Encyclopedia Astronautica
Brazil



alcantar.gif
Alcantara
Credit: © Mark Wade
Brazil

More... - Chronology...


Associated People
  • Stapp Stapp, John Paul (1910-1999) American USAF flight surgeon. In 1946-1958 pioneer research with rocket sleds and balloons; defined human tolerances for G-forces, altitude, and blast, essential data for design of aerospacecraft. Personally underwent the most grueling tests. More...
  • Pontes Pontes, Marcos Cesar (1963-) Brazilian test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EP-10. More...
  • Carvalho, Benoliel Carvalho Benoliel, Jose Augusto Brazilian geologist mission specialist astronaut, 1998-1998. Captain, Brazilian Air Force. Candidate from Brazil as a NASA Mission Specialist. At the time of his selection 41 years old. Mission later cancelled. More...
  • Golfetto Golfetto, Wander Almodovar Brazilian pilot mp candidate, 1998-1998. More...
  • Louzada Louzada, Mozart Marques Brazilian pilot mission specialist candidate, 1998. More...

Associated Spacecraft
  • SCD Brazilian communications technology satellite. 3 launches, 1993.02.09 (SCD-1) to 1998.10.23 (SCD-2). Environmental data relay. More...
  • SACI Brazilian technology satellite. 2 launches, 1999.10.14 (SACI 1) and 1999.12.11 (SACI-2). INPE experimental scientific satellites; carried a magnetometer, particle detectors and an atmospheric experiment. More...

Associated Engines
  • S-30 IAE solid rocket engine. 20.490 kN. Development ended 1997. Isp=275s. More...
  • S-40TM IAE solid rocket engine. 208.4 kN. Isp=272s. Used on VLS launch vehicle. First flight 1985. More...
  • S-43 IAE solid rocket engine. 303 kN. Isp=265s. Used on VLS launch vehicle. First flight 1985. More...
  • S-43TM IAE solid rocket engine. 321.7 kN. Isp=276s. Used on VLS launch vehicle. First flight 1985. More...
  • S-44 IAE solid rocket engine. 33.2 kN. Isp=282s. Used on VLS launch vehicle. First flight 1985. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Sonda 1 Brazilian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Sonda 1-1 + 1 x Sonda 1-2 More...
  • Sonda 3 Brazilian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Sonda 3-1 + 1 x Sonda 2A More...
  • Sonda 3 M1 Brazilian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Sonda 3-1 + 1 x Sonda 2M More...
  • Sonda 4 Brazilian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x S-43 + 1 x Sonda 3-1 More...
  • VLS Brazilian satellite launcher building on successful family of sounding rockets. More...
  • VLS-R1 Brazilian all-solid test vehicle. Single stage vehicle. More...
  • VS-40 Brazilian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x S-40TM + 1 x S-44 More...
  • VS-30 Brazilian sounding rocket. Single stage suborbital launch vehicle. More...
  • VLM Brazilian satellite launcher using core of VLS only. Planned for launch of microsatellites. First launch 2002 or later. More...
  • VS-30/Orion Brazilian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Sonda 3-1 + 1 x Orion More...
  • VSB-30 Brazilian two stage sounding rocket consisting of 1 x S-31 plus 1 x S-30. It replaced the British Skylark for suborbital flights from Kiruna. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • IAE Brazilian agency overseeing development of rocket engines. Instituto de Aeronautica e Espace, Brazil. More...
  • INPE Brazilian agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espacias, Sao Jose dos Campos, Brazil. More...
  • AEB Brazilian agency. Agencia Espacial Brasileira, Brazil. More...
  • Parana Brazilian manufacturer of spacecraft. Parana, Brazil. More...
  • Avibras Brazilian manufacturer of rocket engines. Avibras, Brazil. More...

Associated Programs
  • Oscar Amateur radio satellite network. For over a third of a century a series of OSCAR satellites have been launched in a variety of configurations and by many nations. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Natal Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 233 launches from 1965 to 2007, reaching up to 1100 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Cassino Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 27 launches in 1966, reaching up to 297 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Alcantara Sounding rocket and orbital launch site. Used for 53 known launches from 1990 to 2007. The launch complex for Brazil's indigenous VLS orbital booster was located here. More...

Associated Stages
  • S-10-1 Solid rocket stage. 27.00 kN (6,070 lbf) thrust. Mass 30 kg (66 lb). More...
  • S-10-2 Solid rocket stage. 4.20 kN (944 lbf) thrust. Mass 30 kg (66 lb). More...
  • S-20 Solid rocket stage. 36.00 kN (8,093 lbf) thrust. Mass 300 kg (661 lb). More...
  • S-23 Solid rocket stage. 18.00 kN (4,047 lbf) thrust. Mass 200 kg (441 lb). More...
  • S-30 Solid rocket stage. 102.00 kN (22,931 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,200 kg (2,646 lb). More...
  • S-31 Solid rocket stage. 240.00 kN (53,954 lbf) thrust. Mass 900 kg (1,984 lb). More...
  • S-40TM Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 5,664/1,212 kg. Thrust 208.39 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 275 seconds. More...
  • S-43 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 8,550/1,328 kg. Thrust 303.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 260 seconds. More...
  • S-43TM Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 8,720/1,536 kg. Thrust 320.60 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 277 seconds. More...
  • S-44 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 1,025/190 kg. Thrust 33.24 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 282 seconds. More...
  • VLM-4 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 377/57 kg. Thrust 20.49 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 275 seconds. More...

Brazil Chronology


1910 July 11 - .
  • Birth of John Paul Stapp - . Nation: Brazil; USA. Summary: American USAF flight surgeon. In 1946-1958 pioneer research with rocket sleds and balloons; defined human tolerances for G-forces, altitude, and blast, essential data for design of aerospacecraft. Personally underwent the most grueling tests..

1963 March 11 - .
  • Birth of Marcos Cesar Pontes - . Nation: Brazil. Summary: Brazilian test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EP-10..

1965 April 1 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 February 16 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N02.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 April 13 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N05.
  • WOX-1A - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1966 June 29 - . 16:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas EXAMETNET N10.
  • Arcasonde 1A - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1966 July 15 - . 16:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas EXAMETNET N11.
  • Arcasonde 1A - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1966 August 7 - . 07:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas EXAMETNET N12.
  • Arcasonde 1A - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1966 August 17 - . 15:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas EXAMETNET N13.
  • Arcasonde 1A - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1966 September 14 - . 15:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas EXAMETNET N14.
  • Arcasonde 1A - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1966 October 12 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N15.
  • WOX-1A - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1966 November 5 - . 13:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 D-4C.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 13:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 D-3C.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 D-10C.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 D-15C.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 D-4.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 15:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 D-11.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 15:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 D-13.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1. LV Configuration: Sonda 1 D-16C.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 16 - . 15:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas EXAMETNET N16.
  • Arcasonde 1A - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1967 January 18 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N17.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1967 February 1 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N18.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1967 February 15 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N19.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1967 February 22 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N20.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1967 March 1 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N21.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1967 March 22 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N22.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1967 March 29 - . 16:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N23.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1967 June 14 - . 15:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N24.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1967 July 5 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N25.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1967 July 12 - . 16:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N26.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1967 August 2 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N27.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1967 August 16 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N28.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1967 September 13 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N29.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1967 October 25 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N30.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1967 November 15 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N31.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1967 December 13 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N32.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1968 January 17 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N33.
  • WOX-1A - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1968 January 31 - . 15:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N34.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1968 April 17 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N35.
  • WOX-1A - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1968 May 1 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N36.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1968 May 15 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N37.
  • WOX-1A - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1968 May 29 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N38.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1968 June 12 - . 15:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart. LV Configuration: Judi-Dart EXAMETNET N39.
  • Chaff - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1968 July 24 - . 16:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas EXAMETNET N40.
  • Arcasonde 1A - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1968 September 18 - . 15:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas EXAMETNET N41.
  • Arcasonde 1A - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1968 October 16 - . 15:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas EXAMETNET N52.
  • Arcasonde 1A - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1968 November 13 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas EXAMETNET N53.
  • Arcasonde 1A - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1973 September 26 - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Diurnal - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Diurnal - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Diurnal - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1973 September 26 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Diurnal - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1973 September 27 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Diurnal - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1973 September 27 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Diurnal - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1973 September 27 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Diurnal - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1973 September 27 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Diurnal - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1976 February 26 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-01. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Serido test - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 47 km (29 mi).

1976 September 21 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-02.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 543 km (337 mi).

1977 March 31 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-03.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 546 km (339 mi).

1977 October 19 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-04.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 590 km (360 mi).

1978 April 26 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-05.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 615 km (382 mi).

1978 September 27 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3-M1 XV-06.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1979 August 23 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3-M2 XV-07.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi).

1980 August 27 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3-M1 XV-08.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1980 December 22 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-09.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1981 December 10 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3-M1 XV-10.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi).

1982 June 30 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-11.
  • BIME Test Flight test - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 549 km (341 mi).

1983 June 1 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-16.
  • Manicore Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 599 km (372 mi).

1984 July 26 - . 18:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-19.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 566 km (351 mi).

1984 November 21 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 4. LV Configuration: Sonda 4 PT-01.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 616 km (382 mi).

1985 February 8 - . 23:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 3. LV Configuration: Ariane 3 V12.
  • Brasilsat A1 - . Mass: 671 kg (1,479 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Telebras. Program: Brasilsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 15561 . COSPAR: 1985-015B. Apogee: 35,999 km (22,368 mi). Perigee: 35,983 km (22,358 mi). Inclination: 5.9000 deg. Period: 1,446.60 min. Stationed at 65 deg W. Brazilsat 1 & 2 provide telecommunications services to Brazil. Canada's Spar Aerospace was awarded a $125 million contract to build, under license, two satellites based on Hughes' HS-376 design (similar to Anik D). Brazilsat 1 & 2 were the first two elements of Brazil's national Sistema Barasilero de Telecommunicacoes por Satelite (SBTS) network. Spacecraft: Based on Hughes HS-376, single antenna on despun platform, spin stabilised, hydrazine thrusters, body mounted solar cells provide 982 W BOL. Payload: 24 C-band transponders with 6 spares, 10 W TWTA, EIRP >34 dBW over most of Brazilian territory
    Financial/Operational:
    Contract issued in 1990 for 2 units HS-376W. B1-B2 have dedicated transponders for government use. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 65 deg W in 1985-1994; 63 deg W in 1994-1996; 79 deg W in 1996-1998; 144 deg W in 1998-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 143.96 deg W drifting at 0.005 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 145.69E drifting at 2.591W degrees per day.

1985 November 19 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 4. LV Configuration: Sonda 4 PT-02.
  • GL A40.401 (HARP) test - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 667 km (414 mi).

1985 December 1 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: VLS. Launch Vehicle: VLS-R1. LV Configuration: VLS-R1 VLS-R1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1985 December 11 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-20.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 516 km (320 mi).

1986 March 28 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 3. LV Configuration: Ariane 3 V17.
  • Brasilsat A2 - . Mass: 1,243 kg (2,740 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Telebras. Manufacturer: El Segundo. Program: Brasilsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 16650 . COSPAR: 1986-026B. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,781 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 4.6000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Stationed at 105 deg W. Brazilsat 1 & 2 provide telecommunications services to Brazil. Canada's Spar Aerospace was awarded a $125 million contract to build, under license, two satellites based on Hughes' HS-376 design (similar to Anik D). Brazilsat 1 & 2 were the first two elements of Brazil's national Sistema Barasilero de Telecommunicacoes por Satelite (SBTS) network. Spacecraft: Based on Hughes HS-376, single antenna on despun platform, spin stabilised, hydrazine thrusters, body mounted solar cells provide 982 W BOL. Payload: 24 C-band transponders with 6 spares, 10 W TWTA, EIRP >34 dBW over most of Brazilian territory
    Financial/Operational:
    Contract issued in 1990 for 2 units HS-376W. B1-B2 have dedicated transponders for government use. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 70 deg W in 1986-1995; 92 deg W in 1995-1999 As of 4 September 2001 located at 62.91 deg W drifting at 0.007 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 7 located at 32.58W drifting at 2.263W degrees per day.

1986 November 1 - . 01:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-21.
  • INPE-003 / 86 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 444 km (275 mi).

1987 November 8 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 4. LV Configuration: Sonda 4 PT-03. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1989 March 28 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 4. LV Configuration: Sonda 4 PT-04.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 821 km (510 mi).

1989 May 18 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: VLS. Launch Vehicle: VLS-R1. LV Configuration: VLS-R1 VLS-R2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1990 January 22 - . 01:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 40. LV Configuration: Ariane 40 V35.
  • Oscar 17 - . Payload: Microsat 2. Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: Oscar. USAF Sat Cat: 20440 . COSPAR: 1990-005E. Apogee: 796 km (494 mi). Perigee: 780 km (480 mi). Inclination: 98.6000 deg. Period: 100.60 min.

1990 February 21 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2. LV Configuration: Sonda 2 XV-53.
  • Alcantara Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE; IAE. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1990 November 26 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2. LV Configuration: Sonda 2 XV-54.
  • Manival Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE; IAE. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1990 November 30 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-22.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1991 April 29 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-23.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 441 km (274 mi).

1991 December 9 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2. LV Configuration: Sonda 2 XV-55.
  • Aguas Belas Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE; IAE. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1992 June 1 - . 02:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-24.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi).

1992 October 31 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2. LV Configuration: Sonda 2 XV-56.
  • Ponta de Areia Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE; IAE. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

1993 February 9 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Mayport DZ. Launch Pad: 29.0 N x 78.3 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Pegasus. LV Configuration: Pegasus 003/F3.
  • SCD-1 - . Payload: SCD 1 / Orbcomm CDS. Mass: 115 kg (253 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: SCD. USAF Sat Cat: 22490 . COSPAR: 1993-009B. Apogee: 793 km (492 mi). Perigee: 729 km (452 mi). Inclination: 25.0000 deg. Period: 100.10 min. Summary: Environmental data relay. The SCD-1 (Data Collection Satellite 1) was a Brazilian satellite designed for the collection of meteorological data relayed by data collection platforms spread throughout the Brazilian territory..

1993 March 22 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2. LV Configuration: Sonda 2 XV-57.
  • Maruda Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE; IAE. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1993 April 2 - . 10:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: VLS. Launch Vehicle: VS-40. LV Configuration: VS-40 PT-01.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Apogee: 950 km (590 mi).

1993 November 17 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-25.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 555 km (344 mi).

1994 June 22 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2. LV Configuration: Sonda 2 XV-58.
  • Oituia Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE; IAE. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1994 August 10 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. LV Configuration: Ariane 44LP+ V66.
  • Brasilsat B1 - . Mass: 1,765 kg (3,891 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Tele Mex. Program: Brasilsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376W. USAF Sat Cat: 23199 . COSPAR: 1994-049A. Apogee: 35,791 km (22,239 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0300 deg. Period: 1,436.12 min. 28 C-band transponders, 1 X-band transponder (military). Stationed at 70.05 deg W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 70 deg W in 1994-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 70.00 deg W drifting at 0.003 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 71.44W drifting at 0.304W degrees per day.

1995 March 28 - . 23:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. LV Configuration: Ariane 44LP+ V71.
  • Brasilsat B2 - . Mass: 1,780 kg (3,920 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Telebras. Program: Brasilsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376W. USAF Sat Cat: 23536 . COSPAR: 1995-016A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Stationed at 65.1 deg W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 65 deg W in 1995-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 65.06 deg W drifting at 0.022 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 65.05W drifting at 0.012W degrees per day..

1995 December 19 - . 01:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-26?.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi).

1996 August 28 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE; IAE. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1997 November 2 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Complex: Alcantara VLS. LV Family: VLS. Launch Vehicle: VLS-1. LV Configuration: VLS-1 V01. FAILURE: Destroyed during launch.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • SCD-2A - . Mass: 115 kg (253 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Manufacturer: INPE. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SCD. COSPAR: F971102A. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi). Summary: The SCD-2A (Data Collection Satellite 2A) was a Brazilian satellite designed for the collection of meteorological data relayed by data collection platforms spread throughout the Brazilian territory..

1998 February 4 - . 23:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. LV Configuration: Ariane 44LP-3 V105.
  • Brasilsat B3 - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: Embratel. Manufacturer: El Segundo. Program: Brasilsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376W. USAF Sat Cat: 25152 . COSPAR: 1998-006A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Geostationary at 84.0 degrees W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 84 deg W in 1998-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 84.03 deg W drifting at 0.009 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 84.07W drifting at 0.013W degrees per day..

1998 March 21 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: VLS. Launch Vehicle: VS-40.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi).

1998 October 23 - . 00:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Mayport DZ. Launch Pad: 29.0 N x 78.3 W. Launch Platform: L-1011. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Pegasus H. LV Configuration: Pegasus H F24/P-33.
  • SCD-2 - . Mass: 110 kg (240 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: McLean. Manufacturer: INPE. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: SCD. USAF Sat Cat: 25504 . COSPAR: 1998-060A. Apogee: 760 km (470 mi). Perigee: 736 km (457 mi). Inclination: 25.0000 deg. Period: 99.80 min. Brazil's SCD-2 satellite was aboard Orbital Science's L-1011 Stargazer aircraft when it took off from the Cape Canaveral Air Station's Skid Strip (Runway 02/20, 28.2N 80.6W) at 23:05 GMT on Oct 22 and flew to the drop zone near Cape Canaveral (in the Mayport, Florida, Warning Area) at 29.0N 78.3W. The Pegasus ignited 5 seconds after drop. The first stage carried a NASA experiment attached to its right wing, to study hypersonic boundary layer separation. The 115 kg Satelite de Coleta de Dados (Data Collection Satellite) relays data from environmental monitoring stations.

1999 March 15 - . 09:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30. LV Configuration: VS-30 XV-04.
  • Operacao San Marcos Microgravity mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1999 October 14 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC1. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-4B. LV Configuration: Chang Zheng 4B CZ4B-2 (58).
  • SACI 1 - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: SISE. Manufacturer: INPE. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SACI. USAF Sat Cat: 25941 . COSPAR: 1999-057B. Apogee: 731 km (454 mi). Perigee: 719 km (446 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 99.30 min. Summary: INPE experimental scientific satellite with a magnetometer, particle detectors and an atmospheric experiment. INPE reportedly lost contact with the satellite in mid-October..

1999 December 11 - . 18:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Complex: Alcantara VLS. LV Family: VLS. Launch Vehicle: VLS-1. LV Configuration: VLS-1 V02. FAILURE: Second stage failed to ignite; destroyed by range safety.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • SACI-2 - . Mass: 80 kg (176 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Manufacturer: INPE. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SACI. COSPAR: F991211A. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). Summary: Second attempted launch of Brazil's indigenous launcher..

2000 February 6 - . 16:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30. LV Configuration: VS-30 XV-05.
  • Lencois Maranhenses Microgravity mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

2000 August 17 - . 23:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. LV Configuration: Ariane 44LP-3 V131.
  • Brasilsat B-4 - . Mass: 1,757 kg (3,873 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Embratel. Manufacturer: El Segundo. Program: Brasilsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376W. USAF Sat Cat: 26469 . COSPAR: 2000-046A. Apogee: 35,799 km (22,244 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Brasilsat B4 was a C-band geosynchronous communications satellite, replacing the 15-year-old Brasilsat A2 for the Brazilian communications company Embratel. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 75 deg W in 2000. As of 2 September 2001 located at 92.03 deg W drifting at 0.011 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 70.08W drifting at 0.020W degrees per day.

2000 December 9 - . 12:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-30.
  • Alecrim Microgravity mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi).

2002 May 12 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-31.
  • Parnamirim F2Glow-2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 593 km (368 mi).

2002 November 23 - . 22:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion. LV Configuration: VS-30/Orion XV-02.
  • Piraperna Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 434 km (269 mi).

2002 December 1 - . 12:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30. LV Configuration: VS-30 XV-06. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Cuma Microgravity mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

2003 August 22 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Complex: Alcantara VLS. LV Family: VLS. Launch Vehicle: VLS-1. LV Configuration: VLS-1 V03. FAILURE: Failure - Exploded on pad during final prelaunch processing. 21 people were killed, with none injured.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • SATEC - . Payload: SATEC. Mass: 57 kg (125 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SATEC. COSPAR: F20030822A. Launch was due on August 25. Was to have been on third qualification flight after two previous failures. The launch had already been delayed from October 2002, then May 7 and June 20 2003. It appeared that one of the strapon boosters ignited by accident. The two satellite payloads were also destroyed in the blast, as was the launch pad.
  • Unosat - . Payload: Unosat. Mass: 9.00 kg (19.80 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Parana. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Unosat. COSPAR: F20030822B.

2004 January 11 - . 04:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiritimati. Launch Pad: 0.0 N x 154.0 W. Launch Platform: ODYSSEY. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SL. LV Configuration: Zenit-3SL 12.
  • Estrela do Sul 1 (Skynet Brazil 1, Telstar 14) - . Mass: 4,694 kg (10,348 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 28137 . COSPAR: 2004-001A. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Range: 0 km ( mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Period: 1,436.10 min. Initially planned for launch on Delta 4M+ (4,2). Launch delayed from January 10. Placed in geosynchronous orbit but reports indicated there were problems deploying one of the solar panels. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 63.07W drifting at 0.006W degrees per day.

2004 October 23 - . 16:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30. LV Configuration: VSB-30 XV-01.
  • Cajuana test - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi). Unguided test launch. During the 45 seconds total burn time of both motors the vehicle was accelerated to a final velocity of 1676 m/s. The payload segment with an approximate weight of 400 kg was carried to an apogee height of almost 240 km, which was reached 252 seconds after lift-off. At T+650 seconds the payload landed 190 km northeast of the launch site in the ocean, only 700 meters from the nominal impact point.

2005 October 27 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • SHEFEX Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

2007 July 19 - . 15:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • Cuma II Microgravity mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

2007 September 19 - . 03:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-4B. LV Configuration: Chang Zheng 4B CZ4B (102).
  • CBERS-2B - . Mass: 1,452 kg (3,201 lb). Nation: China; Brazil. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: ZY. USAF Sat Cat: 32062 . COSPAR: 2007-042A. Apogee: 775 km (481 mi). Perigee: 773 km (480 mi). Inclination: 98.5000 deg. Period: 100.30 min. Third China-Brazil joint earth resources satellite. Much higher resolution optics and multispectral sensors expected to be useful for some military applications as well. The satellite raised its orbit to its operational altitude of 773 km two days after launch.

2007 November 14 - . 22:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA. LV Configuration: Ariane 5ECA V179 (538).
  • Star One C1 - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: Embratel. Program: Brasilsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 32293 . COSPAR: 2007-056A. Apogee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Formerly named Brasilsat C1, the satellite was launched as part of a joint venture between several South American countries with Brazil's Embratel taking a lead role..

2007 December 16 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30.
  • Angicos GPS technology mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

2008 April 18 - . 22:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA. LV Configuration: Ariane 5ECA V539.
  • Star One C2 - . Payload: Spacebus 3000B3. Nation: Brazil. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Brasilsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 32768 . COSPAR: 2008-018B. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,785 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Communications satellite owned by Brazilian operator Star One with C, Ku and X-band transponders.

2008 October 27 - . 06:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Parelhas - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

2009 May 29 - . 13:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • Maracati 1 - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi). Summary: Test.

2010 December 6 - . 17:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion s/n V03.
  • Maracati 2 - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi). Summary: Range test prior to Microg 1A launch..

2010 December 12 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30. LV Configuration: VSB-30 s/n V07.
  • MICROG 1A - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi). Summary: Microgravity payload..

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