Encyclopedia Astronautica
1960


1960 Chronology


1960 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 3BAS2.
  • Configuration of Titan 3B proposed by Martin in mid-1960's. Titan 3B for deep space missions with Centaur upper stage, Algol strapons for liftoff thrust augmentation. Never flown. - . Nation: USA.

1960 January - .
  • Training of Mercury remote-site flight controllers - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Specifications for equipment and systems to be used for the training of the remote-site flight controllers and Mercury control center operations personnel were forwarded to the Western Electric team. The remote-site training was divided into two stages: off-range and on-range. The off-range portion consisted of practice runs on a typical set of controllers' consoles tied into an astronaut procedures trainer. The on-range part was planned at two stations within the United States and from here, controllers would be assigned to tracking sites for full range rehearsals and a mission.

1960 January - .
  • Korolev proposed an aggressive program for Communist conquest of space. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Korolev. Spacecraft: Kosmoplan. Summary: In a letter sent by Korolev to the Central Committee of the Communist Part, he pledged to provide a comprehensive plan by the third quarter of 1960 comprehensive plans for development of the new projects..

1960 January - .
  • Qualification tests completed on Mercury cameras. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Summary: Qualification tests were completed on the Mercury spacecraft pilot cameras and instrument viewing cameras..

1960 During the Year - .
  • FIRST (Fabrication of Inflatable Re-entry Structures for Test) - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: FIRST Re-Entry Glider. Aerojet project to evaluate the use of inflatable Rogallo wings for emergency return from orbit. The system would be stowed in a cylindrical package, docked to the external surface of a space station. In an emergency the escaping crew member would enter the coffin-sized cylinder, seal the back hatch, and be blown free of the station. The paraglider would then inflate and deploy. The crew member would use a gas stabilisation and control system to orient the spacecraft for retro-fire, and then to keep the glider at the correct attitude for re-entry.

1960 During the Year - .
  • ASSET Project begun. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Asset. Summary: ASSET ( 'Aerothermodynamic Elastic Structural Systems Environmental Tests') involved suborbital flight of a small scale spaceplane model to test structural and materials concepts for the X-20 Dynasoar to test materials prior to full-scale manned flights..

1960 January - .
  • NASA presented communications requirements for Project Mercury to Western Electric - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: NASA presented its basic communications requirements for Project Mercury to Western Electric, and the Company's interim proposal to satisfy these requirements was accepted in February 1960..

1960 During the Year - .
  • Armstrong Whitworth Waverider - . Nation: UK. Spacecraft: Armstrong Whitworth Waverider. The study called for a two-crew waverider spacecraft powered by a second stage atop a British Blue Streak rocket. The group leaders of this project were H R Watson of Armstrong Whitworth, and Dr W F Hilton of Hawker Siddeley. The spacecraft design was by T R F Nonweiler.

1960? - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Vehicle: Aeolus.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1960? - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Vehicle: Aeolus.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1960 January 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Platform: B-57A. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar B-57.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSWC. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1960 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960? - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Recruit Nike.
  • Teflon nose Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1960 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. Launch Platform: F-3B. LV Family: Sparoair. Launch Vehicle: Sparoair I.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN NMC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960? - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2?. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. LV Configuration: Rook R1J.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 January 2 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Leopard. LV Configuration: Leopard L1B. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 January 6 - .
  • The Project Mercury data reduction plan was approved. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: Space Task Group's study entitled 'Semi-Automatic Data Reduction' had been completed and submitted to NASA Headquarters for review on December 21, 1959..

1960 January 7 - . 01:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 43D.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi). Summary: 43D achieved a 6300 NM (7200 SM) flight from AMR with enough residual fuel for an additional 2000 miles.

1960 January 8 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-7.
  • Inertial test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 January 11 - .
  • Star City cosmonaut training centre approved. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Soviet Air Froce Decree 'On creation of the Cosmonaut Training Centre' was issued..

1960 January 11 - .
  • Contract signed by NASA and the Western Electrice for the Mercury tracking network. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: A contract (NAS 1-430) was signed by NASA and the Western Electric Company in the amount of $33,058,690 for construction and engineering of the Mercury tracking network..

1960 January 13 - . 21:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-8.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 January 14 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Super booster program to be accelerated - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Glennan; von Braun; Eisenhower. Program: Apollo. President Dwight D. Eisenhower directed NASA Administrator T. Keith Glennan "to make a study, to be completed at the earliest date practicable, of the possible need for additional funds for the balance of FY 1960 and for FY 1961 to accelerate the super booster program for which your agency recently was given technical and management responsibility."

1960 January 14 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 TATTLETALE PCC 1.
  • Signals intelligence test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 January 14 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18B. Launch Pad: LC18B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18C. LV Configuration: Thor DM-18C 256.
  • Special test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi).

1960 January 15 - . LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78.
  • Molniya 8K78 design begins - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Korolev. Summary: Korolev signed the order for development of a four stage rocket based on the R-7..

1960 January 15 - . 04:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin JV-3.
  • Test / lyra-alpha mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSWC. Apogee: 1,200 km (700 mi).

1960 January 16 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Shotput. LV Configuration: Shotput 2.
  • E60 Echo spacecraft test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Apogee: 413 km (256 mi).

1960 January 18 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury-Atlas flight test working group to become a standing coordination body. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. A proposal was made by Walter C. Williams, Associate Director of Project Mercury Operations, that the Mercury-Atlas flight test working group become an official and standing coordination body. This group brought together representation from the Space Task Group, Air Force Ballistic Missile Division, Convair Astronautics, McDonnell Aircraft Corporation, and the Atlantic Missile Range. Personnel from these organizations had met informally in the past on several occasions.

1960 January 19 - . 18:18 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 AA3.124C.
  • Extreme ultraviolet monochromator Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1960 January 20 - . LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7.
  • R-7 accepted into military service. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Decree 'On adoption of the R-7 ICBM into armaments' was issued..

1960 January 20 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-9.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 January 20 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7A. LV Configuration: R-7A I1-2.
  • R-7A I-2/Dummy L test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Suborbital aerodynamic test flight with R-7A 8K74 lower stages, dummy upper stages..

1960 January 21 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • 15 Atlas launch vehicles and 26 Mercury spacecraft purchased. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Summary: At a meeting to draft fiscal year 1962 funding estimates, the total purchase of Atlas launch vehicles was listed as 15, and the total purchase of Mercury spacecraft was listed as 26..

1960 January 21 - . 14:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe 1 2C. LV Configuration: Little Joe 1-2C LJ-1B.
  • Mercury LJ-1B - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Spacecraft: Mercury. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Little Joe 1-B (LJ-1B) was launched from Wallops Island with a rhesus monkey, 'Miss Sam,' aboard. Test objectives for this flight were the same as those for Little Joe 1 (LJ-1) in which the escape tower launched 31 minutes before the planned launch, and Little Joe 1-A (LJ-1A), wherein the dynamic buildup in the abort maneuver was too low. A physiological study of the primate, particularly in areas applying to the effects of the rapid onset of reverse acceleration during abort at maximum dynamic pressure, was also made. In addition, the Mercury helicopter recovery system was exercised. During the mission, all sequences operated as planned; the spacecraft attained a peak altitude of 9.3 statute miles, a range of 11.7 statute miles, and a maximum speed of 2,021.6 miles per hour. Thirty minutes from launch time, a Marine recovery helicopter deposited the spacecraft and its occupant at Wallops Station. 'Miss Sam' was in good condition, and all test objectives were successfully fulfilled.

1960 January 21 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18A. LV Configuration: Thor DM-18A 215.
  • IWST - . Nation: USA. Agency: RAF. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi).

1960 January 22 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1960 January 24 - . 00:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-2-7.
  • X-15A SAS Evaluation test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2685 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20374 m..

1960 January 24 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7A. LV Configuration: R-7A I1-3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • R-7A I-3 test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 January 25 - .
  • McDonnell delivered first production Mercury spacecraft. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. McDonnell delivered the first production-type Mercury spacecraft to the Space Task Group at Langley in less than 1 year from the signing of the formal contract. This spacecraft was a structural shell and did not contain most of the internal systems that would be required for manned space flight. After receipt, the Space Task Group instrumented the spacecraft and designated it for the Mercury-Atlas 1 (MA-1) flight.

1960 January 26 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Pad: ALA3. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone. LV Configuration: Redstone 2011.
  • Capsule operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Summary: Successful missile test with capsule. Missed aimpoint by 277 m..

1960 January 26 - . 00:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26B. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter. LV Configuration: Jupiter IRBM AM-28.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF; NASA Huntsville. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Fired from AMR at 1948 hours EST to a prescribed range of: 1,299.4 nm. The nose cone impacted 0.04 nm over and 3.27 nm to the left. All missions were successfully accomplished despite elevated temperatures in the tail section. The primary mission of this flight was to test the two-way deflector launch section and to analyse elevated temperatures in the tail

1960 January 26 - . 05:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.02GT.
  • X248 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 951 km (590 mi).

1960 January 26 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 6D. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Initial operational capability demonstration launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi). Summary: Two Atlas ICBMs launched within two hours - one by SAC at VAFB, one by GD/A at AMR; both successful..

1960 January 27 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards TL1. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1AT.
  • Silo test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 January 27 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-10.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 January 27 - . 01:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 44D.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1960 January 28 - .
  • NASA's Ten-Year Plan presented to Congress - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Glennan. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. In testimony before the House Committee on Science and Astronautics, Richard E. Horner, Associate Administrator of NASA, presented NASA's ten-year plan for 1960-1970. The essential elements had been recommended by the Research Steering Committee on Manned Space Flight. NASA's Office of Program Planning and Evaluation, headed by Homer J. Stewart, formalized the ten-year plan.

    On February 19, NASA officials again presented the ten-year timetable to the House Committee. A lunar soft landing with a mobile vehicle had been added for 1965. On March 28, NASA Administrator T. Keith Glennan described the plan to the Senate Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences. He estimated the cost of the program to be more than $1 billion in Fiscal Year 1962 and at least $1.5 billion annually over the next five years, for a total cost of $12 to $15 billion. Additional details: here....


1960 January 29 - . 18:51 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 AA3.125C.
  • Extreme ultraviolet monochromator Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi).

1960 January - .
  • Name Apollo suggested - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gilruth; Faget; Silverstein. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. At a luncheon in Washington, Abe Silverstein, Director of the Office of Space Flight Programs, suggested the name "Apollo" for the manned space flight program that was to follow Mercury. Others at the luncheon were Don R. Ostrander from NASA Headquarters and Robert R. Gilruth, Maxime A. Faget, and Charles J. Donlan from STG.

1960 January - .
  • Manned lunar landing and return (MALLAR) - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM; LM Mode Debate; LM Source Selection. The Chance Vought Corporation completed a company-funded, independent, classified study on manned lunar landing and return (MALLAR), under the supervision of Thomas E. Dolan. Booster limitations indicated that earth orbit rendezvous would be necessary. A variety of lunar missions were described, including a two-man, 14-day lunar landing and return. This mission called for an entry vehicle of 6,600 pounds, a mission module of 9,000 pounds, and a lunar landing module of 27,000 pounds. It incorporated the idea of lunar orbit rendezvous though not specifically by name.

1960 January 30 - . 11:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 26.0 N x 169.4 E. Launch Platform: VOKV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 42 km (26 mi).

1960 January 31 - . LV Family: Atlas; Redstone.
  • Six chimpanzees ready for Mercury missions. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: Six chimpanzees were rated as being trained and ready to support Mercury-Redstone or Mercury-Atlas missions. Other chimpanzees were being shipped from Africa to enter the animal training program..

1960 January 31 - .
  • RCA completes study on an anti-satellite system - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: SAINT; SAINT II. Summary: Radio Corporation of America completes an ARPA-funded feasibility study on the topic..

1960 January 31 - . 16:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7A. LV Configuration: R-7A I1-4.
  • R-7A I-4/Dummy L test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Suborbital aerodynamic test flight with R-7A 8K74 lower stages, dummy upper stages..

1960 February 1 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn C-2.
  • Lunar Exploration Program Based Upon Saturn Systems - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. The Army Ballistic Missile Agency submitted to NASA the study entitled "A Lunar Exploration Program Based Upon Saturn-Boosted Systems." In addition to the subjects specified in the preliminary report of October 1, 1959, it included manned lunar landings.

1960 February - .
  • Mercury astronauts instruction in celestial navigation - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. As part of their training program, the astronauts received 2 days of instruction in star recognition and celestial navigation presented by Dr. James Balten at the Morehead Planetarium in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. The purpose of this training was to assist the astronaut in correcting spacecraft yaw drifts. Practical experience was gained in this task by using a motorized trainer that simulated the view of the celestial sphere through the spacecraft observation window.

1960 February 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1960 February 2 - . 18:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I B-7A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1960 February 3 - . 11:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 18.1 N x 160.1 E. Launch Platform: VOKV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 43 km (26 mi).

1960 February 4 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Nike Viper I.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AEC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1960 February 4 - . 18:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena A. LV Configuration: Thor Agena A 218 / Agena A 1052. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Discoverer 9 - . Payload: KH-1 9006. Mass: 765 kg (1,686 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-1. Decay Date: 1960-02-04 . COSPAR: F600204A. Summary: KH-1; 1st generation low resolution photo surveillance. Mission failed..
  • SRV 113 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: KH-1. COSPAR: F600204B.

1960 February 4 - . 22:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-12.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 February 5 - . Launch Vehicle: Burya.
  • Burya cruise missile canceled. - . Nation: USSR. Program: Navaho. Decree 138-48 'On termination of work on the La-350 Burya at OKB-301' was issued. Project finally cancelled based on availability and invulnerability of R-7, R-9, and R-16 ICBM's. Flight test for technology purposes of already-built missiles was allowed to the end of the year.

1960 February 5 - .
  • US National Security Council briefed on USAF plans for an anti-satellite system. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: SAINT; SAINT II. Summary: Assistant Air Force Secretary Joseph Charyk presented the plan..

1960 February 5 - . 00:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC6. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter. LV Configuration: Jupiter IRBM AM-30.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF; NASA Huntsville. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Summary: The 28th R&D firing was from AMR at 1919 hours EST to a pre-calculated range of 1,299 nm. The flight successfully accomplished all primary and secondary missions. The nose cone impacted 0.65 nm short and 0.52 nm right of the intended target..

1960 February 5 - . 21:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I C-4. FAILURE: Failure.
  • RVX-3 Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 February 6 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 13.9 N x 154.4 E. Launch Platform: VOKV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 38 km (23 mi).

1960 February 7 - .
  • Death of Igor Vasilyevich Kurchatov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kurchatov. Summary: Russian scientist. Father of Soviet atomic bomb at KB-11. Managed development of first hydrogen bomb. Design coordinated with Korolev's design bureau for use on R-7 ICBM..

1960 February 7 - . 11:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 11.6 N x 151.7 E. Launch Platform: VOKV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 44 km (27 mi).

1960 February 8 - . LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone MRLV.
  • Tests started for the mission abort sensing program for Mercury-Redstone - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: Tests were started by the Army Ballistic Missile Agency for the mission abort sensing program to be integrated in the Mercury-Redstone phase of Project Mercury..

1960 February 9 - .
  • Birth of Peggy Annette Whitson - . Nation: USA. Summary: American biochemist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EO-5, ISS EO-16. Biochemist, first female space station commander, American and female record for cumulative days in space, female record for number of spacewalks. 376 cumulative days in space..

1960 February 9 - . 17:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18B. Launch Pad: LC18B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18C. LV Configuration: Thor DM-18C 259.
  • Special test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi).

1960 February 10-11 - .
  • NASA Space Exploration Council - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. The first meeting of the NASA Space Exploration Council was held at NASA Headquarters. The objective of the Council was "to provide a mechanism for the timely and direct resolution of technical and managerial problems . . . common to all NASA Centers engaged in the space flight program." Additional details: here....

1960 February 10 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-11.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 February 11 - .
1960 February 11 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-4-11.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2359 kph. Maximum Altitude - 26858 m..

1960 February 12 - . 04:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 49D.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1960 February 13 - . 00:43 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34. LV Configuration: Aerobee AJ10-34 AA2.143C.
  • Ultraviolet airglow spectra Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1960 February 15 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Lunar Program Based on Saturn Systems - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Apollo. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Spacecraft: Apollo Lunar Landing. Summary: Study issued by Huntsville of lunar landing alternatives using Saturn systems. Huntsville transferred from Army to NASA. Vought study on modular approach to lunar landing. Internally NASA decides on lunar landing as next objective after Mercury..

1960 February 15 - .
  • Mercury landing system and post-landing equipment tests were completed. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury.

1960 February 15 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Able. LV Configuration: Atlas D / Able-5. FAILURE: Vehicle exploded in static firing.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Pioneer (P 31) - . Payload: Pioneer P 31. Nation: USA. Program: Pioneer. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Pioneer P 3. Decay Date: 1960-02-15 . COSPAR: F600215A.

1960 February 16 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 TATTLETALE PCC 2.
  • Signals intelligence test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 February 17 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.103C.
  • Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1960 February 17 - . 17:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-5-12.
  • X-15A SAS Evaluation test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 1667 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16045 m. Automatic shutdown of one chamber in upper XLR-11..

1960 February 18 - .
  • Mercury remote-site flight controllers appointed. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Training was inaugurated by a series of Space Task Group lectures that covered facilities, network systems, operations, and other details. In addition, a program was established for familiarization, orientation, and specialized instruction of the Department of Defense group of aeromedical staff personnel designated as members of flight controller teams.

1960 February 19 - . Launch Site: Laogang. LV Family: T-7. Launch Vehicle: T-7M.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: Shanghai. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi). The Shanghai design institute completed the first subscale experimental model of the T-7 sounding rocket. This would use a solid booster and liquid propellant sustainer stage. The rocket was fuelled using a bicycle pump. Launched from Laogang, on the coast, the missile reached 8 km altitude.

1960 February 19 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena A. LV Configuration: Thor Agena A 223 / Agena A 1054. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Discoverer 10 - . Payload: KH-1 9007. Mass: 765 kg (1,686 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-1. Decay Date: 1960-02-19 . COSPAR: F600219A. Summary: KH-1; Mission failed..
  • SRV 110 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: KH-1. COSPAR: F600219B.

1960 February 20 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar VLAD. Launch Vehicle: Burya. LV Configuration: Burya 10-02.
  • Burya flight 13 - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Summary: Planned to fly complete course with astronavigation system. Missile successfully flew 5,500 km..

1960 February 22 - . LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16.
  • State Commission to oversee R-16 tests established. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Council of Soviet Ministers (SM) Decree 236-89 'On creation of the State Commission for the R-16 ICBM' was issued..

1960 February 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI23. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 February 24 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I G-4.
  • RVX-4 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1960 February 25 - .
  • Soviet Air Force Cosmonaut Training Group 1 selected. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Anikeyev; Belyayev; Bondarenko; Bykovsky; Filatyev; Gagarin; Gorbatko; Kartashov; Khrunov; Komarov; Leonov; Nelyubov; Nikolayev; Popovich; Rafikov; Shonin; Titov; Varlamov; Volynov; Zaikin. The group was selected to provide pilot astronauts for the Vostok manned spaceflight program.. Qualifications: Military jet aircraft pilots under 30 years of age; under 170 cm tall; under 70 kg in weight.. While the Americans sought mature test pilots for their first spaceflights, the Soviets recruited young pilots with the intent of training them for a career as spacemen. There were 3,000 applicants following interviews with medical doctor teams that toured Soviet air bases beginning in August 1959. 102 were called for physical and psychological tests. 8 of these were selected, but then Chief Designer Korolev said he wanted a pool three times larger than the American Mercury cadre. Of the 20 selected, 12 would fly in space. Of the 8 that did not, 1 died in a ground fire in training; 3 were dismissed for disciplinary reasons; and 4 left following injuries in training.

1960 February 25 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC30A. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. LV Configuration: Pershing 1 105.
  • P-01 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi). Summary: First test launch of Army's Pershing tactical missile from Cape Canaveral..

1960 February 26 - . 17:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena A. LV Configuration: Atlas Agena A 29D / Agena A 1008. FAILURE: Second stage failed to separate.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Midas 1 - . Payload: Midas / Agena TV 1008. Mass: 2,025 kg (4,464 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Midas. Decay Date: 1960-02-26 . COSPAR: F600226A. Summary: Missile Defense Alarm System..

1960 February 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island.
  • Third Echo balloon test. - . Nation: USA. Summary: 100-foot-diameter inflatable sphere successfully launched on third suborbital test to an altitude of 225 miles, from NASA Wallops Station, Va. Radio transmissions were reflected via the sphere from Holmdel, N.J., to Round Hill, Mass..

1960 February 27 - . 06:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee Hi. LV Configuration: Aerobee Hi AA4.360C.
  • JHU Aurora 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1960 February 27 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Shotput. LV Configuration: Shotput 3.
  • E60 Echo spacecraft test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1960 February 29 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Eleven companies submitted contract proposals for the Saturn second stage - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Eleven companies submitted contract proposals for the Saturn second stage (S-IV): Bell Aircraft Corporation; The Boeing Airplane Company; Chrysler Corporation; General Dynamics Corporation, Convair Astronautics Division; Douglas Aircraft Company, Inc.; Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation; Lockheed Aircraft Corporation; The Martin Company; McDonnell Aircraft Corporation; North American Aviation, Inc.; and United Aircraft Corporation.

1960 February 29 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18B. Launch Pad: LC18B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18C. LV Configuration: Thor DM-18C 263.
  • Special test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi).

1960 March 1 - .
  • 20 Cosmonaut candidates report for Vostok training - . Nation: USSR. Program: Vostok. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Vostok.

1960 March - .
  • Qualification tests started on the Mercury escape tower rocket. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury; Mercury Escape Tower. These tests were completed at the end of July 1960. As a part of the qualification program, three escape-rocket motors were successfully fired on a spacecraft model at conditions corresponding to approximately 100,000 feet altitude in the Lewis Research Center altitude wind tunnel. One motor was tested on a four-component balance system to determine thrust misalignment of the rocket motor. According to test results, the rocket motor appeared to meet operational requirements.

1960 March-April - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury-Atlas working panels - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. The Mercury-Atlas working panels were reorganized into four groups: coordination, flight test, trajectory analysis, and change control. Each panel was composed of at least one representative from NASA (Space Task Group), McDonnell, Air Force Ballistic Missile Division, Space Technology Laboratory, and Convair-Astronautics.

1960 March - .
  • London Daily Mail Ideal Home Exhibition Space Vehicle. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Ideal Home Station. Summary: The London Daily Mail presented the Space Vehicle at its 1960 Ideal Home Exhibition, and an estimated 150 000 to 200 000 people passed through the vehicle.. Additional details: here....

1960 March 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-13.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 March 1 - . 22:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.01GS.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1960 March 2 - .
1960 March 2 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI22.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1960 March 2 - . 20:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LE-8. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18A. LV Configuration: Thor DM-18A 272.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: RAF. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi).

1960 March 3-5 - .
  • Advanced manned space flight program - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Heat Shield; CSM Source Selection. At a NASA staff conference at Monterey, Calif., officials discussed the advanced manned space flight program, the elements of which had been presented to Congress in January. The Goddard Space Flight Center was asked to define the basic assumptions to be used by all groups in the continuing study of the lunar mission. Some problems already raised were: the type of heatshield needed for reentry and tests required to qualify it, the kind of research and development firings, and conditions that would be encountered in cislunar flight. Additional details: here....

1960 March 3 - .
  • Korolev-Khruschev meeting on space plans. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Korolev; Khrushchev. Spacecraft: Kosmoplan. Korolev believed it would be truly possible with backing from the very top to have a large rocket in the USSR in a very short span of time. Unfortunately at the meeting Korolev made a slip of the tongue he would always regret, admitting that his plan had not been agreed among all of the Chief Designers. This resulted in Khrushchev throwing the matter back for a consensus plan.

1960 March 3 - . 22:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.02GS.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1960 March 4 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards TL2. Launch Pad: TL2?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1AT.
  • Silo test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 March 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI21.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1960 March 6 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar VLAD. Launch Vehicle: Burya. LV Configuration: Burya 10-04.
  • Burya flight 14 - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Summary: Planned to fly complete course with astronavigation system. Engine operation was rough due to high angle of attack (5-8°) of the diffuser. As a result, the flight was terminated at T+26 minutes after the missile had flown 1,500 km..

1960 March 8 - . 13:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC11. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 42D.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi). Summary: First USAF Atlas R&D flight using all-inertial guidance system..

1960 March 8 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I C-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • RVX-3 Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 March 9 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-14.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 March 11 - .
  • Pioneer V - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Pioneer V, launched as a probe of the space between Earth and Venus, began to provide invaluable information on solar flare effects, particle energies and distributions and magnetic phenomena. Pioneer V continued to transmit such data until on June 26, 1960, when at a distance of 22.5 million miles from Earth, it established a new communications record.

1960 March 11 - . 00:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 51D. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF.

1960 March 11 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Able IV. LV Configuration: Thor Able IV 219.
  • Pioneer 5 - . Payload: Pioneer P 2 / Able 6. Mass: 43 kg (94 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Pioneer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Pioneer 5. USAF Sat Cat: 27 . COSPAR: 1960-Alpha-1. Summary: Solar research. Solar Orbit (Heliocentric). Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B)..

1960 March 12 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 42.4 N x 179.7 E. Launch Platform: VOKV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 41 km (25 mi).

1960 March 15 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Saturn I transferred to NASA. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Apollo. The Army Ballistic Missile Agency's Development Operations Division and the Saturn program were transferred to NASA after the expiration of the 60-day limit for congressional action on the President's proposal of January 14. (The President's decision had been made on October 21, 1959.) By Executive Order, the President named the facilities the "George C. Marshall Space Flight Center." Formal transfer took place on July 1.

1960 March 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Pad: ALA3?. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone. LV Configuration: Redstone 2014.
  • T-1 Capsule operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Summary: Successful missile test with T-1 Capsule. Missed aimpoint by 295 m..

1960 March 16 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • The Space Task Group published recovery requirements for the Mercury-Atlas 1 (MA-1) flight test. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury.

1960 March 16 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 TATTLETALE PCC 3.
  • Signals intelligence test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 March 16 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 NASA 06.01UI.
  • UM ionosphere probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 337 km (209 mi).

1960 March 17 - . LV Family: Vanguard. Launch Vehicle: Vanguard.
  • Vanguard second anniversary. - . Nation: USA. Program: Vanguard. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Vanguard 1. Summary: VANGUARD I still in orbit and transmitting on its second anniversary after traveling 131,318,211 miles. NASA reported that VANGUARD I orbit was being altered by solar pressure..

1960 March 17 - . 01:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.10UI. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Dumbbell / Ion sphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 March 17 - . 16:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-6-13.
  • X-15A SAS Eval/Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2283 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16045 m. 6G maneuver test..

1960 March 17 - . 23:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7A. LV Configuration: R-7A L1-5.
  • R-7A I-4 test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,350 km (830 mi).

1960 March 18 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25B. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-15.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 March 19 - .
  • Mercury tracking agreements with foreign countries - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: United States-Spanish agreement on Project Mercury tracking station in Canary Islands was announced (1 of 16 similar agreements with other nations)..

1960 March 20 - .
1960 March 20 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1960 Spring - .
1960 March 22 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee 500. LV Configuration: Astrobee 500 Geodetic flares. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 March 22 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I G-5.
  • RVX-4 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: USAF Titan fired 5,000 statute miles / 8000 km and data capsule recovered..

1960 March 22 - . 01:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC6. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone. LV Configuration: Redstone 2020. FAILURE: Control system malfunction during re-entry at 373 sec..
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Summary: Missile test failure. Missed aimpoint by 315 m..

1960 March 23 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar VLAD. Launch Vehicle: Burya. LV Configuration: Burya 10-03.
  • Burya flight 15 - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi). Planned to fly complete course from Vladimirovka to Cape Ozerniy. Launch mass of the booster stage was 97,215 kg, and that of the crusie stage 34,680 kg. The second stage ignited at Mach 2.85. The booster stage engines cut-off at Mach 3.2. Stage separation occurred normally at T+101.3 seconds. The cruise stage astronavigation system acquired its guide stars at T+114 seconds. The cruise stage began level flight at 18 km altitude. The vehicle flew along its assigned 6,500 km route for 2 hours 4 minutes at an altitude of 18-24.5 km at Mach 3.2-3.15. At T+118 minutes, with the fuel completely exhausted, the ramjet flamed out. At T+121 minutes power was transferred to the emergency batteries and the vehicle was issued a destruct command, but the rudders did not work. Flight with a steady loss of altitude continued to T+124 minutes.

1960 March 23 - . 13:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26B. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Juno II. LV Configuration: Juno II AM-19C. FAILURE: Upper stage failed to ignite. Third stage failed to ignite due to loss of radio contact.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Explorer S-46 - . Payload: S-46. Mass: 16 kg (35 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: S-46. Decay Date: 1960-03-23 . COSPAR: F600323A.

1960 March 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant 5-stage.
  • Mercury model Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi).

1960 March 24 - . 02:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7A.
  • R-7A I-5 test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,350 km (830 mi).

1960 March 25 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25B. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-16.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 March 25 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.12GT.
  • Test / meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi). Summary: Aerobee 150-A, a new type, fired from new launch tower at Wallops Station, reached an altitude of 140 km and achieved rocket performance objectives as well as micrometeorite impact counts..

1960 March 25 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-3-8.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2124 kph. Maximum Altitude - 14822 m. Roll damper malfunctioned..

1960 March 27 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 42.1 N x 179.7 E. Launch Platform: VOKV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 45 km (27 mi).

1960 March 28 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Two H-1's fired together. - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Summary: Two of Saturn's first-stage engines passed initial static firing test of 7.83 seconds duration at Huntsville, Ala..

1960 March 28 - .
  • Mercury astronaut first open-water egress training. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Between March 28,1960 and April 1, 1960, the astronauts received their first open-water egress training in the Gulf of Mexico off the coast of Pensacola, Florida, in cooperation with the Navy's School of Aviation Medicine. The training was conducted in conditions of up to 10-foot swells, and no problems were experienced. The average egress time was about 4 minutes from a completely restrained condition in the spacecraft to being in the life raft.

1960 March 28 - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8D-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 March 29 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1. LV Configuration: Trailblazer 1 TB Ia?.
  • D58 Trailblazer re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1960 March 29 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: EAG-154. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-18. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Integrated test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 March 29 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-7-15.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2080 kph. Maximum Altitude - 15235 m..

1960 March 30 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 35.7 N x 180.0 E. Launch Platform: VOKV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 45 km (27 mi).

1960 March 31 - . 16:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-8-16.
  • X-15A SAS Gains test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2156 kph. Maximum Altitude - 15653 m. 3.5 to 5G pullouts to simulate reentry..

1960 April 1 - .
  • Mercury astronauts complete centrifuge training. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: Seven Mercury astronauts completed training session at the Navy Aviation Medical Acceleration Laboratory, Johnsville, Pa..

1960 April-May - .
  • Guidelines for an advanced manned spacecraft program - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Source Selection. Summary: Presentation by STG members of the guidelines for an advanced manned spacecraft program to NASA Centers..

1960 April 1 - .
  • USAF Dynasoar Astronaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gordon, Henry; Knight; Rogers; Thompson; Wood. The group was selected to provide pilots for X-20A Dyna-Soar spaceplane flights.. Qualifications: Assigned from pool of active USAF and NASA Test Pilots.. Ten test pilots (7 USAF, 3 NASA) underwent physical examinations in August 1959. Seven were secretly selected in April 1960.

1960 April - .
  • M-48 spaceplane draft project reviewed by expert commission. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Myasishchev. Spacecraft: M-48. It was clear that many technical problems had to be cleared incrementally before an operational vehicle could be fielded. Myasishchev’s team went ‘back to the drawing board’, the result being two alternative single-crew orbital spaceplanes (VKA-23 Design 1 and VKA-23 Design 2).

April 1960 - . LV Family: UR-200. Launch Vehicle: UR-200.
  • Chelomei plan for Organic Space System. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Khrushchev; Chelomei; Dementiev; Myasishchev. Spacecraft: Raketoplan. Chelomei visits Khrushchev in the Crimea and presents his ambitious plan for an Organic Space System - a space infrastructure serviced by an integrated family of launch vehicles and spacecraft. The system would include orbiting stations, space factories, winged rockets, and nuclear weapons stored in space with plenty of decoys to defeat any enemy counter-measures. UR-200 rockets would fulfil all roles in servicing this array of weapons. Dementiev supported Chelomei’s proposals, but the chief designer would need a factory to support fabrication of the rockets and spacecraft. Myasishchev’s bureau and its associated Khrunichev factory were an obvious choice, since the decision had been taken not to put the M-50 bomber or Buran cruise missile into production and the factory would soon be idle.

1960 April 1 - .
  • Mercury first production spacecraft delivered to NASA - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Summary: The first McDonnell production spacecraft was delivered to NASA at Wallops Island for the beach-abort test..

1960 April 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Shotput. LV Configuration: Shotput 4.
  • E60 Echo spacecraft test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1960 April 1 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Able II. LV Configuration: Thor Able II-M1 148.
  • Tiros 1 - . Payload: Tiros A (A-1). Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Tiros. USAF Sat Cat: 29 . COSPAR: 1960-Beta-2. Apogee: 696 km (432 mi). Perigee: 656 km (407 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 98.30 min. Summary: TV and Infrared Observation Satellite; returned 22952 cloud cover photos. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1960 April 5 - .
  • Preliminary specifications to modify the Mercury capsule by adding a reentry control navigation system. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Mercury Mark I. Preliminary specifications were issued by Space Task Group (STG) to modify the Mercury capsule by adding a reentry control navigation system. The modified capsule would obtain a small lifting capability (lift-over-drag ratio would equal approximately 0.26). The self-contained capsule navigation system would consist of a stable platform, a digital computer, a possible star tracker, and the necessary associated electronic equipment. Dispersion from the predicted impact point would be less than 10 miles. The prospective development called for a prototype to be delivered to NASA for testing in February 1961; and first qualified system, or Modification I, to be delivered by August 1961; and the final qualified system, or Modification II, to be delivered by January 1962. STG anticipated that four navigational systems (not including prototype or qualification units) would be required.

1960 April 5 - .
  • Houbolt paper on rendezvous in space with minimum expenditure of fuel - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Houbolt. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM; LM Mode Debate; LM Source Selection. John C. Houbolt of the Langley Research Center presented a paper at the National Aeronautical Meeting of the Society of Automotive Engineers in New York City in which the problems of rendezvous in space with the minimum expenditure of fuel were considered. Additional details: here....

1960 April 5 - .
  • Conditional approval for SAINT development. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: SAINT; SAINT II. As usual, Herbert York, McNamara's Director of Defense, Research, and Engineering, was hostile to the concept. It was approved only on the condition that Gerneral Schriever, Commander of the Air Research and Development Command, fund it from the existing budget by cutting back other programmes.

1960 April 5 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards TL1. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1AT.
  • Silo test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 April 6 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Four H-1's fired together. - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Summary: Four of the eight H-1 engines of the Saturn C-1 first-stage booster were successfully static-fired at Redstone Arsenal for seven seconds..

1960 April 7 - . 02:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 AA3.221.
  • Infrared studies Solar infrared mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi).

1960 April 8 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I C-5.
  • RVX-3 Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1960 April 8 - . 02:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC11. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 48D. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1960 April 9-16 - .
  • Detailed lunar charts published by the Air Force - . Nation: USA. Program: Lunex. Detailed lunar charts, consisting of 230 photographic sheets, were published by the Air Force and the University of Chicago Press. The atlas, in preparation under Air Force contract since April 1958, was assembled by Gerard P. Kuiper of the Yerkes Observatory.

1960 April 11 - .
  • USAF/NASA hypersonics conference. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Dynasoar. Summary: The Air Force and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration held a joint conference at the Langley Research Center, Virginia, to provide industry and government agencies with a progress report concerning manned hypervelocity and re-entry vehicles..

1960 April 12 - .
  • First production Mercury capsule delivered. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Mercury. Summary: First production model of McDonnell-built Mercury capsule was delivered to NASA..

1960 April 12 - . 03:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2C. LV Configuration: Skylark-2C SL51.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 218 km (135 mi).

1960 April 13 - . 12:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Able-Star. LV Configuration: Thor Ablestar 257 AB002?.
  • Transit 1B - . Mass: 121 kg (266 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. Duration: 89.00 days. Decay Date: 1967-10-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 31 . COSPAR: 1960-Gamma-2. Apogee: 644 km (400 mi). Perigee: 363 km (225 mi). Inclination: 51.2000 deg. Period: 94.60 min. The Able-Star second stage demonstrated the first engine restart in space and the feasibility of using satellites as navigational aids. The first experimental Transit satellite to achieve orbit operated for 89 days. It transmitted on two frequency pairs to test the technique for refraction correction and to determine if the transmitted frequencies should be close together or far apart. It also tested a magnetic torque device for spacecraft attitude control - the first satellite to do so.
  • Dummy subsatellite - . Payload: GRAB dummy. Mass: 18 kg (39 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: GRAB. Decay Date: 1960-07-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 33 . COSPAR: 1960-Gamma-3. Apogee: 615 km (382 mi). Perigee: 285 km (177 mi). Inclination: 51.3000 deg. Period: 93.60 min.

1960 April 13 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-4-9.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2018 kph. Maximum Altitude - 14630 m..

1960 April 14 - . 22:21 GMT - . Launch Site: San Clemente. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X.
  • Underwater test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1960 April 15 - .
  • Birth of Mikhail Borisovich Korniyenko - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1998-on. Graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute, 1987 Worked as an engineer at KBOM, then transferred to RKKE. Cosmonaut training completed November 19, 1999..

1960 April 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Pad: ALA3. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone. LV Configuration: Redstone 2021.
  • T-1 Capsule - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Summary: Successful missile test. Missed aimpoint by 17 m..

1960 April 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Luna 8K72. LV Configuration: Vostok-L 8K72 L1-9. FAILURE: The third stage RO-5 engine either did not reach full thrust or shut down early.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Luna failure - third stage insufficient delta V - . Payload: E-3 s/n 1. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Luna E-3. Decay Date: 1960-04-15 . COSPAR: F600415A. Summary: Reached an altitude of 200,000 km before plunging back to earth..

1960 April 15 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena A. LV Configuration: Thor Agena A 234 / Agena A 1055.
  • Discoverer 11 - . Payload: KH-1 9008 / Agena A 1055. Mass: 790 kg (1,740 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-1. Decay Date: 1960-04-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 32 . COSPAR: 1960-Delta-1. Apogee: 603 km (374 mi). Perigee: 166 km (103 mi). Inclination: 80.4000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Summary: KH-1; film capsule recovery failed. Mission failed. Attitude control system malfunctioned..

1960 April 16 - . 16:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Luna 8K72. LV Configuration: Vostok-L 8K72 L1-9A. FAILURE: Strap-on B reached only 75 percent of thrust at ignition. Four tenths of a second after liftoff it broke away from the core.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Luna failure at lift-off - . Payload: E-3 s/n 2. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Luna E-3. Decay Date: 1960-04-16 . COSPAR: F600419A. Summary: This dramatic failure resulted in a loss of thrust, and the lateral strap-on units separated and flew over the tracking stations and living areas. The core continued on its trajectory..

1960 April 18 - . LV Family: T-7. Launch Vehicle: T-7.
  • T-7 motor test - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. Summary: Tsien reviewed rocket development in Shanghai and views a T-7 motor test..

1960 April 18 - . 23:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X. LV Configuration: Scout X SX-1. FAILURE: Vehicle broke up after first-stage burnout.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Cub Scout test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 48 km (29 mi). Summary: Scout test vehicle, with live first and third stages. Suborbital..

1960 April 19 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee Hi. LV Configuration: Aerobee Hi NN3.60.
  • NN3.60 Pinhole camera Solar ultraviolet / solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1960 April 19 - . 16:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-5-10.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2718 kph. Maximum Altitude - 18134 m..

1960 April 20-22 - .
  • IAS / NASA / RAND Corporation Manned Space Stations Symposium. - . Nation: USA. The Institute of the Aeronautical Sciences, NASA, and the RAND Corporation sponsored a Manned Space Stations Symposium featuring leading aeronautical and aerospace scientists and engineers from across the country. They examined the entire subject from present planning and future steps through engineering feasibility, operational techniques, designs, costs, and utilitarian considerations. This conference marked one of the focal points in American space station thinking up to that time.

1960 April 20 - . Launch Site: Santa Barbara Channel DZ. Launch Pad: EAFB. Launch Platform: F-104. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: ALSOR. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Model A (F4) test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1960 April 21 - .
  • SAINT System Development Requirement issued. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: SAINT; SAINT II. Summary: It also allowed follow-on manned systems to be pursued..

1960 April 21 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark-2 SL62.
  • Grenades / Chaff Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1960 April 21 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 AA3.283C.
  • Magnetometer Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1960 April 21 - . 20:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I G-6.
  • RVX-4 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1960 April 22 - . 19:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 25D.
  • Initial operational capability operational readiness test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1960 April 23 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.10GT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi). Summary: NASA fired first of five Aerobee-Hi sounding rockets from Wallops Station in program to measure ultraviolet radiation..

1960 April 25 - .
  • USAF authorizes FSD of Dynasoar - . Nation: USA. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Dynasoar.

1960 April 26 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Douglas to build the second stage (S-IV) of the Saturn C-1 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Summary: NASA announced the selection of the Douglas Aircraft Company to build the second stage (S-IV) of the Saturn C-1 launch vehicle..

1960 April 26 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Gosling. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Porous re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 43 km (26 mi).

1960 April 26 - . 01:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-22.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 April 27 - .
  • Dynasoar passes first design review. - . Nation: USA. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Dynasoar. Summary: Completion of technical review of Dyna-Soar program announced by the Air Force..

1960 April 27 - .
  • Explorer XI - . Nation: USA. Various gamma ray detectors were carried aboard Explorer XI on its orbital flight. These detectors found a directional flux of gamma radiation in space and thereby provided serious evidence against one formulation of the 'steady state' cosmological theory.

1960 April 27 - . 04:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.04GG.
  • Ultraviolet star photometer Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1960 April 28 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Nike Zeus. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus. LV Configuration: Nike Zeus 6.
  • First Silo launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 April 28 - . 20:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I C-6.
  • RVX-3 Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1960 April 29 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • All eight H-1 engines of the Saturn C-1 first stage ground-tested simultaneously - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Summary: At Redstone Arsenal, all eight H-1 engines of the first stage of the Saturn C-1 launch vehicle were static-fired simultaneously for the first time and achieved 1.3 million pounds of thrust..

1960 April 29 - .
  • Mercury tracking agreements completed. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: Milestone achieved in completion of interim or formal agreements concluded for all oversea Mercury tracking stations..

1960 April 29 - .
  • Agreements concluded for all overseas Mercury tracking stations - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Construction was proceeding on schedule at Cape Canaveral, Bermuda, Grand Canary Islands, the Woomera and Muchea Australian sites, and at the demonstration site on Wallops Island, Virginia. The survey of Guaymas in Western Mexico completed that phase of the program, but the construction was yet to be accomplished.

1960 April 29 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.09GA.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1960 April 29 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-23.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 April - .
  • MIT Report on space guidance and control design - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM; LM Guidance; LM Source Selection. A study report was issued by the MIT Instrumentation Laboratory on guidance and control design for a variety of space missions. This report, approved by C. Stark Draper, Director of the Laboratory, showed that a vehicle, manned or unmanned, could have significant onboard navigation and guidance capability.

1960 April 30 - . Launch Site: Santa Barbara Channel DZ. Launch Pad: EAFB. Launch Platform: F-104. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: ALSOR.
  • Model A (F5) test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1960 April 30 - . 03:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-25.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 May 1 - .
  • American U-2 spy plane, piloted by Francis Gary Powers, shot down over Russia - . Nation: USSR.

1960 May - .
  • Production of the manned space flight configuration of the Mercury pressure suit was started. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury Space Suit. The astronauts and medical personnel who had tested the developmental suits received in November 1959 recommended a number of changes to increase the physical mobility of the astronaut before the production effort began. Evaluation of the test suits with the suggested modifications indicated that the mobility and suit-spacecraft compatibility had been greatly enhanced. The stretching which once had been a problem area had been significantly decreased.

1960 May 1 - . Launch Site: Black Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 45.0 N x 35.0 E. LV Family: R-21. Launch Vehicle: R-21. LV Configuration: R-21 K-1.1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1960 May 2 - .
  • Proposed advanced manned spacecraft program presented to von Braun - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Source Selection. Members of STG presented the proposed advanced manned spacecraft program to Wernher von Braun and 25 of his staff at Marshall Space Flight Center. During the ensuing discussion, the merits of a completely automatic circumlunar mission were compared with those of a manually operated mission. Further discussions were scheduled.

1960 May 2 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D. LV Configuration: OPd-56-39-22D 004.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 May 3 - .
  • Proposed advanced manned spacecraft program presented to Lewis Research Center - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Source Selection. STG members presented the proposed advanced manned spacecraft program to the Lewis Research Center staff. Work at the Center applicable to the program included: analysis and preliminary development of the onboard propulsion system, trajectory analysis, and development of small rockets for midcourse and attitude control propulsion.

1960 May 4 - .
  • Ranger project named - . Nation: USA. Program: Ranger. Spacecraft: Ranger 3-4-5. Clifford I. Cummings, Jet Propulsion Laboratory spacecraft program director, announced at a meeting of the Aviation Writers Association in Los Angeles, Calif., that the spacecraft which would carry television and a detachable instrumented capsule to be crash-landed on the moon would be called "Ranger."

1960 May 5 - .
  • Birth of Douglas Harry Wheelock - . Nation: USA. Summary: American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-120, ISS EO-24. US Army..

1960 May 5 - .
  • STG and Grumman discuss advanced spacecraft programs - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gilruth; Faget; Chamberlin. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM; LM Source Selection. Robcrt R. Gilruth, Paul E. Purser, James A. Chamberlin, Maxime A. Faget, and H. Kurt Strass of STG met with a group from the Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation to discuss advanced spacecraft programs. Grumman had been working on guidance requirements for circumlunar flights under the sponsorship of the Navy and presented Strass with a report of this work.

1960 May 5 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D. LV Configuration: OPd-56-39-22D 005.
  • Date may be 19 May - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 May 6 - . LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Minuteman Mockup - . Nation: USA. Summary: 8th and last launch of mockup.

1960 May 6 - . 16:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 23D. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Initial operational capability operational readiness test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1960 May 6 - . 17:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-6-11. FAILURE: Trouble shedding the ventral fin..
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2336 kph. Maximum Altitude - 18574 m..

1960 May 7 - . 02:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards TL1. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1AT.
  • Silo test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 May 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island.
  • Beach Abort 1 - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Mercury. First production model of Project Mercury spacecraft was successfully launched from NASA Wallops Station to test escape, landing, and recovery systems. Known as the "beach abort" shot, the Mercury capsule reached 775 m before parachute landing and pickup by Marine helicopter returned it to Wallops' hangar 17 minutes after launch.

1960 May 9 - .
  • Mercury Pad Abort 1 - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury; Mercury Escape Tower. McDonnell's first production spacecraft, with its escape rocket serving as the propulsion force, was launched from Wallops Island. Designated the beach-abort test, the objectives were a performance evaluation of the escape system, the parachute and landing system, and recovery operations in an off-the-pad abort situation. The test was successful.

1960 May 9 - .
  • Elektron satellite approved. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Elektron-A; Elektron-B. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On approval of work on the Elektron scientific satellite' was issued. The two spacecraft were designed to be deployed in a single launch of a Vostok booster. The spacecraft had the specific task of mapping the Van Alen radiation belts at higher inclinations than that achieved by US satellites of the time (60 degrees vs 30 degrees latitude). Design work began in July 1960.

1960 May 10 - . LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78.
  • Molniya 8K78 draft project completed - . Nation: USSR. Summary: The original design was intended for launch of unmanned probes toward Mars, but it had universal uses..

1960 May 12 - . 16:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 35.3 N x 116.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-7-12.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 3397 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23738 m..

1960 May 13 - . 09:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta. LV Configuration: Thor Delta 144/D1. FAILURE: Second stage attitude control failure.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Echo 1 - . Payload: A-10. Mass: 56 kg (123 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Echo. Decay Date: 1960-05-13 . COSPAR: F600513A.

1960 May 13 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I G-7.
  • RVX-4 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1960 May 14 - .
  • Mercury spacecraft used in the beach-abort test returned for an integrity test. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury; Mercury Escape Tower. Summary: The first production Mercury spacecraft, used in the beach-abort test, was returned to the McDonnell plant for an integrity test..

1960 May 15 - .
  • Death of V Zavadovski. Reported killed in an orbital flight sometime in 1960/1961. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Zavadovski. Summary: Russian phantom cosmonaut. Phantom cosmonaut. 1959 Moscow newspaper showed a Zavadovski testing high altitude equipment. Later presumed to have died on Korabl Sputnik 1 in May 1960..

1960 May 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8K72. LV Configuration: Vostok 8K72 L1-11.
  • Korabl-Sputnik 1 - . Payload: Vostok 1KP. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: Vostok. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Vostok. Duration: 1,979.00 days. Decay Date: 1962-09-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 34 . COSPAR: 1960-Epsilon-1. Apogee: 514 km (319 mi). Perigee: 284 km (176 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 92.50 min. The Soviet Union launched a Vostok 1KP prototype manned spacecraft (without heat shield; not recoverable) into near-earth orbit. Called Sputnik IV by the Western press. On May 19, at 15:52 Moscow time, the spacecraft was commanded to retrofire. However the guidance system had oriented the spacecraft incorrectly and the TDU engine instead put the spacecraft into a higher orbit. Soviet scientists said that conditions in the cabin, which had separated from the remainder of the spacecraft, were normal.
    Officially: Development and checking of the main systems of the space ship satellite, which ensure its safe flight and control in flight, return to Earth and conditions needed for a man in flight.

1960 May 16-17 - .
  • Meeting on space rendezvous at Langley - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. The consensus of the meeting was that the rendezvous technique would be essential in the foreseeable future and that experiments should be made to establish feasibility and develop the technique. There was as yet no funding for my rendezvous flight test program. Additional details: here....

1960 May 16 - .
  • Khrushchev kills Paris summit conference because of U-2 - . Nation: USSR.

1960 May 17 - . Launch Site: North Atlantic Drop Zone. LV Family: Hound Dog. Launch Vehicle: Hound Dog. LV Configuration: Hound Dog 015.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 May 18 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25B. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-30.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 May 19 - . 16:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 35.3 N x 116.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-8-13.
  • X-15A Alt Buildup test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 33 km (20 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2558 kph. Maximum Altitude - 33222 m..

1960 May 20 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 56D.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi). Summary: Atlas ICBM fired 9,040 statute miles from AMR to Indian Ocean, with operational weight nose cone plus instrumentation, longest known flight of an ICBM to date. Missile attained an apogee of about 1,000 miles..

1960 May 23 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: EAG-154. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-17.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 May 24 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201/C. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201/C BK.08. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 563 km (349 mi).

1960 May 24 - . 16:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 AA3.183C.
  • Ionosphere / solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 269 km (167 mi).

1960 May 24 - . 17:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena A. LV Configuration: Atlas Agena A 45D / Agena A 1007.
  • Midas 2 - . Payload: Midas / Agena TV 1007. Mass: 2,300 kg (5,000 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Midas. Decay Date: 1974-02-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 43 . COSPAR: 1960-Zeta-1. Apogee: 494 km (306 mi). Perigee: 473 km (293 mi). Inclination: 33.0000 deg. Period: 94.30 min. Summary: Missile Defense Alarm System. Test launch with W-17 sensor..

1960 May 25 - .
  • Advanced Vehicle Team to make preliminary design for advanced multiman spacecraft - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gilruth; Maynard. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. Summary: STG formed the Advanced Vehicle Team, reporting directly to Robert R. Gilruth, Director of the Mercury program. The Team would conduct research and make preliminary design studies for an advanced multiman spacecraft.. Additional details: here....

1960 May 25 - . 00:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.24CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

1960 May 25 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.04GS.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1960 May 26 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • First public demonstration of the H-1 engine - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Summary: Eight H-1 engines of the first stage of the Saturn C-1 launch vehicle were static-fired for 35.16 seconds, producing 1.3 million pounds of thrust. This first public demonstration of the H-1 took place at Marshall Space Flight Center..

1960 May 26 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Assembly of the first Saturn flight booster began - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Apollo. Summary: Assembly of the first Saturn flight booster, SA-1, began at Marshall Space Flight Center..

1960 May 26 - . 17:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-9-18.
  • X-15A SAS, High alpha, BCS test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2336 kph. Maximum Altitude - 15631 m. First test of reaction control system..

1960 May 27 - . 04:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NRL 59.
  • NRL 49? Extreme ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1960 May 27 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.05GG.
  • Ultraviolet star photometer Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1960 May 27 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I G-9.
  • RVX-4 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1960 May 28 - . 18:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-07.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1960 May 30 - .
  • Korolev space development plan - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Chelomei; Korolev; Yangel. Spacecraft: Kosmoplan. Summary: Korolev revised his earlier, disapproved plan with one that now included participation of his rivals, Chelomei and Yangel..

1960 May 31 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island.
  • Echo development flight. - . Nation: USA. Summary: 100-foot inflatable sphere launched from NASA Wallops Station to an altitude of 210 miles to test payload configuration carrying two beacon transmitters, a development flight of Project Echo..

1960 May 31 - . LV Family: Saturn I; Saturn V.
  • Selection of Rocketdyne for the J-2 rocket engine - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Summary: NASA selected Rocketdyne Division of NAA to develop the J-2, a 200,000-pound-thrust rocket engine, burning liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen. (A decision was later made to use the J-2 in the upper stages of the Saturn C-5.).

1960 May 31 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Shotput. LV Configuration: Shotput 5.
  • E60 Echo spacecraft test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1960 June - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2.
  • Martin awarded a contract to develop the Titan 2 ICBM. - . Nation: USA.

Summer 1960 - . Launch Vehicle: DF-1.
  • Beijing-Jiuquan rail link - . Nation: China. Summary: The railway from Beijing to the Chinese missile launch site at Jiuquan is completed. The trip to the site takes four to five days..

1960 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1960 June 2 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Pad: ALA3. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone. LV Configuration: Redstone 2022.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi). Summary: Successful missile test. Missed aimpoint by 336 m..

1960 June 3 - .
  • As of this date, the funding status of Contract NAS 5-59, Mercury spacecraft, was $75,565,196. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury.

1960 June 4 - . LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78.
  • Molniya launch vehicle and initial Vostok flights approved. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Vostok. Summary: Central Committee and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 587-238 'On the Realisation of the Plan to Master Cosmic Space in 1960 and the First Half of 1961 -creation of a four-stage launcher for interplanetary missions and schedule for the Korabl-Sputniks'.

1960 June 4 - . 15:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7. LV Configuration: R-7 L1-9.
  • UBP (Readiness) operational test launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,350 km (830 mi). Summary: R-7 readiness verification test..

1960 June 6 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials test launch 1 - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 June 6 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.17GE.
  • SBE Solar Beam Experiment Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1960 June 7 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-27. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1960 June 8 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Full Saturn I engine cluster full duration test. - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Summary: Complete eight-engine static firing of Saturn successfully conducted for 110 seconds at MSFC, the longest firing to date..

1960 June 8 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan.
  • Martin to develop the Dyna-Soar booster airframe. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Dynasoar. Summary: The Air Force gave the Martin Company responsibility for the development of the Dyna-Soar booster airframe..

1960 June 9 - .
1960 June 9 - .
  • United States Weather Bureau support of Project Mercury. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. The United States Weather Bureau estimated that it would require $50,000 during fiscal year 1961 in support of Project Mercury. Bureau responsibilities included weather forecasting for Mercury launching and recovery activities, climatological studies along the area of the Mercury ground track, and environmental studies of specified areas. With reference to the last item, a study was completed in early August 1960 of annual conditions along the Atlantic Missile Range including wind velocity, visibility and cloud coverage.

1960 June 10 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Pad: LA?. LV Family: Matador. Launch Vehicle: Matador. LV Configuration: Matador GM-54-125.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1960 June 11 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC11. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 54D.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1960 June 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI20.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1960 June 14 - . LV Family: Kosmos 2; Kosmos 3; R-16; R-9.
  • Development of Silo-Launched IRBM's and ICBM's approved. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: State Committee for Defence Technology (GKOT) Decree 'On creation of shaft units (silos) for the R-12, R-14, R-16, and R-9 missiles' was issued..

1960 June 15 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Saturn C-1 first stage completed test series - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Apollo. Summary: The Saturn C-1 first stage successfully completed its first series of static tests at the Marshall Space Flight Center with a 122-second firing of all eight H-1 engines..

1960 June 15 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • Carried dogs (Otvazhnaya and one unnamed). - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / solar / biology mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1960 June 15 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NC3.107.
  • NRL-57 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi).

1960 June 15 - . 22:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 NASA 06.02UI.
  • UM ionosphere probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1960 June 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI19.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1960 June 16 - . 12:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark-2 SL10.
  • Sodium release / Meteorites Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 June 18 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Atlas launch vehicle 50-D was delivered for the first Mercury-Atlas mission (MA-1). - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury.

1960 June 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI25.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 June 19 - .
  • Birth of Heike Walpot - . Nation: Germany. Summary: German physician payload specialist astronaut, 1987-1993..

1960 June 20 - .
  • Tests were completed on the Mercury spacecraft horizon scanner. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Summary: A sandblast technique was employed in these tests, and measurements revealed that transmissibility was reduced in direct proportion to the area sand blasted. Tests covered 25, 50, and 75 percent of a germanium specimen..

1960 Summer - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Boilerplate Apollo spacecraft to be used on Saturn C-1 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. H. Kurt Strass of STG and John H. Disher of NASA Headquarters proposed that boilerplate Apollo spacecraft be used in some of the forthcoming Saturn C-1 hunches. (Boilerplates are research and development vehicles which simulate production spacecraft in size, shape, structure, mass, and center of gravity.) These flight tests would provide needed experience with Apollo systems and utilize the Saturn boosters effectively. Four or five such tests were projected. On October 5, agreement was reached between members of Marshall Space Flight Center and STG on tentative Saturn vehicle assignments and flight plans.

1960 June 21 - .
  • Radiation and its effect on manned space flight - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Heat Shield; CSM Source Selection. Robert O. Piland, Head of the STG Advanced Vehicle Team, and Stanley C. White of STG attended a meeting in Washington, D. C., sponsored by the NASA Office of Life Sciences Programs, to discuss radiation and its effect on manned space flight. Their research showed that it would be impracticable to shield against the inner Van Allen belt radiation but possible to shield against the outer belt with a moderate amount of protection. Additional details: here....

1960 June 21 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201/C. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201/C BK.09.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 484 km (300 mi).

1960 June 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI26.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 June 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Nike Zeus. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus. LV Configuration: Nike Zeus 8. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 June 22 - . 05:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Able-Star. LV Configuration: Thor Ablestar 281 AB003?.
  • Transit 2A - . Mass: 101 kg (222 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 45 . COSPAR: 1960-Eta-1. Apogee: 988 km (613 mi). Perigee: 604 km (375 mi). Inclination: 66.7000 deg. Period: 100.80 min. Summary: Also returned geodetic data. Similar to Transit 1B, it transmitted until 26 October 1962. A planned Transit 2B was considered redundant and never built..
  • Solrad 1 - . Payload: GRAB 1. Mass: 19 kg (41 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: GRAB. USAF Sat Cat: 46 . COSPAR: 1960-Eta-2. Apogee: 935 km (580 mi). Perigee: 596 km (370 mi). Inclination: 66.7000 deg. Period: 100.20 min. Summary: Solar radiation data. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1960 June 22 - . 14:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 62D. FAILURE: Electrical Failure.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi). Summary: 50th Atlas to be flown at AMR, successful.

1960 June 22 - . 23:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18A. LV Configuration: Thor DM-18A 233.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: RAF. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi).

1960 June 23 - . LV Family: UR-200. Launch Vehicle: UR-200.
  • Chelomei Raketoplan, UR-200 ICBM, and IS antisatellite system authorised. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Raketoplan; IS-A. Summary: Decree 715-295 'On approval of preliminary work on the Raketoplan, UR-200 ICBM, and IS anti-satellite system' was issued..

1960 June 23 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Korolev tries to obtain support for a military orbital station - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Korolev. Spacecraft: OS. Korolev wrote to the Ministry of Defence, trying to obtain support for a military orbital station (OS). The station would have a crew of 3 to 5, orbited at 350 to 400 km altitude. The station would conduct military reconnaissance, control other spacecraft in orbit, and undertake basic space research. The N-I version of the station would have a mass of 25 to 30 tonnes and the N-II version 60 to 70 tonnes. Korolev pointed out that his design bureau had already completed a draft project, in which 14 work brigades had participated.

1960 June 23 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Soviet plan for mastery of space issued. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Chelomei; Korolev; Yangel. Spacecraft: TMK-E. Decree 715-296 'On the Production of Various Launch Vehicles, Satellites, Spacecraft for the Military Space Forces in 1960-1967' authorised design of a range of spacecraft and launch vehicles by Korolev, Yangel, and Chelomei. The decree included the N1 (development of launch vehicles of up to 2,000 tonnes liftoff mass and 80 tonne payload, using conventional chemical propellants) and nuclear reactors for space power and propulsion.

1960 June 23 - . 02:22 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: EAG-154. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-32.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 June 23 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11A.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1960 June 23 - . 05:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25B. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-34.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 June 23 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A. LV Configuration: R-2A No. 13.
  • Ionosphere / aeronomy / biological mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1960 June 24 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I G-10.
  • RVX-4 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1960 June 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • Carried dogs, final operational R-2A launch. - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1960 June 24 - . 06:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.06GG.
  • Ultraviolet star photometer Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1960 June 26 - . 06:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1. LV Configuration: Trailblazer 1 TB Ib.
  • D58 Trailblazer re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 294 km (182 mi).

1960 June 27 - .
  • Mercury Project Orbit - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. As a complement to the Mercury spacecraft reliability program, a decision was made that one production spacecraft would be withdrawn from the operational program for extensive testing. The test environment would involve vacuum, heat, and vibration conditions. This test series was later designated 'Project Orbit.'

1960 June 27 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 June 27 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NC3.108.
  • NRL-58 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1960 June 27 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp AA8.243. FAILURE: Failure.
  • NAsp-III Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1960 June 28 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 27D.
  • Research and development / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1960 June 28 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp AA8.242.
  • NAsp-II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1960 June 29 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena A. LV Configuration: Thor Agena A 160 / Agena A 1053. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Discoverer 12 - . Payload: KH-1 prototype. Mass: 790 kg (1,740 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-1. Decay Date: 1960-06-29 . COSPAR: F600629A. Summary: KH-1 prototype; designed to test capsule recovery system; did not carry camera..
  • SRV - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: KH-1. COSPAR: F600629B.

1960 June 30 - .
  • Mercury spacecraft No. 2 was delivered to Huntsville. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Summary: Spacecraft No. 2 was delivered to the Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Alabama, for compatibility tests with the Redstone launch vehicle, and was shipped to Cape Canaveral on July 23, 1960..

1960 July 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg.
  • Major expansion of Pacific Missile Range - . Nation: USA. Summary: Major expansion of Pacific Missile Range with acquisition of Eniwetok and Kwajalein Atolls in the Marshall Islands by the United States Navy for instrumentation complexes (in support of Air Force launches from Vandenberg AFB)..

1960 July - . LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7A.
  • Flight test series of production R-7A ICBM completed - . Nation: USSR. Summary: 15 launches were in the flight test series, with 14 successes. These rockets were completed at Aviation Factory Number 1, 'Progress', in Kuibyshev (Samara)..

1960 July 1 - . 14:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 AA3.107.
  • Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1960 July 1 - . 17:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC20. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I J-2. FAILURE: Destroyed 90 m above pad. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Mk 4 re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). Summary: Titan 1 J (Mk 4 RV).

1960 July 2 - . 00:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-1. LV Configuration: Scout X-1 ST-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,380 km (850 mi).

1960 July 2 - . 06:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC11. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 60D.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1960 July 4 - .
  • Russia- sounding rocket test. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Soviet Tass announced that Russia last month successfully launched a new 4,400-pound-thrust rocket carrying a rabbit and two dogs to a reported altitude of 124.8 miles..

1960 July 5 - .
  • Death of Kurt A Lindner - . Nation: Czech Republic; . Related Persons: Lindner. Summary: German-American engineer. Member of the von Braun's Rocket Team, became director of the Guidance and Control Laboratory of the Research and Development Division at Huntsville..

1960 July 5 - . LV Family: Hawk; Nova; Saturn C-3; Saturn I; Saturn V.
  • House recommends a high priority manned expedition to the moon - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. The House Committee on Science and Astronautics declared: "A high priority program should be undertaken to place a manned expedition on the moon in this decade. A firm plan with this goal in view should be drawn up and submitted to the Congress by NASA. Such a plan, however, should be completely integrated with other goals, to minimize total costs. The modular concept deserves close study. Particular attention should be paid immediately to long lead-time phases of such a program." The Committee also recommended that development of the F-1 engine be expedited in expectation of the Nova launch vehicle, that there be more research on nuclear engines and less conventional engines before freezing the Nova concept, and that the Orion project be turned over to NASA. It was the view of the Committee that "NASA's 10-year program is a good program, as far as it goes, but it does not go far enough. Furthermore the space program is not being pushed with sufficient energy."

1960 July 5 - . 15:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7A.
  • R-7A I-6 test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,350 km (830 mi).

1960 July 6 - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone. LV Configuration: Redstone 1019.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Summary: Successful missile test. Missed aimpoint by 176 m..

1960 July 7 - .
1960 July 7 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: EAG-154. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-39. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 July 7 - . 15:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7A.
  • R-7A I-7 test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,350 km (830 mi).

1960 July 8 - . LV Family: Saturn C-3; Saturn I; Saturn V.
  • Kiwi-A Prime tested at full power. - . Nation: USA. Program: NERVA. Summary: Second experimental reactor (Kiwi-A Prime) in the Project Rover nuclear rocket program was successfully tested at full power and duration at Jackass Flats, Nev..

1960 July 9 - .
1960 July 9 - .
  • NASA selects companies for competitive design studies of Surveyor - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Surveyor. After reviewing proposals by 37 companies, NASA awarded contracts to the Hughes Aircraft Company, McDonnell Aircraft Corporation, North American Aviation, Inc., and Space Technology Laboratories, Inc., for preliminary competitive design studies of an instrumented soft-landing lunar spacecraft, the Surveyor. The companies were scheduled to submit their reports in December.

1960 July 9 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.04GA.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1960 July 11 - .
  • Surveyor project starts. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Surveyor. Summary: NASA selected Hughes, North American, Space Technology Laboratory, and McDonnell to study designs for the first lunar soft-landing spacecraft..

1960 July 11 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Atlas operational plans given high priority - . Nation: USA. Summary: M. Gen. Tom Gerrity appointed head of new BMC for operational site selection through turnover.

1960 July 11 - . 04:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 July 12 - .
  • Mercury astronaut desert survival training - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. The astronauts underwent a five and one half day course in 'desert survival' training at the Air Training Command Survival School, Stead Air Force Base, Nevada. The possibility of an arid-area landing was remote but did exist. So this training was accomplished to supply the astronaut with the confidence and ability to survive desert conditions until recovery. The course consisted of one and one half days of academics, one day of field demonstrations, and three days of isolated remote-site training. Survival equipment normally installed in the Mercury spacecraft was used to provide the most realistic conditions.

1960 July 13 - . 00:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.403.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1960 July 13 - . 14:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Strongarm. Launch Vehicle: Strongarm. LV Configuration: Strongarm OB11.03. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA BRL. Apogee: 670 km (410 mi).

1960 July 14-15 - . LV Family: Saturn C-3; Saturn I; Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn C-2.
  • Space Exploration Program Council - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. The third meeting of the Space Exploration Program Council was held at NASA Headquarters. The question of a speedup of Saturn C-2 production and the possibility of using nuclear upper stages with the Saturn booster were discussed. The Office of Launch Vehicle Programs would plan a study on the merits of using nuclear propulsion for some of NASA's more sophisticated missions. If the study substantiated such a need, the amount of in-house basic research could then be determined.

1960 July 14 - . 02:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Strongarm. Launch Vehicle: Strongarm. LV Configuration: Strongarm OB11.04. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA BRL. Apogee: 710 km (440 mi).

1960 July 14 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.409.
  • Firefly FRANCES Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1960 July 15 - .
  • Birth of Dr Alexander William Dunlap - . Nation: USA. Summary: American physician payload specialist astronaut, 1996-1998. Candidate specialist for STS-90 Neurolab..

1960 July 15 - .
  • USAF Air Staff approval for SAINT development - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: SAINT; SAINT II.

1960 July 15 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11A.
  • Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1960 July 15 - . 06:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25B. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-42.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 July 15 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.401.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1960 July 17 - . 04:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1960 July 18 - . 10:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.405.
  • Firefly CARRY Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1960 July 19 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-41.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 July 20 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AEC probe.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AEC. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1960 July 20 - . 17:39 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 598. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1E-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 July 20 - . 20:34 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 598. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1E-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 July 21 - .
  • Dyna-Soar three-step approach. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Dynasoar. Summary: Air Force headquarters issued System Development Requirement 19, which sanctioned the three-step approach..

1960 July 21 - . 01:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.413.
  • Firefly IDA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1960 July 21 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.406.
  • Firefly LILY Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1960 July 22 - . 04:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.18GE.
  • SBE-2 Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 July 22 - . 10:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.402.
  • Firefly HEDY Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1960 July 22 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Iris. Launch Vehicle: Iris. LV Configuration: Iris NASA 5.01GT.
  • Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi). Summary: First flight of NASA's Iris sounding rocket successful..

1960 July 22 - . 23:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 74D. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Initial operational capability operational readiness test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 July 23 - . LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone MRLV.
  • Mercury spacecraft No. 2 delivered to Cape Canaveral - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Summary: Mercury spacecraft No. 2 was delivered to Cape Canaveral for the Mercury-Redstone 1-A (MR-1A) mission..

1960 July 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1960 July 25 - .
  • Name Apollo approved for the advanced manned space flight program - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Glennan; Goett; Silverstein. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Source Selection. NASA Director of Space Flight Programs Abe Silverstein notified Harry J. Goett, Director of the Goddard Space Flight Center, that NASA Administrator T. Keith Glennan had approved the name "Apollo" for the advanced manned space flight program. The program would be so designated at the forthcoming NASA-Industry Program Plans Conference.

1960 July 25 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.420.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1960 July 25 - . 11:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201 BK.07.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 531 km (329 mi).

1960 July 26 - . 10:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.421.
  • Firefly JANET Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1960 July 27 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.425.
  • Firefly DOLLY Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1960 July 28-29 - .
  • Announcement of the Apollo program to American industry - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Low, George. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Source Selection. The first NASA-Industry Program Plans Conference was held in Washington, D.C. The purpose was to give industrial management an overall picture of the NASA program and to establish a basis for subsequent conferences to be held at various NASA Centers. The current status of NASA programs was outlined, including long-range planning, launch vehicles, structures and materials research, manned space flight, and life sciences.

    NASA Deputy Administrator Hugh L. Dryden announced that the advanced manned space flight program had been named "Apollo." George M. Low, NASA Chief of Manned Space Flight, stated that circumlunar flight and earth orbit missions would be carried out before 1970. This program would lead eventually to a manned lunar landing and a permanent manned space station. Additional details: here....


1960 July 28 - .
  • Apollo Program Announced - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Silverstein. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Source Selection. Summary: Name 'Apollo' selected by Silverstein. Conference with aerospace industry outlined NASA's plans for circumlunar and lunar flight..

1960 July 28 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Platform: F4D-1 747. Launch Vehicle: Caleb. LV Configuration: Caleb NOTS EV-II.
  • TV-1 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN NOTS. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi). Summary: Research and Development Flight (TV-1).

1960 July 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8K72. LV Configuration: Vostok 8K72 L1-10. FAILURE: At ignition one of the combustion chambers in strap on Block B or G burned through. The strap on separated from the core at 17 seconds into the flight and the launch vehicle exploded at 28.5 seconds.. Failed Stage: 0.
  • Korabl-Sputnik - . Payload: Vostok 1K s/n 1. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: Vostok. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Vostok. Decay Date: 1960-07-23 . COSPAR: F600728A. Summary: First attempted flight of the Vostok 1K manned spacecraft prototype. Dogs Chaika and Lisichka perished in the explosion of the rocket..

1960 July 28 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.419.
  • Firefly AMY Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1960 July 28 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: Long Tom. LV Configuration: Long Tom LT12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1960 July 28 - . 21:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC20. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I J-4. FAILURE: 130 km range. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Mk 4 re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Titan 1 J (Mk 4 RV).

1960 July 29 - . 13:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 50D. FAILURE: Structural failure of Atlas.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Mercury MA-1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi). Mercury-Atlas 1 (MA-1) was launched from the Atlantic Missile Range in a test of spacecraft structural integrity under maximum heating conditions. After 58.5 seconds of flight, MA-1 exploded and the spacecraft was destroyed upon impact off-shore. None of the primary capsule test objectives were met. The mission objectives were to check the integrity of the spacecraft structure and afterbody shingles for a reentry associated with a critical abort and to evaluate the open-loop performance of the Atlas abort-sensing instrumentation system. The spacecraft contained no escape system and no test subject. Standard posigrade rockets were used to separate the spacecraft from the Atlas, but the retrorockets were dummies. The flight was terminated because of a launch vehicle and adapter structural failure. The spacecraft was destroyed upon impact with the water because the recovery system was not designed to actuate under the imposed flight conditions. Later most of the spacecraft, the booster engines, and the liquid oxygen vent valve were recovered from the ocean floor. Since none of the primary flight objectives was achieved, Mercury-Atlas 2 (MA-2) was planned to fulfill the mission.

1960 July 30 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 598. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1E-4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 July 31 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar SP-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • NIIP-A target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 August 1 - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: ZULUV. Launch Vehicle: R-13.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 August 1 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.408.
  • Firefly RUTHY Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1960 August 1 - . 10:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.410.
  • Firefly HILDA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1960 August 2 - . 03:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Strongarm. Launch Vehicle: Strongarm. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA BRL. Apogee: 550 km (340 mi).

1960 August 2 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NN2.32.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1960 August 3 - .
  • Status of Star City emphasised. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Decree 'On training of cosmonauts only at the Cosmonaut Training Centre' was issued..

1960 August 3 - .
  • Official 'birthday' for Baikonur. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Decree 'On naming June 2, 1955, as the birthday of NIIP-5' was issued..

1960 August 3 - . LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone MRLV.
  • Redstone launch vehicle No. 1 was delivered to Cape Canaveral for the MR-1 (Mercury-Redstone). - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury.

1960 August 3 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit.
  • Glide Rocket Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi).

1960 August 3 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25B. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-37.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 August 3 - . 15:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300A NASA 06.03UI.
  • UM ionospheric Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 415 km (257 mi). Summary: First Sparrowbee sounding rocket launched from Wallops Station, lifting 25 kg University of Michigan payload to 415 km altitude..

1960 August 4 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-44.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 August 4 - . 16:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 35.3 N x 116.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-9-17.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 3533 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23809 m. Unofficial world speed record. This topped Captain Apt's speed of 2,094 mph attained in the X-2 on September 27, 1956..

1960 August 5 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 13.5 N x 180.0 E. Launch Platform: SHIP-SOV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 43 km (26 mi).

1960 August 6 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.411.
  • Firefly GERTA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1960 August 8 - . LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Kosmos 63S1 small booster and DS small satellites authorised. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: DS-1; DS-2. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On the Creation of the Rocket-Carrier 63S1 Based on the R-12 Missile, and the Development and Launch of Small Artificial Satellite--start of work on launcher and satellites at OKB-586'

1960 August 8 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.412.
  • Firefly BETSEY Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1960 August 9 - . 18:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 32D.
  • Research and development / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1960 August 10 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Nike Zeus. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus. LV Configuration: Nike Zeus 9.
  • First Tactical launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 August 10 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 TATTLETALE PCC 5.
  • Signals intelligence test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 383 km (237 mi).

1960 August 10 - . 01:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC6. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone. LV Configuration: Redstone 2023. FAILURE: Erroneously destroyed during boost by range personnel.. Failed Stage: G.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). Summary: Missile test failure..

1960 August 10 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark-2 SL61.
  • Grenades / Chaff test - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1960 August 10 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.418.
  • Firefly JEANNIE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1960 August 10 - . 20:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena A. LV Configuration: Thor Agena A 231 / Agena A 1057.
  • Discoverer 13 - . Payload: KH-1 prototype / Agena A 1057. Mass: 850 kg (1,870 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-1. Decay Date: 1960-11-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 48 . COSPAR: 1960-Theta-1. Apogee: 683 km (424 mi). Perigee: 258 km (160 mi). Inclination: 82.8000 deg. Period: 94.00 min. Summary: KH-1 prototype; designed to test capsule recovery system; did not carry camera; capsule successfully recovered from ocean..

1960 August 10 - . 22:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I J-7.
  • Mk 4 re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Titan 1 J (Mk 4 RV).

1960 August 11 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury-Atlas 1 (MA-1) mission malfunction discussed. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chamberlin. Program: Mercury. Summary: Representatives of NASA, McDonnell, Ballistic Missile Division, Space Technology Laboratories, and Convair met at Cape Canaveral and later at Convair Astronautics (Aug. 30, 1960) to discuss the Mercury-Atlas 1 (MA-1) mission malfunction. . Additional details: here....

1960 August 12 - . LV Family: DF-2; Kosmos 2; R-2. Launch Vehicle: DF-1.
  • Soviet/China break. - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. In the preceding months relations between the Soviet advisors and Chinese engineers had been strained by increasing Soviet secrecy. The Russians catch Chinese students at the Moscow Aviation Institute stealing restricted missile data. Finally Khrushchev declared the suspension of military assistance to China. All 1,343 Soviet specialists are withdrawn from the Fifth Academy in Beijing and return to Russia. They leave behind 343 uncompleted contracts. A total of 257 technical development projects were cancelled as a result.

1960 August 12 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Kiva/Hopi.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 August 12 - . 09:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta. LV Configuration: Thor Delta 270/D2.
  • Echo 1 - . Payload: A-11. Mass: 76 kg (167 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Echo. Decay Date: 1968-05-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 49 . COSPAR: 1960-Iota-1. Apogee: 2,157 km (1,340 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 47.3000 deg. Period: 117.30 min. Summary: Balloon; passively relayed TV and voice transmissions. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1960 August 12 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC11. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 66D.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1960 August 12 - . 16:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 35.3 N x 116.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-10-19.
  • X-15A High Alt test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 41 km (25 mi). Maximum Speed - 2851 kph. Maximum Altitude - 41605 m. Established a new altitude record for a manned vehicle of 136,500 feet. This topped Captain Kincheloe's record altitude of 126,200 feet attained on September 7, 1956, in the X-2 rocket research aircraft.

1960 August 12 - . 18:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-47.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 August 13 - .
  • Army mapping of lunar landing sites completed. - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Summary: Army announced completion of a project for mapping lunar landing sites..

1960 August 13 - .
  • First photo-geological survey of the surface of the moon - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Summary: Secretary of the Interior Fred A. Seaton and Secretary of the Army Wilber M. Brucker announced that the U.S. Geological Survey had completed the first known photogeological survey of the surface of the moon.. Additional details: here....

1960 August 13 - . 07:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper Falcon.
  • TP Annie Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1960 August 13 - . 09:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper Falcon.
  • TP Norma Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1960 August 14 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 12.2 N x 177.4 E. Launch Platform: SHIP-SOV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 47 km (29 mi).

1960 August 15 - .
  • Electric arc jet rocket engine contract. - . Nation: USA. Summary: NASA announced selection of Plasmadyne Corp. for contract negotiations on a 1-kilowatt electric arc jet rocket engine..

1960 August 16 - . 01:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp AA8.404.
  • Firefly ARLENE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1960 August 16 - . 10:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.426.
  • Firefly PEGGY Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1960 August 17 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1. LV Configuration: Jaguar 1 G1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 August 17 - . 10:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.427.
  • Firefly SUSAN Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1960 August 18 - . 01:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp AA8.415.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 August 18 - . 02:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.428.
  • Firefly LINDA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1960 August 18 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp AA8.416.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 August 18 - . 19:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena A. LV Configuration: Thor Agena A 237 / Agena A 1056.
  • Discoverer 14 - . Payload: KH-1 9009 / Agena A 1056. Mass: 850 kg (1,870 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-1. Decay Date: 1960-09-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 54 . COSPAR: 1960-Kappa-1. Apogee: 803 km (498 mi). Perigee: 177 km (109 mi). Inclination: 79.6000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Summary: KH-1; film capsule recovered 1.2 days later; 1st successful photosurveillance mission. First successful mission. Cameras operated satisfactorily..

1960 August 18 - . 19:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Able-Star. LV Configuration: Thor Ablestar 262 AB004?. FAILURE: Exploded 2.5 minutes after launch.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Courier 1A - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Courier. Decay Date: 1960-08-18 . COSPAR: F600818A. Summary: Experimental communications sattelite..

1960 August 19 - .
  • U-2 pilot Powers sentenced to prison for 10 years - . Nation: USSR.

1960 August 19 - . 03:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-43.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 August 19 - . 08:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8K72. LV Configuration: Vostok 8K72 L1-12.
  • Korabl-Sputnik 2 - . Payload: Vostok 1K s/n 2. Mass: 1,440 kg (3,170 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: Vostok. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Vostok. Duration: 1.09 days. Decay Date: 1960-08-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 55 . COSPAR: 1960-Lambda-1. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi). Perigee: 281 km (174 mi). Inclination: 64.6000 deg. Period: 90.70 min. The Soviet Union launched its second unmanned test of the Vostok spacecraft, the Korabl Sputnik II, or Sputnik V. The spacecraft carried two dogs, Strelka and Belka, in addition to a gray rabbit, rats, mice, flies, plants, fungi, microscopic water plants, and seeds. Electrodes attached to the dogs and linked with the spacecraft communications system, which included a television camera, enabled Soviet scientists to check the animals' hearts, blood pressure, breathing, and actions during the trip. After the spacecraft reentered and landed safely the next day, the animals and biological specimens were reported to be in good condition.
    Officially: Development of systems ensuring man's life functions and safety in flight and his return to Earth.

1960 August 19 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.429.
  • Firefly OLIVE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1960 August 19 - . 16:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Silver Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 35.3 N x 116.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-11-21.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 3510 kph. Maximum Altitude - 24343 m..

1960 August 19 - . 19:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.430.
  • Firefly RENA (SF6) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1960 August 20 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1960 August 22 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SRDL. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1960 August 23 - . LV Family: DF-2; Kosmos 2; R-2. Launch Vehicle: DF-1.
  • Last Russian advisers leave China. - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. Program: Long March. Summary: The last Russian technical advisers are withdrawn from China..

1960 August 23 - .
  • Final Department of Defense approval for SAINT development. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: SAINT; SAINT II.

1960 August 23 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.16UE.
  • Cosmic rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1960 August 23 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 AA3.128.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi).

1960 August 24 - .
  • Birth of Steven Wayne Lindsey - . Nation: USA. Summary: American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-87, STS-95, STS-104, STS-121..

1960 August 24 - .
  • Birth of Franz Artur Viehboeck - . Nation: Austria. Summary: Austrian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Austromir. First Austrian astronaut..

1960 August 24 - .
  • McDonnell proposed a one-man space station. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Mercury Mark I. McDonnell Aircraft Corporation proposed a one-man space station comprising a Mercury capsule plus a cylindrical space laboratory capable of supporting one astronaut in a shirtsleeve environment for 14 days in orbit. Gross weight of the combined vehicle at launch would be 7259 pounds (Mercury, as of October 25, 1960, was 4011 pounds), which would provide an 1100-pound, laboratory-test payload in a 150-nautical-mile orbit, boosted by an Atlas-Agena B. The result would be a 'minimum cost manned space station.'

1960 August 25 - .
1960 August 25 - . 01:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp AA8.244.
  • Firefly Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1960 August 25 - . 14:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike. LV Configuration: HJ Nike AA5.431.
  • Firefly ZELDA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1960 August 26 - . 01:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp AA8.417.
  • Firefly Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 August 26 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark-2 SL13.
  • Sodium release / Meteorites Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1960 August 28 - .
  • Birth of Dr Leroy Chiao - . Nation: USA. Summary: American chemical engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-65, STS-72, STS-92, ISS EO-10..

1960 August 29 - .
1960 August 29 - . 03:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1. LV Configuration: Trailblazer 1 TB Ic.
  • D58 Trailblazer re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1960 August 29 - . 06:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1. LV Configuration: Trailblazer 1 TB Id.
  • D58 Trailblazer re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1960 August 30 - .
  • Industry briefing on feasibility studies for the Apollo spacecraft - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Source Selection. The Goddard Space Flight Center GSFC conducted its industry conference in Washington, D.C., presenting details of GSFC projects, current and future. The objectives of the proposed six-month feasibility contracts for an advanced manned spacecraft were announced. Additional details: here....

1960 August 30 - .
  • Cosmonaut medical standards set. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Decree 866-361 'On the Status of Cosmonauts--medical requirements for cosmonauts' was issued..

1960 August 30 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Firefly Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 August 30 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC20. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I J-5.
  • Mk 4 re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1960 August 31 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 TATTLETALE PCC 6.
  • Signals intelligence test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 September 1 - .
  • Apollo Project Office formed - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Faget. Program: Apollo. In an organizational change within STG, Maxime A. Faget was appointed Chief of the Flight Systems Division and Robert O. Piland was named Assistant Chief for Advanced Projects. The Apollo Project Office was formed with Piland as Head of the Office; members included John B. Lee, J. Thomas Markley, William W. Petynia,and H. Kurt Strass.

1960 September - .
  • VKA-23 spaceplane. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Myasishchev. Spacecraft: VKA-23 Design 1; VKA-23 Design 2. Following the very critical review of the first M-48 spaceplane design by the expert commission, Myasishchev went back to the drawing board. In March to September 1960 this work resulted in definition of two alternative configurations. The first alternative was an unconventional faceted shock-wave riding design (see VKA-23 Design 1). The second Myasishchev VKA-23 design was an elegant-looking, porpoise-fuselaged winged vehicle.

1960 September 1 - . Launch Site: Shijiedu. LV Family: T-7. Launch Vehicle: T-7.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: Shanghai. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi). Summary: First launch of the all-up missile..

1960 September 1 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2.
  • - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: The rocket was built in the Soviet Union but used Chinese propellants. This launch took place just a month after all Soviet experts were withdrawn from China..

1960 September 2 - .
  • Accelerated joint planning effort for NASA - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Glennan. Program: Apollo. NASA Administrator T. Keith Glennan directed that an accelerated joint planning effort be made by persons at NASA Headquarters who were most familiar with the Saturn, Apollo, manned orbital laboratory, and unmanned lunar and planetary programs. They were to determine whether the Saturn and Saturn-use programs were effectively integrated and whether sufficient design study and program development work had been done to support decisions on projected Saturn configurations. Additional details: here....

1960 September 2 - . Launch Site: Warren AFB. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Atlas SMS 564 operational. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Warren -1 AFB SMS 564 operational.

1960 September 2 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-45.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 September 3 - . 14:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.19GE.
  • SBE 3 flare particles Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1960 September 3 - . 17:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.20GE.
  • SBE 4 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1960 September 5 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1960 September 7 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Pad: LA?. LV Family: Matador. Launch Vehicle: Matador. LV Configuration: Matador GM-56-1929.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1960 September 8 - .
  • Marshall Space Center founded. - . Nation: USA.

1960 September 9 - .
  • Test plans for the Mercury spacecaft systems - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Summary: McDonnell forwarded its plans to the Space Task Group for the spacecaft systems tests and Cape Canaveral checkout plans for spacecraft Nos. 5 and 7. Later, spacecraft No. 7 was the first to undergo this type of test..

1960 September 10 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Contract for development of the Saturn J-2 engine - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Summary: A NASA contract for approximately $44 million was signed by Rocketdyne Division of NAA for the development of the J-2 engine..

1960 September 10 - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: BELA. Launch Platform: B-67. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11FM.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1960 September 12 - .
  • Death of Anton Beier - . Nation: Germany; USA. Related Persons: Beier. Summary: German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter..

1960 September 12 - . LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7A.
  • R-7A accepted for military service. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Decree 'On adoption of the R-7A into armaments' was issued..

1960 September 12 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 47D. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Initial operational capability demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1960 September 13 - .
  • STG briefing for prospective bidders for Apollo - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Source Selection. Summary: An STG briefing was held at Langley Field, Va., for prospective bidders on three six-month feasibility studies of an advanced manned spacecraft as part of the Apollo program. A formal Request for Proposal was issued at the conference..

1960 September 13 - .
  • South African deep-space tracking facility - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. A formal agreement was signed by the United States and South Africa providing for the construction of a new deep-space tracking facility at Krugersdorp, near Johannesburg. It would be one of three stations equipped to maintain constant contact with lunar and planetary spacecraft.

1960 September 13 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn C-2.
  • Apollo Study Bidder's Conference - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; Apollo Lunar Landing; CSM ECS; CSM Source Selection. Summary: Bidder's conference for circumlunar Apollo. Specification: Saturn C-2 compatability (6,800 kg mass for circumlunar mission); 14 day flight time; three-man crew in shirt-sleeve environment..

1960 September 13 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 599. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1XE-5. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 September 13 - . 22:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena A. LV Configuration: Thor Agena A 246 / Agena A 1058.
  • Discoverer 15 - . Payload: KH-1 9010 / Agena A 1058. Mass: 863 kg (1,902 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-1. Decay Date: 1960-10-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 57 . COSPAR: 1960-Mu-1. Apogee: 755 km (469 mi). Perigee: 200 km (120 mi). Inclination: 80.9000 deg. Period: 94.10 min. Summary: KH-1; film capsule lost at sea. Mission failed. Attained orbit successfully. Capsule sank prior to retrieval..

1960 September 15 - . 14:01 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 AA1.126.
  • Solar Constant Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1960 September 15 - . 21:28 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 599. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1XE-6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 September 16 - .
  • 27 research rockets for COSPAR - . Nation: USA. Summary: 27 research rockets were launched by U.S. scientists as a part of the COSPAR International Rocket Interval for 1960..

1960 September 16 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • Ionosphere / aeronomy / biological mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1960 September 17 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC11. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 76D.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1960 September 19 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. Launch Vehicle: Journeyman. LV Configuration: Journeyman NASA 11.01GE.
  • NERV I Cosmic rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,884 km (1,170 mi).

1960 September 19 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 79D.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi). Summary: Atlas ICBM fired 9030 statute miles, from Cape Canaveral to the Indian Ocean off the Cape of Good Hope in 50 minutes, the second record distance flight..

1960 September 20 - .
  • Birth of James Anthony 'Jim' Pawelczyk - . Nation: USA. Summary: American physiologist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-90. Candidate Payload Specialist for STS-90 Neurolab..

1960 September 20 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury Atlas launch vehicle 67-D delivered to Cape Canaveral - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: The Atlas launch vehicle 67-D was delivered to Cape Canaveral for the Mercury-Atlas 2 (MA-2) reentry test mission..

1960 September 20 - . 12:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 AA3.142.
  • Thermal / CR Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1960 September 21 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1960 September 21 - . 13:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr. LV Configuration: Blue Scout Jr D-1.
  • Blue Scout first launch, with Radiation Probe (HETS) payload. - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 26,700 km (16,500 mi). Summary: USAF Blue Scout rocket fired from Cape Canaveral placed instrumented payload 16,600 miles above the earth, the first of 11 such tests, but no data were received due to radio malfunction..

1960 September 21 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun OB6.05. FAILURE: Failure.
  • H2O / ne Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1960 September 22 - . 06:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8-3.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1960 September 22 - . 20:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A.
  • Ionosphere / aeronomy / biology mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1960 September 22 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 599. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1XE-7. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 September 23 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11A.
  • Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1960 September 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-48.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 September 23 - . 01:05 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 599. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1XE-8. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 September 23 - . 17:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-13-25. FAILURE: Engines fail..
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 1783 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16168 m. Premature shutdown of both XLR-11's..

1960 September 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1960 September 25 - . 15:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Able. LV Configuration: Atlas Able 80D / Able-5. FAILURE: Second stage exploded.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Pioneer (P 30) - . Payload: Pioneer P 30 / Able VA. Mass: 175 kg (385 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Pioneer. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Pioneer P 3. Decay Date: 1960-09-25 . COSPAR: F600925A. Apogee: 1,290 km (800 mi). Summary: An attempt to launch a Pioneer satellite into lunar orbit failed when one of the upper stages of the Atlas- Able rocket malfunctioned..

1960 September 26 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Roll-out inspection of Mercury Atlas launch vehicle 77-D - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: The roll-out inspection of Mercury Atlas launch vehicle 77-D was conducted at Convair-Astronautics. This launch vehicle was allocated for the Mercury-Atlas 3 (MA-3) mission, but was later canceled and Atlas booster 100-D was used instead..

1960 September 26 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D. LV Configuration: OPd-56-39-22D 006.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 September 26 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8-4.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1960 September 27 - .
  • Death of Ivan Kachur. Reported killed in an orbital flight on September 27, 1960. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kachur. Summary: Russian phantom cosmonaut. Said to have died in October 1960 in first attempted Soviet manned flight. Linked to model Khrushchev was to have revealed at UN. In fact, model was of Mars probe that failed..

1960 September 27 - .
  • Reentry capsule parachute tests. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Parachute designed to slow reentry speed of space capsules successfully tested at a speed of 2,000 mph after rocket boost to 30-mile altitude, over Eglin AFB, Fla..

1960 September 27 - . 14:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.21GE.
  • SBE 5 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 September 27 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp AA8.350.
  • Lunar X-ray X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi).

1960 September 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I J-8.
  • Mk 4 re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1960 September 28 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun OB6.07.
  • H2O / ne Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1960 September 29 - . LV Family: Saturn C-3; Saturn I; Saturn V.
  • RAND Corporation to evaluate nuclear propulsion missions - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Seamans. Program: NERVA. In a memorandum to NASA Associate Administrator Robert C. Seamans, Jr., Robert L. King, Executive Secretary, described the action taken on certain items discussed at the July 14-15 meeting of the Space Exploration Program Council. Among these actions was the awarding of a contract to The RAND Corporation to evaluate missions for which nuclear propulsion would be desirable. Included in the study would be the determination of availability dates, cost of development, operational costs, the safety aspects of the missions, and an evaluation of research requirements.

1960 September 29 - . 02:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 6H. LV Configuration: Kappa 6H K-6H-TW-9.
  • K-6H-1 Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1960 September 29 - . 14:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I G-8.
  • RVX-4 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1960 September 29 - . 20:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 33D. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Initial operational capability demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 September 30 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn C-2.
  • Space Exploration Program Council - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Low, George. Program: Apollo. The fourth meeting of the Space Exploration Program Council was held at NASA Headquarters. The results of a study on Saturn development and utilization was presented by the Ad Hoc Saturn Study Committee. Objectives of the study were to determine (1) if and when the Saturn C-2 launch vehicle should be developed and (2) if mission and spacecraft planning was consistent with the Saturn vehicle development schedule. No change in the NASA Fiscal Year 1962 budget was contemplated. The Committee recommended that the Saturn C-2 development should proceed on schedule (S-II stage contract in Fiscal Year 1962, first flight in 1965). The C-2 would be essential, the study reported, for Apollo manned circumlunar missions, lunar unmanned exploration, Mars and Venus orbiters and capsule landers, probes to other planets and out-of- ecliptic, and for orbital starting of nuclear upper stages. Additional details: here....

1960 September 30 - October 3 - .
  • STG Evaluation Board for advanced manned spacecraft - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Source Selection. Charles J. Donlan of STG, Chairman of the Evaluation Board which would consider contractors' proposals on feasibility studies for an advanced manned spacecraft, invited the Directors of Ames Research Center, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Flight Research Center, Lewis Research Center, Langley Research Center, and Marshall Space Flight Center to name representatives to the Evaluation Board. The first meeting was to be held on October 10 at Langley Field, Va.

1960 September 30 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Nike Viper I.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AEC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1960 September 30 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D. LV Configuration: OPd-56-39-22D 007.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 October 1 - .
  • Ongoing winged manned spacecraft project cancelled - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Myasishchev; Tsybin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: VKA-23 Design 1. Summary: In reduction of military-industrical complex, Myasishchev and Tsybin design bureaus are closed and work stopped on the three prototype winged manned spacecraft already built..

1960 October 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Nike Zeus. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 October 3 - . LV Family: UR-200. Launch Vehicle: UR-200.
  • Chelomei acquires Myasishchev and Khrunichev OKBs. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Chelomei; Myasishchev. Spacecraft: Raketoplan. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 1057-434 'On transfer of OKB-23 as Branch No. I of OKB-52 and on course of work on IS anti-satellite system' was issued. Chelomei acquired the OKB-23 of Vladimir Mikhailovich Myasishchev, (which had formerly designed heavy bombers), as well as the M K Khrunichev heavy aviation factory. Both of these organisations had a very high level of technical and manufacturing expertise, and assisted Chelomei in quickly moving ahead on his new space projects.

1960 October 4 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral.
  • Thor-based LV 100th launch. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eisenhower. COURIER I-B active communications satellite successfully placed into orbit by Thor-Able-Star launch vehicle from Cape Canaveral. After completing one orbit it received and recorded a transcribed message to the United Nations by President Eisenhower transmitted from Fort Monmouth, N.J., and retransmitted it to another earth station in Puerto Rico. This marked the 100th launch of the Douglas Thor, military and scientific combined, and a Thor record of 60 percent of the U.S. satellites boosted into orbit.

1960 October 4 - . 15:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-1. LV Configuration: Scout X-1 ST-2.
  • Radiation Probe Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5,600 km (3,400 mi).

1960 October 4 - . 17:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Able-Star. LV Configuration: Thor Ablestar 293 AB005.
  • Courier 1B - . Mass: 230 kg (500 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Courier. USAF Sat Cat: 58 . COSPAR: 1960-Nu-1. Apogee: 1,214 km (754 mi). Perigee: 967 km (600 mi). Inclination: 28.3000 deg. Period: 107.10 min. Summary: Experimental communications. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1960 October 5 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Discussion of Saturn and Apollo guidance integration - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Members of STG visited the Marshall Space Flight Center to discuss possible Saturn and Apollo guidance integration and potential utilization of Apollo onboard propulsion to provide a reserve capability. Agreement was reached on tentative Saturn vehicle assignments on abort study and lunar entry simulation; on the use of the Saturn guidance system; and on future preparations of tentative flight plans for Saturns SA-6, 8, 9, and 10.

1960 October 5 - . 16:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-49.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 October 5 - . 19:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.43GP.
  • AMPP Remote sensing mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1960 October 6 - . 03:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC6. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone. LV Configuration: Redstone 2037. FAILURE: Control system malfunction during re-entry at 375 sec..
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Summary: Missile test failure. Missed aimpoint by 221 m..

1960 October 7 - . LV Family: Saturn C-3; Saturn I; Saturn V.
  • NERVA test facilities bidder's conference. - . Nation: USA. Program: NERVA. AEC briefing held at the Nevada Test Site at Jackass Flats, Nev., for representatives of 26 companies for proposals to study the requirements for a National Nuclear Rocket Engine Development Facility. Existing test facilities are fully committed to the development of nuclear reactors.

1960 October 7 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC20. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I J-3.
  • Mk 4 re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1960 October 8 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-11.
  • DRTE-04 Type II aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1960 October 9 - .
  • Contractors' proposals for an advanced manned spacecraft - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Source Selection. Contractors' proposals on feasibility studies for an advanced manned spacecraft were received by STG. Sixty-four companies expressed interest in the Apollo program, and of these 14 actually submitted proposals: The Boeing Airplane Company; Chance Vought Corporation; Convair/Astronautics Division of General Dynamics Corporation; Cornell Aeronautical Laboratory, Inc.; Douglas Aircraft Company; General Electric Company; Goodyear Aircraft Corporation; Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation; Guardite Division of American Marietta Company; Lockheed Aircraft Corporation; The Martin Company; North American Aviation, Inc.; and Republic Aviation Corporation. These 14 companies, later reduced to 12 when Cornell and Guardite withdrew, were subsequently invited to submit prime contractor proposals for the Apollo spacecraft development in 1961. The Technical Assessment Panels began evaluation of contractors' proposals on October 10.

1960 October 10 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-53.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 October 10 - . 14:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78 L1-4M. FAILURE: At T+300.9 sec, the launcher went out of control and the destruct command was given at T+324.2 sec - the engine of Stage 3 cut off after 13.32 s of burning.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Mars probe 1M s/n 1 failure. - . Payload: 1M s/n 1. Mass: 640 kg (1,410 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: Mars. Class: Mars. Type: Mars probe. Spacecraft: Mars 1M. Decay Date: 1960-10-10 . COSPAR: F601010A. This was the Soviet Union's first attempt at a planetary probe. Mars probe intended to photograph Mars on a flyby trajectory. The possible cause lay in resonance vibrations of upper stages during Stage 2 burning, which led to break of contact in the command potentiometer of the gyrohorizon. As a result a pitch control malfunctioned and the launcher began to veer off the desired ascent profile. On exceeding 7 degrees of veering in pitch, the control system failed. The upper stage with the payload reached an altitude of 120 km before burning up on re-entry into the atmosphere above East Siberia.

1960 October 11 - .
  • Death of Piotr Dolgov. Reported killed in an orbital flight on October 11, 1960. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Dolgov. Summary: Russian phantom cosmonaut, purportedly dying on a Vostok flight on 1960.10.11. The real Dolgov died 1961.11.01, jumping from a balloon from 28 km in a Vostok suit test on 1962.11.01. His visor cracked and he died when his suit depressurized..

1960 October 11 - .
  • Plan for first Vostok flight. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Vostok. Summary: Decree 'On plan to launch the first human in space on Vostok' was issued..

1960 October 11 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E. LV Configuration: Atlas E 3E. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: First E missile flown with MA-3 engine, unsuccessful.

1960 October 11 - . 20:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena A. LV Configuration: Atlas Agena A 57D / Agena A 2101. FAILURE: Second stage failure.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Samos 1 - . Payload: Samos E-1 no. 1. Mass: 1,845 kg (4,067 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Samos. Decay Date: 1960-10-11 . COSPAR: F601011A. Summary: First generation photo surveillance; radio relay of images; Satellite and Missile Observation Satellite..

1960 October 11 - . 21:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LE-8. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18A. LV Configuration: Thor DM-18A 186.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: RAF. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi).

1960 October 12 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Kiva/Hopi.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 October 13 - . 04:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 81D. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Initial operational capability demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 October 13 - . 09:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC11. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 71D.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi). Summary: USAF Atlas launched at AMR placed nose cone containing three black mice 650 miles up and 5,000 miles downrange at 17,000 mph. Nose cone was recovered in target area near Ascension Island, the three mice surviving the flight in "good condition.".

1960 October 14 - . 13:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78 L1-5M. FAILURE: At T+290 sec Stage 3's engine 8D715K failed to ignite because a LOX leak froze kerosene in the fuel inlet to the pump on the launch pad due to a faulty LOX valve seal.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Mars probe 1M s/n 2 failure. - . Payload: 1M s/n 2. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: Mars. Class: Mars. Type: Mars probe. Spacecraft: Mars 1M. Decay Date: 1960-10-14 . COSPAR: F601014A. Summary: Mars probe intended to photograph Mars on a flyby trajectory. This was the Soviet Union's second attempt at a planetary probe. The upper stages and payload broke up on re-entry into the atmosphere..

1960 October 15 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Pad: 500NM. Launch Platform: SSBN 599. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1FP-5.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 October 15 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Pad: 500NM. Launch Platform: SSBN 599. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1FP-6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 October 16 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Pad: 500NM. Launch Platform: SSBN 599. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1FP-7.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 October 17 - .
  • Mercury weather support group formed. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: Project Mercury weather support group established at NASA's request in the Office of Meteorological Research of the Weather Bureau..

1960 October 17 - . 21:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.340.
  • UM density / pressure Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1960 October 18 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Pad: 500NM. Launch Platform: SSBN 599. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1FP-8.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 October 18 - . 14:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Iris. Launch Vehicle: Iris. LV Configuration: Iris NASA 5.02GT.
  • Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi). Summary: Second Iris rocket rose to 225 km with a payload of 56 kg from Wallops Station..

1960 October 19 - . LV Family: Saturn C-3; Saturn I; Saturn V.
  • Project Rover request for bids. - . Nation: USA. Program: NERVA. Summary: Kiwi-A No. 3 static test of nuclear rocket propulsion was successfully conducted at AEC Nevada test site, resulting in NASA-AEC call for bids for industrial development phase of Project Rover on November 1, 1960..

1960 October 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Gosling.
  • E48 Re-entry vehicle Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 October 20 - . Launch Vehicle: DF-1.
  • DF-1 launch preparations - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. Summary: Tsien goes to Jiuquan to supervise preparations for launch of the first Chinese-built R-2..

1960 October 20 - . 16:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26A. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter. LV Configuration: Jupiter IRBM CM-217.
  • LST test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Huntsville. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Jupiter missile Live System Test 217, the first to be fired under simulated tactical conditions using GSE prescribed for the Jupiter deployed to NATO I, was fired from AMR at 1102 hours EST. The missile successfully accomplished all primary and secondary missions. The nose cone impacted 1.1 nm over and 0.2 nm right of the pre-determined target 962.5 nm downrange.

1960 October 20 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-14-27.
  • X-15A Stability/Control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2059 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16398 m..

1960 October 21 - .
  • Design constraints for in-house study of the Apollo spacecraft - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. Summary: A staff meeting of STG's Flight Systems Division was held to fix additional design constraints for the in- house design study of the Apollo spacecraft.

    Fundamental decisions were made as a result of this and a previous meeting on September 20.. Additional details: here....


1960 October 21 - .
  • Evaluation completed on proposals for an advanced manned spacecraft - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Source Selection. The Technical Assessment Panels presented to the Evaluation Board their findings on the contractors' proposals for feasibility studies of an advanced manned spacecraft. On October 24, the Evaluation Board findings and recommendations were presented to the STG Director.

1960 October 22 - . 03:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1. LV Configuration: Trailblazer 1 TB Ie.
  • D58 Trailblazer re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1960 October 22 - . 05:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 55D.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1960 October 24 - .
  • Death of Mitrofan Ivanovich Nedelin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Nedelin. Summary: Russian officer. Deputy Minister of Defence 1955-1959. First Commander-in-Chief of the Strategic Missile Forces 1959-1964. Died in the Nedelin catastrophe..

1960 October 24 - .
  • Death of Aleksandr Ivanovich Nosov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Nosov. Summary: Russian officer. Chief of launch command of Baikonur 1955-1958. Died in the Nedelin catastrophe..

1960 October 24 - .
  • Death of Nikolai Afansyevich Prokopov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Prokopov. Summary: Russian officer, Deputy Chief Third Directorate of GURVO, 1960. Service in WW2; part of special team sent to Germany in 1946 to secure rocket technology. Active in overseeing development of liquid rocket technology. Died in Nedelin disaster..

1960 October 24 - .
1960 October 24 - .
  • Death of Yevgeni Ilich Ostashev - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Ostashev. Summary: Russian officer. First Directorate Chief of Baikonur 1956-1960. Died in the Nedelin catastrophe..

1960 October 24 - .
1960 October 24 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Platform: F4D-1 747. Launch Vehicle: Caleb. LV Configuration: Caleb NOTS EV-II. FAILURE: Second stage failed..
  • TV-2 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN NOTS. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi). Summary: Research and Development Flight (TV-2).

1960 October 24 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/3. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16. LV Configuration: R-16 LKI. FAILURE: Exploded on pad, killing nearly 100 people..
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). First attempted launch of R-16 ICBM results in explosion on pad, killing over 100 military, engineers, and technicians, including Strategic Rocket Forces Marshal Nedelin. The first R-16 prototype was fuelled and on the pad, awaiting launch. An electrical problem developed, leading to a hold. Marshal Nedelin, commander of the Strategic Rocket Forces, ordered the engineers and technicians to fix the problem without the long delay of defuelling and refurbishing the missile. He personally had a deck chair brought out to the pad so he could watch the work first-hand. At 18:45 local time a spurious radio signal ordered the second stage of the rocket to fire while workers swarmed around the missile in its gantry. The missile exploded, killing a good part of the Soviet Union's rocket engineering and management talent. Among the dead were Nedelin, Konoptev, Grishin, Nosov, Kontsevsky, and Lev Berlin. 74 people were killed immediately, and 48 died in the ensuing weeks from burns or contact with the toxic and corrosive propellants. The total included 38 civilian engineers and 84 officers and enlisted rocket technicians. Yangel, the rocket's designer, was spared only because he had slipped into a bunker for a cigarette when the explosion occurred.

1960 October 24 - . 23:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I J-6.
  • Mk 4 re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Titan ICBM fired 6,100 miles / 9800 km, 100 miles longer than any previous shot, with tactical-type nose cone..

1960 October 25 - .
  • Birth of Marianne Merchez - . Nation: Belgium. Summary: Belgian physician cosmonaut, 1992-1995. Was married to astronaut Maurizio Cheli..

1960 October 25 - .
  • Apollo Initial Study Contracts - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Source Selection. Summary: From 16 bids, Convair, General Electric, and Martin selected to conduct $250,000 study contracts. Meanwhile Space Task Group Langley undertakes its own studies, settling on Apollo CM configuration as actually built by October 1960..

1960 October 25 - .
  • Convair, General Electric, and Martin selected to prepare Apollo spacecraft feasibility studies - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Source Selection. NASA selected three contractors to prepare individual feasibility studies of an advanced manned spacecraft as part of Project Apollo. The contractors were Convair/Astronautics Division of General Dynamics Corporation, General Electric Company, and The Martin Company.

1960 October 25 - .
  • Saturn flight schedule plans - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Included in the current Saturn flight schedule were: mid-1961, begin first-stage flights with dummy upper stages; early 1963, begin two-stage flights; late 1963, begin three-stage flights; early 1964, conclude ten-vehicle research and development flight test program.

1960 October 26 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B. LV Configuration: Thor Agena B 253 / Agena B 1061. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Discoverer 16 - . Payload: KH-2 9011. Mass: 1,091 kg (2,405 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-2. Decay Date: 1960-10-26 . COSPAR: F601026A. Summary: KH-1; mission failed..
  • SRV 506 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: KH-2. COSPAR: F601026B.

1960 October 27 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Kiva/Hopi.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 October 28 - .
  • Air Force lunar base briefing to NASA - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Lunex. Key staff members of NASA Headquarters and the Commander, U.S. Air Force Research and Development Command, met at the Air Force Ballistic Missile Division, Los Angeles, Calif., to attend briefings and discuss matters of mutual concern.

    At an executive session, Air Force and NASA programs of orbital rendezvous, refueling, and descent from orbit were discussed. Long-range Air Force studies on a lunar base were in progress as well as research on more immediate missions, such as rendezvous by an unmanned satellite interceptor for inspection purposes, manned maintenance satellites, and reentry methods. NASA plans for the manned lunar landing mission included the possible use of the Saturn booster in an orbital staging operation employing orbital refueling. Reentry studies beyond Mercury were concentrated on reentry at escape speeds and on a spacecraft configuration capable of aerodynamic maneuvering during reentry.


1960 October 28 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-15-28.
  • X-15A Stability/Control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2145 kph. Maximum Altitude - 15453 m..

1960 October 30 - .
  • Development begun of Meteor, the first Soviet weather satellite. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Meteor. Summary: Work began in 1961 at OKB-586 GKOT; in 1962 it was transferred to NII-627. Final development was completed in 1964..

1960 October 30 - .
  • Full development of Molniya-1 communications satellite authorised by government decree. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Molniya-1. Summary: Three such satellites could provide long-distance communications coverage for the entire Soviet Union. Original designed life was 1.5 to 2.0 years. Development was completed in May 1963..

1960 October 31 - .
  • Status of qualification and reliability activities for Project Mercury. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: Space Task Group officials presented the status of qualification and reliability activities for Project Mercury to Dr. T. Keith Glennan, NASA Administrator..

1960 November 1 - .
  • Chelomei R winged manned spacecraft project starts - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Chelomei; Myasishchev; Tsybin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Raketoplan; SAINT; SAINT II. Immediately after cancellation of similar projects at Myasishchev and Tsybin bureaus, Chelomei's new bureau is assigned to build equivalent of US Dynasoar / Saint II. Winged manned spacecraft for interception, inspection, and destruction of US satellites up to 290 km altitude. Two man crew, 24 hour mission duration, large aft drag brakes.

1960 November 1 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur LV-3C.
  • Centaur tracking network test. - . Nation: USA. Under arrangements of the AACB (Aeronautics and Astronautics Coordinating Board), NASA will utilize existing NASA tracking stations for initial Centaur development vehicles and switch to the Advent network (which is to be planned, funded, and constructed by DOD) when Centaur is operational, perhaps as early as the fourth of 10 development launchings of Centaur.

November 1960-August 1961 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Crash program instigated to get Atlas sites operational. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Golden Ram program accomplished at SMS 576-B2 & B3.

1960 November 2 - .
  • Lunar atlas prepared by USAF. - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Summary: Lunar atlas prepared for USAF by group under technical direction of G. P. Kuiper was released, an "Orthographic Atlas of the Moon" charted 5,000 base points combined with best available photos and grids..

1960 November 2 - . 22:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.09UA.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1960 November 3 - .
  • US Geological Survey studies of lunar geology - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Summary: The Department of the Interior announced that the U.S. Geological Survey would undertake detailed studies of lunar geology as part of a new $205,000 program in astrogeology financed by NASA.. Additional details: here....

1960 November 3 - . 05:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26B. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Juno II. LV Configuration: Juno II AM-19D.
  • Explorer 8 - . Payload: S-30. Mass: 41 kg (90 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: S-30. USAF Sat Cat: 60 . COSPAR: 1960-Xi-1. Apogee: 1,331 km (827 mi). Perigee: 394 km (244 mi). Inclination: 49.9000 deg. Period: 102.20 min. Summary: Ionospheric research. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1960 November 3 - . 21:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.29GT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1960 November 4 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-16-29.
  • X-15A Stability/Control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2071 kph. Maximum Altitude - 14905 m..

1960 November 5 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 V-1000 target. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 November 5 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. Launch Vehicle: DF-1.
  • - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: First launch of all-Chinese version of Russian R-2, model 1059. Radio guidance was used. Nie Rongzhen is present to observe the event..

1960 November 7 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-46.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 November 8 - .
  • Mercury Little Joe 5 (LJ-5) - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury; Mercury Escape Tower. LJ-5, the first of the series with a McDonnell production spacecraft, was launched from Wallops Island to check the spacecraft in an abort simulating the most severe launch conditions. The launch was normal until 15.4 seconds after lift-off, at which time the escape rocket motor was prematurely ignited. The spacecraft did not detach from the launch vehicle until impact and was destroyed. Failure to attain mission objectives was attributed to several possible causes. One of these was failure of the spacecraft-to-adpater clamp-ring limit switches. Another possibility was failure of the escape tower clamp-ring limit switches. And the third was improper rigging of the limit switches in either of those locations so that vibration or deflection could have caused switch closure. Since the test objectives were not met, a repeat of the mission was planned.

1960 November 8 - . 13:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr. LV Configuration: Blue Scout Jr D-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • HETS Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1960 November 8 - . 15:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Little Joe. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe 1 2P. LV Configuration: Little Joe 1-2P LJ-5. FAILURE: At 15.4 seconds the escape rocket motor and tower jettison motor ignited prematurely..
  • Mercury LJ-5 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Little Joe 5 with a Mercury production spacecraft was launched from Wallops Island to test the spacecraft in an abort simulating the most severe launch conditions. At 15.4 seconds after liftoff, the escape rocket motor and tower jettison motor ignited prematurely. Booster, capsule, and tower remained mated through ballistic trajectory until destroyed on impact.

1960 November 9 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Pad: LA?. LV Family: Matador. Launch Vehicle: Matador. LV Configuration: Matador GM-56-1938.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1960 November 10 - . 01:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.04CA.
  • Ionosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 975 km (605 mi).

1960 November 10 - . 02:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 ND3.101.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1960 November 10 - . 16:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2. LV Configuration: Polaris A2X-1.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Advanced Polaris (A-2) successfully launched on record 1,600-mile flight at AMR..

1960 November 11 - . 11:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.22GE.
  • SBE 6 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 November 11 - . 12:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.23GE.
  • SBE 7 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 November 12 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.24GE.
  • SBE 8 (LE SCR) Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 November 12 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B. LV Configuration: Thor Agena B 297 / Agena B 1062.
  • Discoverer 17 - . Payload: KH-2 9012 / Agena B 1062. Mass: 1,091 kg (2,405 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-2. Decay Date: 1960-12-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 61 . COSPAR: 1960-Omicron-1. Apogee: 984 km (611 mi). Perigee: 190 km (110 mi). Inclination: 81.7000 deg. Period: 96.40 min. KH-1; film capsule recovered 2.1 days later. Mission failed. Obtained orbit successfully. Film separated before any camera operation leaving only 1.7 ft of film in capsule. On December 2, the Air Force revealed that exceedingly valuable information had been obtained from human tissues carried by Discoverer 17 (the cover story for the mission). The tissues had been exposed to an unexpectedly heavy dose of radiation for more than 50 hours in flight.

1960 November 12 - . 23:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.15GE.
  • SBE 9 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 November 13 - . 16:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.16GE.
  • SBE 10 (LE SCR) Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 November 14 - . LV Family: DF-3. Launch Vehicle: DF-3.
  • DF-3 ICBM development begun. - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. Program: Long March. Tsien appoints himself head of the DF-3 project - a quantum leap to build a 10,000 km range liquid oxygen/kerosene propellant intercontinental ballistic missile. The objective proves much too ambitious and is eventually cancelled. It is the last missile project Tsien is allowed to manage.

1960 November 15 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Atlas D/AIG (All Inertial Guidance) scheduled design 95 % complete - . Nation: USA.

1960 November 15 - . 05:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 83D.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1960 November 15 - . 16:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.14GA.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1960 November 15 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-10-21.
  • X-15A XLR-99 Checkout test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi). Summary: First flight with XLR-99 engine. Maximum Speed - 3154 kph. Maximum Altitude - 24750 m..

1960 November 16 - . 11:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark-2 SL33.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1960 November 16 - . 17:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.10UA.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1960 November 16 - . 19:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.13GE.
  • SBE 11 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 November 17 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.14GE.
  • SBE 12 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 November 17 - . 10:06 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1960 November 17 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2C. LV Configuration: Skylark-2C SL67.
  • Grenade / Chaff / Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 247 km (153 mi).

1960 November 17 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 AA3.144.
  • Ultraviolet detector Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi).

1960 November 17 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-17-30.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2018 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16688 m. Lower XLR-11 shutdown but restarted..

1960 November 18 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury Spacecraft No. 8 delivered to Cape Canaveral - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Summary: Spacecraft No. 8 was delivered to Cape Canaveral for the Mercury-Atlas 3 (MA-3) unmanned orbital mission..

1960 November 18 - . 03:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.26GE.
  • SBE 13 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1960 November 18 - . 23:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.27GE.
  • SBE 14 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1960 November 19 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 42.0 N x 179.5 E. Launch Platform: SHIP-SOV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 45 km (27 mi).

1960 November 21 - . LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone MRLV.
  • An attempt was made to launch Mercury-Redstone 1 (MR-1) from Cape Canaveral. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury; Mercury Escape Tower. This unmanned mission was unsuccessful because premature cut-off of the launch vehicle engines activated the emergency escape system when the vehicle was only about 1 inch off the pad. Engine cut-off was caused by premature loss of electrical ground power to the booster. The launch vehicle settled back on the pad with only slight damage. Since the spacecraft received a cut-off signal, the escape tower and recovery sequence was initiated. The undamaged spacecraft was recovered for reuse.

1960 November 21 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone MRLV. LV Configuration: Redstone MRLV-1. FAILURE: Engine cut off after 1 sec, vehicle fell back to the pad from a few centimeters height, but did not explode. This faulty ground-support circuitry had not been noted on some 60 previous Redstone firings.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Mercury MR-1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Summary: Suborbital launch attempt. After a four- or five-inch liftoff, MR-1 launched its escape tower but not the capsule. The undamaged spacecraft was recovered for reuse..

1960 November 22 - . 08:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.11GG.
  • Ultraviolet Spectrograph Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1960 November 22 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-11-22.
  • X-15A XLR-99, BCS test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi). Summary: First restart with XLR-99 engine. Maximum Speed - 2665 kph. Maximum Altitude - 18867 m..

1960 November 23 - . 11:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta. LV Configuration: Thor Delta 245/D3.
  • Tiros 2 - . Payload: Tiros B (A-2). Mass: 130 kg (280 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Tiros. USAF Sat Cat: 63 . COSPAR: 1960-Pi-1. Apogee: 610 km (370 mi). Perigee: 547 km (339 mi). Inclination: 48.5000 deg. Period: 96.30 min. Summary: Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1960 November 23 - . 23:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark-2 SL49.
  • CW Prop / Solar SX Ionosphere-solar mission Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1960 November 24 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 November 25 - .
  • Birth of Theresa Mary Stevens Tittle - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1985-1988. Graduated in operations research from the USAF Academy, 1982. US Air Force operations specialist, stationed in the Pentagon. Later a Shuttle Flight Controller at the JSC..

1960 November 25 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: Antares. LV Configuration: Antares 008.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 November 26 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 39.0 N x 179.5 E. Launch Platform: SHIP-SOV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 44 km (27 mi).

1960 November 27 - . 17:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.02GI.
  • OkSU quiet day Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1960 November 28 - .
  • Death of Alexis Graciov. Reported killed in an orbital flight on 28 November 1960. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Graciov. Summary: Russian phantom cosmonaut, alleged sender of a morse code radio message from deep space received by the Judica-Cordiglia brothers on 1960.11.28. In fact Russia would not have a large enough booster for such a mission until 1968..

1960 November 28 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan.
  • Titan II instead of Titan I for Dyna-Soar. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Dynasoar. Summary: The Assistant Secretary of the Air Force requested ARDC to examine the feasiblity of employing Titan II instead of Titan I for Dyna-Soar suborbital flights..

1960 November 29 - .
  • Briefing on the Apollo and Saturn programs - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun; Faget. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Source Selection; LM Mode Debate; LM Source Selection. A joint briefing on the Apollo and Saturn programs was held at Marshall Space Flight Center MSFC, attended by representatives of STG and MSFC. Maxime A. Faget of STG and MSFC Director Wernher von Braun agreed that a joint STG-MSFC program would be developed to accomplish a manned lunar landing. Areas of responsibility were: MSFC launch vehicle and landing on the moon; STG - lunar orbit, landing, and return to earth.

1960 November 29 - . 11:16 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NB3.103.
  • NRL NB3.103 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1960 November 30 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: Antares. LV Configuration: Antares 009.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 November 30 - . 01:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E. LV Configuration: Atlas E 4E. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1960 November 30 - . 05:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 AA3.284.
  • MHD waves Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 241 km (149 mi).

1960 November 30 - . 18:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-18-31.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 1858 kph. Maximum Altitude - 14886 m. Only 7 of 8 XLR-11 chambers ignited..

1960 November 30 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Able-Star. LV Configuration: Thor Ablestar 283 AB006. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Transit 3A - . Payload: Transit 3A. Mass: 91 kg (200 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. Decay Date: 1960-11-30 . COSPAR: F601130A. Summary: Destroyed by range safety; launched with Solrad 2. Thor shut down too early..
  • Solrad 2 - . Payload: GRAB 2. Mass: 18 kg (39 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: GRAB. COSPAR: F601130B.

1960 December 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Nike Zeus. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Guidance test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 December 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi).

1960 December 1 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. Launch Vehicle: DF-1.
  • - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Two further launches are made from Jiuquan..

1960 December 1 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. Launch Vehicle: DF-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 December 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Nike Zeus. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 December 1 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8K72. LV Configuration: Vostok 8K72 L1-13.
  • Korabl-Sputnik 3 - . Payload: Vostok 1K s/n 3. Mass: 4,563 kg (10,059 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: Vostok. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Vostok. Duration: 0.99 days. Decay Date: 1960-12-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 65 . COSPAR: 1960-Rho-1. Apogee: 269 km (167 mi). Perigee: 123 km (76 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 88.40 min. The Soviet Union launched its third spaceship satellite, Korabl Sputnik III, or Sputnik VI. The spacecraft, similar to those launched on May 15 and August 19, carried the dogs Pcheka and Mushka in addition to other animals, insects, and plants. Deorbited December 2, 1960 7:15 GMT. Burned up on reentry due to steep entry angle (retrofire engine did not shut off on schedule and burned to fuel depletion).
    Officially: Medical and biological research under space flight conditions.
    Officially: Medical and biological research under space flight conditions.

1960 December 2 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Saturn I static firing. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Apollo. Summary: First of new series of static firings of Saturn considered only 50 percent successful in 2-second test at MSFC..

1960 December 3 - .
1960 December 3 - . LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone MRLV.
  • Mercury Redstone launch vehicle No. 3 shipped to Cape Canaveral - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Summary: Redstone launch vehicle No. 3 was shipped to Cape Canaveral for the Mercury-Redstone 1A (MR-1A) mission..

1960 December 4 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg OSTF. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I V-2.
  • Mk 4 re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 December 4 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-1. LV Configuration: Scout X-1 ST-3. FAILURE: Second stage malfunction.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Explorer (9) S 56 - . Payload: S-56. Mass: 6.00 kg (13.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: S-56. Decay Date: 1960-12-04 . COSPAR: F601204A.

1960 December 5 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2. LV Configuration: Polaris A2X-2.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Polaris A-2 successfully test fired 1,400 nautical miles down AMR..

1960 December 6-8 - .
  • First technical review of the General Electric Apollo feasibility study - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Source Selection. The first technical review of the General Electric Company Apollo feasibility study was held at the contractor's Missile and Space Vehicle Department. Company representatives presented reports on the study so that STG representatives might review progress, provide General Electric with pertinent information from NASA or other sources, and discuss and advise as to the course of the study.

1960 December 6 - . 18:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Kiva/Hopi.
  • PHOENIX I Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 367 km (228 mi).

1960 December 6 - . 23:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-12-23.
  • X-15A XLR-99, BCS test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 3027 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16268 m..

1960 December 7-9 - .
  • Martin presented the first technical review of its Apollo feasibility study - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Recovery; CSM Source Selection. The Martin Company presented the first technical review of its Apollo feasibility study to STG officials in Baltimore, Md. At the suggestion of STG, Martin agreed to reorient the study in several areas: putting more emphasis on lunar orbits, putting man in the system, and considering landing and recovery in the initial design of the spacecraft.

1960 December 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island.
  • High altitude sodium tests. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Series of upper atmosphere sounding rockets from NASA Wallops Station, sodium vapor being ejected at about 212 miles altitude and a lithium flare released near peak altitude of about 450 miles to measure wind velocities and temperatures..

1960 December 7 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B. LV Configuration: Thor Agena B 296 / Agena B 1103.
  • Discoverer 18 - . Payload: KH-2 9013 / Agena B 1103. Mass: 1,240 kg (2,730 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-2. Decay Date: 1961-04-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 67 . COSPAR: 1960-Sigma-1. Apogee: 510 km (310 mi). Perigee: 233 km (144 mi). Inclination: 81.5000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Summary: KH-2; film capsule recovered 3.1 days later. First successful mission employing KH-2 camera system..

1960 December 8 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 V-1000 target. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 December 8 - . 16:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.25CI.
  • Langmuir Probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1960 December 9 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.12CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1960 December 9 - . 19:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-19-32.
  • X-15A Ball nose, Stabil. test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Summary: First hot nose flight. Maximum Speed - 1911 kph. Maximum Altitude - 15269 m..

1960 December 10 - .
  • Lunar orbit method of accomplishing the lunar landing mission - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM; LM Mode Debate; LM Source Selection. Summary: Representatives of the Langley Research Center briefed members of STG on the lunar orbit method of accomplishing the lunar landing mission..

1960 December 10 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 V-1000 target.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 December 10 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.05CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 716 km (444 mi).

1960 December 11 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1960 December 12 - . 22:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.08GE.
  • Magnetic fields Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,140 km (700 mi).

1960 December 13 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Saturn transport barge commissioned. - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Summary: Palaemon, a 180-foot barge built to transport the Saturn launch vehicle from MSFC to Cape Canaveral by water, was formally accepted by MSFC Director from Maj. Gen. Frank S. Besson, Chief of Army Transportation..

1960 December 13 - . 20:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LE-8. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18A. LV Configuration: Thor DM-18A 267.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: RAF. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi).

1960 December 14 - .
1960 December 14 - .
  • Seamans briefed on the lunar orbit rendezvous method - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Seamans. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM; LM Mode Debate; LM Source Selection. Associate Administrator of NASA Robert C. Seamans, Jr., and his staff were briefed by Langley Research Center personnel on the rendezvous method as it related to the national space program. Clinton E. Brown presented an analysis made by himself and Ralph W. Stone, Jr., describing the general operational concept of lunar orbit rendezvous for the manned lunar landing. The advantages of this plan in contrast with the earth orbit rendezvous method, especially in reducing launch vehicle requirements, were illustrated. Others discussing the rendezvous were John C. Houbolt, John D. Bird, and Max C. Kurbjun.

1960 December 14-15 - .
  • Frst technical review of the Convair Apollo feasibility study - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Source Selection. Convair/Astronautics Division of the General Dynamics Corporation held its first technical review of the Apollo feasibility study in San Diego, Calif. Brief presentations were made by contractor and subcontractor technical specialists to STG representatives. Convair/Astronautics' first approach was oriented toward the modular concept, but STG suggested that the integral spacecraft concept should be investigated.

1960 December 14 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Kiva/Hopi.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 December 14 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Kiva/Hopi.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 December 14 - . 16:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.06GA.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1960 December 15 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Able. LV Configuration: Atlas Able 91D / Able-5. FAILURE: Atlas exploded 70 seconds after liftoff.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Pioneer (P 31) - . Payload: Pioneer P 31 / Able VB. Mass: 175 kg (385 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Pioneer. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Pioneer P 3. Decay Date: 1960-12-15 . COSPAR: F601215A. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi). Summary: The final launch in the Pioneer lunar probe program was unsuccessful; the Atlas-Able booster rocket went out of control and exploded at an altitude of 12,200 m off Cape Canaveral..

1960 December 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Kiva/Hopi.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 December 16 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar VLAD. Launch Vehicle: Burya. LV Configuration: Burya 10-05.
  • Burya flight 16 - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Summary: Test of AN-2Sh astronavigation system capability for flight in both daytime and nighttime conditions. The missile flew a range of 6,425 km at Mach 3.1-3.2. The flight was only terminated when the cruise stage used up all of its propellant..

1960 December 16 - . 20:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 99D.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1960 December 17 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Aigle VE10.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 December 17 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 V-1000 target.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 December 19 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone MRLV. LV Configuration: Redstone MRLV-3.
  • Mercury MR-1A - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). Mercury-Redstone 1A (MR-1A) was launched from Cape Canaveral in a repeat of the November 21, 1960, mission and was completely successful. This was the third attempt to accomplish the objectives established for this flight. The first attempt on November 7, 1960, was canceled as a result of a helium leak in the spacecraft reaction control system relief valve, and on November 21, 1960, the mission could not be completed because of premature cut-off of the launch vehicle engines. Objectives of the MR-1A flight were to qualify the spacecraft for space flight and to qualify the flight system for a primate flight scheduled shortly thereafter. Close attention was given to the spacecraft-launch vehicle combination as it went through the various flight sequences: powered flight; acceleration and deceleration; performance of the posigrade rockets; performance of the recovery system; performance of the launch, tracking, and recovery phases of the operation; other events of the flight including retrorocket operation in a space environment; and operation of instrumentation. Except that the launch vehicle cut-off velocity was slightly higher than normal, all flight sequences were satisfactory; tower separation, spacecraft separation, spacecraft turnaround, retrofire, retropackage jettison, and landing system operation occurred or were controlled as planned. The spacecraft reached a maximum altitude of 130.68 statute miles, a range of 234.8 statute miles, and a speed of 4,909.1 miles per hour. Fifteen minutes after landing in the Atlantic Ocean, the recovery helicopter picked up the spacecraft to complete the successful flight mission.

1960 December 20 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC20. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I J-9. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Mk 4 re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 December 20 - . 20:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B. LV Configuration: Thor Agena B 258 / Agena B 1101.
  • Discoverer 19 - . Payload: Midas test payload. Mass: 1,060 kg (2,330 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Midas. Decay Date: 1961-01-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 68 . COSPAR: 1960-Tau-1. Apogee: 359 km (223 mi). Perigee: 186 km (115 mi). Inclination: 83.4000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Summary: Tested IR sensors for Midas program; did not carry camera or film capsule. .

1960 December 21 - . Launch Site: North Atlantic Drop Zone. LV Family: Hound Dog. Launch Vehicle: Hound Dog. LV Configuration: Hound Dog 031.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 December 22 - .
  • MIT proposal for a study of a navigation and guidance system for Apollo - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Guidance; CSM Source Selection. Summary: The MIT Instrumentation Laboratory submitted a formal proposal to NASA for a study of a navigation and guidance system for the Apollo spacecraft..

1960 December 22 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8K72K. LV Configuration: Vostok 8K72K L1-13A. FAILURE: The third stage engine RO-7 failed just after ignition, 425 seconds in to flight.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Korabl-Sputnik - . Payload: Vostok 1K s/n 4. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: Vostok. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Vostok. Decay Date: 1960-12-20 . COSPAR: F601222A. Unable to reach orbital velocity, the Vostok prototype separated while the third stage was still firing. While the ejection seat failed to operate, the capsule did make a hard landing in severe winter conditons in Siberia. It was recovered after some time, and the dogs Kometa and Shutka were alive. As a result of this flight the ejection seat was developed with a heat shield designed to protect the pilot in the event of a launch vehicle failure up to shut down of the first stage. Additional details: here....

1960 December 22 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 V-1000 target.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 December 22 - . 18:34 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 601. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1E-13.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 December 23 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 V-1000 target.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 December 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1960 December 24 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 V-1000 target.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 December 26 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 3C.
  • First segmented solid motor test. - . Nation: USA. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Dynasoar. Summary: Successful firing of a solid-propellant rocket motor using "building block" method was announced by NASA..

1960 December 29 - .
  • Grumman began work on a lunar orbit rendezvous study - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM; LM Mode Debate; LM Source Selection. Summary: The Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation began work on a company- funded lunar orbit rendezvous feasibility study..

1960 December 31 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 V-1000 target.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

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