07-20 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Tyurin; Williams; Lopez-Alegria; Simonyi; Kotov; Yurchikhin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-14; ISS EO-15-1; ISS EO-15; ISS EP-12. Two Expedition 15 cosmonauts spent much of the week in handover activities with their Expedition 14 predecessors. Their new crewmate, Sunita Williams who has been aboard the International Space Station for more than three months, also is helping them learn the ropes. Additional Details: here....

2007 April 20 - .
2007 April 21 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #07-22 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Tyurin; Williams; Lopez-Alegria; Simonyi; Kotov; Yurchikhin. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-14; ISS EO-15-1; ISS EO-15; ISS EP-12. Summary: The 14th crew of the International Space Station, Commander Michael Lopez-Alegria and Flight Engineer Mikhail Tyurin, along with spaceflight participant Charles Simonyi landed their Soyuz spacecraft in the steppes of Kazakhstan at 7:31 a.m. CDT Saturday.. Additional Details: here....

2007 April 21 - . 12:31 GMT - .
2007 April 27 - .
2008 March 1 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 03/01/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eyharts; Love; Malenchenko; Simonyi; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-2; STS-122. Saturday -- off-duty day for CDR Whitson, FE-1 Malenchenko and FE-2 Eyharts except for housekeeping and voluntary work.

    The crew completed the regular weekly three-hour task of thorough station cleaning. ("Uborka", usually done on Saturdays, includes removal of food waste products, cleaning of compartments with vacuum cleaner, damp cleaning of the Service Module (SM) dining table, other frequently touched surfaces and surfaces where trash is collected, as well as the CDR's sleep station with a standard cleaning solution; also, fan screens and grilles are cleaned to avoid temperature rises. Special cleaning is also done every 90 days on the HEPA (high-efficiency particulate air) bacteria filters in the Lab.) Additional Details: here....


2008 March 8 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 03/08/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Drew; Eyharts; Love; Malenchenko; Simonyi; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-2; ISS EP-12. Saturday -- off-duty day for CDR Whitson, FE-1 Malenchenko and FE-2 Eyharts except for housekeeping and voluntary work.

    >>>Tonight's BIG EVENT: Launch of ATV Jules Verne (see Ascent Timeline below).

    For his second run with the NASA/JSC experiment NUTRITION w/Repository, FE-2 Eyharts completed the all-day session, collecting urine samples for 24 hrs (to continue through tomorrow morning) and blood samples (for Serum & Heparin). (Acting as operator and CMO (Crew Medical Officer), Peggy Whitson performed phlebotomy on Leo, i.e., drew blood samples (from an arm vein) which were first allowed to coagulate in the Repository, then spun in the HRF2 RC (Human Research Facility 2/Refrigerated Centrifuge) and finally placed in MELFI (Minus-Eighty Laboratory Freezer for ISS). The RC was later powered off after a temperature reset to limit wear on the compressor, and cleaned. Background: NUTRITION is the most comprehensive in-flight study done by NASA to date of human physiologic changes during long-duration space flight; this includes measures of bone metabolism, oxidative damage, nutritional assessments, and hormonal changes. The Clinical Nutritional Assessment profile currently required on all U.S. Astronauts collects blood and urine samples preflight and postflight. NUTRITION expands this protocol by also capturing in-flight samples and an additional postflight sample. Furthermore, additional measurements are included for samples from all sessions, including additional markers of bone metabolism, vitamin status, and hormone and oxidative stressor tests. The results will be used to better understand the impact of countermeasures (exercise and pharmaceuticals) on nutritional status and nutrient requirements. The Clinical Nutritional Assessment profile (MR016L), first started on two Mir crewmembers and then on all ISS US crews, nominally consists of two pre-flight and one post-flight analysis of nutritional status, as well as an in-flight assessment of dietary intake using the FFQ (Food Frequency Questionnaire). The current NUTRITION project has expanded MR016L testing in three ways: Addition of in-flight blood & urine collection (made possible by MELFI), normative markers of nutritional assessment, and a return session plus 30-day (R+30) session to allow evaluation of post-flight nutrition and implications for rehabilitation.) Additional Details: here....


2008 March 9 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 03/09/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eyharts; Malenchenko; Simonyi; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-2; STS-122; STS-123. Sunday -- off-duty day for CDR Whitson, FE-1 Malenchenko and FE-2 Eyharts.

    Ahead: Week 21 of Increment 16.

    After a flawless, precise on-time launch last night at 11:03:04 pm EST at Kourou/French Guiana, ATV1 Jules Verne is on its way to the ISS. (Currently entering a period of test and orbit raising maneuvers, the European automated freighter will start 'loitering' on 3/19 about 1200 miles ahead of ISS (which at that time is busy with STS-123/1J/A), then will begin maneuvering at 3/27, conduct checkout Demos toward an IMMT Go/No Go decision on 4/2, and Docking on 4/3 (start Final Approach: ~6:10am EDT, contact SM aft port: ~10:20am.) Additional Details: here....


2008 March 30 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 03/30/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Malenchenko; Reisman; Simonyi; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-3; ISS EP-12. Sunday -- off-duty day for CDR Whitson, FE-1 Malenchenko and FE-2 Reisman except for housekeeping and voluntary work.

    Ahead: Week 24 of Increment 16. Flight Control to Crew: 'Everyone at the ATV-CC (as well as MCC-M and MCC-H) could not be more pleased with how Demo Day 1 went!'

    From his voluntary 'job jar' task list, after wakeup and before breakfast FE-2 Garrett Reisman completed his third session with the SLEEP (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy & Light Exposure during Spaceflight) experiment software for data logging and filling in questionnaire entries in the experiment's laptop session file on the HRF-1 laptop. (To monitor the crewmember's sleep/wake patterns and light exposure, Garrett wears a special Actiwatch device which measures the light levels encountered by him as well as his patterns of sleep and activity throughout the Expedition. The log entries are done within 15 minutes of final awakening for seven consecutive days.) Additional Details: here....


2008 June 21 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 06/21/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kononenko, O D; Love; Simonyi; Volkov, Sergey; Williams, Dave. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-17; ISS EP-12; STS-122; STS-123. Saturday - lightened-duty day for CDR Volkov, FE-1 Kononenko and FE-2 Chamitoff.

    Today is Kononenko's 44th birthday.


    Happy Birthday, Oleg Dmitriyevich!

    Volkov & Kononenko completed a review of flight procedures plus the standard 3-hr. training drill for a Soyuz TMA-12/16S relocation from the DC1 Docking Module to the FGB nadir port, supported by ground specialists via tagup on S-band/VHF-audio. (Should 'Pirs' fail to repressurize after ingress of the two spacewalkers on 7/11, a relocation of the Soyuz, docked to the DC1 nadir port with FE-2 Chamitoff already safely locked out in the 16S Descent Module, would become necessary. In addition, for the relocation the three crewmembers and the spacecraft will have to be prepared for a return to Earth in the event of a no-docking contingency, and the station has to be configured for uncrewed operation (for which intense planning is underway at NASA, ESA, and TsUP-Moscow). Today's 3-hr. OBT (on-board training) included Soyuz procedures and data analysis for ascent/descent, orbital flight and relocation as contained in RODF (Russian Operations Data File) books, tag-up with instructor, OBT simulator work on the RSK1 laptop, etc. It is assumed that Soyuz activation would be performed on 7/11 over RGS (Russian Groundsite) on DO13 (Daily Orbit 13), closure of hatch on DO15, undocking from DC1 on DO2 (~5:28pm EDT on 7/11), flyaround (~5:34pm) and redocking at FGB at ~5:56pm (DO2).) Additional Details: here....


2008 June 22 - .
2009 March 26 - . 11:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz FG. LV Configuration: Soyuz-FG s/n 1741.
  • Soyuz TMA-14 - . Call Sign: Altair. Crew: Padalka; Barratt; Simonyi. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 224. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-19. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 198.66 days. Decay Date: 2009-10-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 34669 . COSPAR: 2009-015A. Apogee: 354 km (219 mi). Perigee: 344 km (213 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.50 min. Summary: Delivered EO-19 crew and space tourist Simonyi to ISS; returned EO-19 crew and space tourist Laliberte to earth on 11 October 2009 at 04:32 GMT..

Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use