Voskresenskiy, Leonid Aleksandrovich
(1913-1965) Russian engineer. Deputy Chief Designer 1953-1964 of Korolev design bureau.
Self-taught engineer that led flight testing of missiles. The son of a priest, he was denied the opportunity for state education. He began his working life at age 16 at the Krasniy Fakel factory in Moscow. He attended the Moscow Energy Institute from 1932-1936, and then rose quickly in a variety of military research institutes, finally becoming Deputy Chief Designer for Korolev in charge of flight test. He exhibited a complete understanding of the missiles he was testing, and was able to diagnose instinctively and correctly the root cause of any problem. On one occasion, in stand test of a V-2 missile at Podpliki, the missile went to uncommanded full thrust. A disaster loomed as the rocket was bolted to the stand at full thrust. Voskresenskiy calmly approached the missile and disconnected the electrical umbilical. At the end of his career he quarreled bitterly with Korolev over the lack of a static test stand for the N1 rocket.
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Vostok World's first manned spacecraft, it was later developed into the Voskhod, and numerous versions of Zenit recoverable reconnaisance, materials, and biological research satellites which remained in service into the 21st Century. More...
Siddiqi, Asif A, The Soviet Space Race With Apollo, University Press of Florida, 2003.
1961 March 2 -
- Vostok launch preparations - .
Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Korolev; Yazdovskiy; Gallay; Feoktistov; Alekseyev, Semyon; Keldysh; Bushuyev; Voskresenskiy. Program: Vostok. Flight: Vostok 1. Spacecraft: Vostok. Korolev, Yazdovskiy, Gallay, Feoktistov, Makarov, and Alekseyev spend over three hours editing the 'Instructions to Cosmonauts'. This is the first flight manual in the world for a piloted spacecraft, including instructions for all phases of flight and emergency situations. Korolev, Keldysh, Bushuyev, and Voskresenskiy want the instructions to be simply 'put on suit, check communications, observe functioning of the spacecraft'. Korolev is motivated by his belief that on this single-orbit flight everything should occur automatically. Kamanin, Yazdovskiy, Gallay, and Smirnov are categorically against such a passive role for the cosmonaut. They argue that the cosmonauts know the equipment and must be capable of manually flying the spacecraft after releasing the electronic logical lock. They need to observe the instruments, report on their status by radio, and make journal entries. The emotions of the cosmonaut during high-G's and zero-G must be understood in order to fully prepare the cosmonauts that will follow. After long debate, Korolev and Keldysh give in. The agreed first edition of the flight manual is signed by Korolev and Kamanin. The next Vostok 3KA launch is set for 9 March.
1961 March 25 -
05:54 GMT - .
. Launch Complex
: Baikonur LC1
. LV Family
. Launch Vehicle
: Vostok 8K72K
. LV Configuration
: Vostok 8K72K E103-15.
- Korabl-Sputnik 5 - .
Payload: Vostok 3KA s/n 2. Mass: 4,695 kg (10,350 lb). Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Keldysh; Goreglyad; Karpov; Kamanin; Yazdovskiy; Gagarin; Nelyubov; Popovich; Titov; Bykovsky; Nikolayev; Korolev; Kirillov; Voskresenskiy. Agency: RVSN. Program: Vostok. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Vostok 1. Spacecraft: Vostok. Duration: 0.0600 days. Decay Date: 1961-03-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 95 . COSPAR: 1961-Iota-1. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi). Perigee: 175 km (108 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 88.00 min. Carried dog Zvezdochka and mannequin Ivan Ivanovich. Ivanovich was again ejected from the capsule and recovered by parachute, and Zvezdochka was successfully recovered with the capsule on March 25, 1961 7:40 GMT.
Officially: Development of the design of the space ship satellite and of the systems on board, designed to ensure man's life functions during flight in outer space and return to Earth. Additional Details: here....
1965 December 15 -
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