Skvortsov, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich
(1942-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1968. Father of cosmonaut Aleksandr Skvortsov, Jr.
Graduated from Higher Military Pilot School, Armavir, 1964 Cosmonaut training November 1965 - December 1967. Left cosmonaut group for medical reasons. Pilot in Soviet Air Forces and Deputy Commander, 153rd. Squadron, Moscow Military Area. He later lived in Odessa. Father of cosmonaut Aleksandr Skvortsov, Jr.
Birth Place: Tambov, Tambov.
More... - Chronology...
Air Force Group 3 - 1965 Requirement: pilots for planned Soyuz, Soyuz VI, Spiral, and Almaz flights. In 1968-1975 the VVS expected no fewer than 20 Almaz space stations, 50 military 7K-VI missions, 200 Soyuz training spacecraft flights and 400 Soyuz space transport flights. More...
Cosmonaut Category of persons who have been trained for spaceflight in Russia. More...
ISS EO-21 ISS long-term residence mission. Crew: Surayev, Williams Jeffrey. Backup crew: Skvortsov, Walker. More...
ISS EO-24 ISS long-term residence mission. Crew: Yurchikhin; Wheelock; Walker, Shannon. Backup crew: Kondratiyev, Dmitry; Nespoli; Coleman. More...
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Becker, Joachim, "Space Facts Web Site", http://www.spacefacts.de/, Web Address when accessed: here.
1965 October 23 -
- Cosmonaut selection - .
Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Voloshin; Sharafutdinov; Shcheglov; Kramarenko; Yakovlev; Petrushenko; Skvortsov; Fyodorov; Klimuk; Sarafanov; Zudov; Kizim; Kolesnikov; Stepanov, Eduard; Lisun; Rozhdestvensky; Khludeyev; Glazkov; Preobrazhensky; Grishchenko; Degtyarov. Although Kamanin desired 40 new cosmonaut-trainees, in the end only 17 were selected. They were:
- Pilots: Voloshin, Sharafutdinov, Shcheglov, Kramarenko, Yakovlev, Petrushenko,Skvortsov, Fyodorov,Klimuk, Sarafanov, Zudov, Kizim
- Engineers: Kolesnikov,Stepanov Eduard, Lisun, Rozhdestvensky, Khludeyev, Glazkov, Preobrazhensky
- Navigator: Grishchenko
- Physician: Degtyarov
1965 October 28 -
1966 July 26 -
- Soyuz hatch problem - .
Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Sharafutdinov; Shcheglov; Skvortsov; Komarov; Khrunov; Gorbatko; Mishin; Tsybin; Severin; Alekseyev, Semyon; Anokhin; Yeliseyev; Smirnov. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 1; Soyuz 2A; Soyuz s/n 3/4. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK; Yastreb. Training of the new cosmonaut cadre is reviewed. English language courses are proving to be a particular problem. There have been some potential washouts - Sharafutdinov has done poorly in astronomy, Shcheglov suffered an injury at the beach, Skvortsov damaged his landing gear on a MiG-21 flight.
At 15:00 a major review is conducted, with Komarov, Khrunov, Gorbatko, Kamanin, and other VVS officer meeting with OKB-1 leaders Mishin, Tsybin, Severin, Alekseyev, Anokhin, and other engineers. Film is shown of the difficulties in the zero-G aircraft of cosmonauts attempting to exit from the 660 mm diameter hatch. In four sets of ten attempts, the cosmonaut was only to get out of the hatch half the time, and then only with acrobatic contortions - the inflated suit has a diameter of 650 mm, only 10 mm less than the hatch. Mishin finally concedes the point. But installation of the hatch in Soyuz s/n 3 and 4 is not possible - the spacecraft are essentially complete, and to add the hatch would delay their flight 6 to 8 months. Then Mishin makes the astounding assertion that Gorbatko and Khrunov are not adequately trained to be engineer-cosmonauts, and without this he will not allow them into space. He suggests OKB-1 engineers Anokhin and Yeliseyev instead. After outraged response, Severin finally sinks this suggestion by pointing out that no space suit has been prepared for Anokhin, and that it will take two to three months to make one. Kamanin is astounded that Mishin has pushed Anokhin all the way up to Smirnov and the VPK without even knowing he could not possibly fly due to this restriction. It again points out their poor management. Finally Mishin agrees that spacecraft s/n 5 and 6 and on will have 720 mm hatches. The ECS for the suits for those missions will have to be changed from a backpack configuration, with the equipment rearranged around the waist of the cosmonaut. The crews for the flight will be an experienced VVS pilot cosmonaut as commander, and (Kamanin realizes he may have to concede) a VVS engineer as flight engineer cosmonaut. They will have to complete training by 1 October 1966.
1967 December 25 -
- 1965 Air Force Group cosmonaut trainees are examined. - .
Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Belousov; Grishchenko; Skvortsov; Sharafutdinov; Voloshin. Summary: Of the 18, 13 scored a '5', four scored '4', and one '3'. Belousov, Grishchenko, Skvortsov, Sharafutdinov, and Voloshin - the low scorers - are all to be dismissed from the cosmonaut corps..
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