Encyclopedia Astronautica
Algeria



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Hammaguira
Credit: © Mark Wade
France conducted numerous space and missile launches from Algerian territory from 1947-1967. These facilities were abandoned as a condition of the agreement ending the Algerian Civil War. Algeria did not take concrete steps to return to space until the 1990's, when the decision was taken to participate in an international constellation of disaster-monitoring satellites.

Space activities began on Algerian territory in colonial times with the constellation of launch complexes and nuclear weapons test sites established by France as the Special Weapons Test Center (CIEES). This began operations at Colomb-Bechar on April 24, 1947. Launch operations were moved to Hammaguira in 1952, supplemented by Reggane from 1961. France's first launch to orbit took place from Hammaguira in 1965. The evacuation of these launch sites was a condition of the final agreement signed in March 1962 that ended the Algerian Civil War. The sites continued in use until finally turned over to the Algerian government on 1 July 1967.

Algeria did not take concrete steps to return to space until the 1990's, when the decision was taken to participate in an international constellation of disaster-monitoring satellites. Algeria's first satellite was launched on November 28,2002.

Space affairs were run by the National Centre for Space Technology until 2003, when this was replaced by the Algerian Space Agency.

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Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Associated Launch Sites
  • Hammaguira The constellation of launch complexes and nuclear weapons test sites established by France in Algeria began with the Special Weapons Test Center (CIEES). This began operations at Colomb-Bechar, Algeria, on April 24, 1947. Development of the larger Veronique series required a new facility. This went into operation at Hammaguir, 120 km southwest of Colomb-Bechar, in May 1952. The evacuation of these launch sites was a condition of the final agreement signed in March 1962 that ended the Algerian Civil War. The sites continued in use until finally turned over to the Algerian government on 1 July 1967. French missile test activities moved to Biscarosse, in France, and orbital launches to Kourou, in French Guiana. Hammaguira was known to have been used for at least 271 launches from 1952 to 1967. More...
  • Reggane Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 12 launches from 1961 to 1965, reaching up to 150 kilometers altitude. More...

Algeria Chronology


1954 April 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE.4400 F02.
  • - . Nation: Algeria. Agency: STA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1955 October 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE.4400 F41.
  • - . Nation: Algeria. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1955 October 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE.4400 F40.
  • SEPR 505 booster - . Nation: Algeria. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

2002 November 28 - . 06:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53779-802.
  • ALSAT-1 - . Mass: 80 kg (176 lb). Nation: Algeria. Agency: NCST. Manufacturer: Surrey. Program: Alsat. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: MicroSat-100. USAF Sat Cat: 27559 . COSPAR: 2002-054A. Apogee: 745 km (462 mi). Perigee: 681 km (423 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 99.00 min. Delayed from September 12, October 29. ALSAT 1 was an Algerian imaging minisatellite. The 90-kg satellite was the first part of an international Disaster Monitoring System (DMS) for alerting natural/man-made disasters. ALSAT was built by Surrey Satellite for the CNTS (Centre National des Techniques Spatiales) in Algiers. It carriee a 32-m resolution 3-band imager, a 100 mN resistojet thruster for small orbit corrections, and a GPS receiver. The SSTL Microsat-100 class satellite was a 0.60m cube with a 6m gravity gradient boom. As well as gravity gradient stabilization, it used a momentum wheel to improve stability for imaging.

2010 July 12 - . 03:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV CA.
  • Alsat 2A - . Mass: 116 kg (255 lb). Nation: Algeria. Agency: ISRO. Program: Alsat. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 36798 . COSPAR: 2010-035D. Apogee: 674 km (418 mi). Perigee: 672 km (417 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.20 min. Summary: Optical surveillance satellite with 2.5 meter panchromatic resolution and 10 meter in 4 band/multispectral mode..

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