Encyclopedia Astronautica
Canada



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Red Lake
Credit: © Mark Wade
Canada

More... - Chronology...


Associated People
  • Saint-Jacques Saint-Jacques, David (1970-) Canadian physicist mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on. More...
  • Hansen, Jeremy Hansen, Jeremy Roger (1976-) Canadian pilot mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on. More...
  • Chamberlin Chamberlin, James A (1915-1981) Canadian-American engineer. Lead at Avro for fighters, 1945-1959. Lead positions at NASA, 1959-1970. Conceived modular design for Gemini and pushed its use for lunar mission. At McDonnell-Douglas 1970-1981; headed their shuttle bid. More...
  • Charyk Charyk, Joseph Vincent (1920-) Canadian-American engineer. Chief Scientist, USAF, and First Director, NRO, 1961-1963. Founder of geosynchronous communications satellite industry. Headed Comsat as President, CEO, Chairman, 1963-1985. More...
  • Maynard Maynard, Owen (1924-2000) Canadian-American enginner, at NASA 1960-1970, a key systems engineering figure during the Apollo program, credited with laying out the lunar module and designing the Apollo mission sequence. More...
  • Money Money, Kenneth Eric (1935-) Canadian physiologist payload specialist astronaut, 1983-1992. More...
  • Tryggvason Tryggvason, Bjarni Valdimar (1945-) Icelandic-Canadian engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-85. CSA; Alternate Payload Specialist to MacLean for STS-52 Mission LAGEOS-2 and Test of the Canadian Space Vision System. More...
  • Bondar Bondar, Roberta Lynn (1945-) Canadian physician payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-42. Neurologist. First Canadian female astronaut. IML-1 payload specialist. More...
  • Garneau Garneau, Dr Joseph Jean-Pierre Marc (1949-) Canadian engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-G, STS-77, STS-97. First Canadian astronaut. More...
  • Thirsk Thirsk, Dr Robert Brent (1953-) Canadian physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-78,ISS EO-20. More...
  • Williams, Dave Williams, Dr Dafydd Rhys 'Dave' (1954-) Canadian physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-90, STS-118. More...
  • MacLean MacLean, Steven Glenwood (1954-) Canadian physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-52, STS-115. Selected Aug 1996; he had been PayloadSpecialist on STS-52 Mission LAGEOS-2 (responsible for the Space Visions System). More...
  • Hadfield Hadfield, Chris Austin (1959-) Canadian test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-74, STS-100. More...
  • Chamitoff Chamitoff, Gregory Errol (1962-) Jewish-Canadian engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EO-17-1, STS-134. More...
  • Payette Payette, Julie (1963-) Canadian engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-96, STS-127. Engineer. Second Canadian female astronaut. More...
  • McKay, Michael McKay, Michael John (1963-) Canadian engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1992-1995. More...

Associated Spacecraft
  • Canadian PPS Canadian pressure suit, operational 1957. The Canadian Waistcoat-Mask/Vest/G-Suit was a partial pressure assembly. The Canadians studied variants of this assembly as far back as the early 1940's. More...
  • HARP 5-1 Canadian earth atmosphere probe. Launched from 1960. The HARP 5-1 gun probe was a dart-shaped, sub-caliber vehicle with a major diameter of 66 mm, a length of 116 cm and a flight weight of 10.4 kg. More...
  • HARP 5-3 Canadian earth atmosphere satellite. Study 1960. The HARP 5-3 probe was developed during HARP to reduce the complexity of the 5 inch vehicles and in particular the nose eject system used by the HARP 5-1 probe. More...
  • HARP 7-1 Canadian earth atmosphere suborbital probe. Flights from 1961. The original HARP 7-1 gun probe was fundamentally a scaled up version of the 5-1 gun probe and was used for similar payloads. More...
  • HARP 7-2 Canadian earth atmosphere probe. Study 1961. The Harp 7-2 vehicle was an optimized version of the 7-1 vehicle. The 7-2 had a body diameter of 76 mm a length of 1410 mm a flight weight of 18.2 kg and a payload volume of 2048 cc. More...
  • Alouette Canadian earth magnetosphere satellite. 2 launches, 1962.09.29 (Alouette 1) and 1965.11.29 (Alouette 2). Ionospheric research. More...
  • Isis Canadian earth magnetosphere satellite. 2 launches, 1969.01.30 (Isis 1) and 1971.04.01 (Isis 2). Ionospheric measurements; data correlated with measurements from Alouette 1. More...
  • CTS Canadian communications satellite. One launch, 1976.01.17. Canadian Telecommunications Satellite project. Only one spacecraft launched. More...
  • Anik Canadian communications satellite. 2 launches, 1978.12.15 (Anik B1 (Telesat 4)) and (DRIMS). Function - telecommunications. Operating entity - Telesat Canada. More...
  • CTA Canadian technology satellite. One launch, 1992.10.22. Canadian Target Assembly; deployed from STS-52 10/22/92. More...
  • Radarsat Canadian earth resources radar satellite. Two launches, 1995.11.04 (Radarsat) and 2007.12.14 (Radarsat). Canada's Radarsat was a radar satellite featuring variable resolution, and different view angles at a number of preset positions. More...
  • Wild Fire Canadian manned spacecraft. Study 2004. X-Prize suborbital balloon-launched ballistic spacecraft concept of the Da Vinci Project, led by Brian Feeney of Toronto, Canada. Reached the stage of engineering tests by 2003. More...
  • Canadian Arrow Canadian manned spacecraft. Study 2004. X-Prize suborbital ballistic spacecraft concept of Geoff Sheerin, Toronto. Reached the stage of engineering tests by 2003. More...
  • Most Canadian visible astronomy satellite. One launch, 2003.06.30. MOST was a suitcase-sized microsatellite designed to probe stars and extrasolar planets by measuring tiny light variations undetectable from Earth. More...
  • SCISAT Canadian earth atmosphere satellite. One launch, 2003.08.13. More...
  • Can X Canadian technology satellite. 2 launched, 2008.04.28 (Can X-6 ) and (Can X-2 ). More...

Associated Engines
  • 23KS20000 Bristol Aerospace solid rocket engine. 89 kN. Two-finned version. More...
  • 26KS20000 Bristol Aerospace solid rocket engine. 75.7 kN. Four-finned version. More...
  • BB7 Bristol Aerospace solid rocket engine. 1 kN. More...
  • Martlet 4-1 Bull solid rocket engine. 67.7 kN. Development ended 1966. Isp=300s. Used on Martlet 4 launch vehicle. More...
  • Martlet 4-2 Bull solid rocket engine. 20.6 kN. Development ended 1966. Isp=300s. Used on Martlet 4 launch vehicle. More...
  • Martlet 4-3 Bull solid rocket engine. 5.390 kN. Development ended 1966. Isp=300s. Used on Martlet 4 launch vehicle. More...
  • Nihka Bristol Aerospace solid rocket engine. 50.5 kN. Upper stages. Out of production. Isp=284s. Used on Black Brant 10 launch vehicle. First flight 1981. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Black Brant 4 Canadian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Black Brant VA + 1 x Black Brant IIIA or IIIB. More...
  • Black Brant The Black Brant originated in a 1957 Canadian government requirement for a sounding rocket to characterize the ionosphere in order to improve military communications. Bristol Aerospace of Winnipeg, Manitoba was selected to design the rocket, while the Canadian Armament Research and Development Establishment (CARDE) was responsible for the propellant and filling. The prototype was called the Propulsion Test Vehicle. It was a relatively heavy rocket, since it was designed to stand up to the use of a wide range of engine burning time, propellant loadings and launch angles associated with fuel development. The lighter production version of the vehicle was renamed Black Brant. Later versions of Black Brant used a variety of booster and upper stages to supplement the original single-stage vehicle. More...
  • Black Brant 3 Canadian sounding rocket. Single stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Black Brant IIIA or IIIB. More...
  • Martlet 2 Canadian sounding rocket. The Martlet 2 series were the primary 16" gun-launched sub-orbital flight vehicles used during the High Altitude Research Program (HARP). Martlet 2's were used to conduct extensive research at altitudes of up to 180 km with some 200 flights being conducted between 1963 and 1967. The very low cost per flight, about $3,000, made it ideal for a wide variety of applications.. Typical mission payloads included chemical ejection to produce an observable atmospheric trail and assorted sensors with multi-channel telemetry. More...
  • Martlet Canadian gun-launched orbital launch vehicle. In 1962-1967 Canada's Gerard Bull led development of the Martlet system for gun-launched access to space. The program was cancelled before the objective of gun launch to orbit was attained. More...
  • Martlet 1 Canadian sounding rocket. The Martlet One Flight Vehicle was designed in mid-1962 as a first generation test vehicle for the HARP project. The primary role of the Martlet One was to test the fundamental technologies that were to be used in the Martlet Two vehicle. These included the internal ballistics of the 16" L45 smooth-bored gun system, the pusher plate/ laminated plywood sabot system and the ability to receive radio telemetry from a gun launched vehicle in flight. More...
  • Martlet 3 Canadian sounding rocket. Single stage, gun-launched vehicle. More...
  • Black Brant 5 Canadian sounding rocket. Single stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Black Brant VA, VB, or VC. More...
  • Martlet 3B Canadian sounding rocket. Once the fundamental design flaws of the Martlet 3A vehicle were identified the system was redesigned and a new vehicle, the Martlet 3B, was created.

    The Martlet 3B vehicle was similar in design to the 3A vehicle but sported several design changes intended to improve the system performance. The first major change was to replace the aluminium airframe with a alloy steel airframe in the hopes the stronger material would lead to higher mass fractions. Other improvements included the use of a larger diameter rocket motor (increasing the outer diameter to 8 inches / 20 cm) and the use of six fixed fins instead of the 3A's four fins. More...

  • Martlet 3A Canadian sounding rocket. The Martlet 3A was the first serious attempt to produce a sub-calibre, gun-launched, rocket-assisted, vehicle for the 16 inch gun system. The basic design criteria for the Martlet 3A was to gun launch a vehicle containing a rocket motor that could provide a velocity boost equal to or greater then the initial gun-launch velocity.

    The theoretical performance of the Martlet 3A was for an 18 kg payload to be carried to an altitude of some 500 km at gun-launch accelerations of 12-14,000 g's and gun launch velocities in the range of 2100 m/sec (similar to the Martlet 2 series maximum launch parameters). More...

  • Martlet 4 Canadian gun-launched orbital launch vehicle. The Martlet 4 was ultimate goal of the HARP program - a gun-launched orbital launch vehicle. Two versions were considered: a preliminary version with two solid propellant upper stages, and a later model with two liquid propellant upper stages. Payload of the liquid propellant version would have reached 90 kg. The initial version was in an advanced stage of suborbital flight test when the HARP program was cancelled in 1967. More...
  • Black Brant 5B Canadian sounding rocket. Three-fin version. The Black Brant VB provided slightly improved performance over the VC. The burnout roll rate for the Black Brant V was 4 cycles per second. Maximum longitudinal acceleration varied with payload weight; for a typical payload weight of 270 kg, maximum thrust axis acceleration is approximately 12g's. More...
  • 7 inch HARP Gun Canadian gun-launched sounding rocket. The highly successful 5 inch HARP gun had demonstrated the immense versatility of small portable gun systems for atmospheric exploration. The 7 inch HARP gun system represented the 5 inch system scaled up to the largest barrel size practical, while still remaining portable. More...
  • GLO-1B Canadian gun-launched orbital launch vehicle. When compared to the early Martlet 4 designs the GLO-1B was a considerably more sophisticated vehicle with many of the shortcomings of it's predecessor having been addressed. Not long after the original HARP project ended the major assets of the project were acquired by the projects management, Dr. Gerald Bull in particular. The HARP Program became the Space Research Corporation (SRC) with the intention of resurrecting the HARP orbital program. Over the years a much improved and considerably more sophisticated Martlet 4 was developed and given the name of GLO-1B. More...
  • Martlet 2G-1 Canadian gun-launched orbital launch vehicle. The Martlet 2G-1 was the absolute minimum gun-launched satellite vehicle. Conceived when the HARP project was under threat, it was a seven-inch diameter, two-stage solid propellnat vehicle that would be sabot-launched from the HARP 16 inch gun. Its total payload in orbit would have been just two kilogrammes - ideal for today's planned nano-satellites. Unfortunately even this minimum orbital launch vehicle could not be demonstrated before the program was shut down. More...
  • Martlet 2G Canadian sounding rocket. This derivative of the Martlet 2 gun-fired suborbital space probe achieved a higher scientific payload through use of a lighter sabot. 12 were flown before the program was ended. More...
  • 5 inch HARP Gun Canadian gun-launched sounding rocket. When most people think of the HARP Program they usually think of the big 16 inch guns roaring skywards as they launch test probes into the upper atmosphere. What most people do not realise was that even before HARP small portable gun launchers were used for the same purpose and even during HARP hundreds of high altitude flights were conducted using small guns. The 5 inch gun-launch system was initially designed to satisfy the requirements of the Meteorological Rocket Network This required that an 0.9 kg (2 lb) payload be carried to an altitude of 65 km (40 miles). Typical payloads were radar reflective chaff ejected at apogee, which was tracked by radar to yield wind data, and small Metsondes which drifted to earth under large parachutes and returned radio telemetry of temperature, humidity and the like. More...
  • Black Brant 8 Canadian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Nike booster + Black Brant VB or VC upper stage. Payload 136 kg to 430 km or 408 kg to 230 km. More...
  • Black Brant 10 Canadian sounding rocket. Three stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Terrier + 1 x Black Brant VB or VC + 1 x Nihka. Payload 90 kg to 1,200 km or 317 kg to 550 km. More...
  • Black Brant 9 Canadian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Terrier Mk 70 + 1 x Black Brant VB. More...
  • Black Brant 12 Canadian sounding rocket. The Black Brant XII rocket system was a four stage system used primarily to carry a variety of payloads to high altitudes. Its development is a spin-off of the Black Brant X development. Four stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Talos + 1 x Taurus + 1 x Black Brant VB + 1 x Nihka. Payload 136 kg to 1,500 km or 522 kg to 500 km. More...
  • Black Brant 11 Canadian sounding rocket. Three stage vehicle. Payload weights of 320 kg to 500 km or 550 kg to 350 km altitude. More...
  • Excalibur Target System The Canadian-made Excalibur Target System was a boosted dart ballistic rocket whose flight could be tailored to simulate various threats for anti-tactical ballistic missile (TBM) system tests. The solid-propellant launched the dart segment to the necessary angle and velocity for the mission. The dart then separated from the booster. It carried a sophisticated electronic RFSAS Radio Frequency Signature Augmentation System, which electronically enlarged the target's radar cross-section to mimic the larger missile appropriate to the mission. More...
  • Martlet 3D Canadian sounding rocket. The Martlet 3D concept was intended to serve as a sub-orbital vehicle capable of lifting heavy payloads to satellite altitudes. The Martlet 3D was simply the first stage of the Martlet 4 vehicle ( Martlet 4A) with the two upper stages and the satellite payload being replaced with a single large payload. More...
  • Martlet 3E Canadian sounding rocket. The Martlet 3E vehicle was designed to take advantage of the portability of the HARP 7 inch guns. Unlike the big fixed 16 inch guns the 7 inch HARP guns, were portable and could be relocated to conduct launches from a wide variety of sites. It was soon determined that a gun-launched rocket vehicle for the 7 inch gun would have a similar performance to the Martlet 2 glide probe launched from the fixed 16 inch guns. Launch costs would also be about the same. More...
  • Industrial Sounding System Canadian gun-launched sounding rocket. Columbiad Launch Services announced itself publicly in August 2003. They were then developing a high-volume Industrial Sounding System based on gun propulsion technology, which was scheduled to be fully operational by late 2004. This would also serve as a prototype for a follow-on orbital gun-based launch system. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • CARDE Canadian Armament and Research Development Establishment, Canada. More...
  • DRTE Canadian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Defence Research Telecommunications Establishment, Canada. More...
  • DRE Canadian agency. Defence Research Establishment, Canada. More...
  • NRCC Canadian agency. National Research Council Canada, Canada. More...
  • HARP Canadian agency. High Altitude Research Project, Canada. More...
  • Bristol Canadian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Bristol Aerospace Limited, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. More...
  • Telesat Canadian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Telesat Canada, Canada. More...
  • CSA Canadian agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Canadian Space Agency, Canada. More...
  • Bull Canadian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Bull, Canada. More...
  • Da Vinci Canadian manufacturer of spacecraft. Da Vinci Project, Canada. More...
  • Dynacon Canadian manufacturer of spacecraft. Dynacon Enterprises, Canada. More...
  • Spar Canadian manufacturer of spacecraft. Spar Aerospace, Canada. More...

Associated Programs
  • Anik Telecommunications satellite system, act as space repeaters capable of receiving transmissions from earth stations and retransmitting them to other earth stations in Canada. The antenna coverage of the satellite provides the capability of serving virtually all of Canada. Operating entity - Telesat Canada. More...
  • STS The Space Transportation System (Space Shuttle) was conceived originally as a completely reusable system that would provide cheap, routine access to space and replace all American and civilian military launch vehicles. Crippled by technological overreach, political compromise, and budget limitations, it instead ended up costing more than the expendable rockets it was to have replaced. STS sucked the money out of all other NASA projects for half a century. The military abandoned its use after the Challenger shuttle explosion in the 1980's. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Fort Churchill Fort Churchill is an Arctic site on Hudson Bay with a rail link. It is near the point of maximum auroral activity. This combination of circumstances made it ideal for far-north sounding rocket launches. In 1954, the Canadian Army conducted the first series of rocket firings at Fort Churchill. Following a period of inactivity, construction of more elaborate facilities in support of the International Geophysical Year began in 1956. IGY firings began in July 1957. The range was closed again in December 1958 after the IGY program ended. It was reopened again in August 1959 by the US Army as part of its network of sounding rocket stations. This allowed use of the site by other groups over the years. More...
  • Resolute Bay Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 17 launches from 1966 to 1971, reaching up to 200 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Primrose Lake Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 1299 launches from 1968 to 1991, reaching up to 81 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Cape Parry Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 18 launches from 1969 to 1982, reaching up to 662 kilometers altitude. More...
  • East Quoddy Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 8 launches from 1970 to 1972, reaching up to 156 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Hall Beach Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 7 launches in 1971, reaching up to 270 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Gillam Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 2 launches from 1972 to 1973, reaching up to 200 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Red Lake Sounding rocket range, known to have been used for 23 launches in 1979, reaching up to 215 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Southend Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 2 launches in 1980, reaching up to 156 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Cold Lake Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 18 launches in 1990, reaching up to 90 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages
  • 12KS10000 Solid rocket stage. 45.00 kN (10,116 lbf) thrust. Mass 300 kg (661 lb). More...
  • 15KS25000 Solid rocket stage. 111.00 kN (24,954 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,000 kg (2,205 lb). More...
  • 17KS12000 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 399/70 kg. Thrust 50.50 kN. The Nihka rocket motor was developed specifically for the Black Brant X rocket system by Bristol Aerospace. More...
  • 23KS20000 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 1,000/150 kg. Thrust 89.00 kN. Two-finned version. More...
  • 26KS20000 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 1,264/268 kg. Thrust 75.70 kN. Four-finned version. More...
  • 9KS11000 Solid rocket stage. 49.00 kN (11,016 lbf) thrust. Mass 300 kg (661 lb). More...
  • 9KS1660 Solid rocket stage. 7.40 kN (1,664 lbf) thrust. Mass 100 kg (220 lb). More...
  • HARP-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 100 kg. More...
  • HARP Gun Guncotton propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 450/1 kg. Thrust 127,000.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 365 seconds. The HARP gun, a converted 16 inch naval gun, was used during the 1960's to launch the Martlet series of rocket-launched space probes. More...
  • Martlet 4A Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 890/155 kg. Thrust 67.60 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 300 seconds. More...
  • Martlet 4i-3 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 53/10 kg. Thrust 5.39 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 300 seconds. More...
  • Martlet 4i-2 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 183/35 kg. Thrust 20.50 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 300 seconds. More...
  • Martlet 4i-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 655/114 kg. Thrust 67.60 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 300 seconds. More...
  • Martlet 4C Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 90/20 kg. Thrust 5.39 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 300 seconds. More...
  • Martlet 4B Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 230/45 kg. Thrust 20.50 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 300 seconds. More...
  • Martlet 4L-3 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 58/9 kg. Thrust 5.39 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 300 seconds. More...
  • Martlet 4L-2 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 243/46 kg. Thrust 20.50 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 300 seconds. More...

Canada Chronology


1915 May 23 - .
  • Birth of James A Chamberlin - . Nation: Canada. Summary: Canadian-American engineer. Lead at Avro for fighters, 1945-1959. Lead positions at NASA, 1959-1970. Conceived modular design for Gemini and pushed its use for lunar mission. At McDonnell-Douglas 1970-1981; headed their shuttle bid..

1920 August 9 - .
  • Birth of Joseph Vincent Charyk - . Nation: Canada; USA. Summary: Canadian-American engineer. Chief Scientist, USAF, and First Director, NRO, 1961-1963. Founder of geosynchronous communications satellite industry. Headed Comsat as President, CEO, Chairman, 1963-1985..

1935 January 4 - .
  • Birth of Kenneth Eric Money - . Nation: Canada. Summary: Canadian physiologist payload specialist astronaut, 1983-1992..

1945 September 21 - .
  • Birth of Bjarni Valdimar Tryggvason - . Nation: Canada; Iceland. Summary: Icelandic-Canadian engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-85. CSA; Alternate Payload Specialist to MacLean for STS-52 Mission LAGEOS-2 and Test of the Canadian Space Vision System..

1945 December 4 - .
  • Birth of Roberta Lynn Bondar - . Nation: Canada. Summary: Canadian physician payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-42. Neurologist. First Canadian female astronaut. IML-1 payload specialist..

1949 February 23 - .
1953 August 17 - .
1954 May 16 - .
1954 December 14 - .
  • Birth of Steven Glenwood MacLean - . Nation: Canada. Summary: Canadian physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-52, STS-115. Selected Aug 1996; he had been PayloadSpecialist on STS-52 Mission LAGEOS-2 (responsible for the Space Visions System)..

1955 February 9 - . 21:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Cold Weather Test - . Nation: Canada. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 February 9 - . 21:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Cold Weather Test - . Nation: Canada. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 March 2 - . 22:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Cold Weather Test - . Nation: Canada. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 March 10 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Cold Weather Test - . Nation: Canada. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 March 10 - . 21:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Cold Weather Test - . Nation: Canada. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 February 14 - . 18:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Cold Weather Test - . Nation: Canada. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 February 22 - . 20:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Cold Weather Test - . Nation: Canada. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 February 28 - . 22:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Cold Weather Test - . Nation: Canada. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 February 28 - . 22:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Cold Weather Test - . Nation: Canada. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 March 4 - . 13:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Cold Weather Test - . Nation: Canada. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 March 4 - . 14:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Cold Weather Test - . Nation: Canada. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 March 4 - . 14:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Cold Weather Test - . Nation: Canada. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 March 4 - . 14:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Cold Weather Test - . Nation: Canada. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 March 4 - . 15:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Cold Weather Test - . Nation: Canada. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 March 4 - . 15:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Cold Weather Test - . Nation: Canada. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 November 8 - . 01:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun CC6.01.
  • Infrared airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1958 November 13 - . 08:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun CC6.02.
  • Infrared airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1959 April 20 - .
  • Canada-NASA sounding rocket agreement. - . Nation: Canada. Summary: NASA announced acceptance of proposals by the Canadian Defense Research Telecommunications Establishment for continuing joint rocket and satellite ionospheric experiments of a nonmilitary nature..

1959 August 19 - .
  • Birth of Chris Austin Hadfield - . Nation: Canada. Summary: Canadian test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-74, STS-100..

1959 September 2 - .
1959 September 5 - . 15:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-01.
  • PTV-1 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1959 September 5 - . 22:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-02.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 September 8 - . 15:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-03.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1959 September 10 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-04.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1960 May 18 - . 21:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-05. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1960 May 24 - . 17:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-06.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1960 May 28 - . 18:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-07.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1960 September 23 - . 06:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-08.
  • NO2 seeding Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 September 30 - . 06:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-09.
  • NO2 seeding Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 October 8 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-11.
  • DRTE-04 Type II aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1960 October 12 - . 16:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II CC-2A-13.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1960 October 12 - . 21:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II CC-2A-14.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1960 October 20 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-10.
  • DRTE-03 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: DRTE. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1960 October 28 - . 12:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-12.
  • DRTE-05 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: DRTE. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 December 2 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant.
  • Black Brant launches from Wallops Island announced. - . Nation: Canada. Twelve Canadian Black Brant rockets for upper-atmosphere research were to be launched from NASA's Wallops Station, Virginia, as the Canadian Defence Research Board shifted the firing site from Fort Churchill because a fire largely destroyed the Canadian facilities. Capable of carrying a 150-pound payload to an altitude of 150 miles, Black Brants were to be fired from Wallops at the rate of two in December 1961, two in February 1962, six in April 1962, and two in May 1962.

1962 June - . LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 1.
  • Martlet One Flight Vehicle designed - . Nation: Canada. Summary: This was the first generation test vehicle for the HARP project..

1962 June 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AA-3-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: DRE. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1962 June 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AA-3-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: DRE. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1962 June 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AA-3-3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: DRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 June 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AA-3-4. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: DRE. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi).

1962 August 6 - .
1962 September 29 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B. LV Configuration: Thor Agena B 341 (TA1).
  • Alouette 1 - . Payload: Alouette 1 / TAVE. Mass: 145 kg (319 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Clemson. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Alouette. USAF Sat Cat: 424 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Alpha-1. Apogee: 1,022 km (635 mi). Perigee: 987 km (613 mi). Inclination: 80.5000 deg. Period: 105.20 min. Summary: Ionospheric research. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1962 December 13 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AA-3-5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: DRE. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1962 December 13 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AA-3-6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: DRE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1963 - . LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 1.
  • The Martlet One Flight Vehicle was designed in mid-1962 as a first generation test vehicle for the HARP project. The primary role of the Martlet One was to test the fundamental technologies that were - . Nation: Canada. The main body of the vehicle was intended contain coloured chemicals for release during flight to produce a visible trail. This was to allow the wind and atmospheric conditions to be observed along the flight path. (primarily wind shear at altitudes near apogee). Ground observers were to determine the effect of high altitude winds on the chemical trail. The nose was designed to hold a small one watt radio telemetry transmitter and other electronic instruments.

    Only four Martlet Ones were manufactured. Two were flown during the initial test series and the remaining two were retired. The first Martlet One was launched on January 21, 1963. It was launched at an elevation of 80 degrees and flew for 145 seconds. During its flight it rose to an altitude of 26 km and landed 11 km down range. The second Martlet One was launched on February 1, 1963 and flew for 146 seconds. It rose to an altitude of 27 km and landed about 11 km down range. These two flights were sufficient to prove the launch concept. The initial test series also included several wooden test slugs.

    The Martlet 1 series was retired in favour of the much improved Martlet 2 family of vehicles. Also, the cost of installation of the gun and the ground support infrastructure left precious little funds for an extensive initial test series.

    MARTLET ONE SPECIFICATIONS

    • Mass: 205 kg (450 lb.)

    • Body Diameter: 0.168 m (6.6 inches)

    • Length: 1.78 m (70 inches)

    • Sabot: Metallic pusher plate with four laminated plywood centring petals; outside diameter of sabot 0.417 m (16.4')

    • Gun Launcher: 16.4 inch L45 smooth-bored gun. This was a standard 16 inch battleship gun which had the rifling bored out. Propellant load 330 kg cordite.

    by Richard K Graf


1963 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 January 21 - . LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 1.
  • Martlet 1 Shot 1 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi). Summary: The gun-launched rocket was shot at an elevation of 80 degrees and flew for 145 seconds. During its flight it rose to an altitude of 26 km and landed 11 km down range..

1963 February 1 - . LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 1.
  • Martlet 1 Shot 2 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi). Summary: The second Martlet One flew for 146 seconds. It rose to an altitude of 27 km and landed about 11 km down range. These two flights were sufficient to prove the launch concept. The initial test series also included several wooden test slugs..

1963 March 21 - . 03:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I CC-1-28.
  • NO2 seeding Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 March 25 - . 03:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I CC-1-38.
  • NO2 seeding Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1963 Apr - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A II-1 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 April 6 - . 04:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I AD-1-26.
  • Ionosphere / fields Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1963 April 6 - . 07:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I AD-1-23.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1963 May 7 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II BB-2A-22.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1963 May 10 - .
1963 Jun - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A II-3 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 June 11 - . 05:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II BB-2A-21.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1963 June 18 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1963 June 24 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II CC-2A-18.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1963 June 24 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II CC-2A-17.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1963 August 28 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2B III-2 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 August 28 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2B III-1 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 September 5 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3A.
  • 3A III-3 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 September 5 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3A.
  • 3A III-2 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 September 5 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3A.
  • 3A III-4 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 September 5 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). The Martlet 3A gun-launched rocket program began in the spring of 1963 with test flights beginning in September. Early Martlet 3A test flights were less then successful. At launch loads of 5000-6000 g’s the rocket motor fuel grain would fail.The Martlet 3A set a world record as the largest rocket launched from a gun.

1963 October 14 - . 05:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II BB-2A-20.
  • Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: DRTE. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1963 October 18 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II CC-2A-39.
  • NO2 release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1963 October 20 - .
  • Birth of Julie Payette - . Nation: Canada. Summary: Canadian engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-96, STS-127. Engineer. Second Canadian female astronaut..

1963 October 26 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II CC-2A-19.
  • Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: DRTE. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1963 October 29 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II CC-2A-40.
  • NO2 release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1964 Jan - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3A.
  • 3A IV-3 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jan - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3A.
  • 3A IV-1 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jan - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A IV-9 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jan - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3A.
  • 3A IV-6 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jan - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3A.
  • 3A IV-2 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jan - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3A.
  • 3A IV-4 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jan - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A IV-3 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 January 1 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jan - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A IV-5 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jan - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A IV-2 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jan - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A IV-4 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jan - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A IV-6 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jan - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A IV-7 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jan - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A IV-8 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jan - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3A.
  • 3A IV-5 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 January 9 - . 05:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AA-2-41.
  • Auroral particles Aurora / ionosphere / micrometeorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1964 January 14 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AA-2-25.
  • Auroral particles Aurora / ionosphere / micrometeorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1964 January 15 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3A.
  • 3A IV-7 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 January 17 - . 07:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AD-2-42.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / micrometeorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 January 20 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II CC-2A-29.
  • Fin test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1964 January 20 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II CC-2A-30.
  • Fin test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1964 April 7 - . 05:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AA-2A-43.
  • Auroral particles Aurora / ionosphere / micrometeorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1964 April 8 - . 07:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AD-2A-44.
  • Auroral study Apr9? Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1964 April 16 - . 07:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AD-2A-36.
  • Ionosphere / particles / micrometeorite mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1964 April 17 - . 00:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA AF-VA-35/03.
  • Daytime ne Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1964 April 21 - . 23:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III FF-3-09.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 June - . LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B.
  • Martlet 3B final test flight - . Nation: Canada. Summary: The last test flights of the Martlet 3B were performed in mid-1964 after which no further work was performed by HARP on sub-calibre gun-launched rocket vehicles..

1964 June 23 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A V-1 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 June 24 - . 20:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA NRC FF-4-01.
  • - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 467 km (290 mi).

1964 June 24 - . 20:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA FF-4-01. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1964 June 25 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A V-2 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 June 25 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A V-3 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 June 26 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A V-4 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jul - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A VI-13 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jul - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A VI-16 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jul - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A VI-18 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jul - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A VI-19 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jul - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A VI-20 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jul - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A VI-12 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jul - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A VI-17 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jul - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B.
  • 3B VI-8 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jul - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B.
  • 3B VI-5 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jul - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B.
  • 3B VI-9 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jul - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B.
  • 3B VI-7 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jul - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B.
  • 3B VI-5 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jul - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A VI-4 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jul - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A VI-11 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jul - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B.
  • 3B VI-6 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jul - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A VI-14 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jul - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A VI-5 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jul - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A VI-6 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jul - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A VI-7 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jul - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A VI-8 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jul - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A VI-9 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jul - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A VI-10 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Jul - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A VI-15 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 July 2 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA FF-4-02. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1964 July 2 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA NRC FF-4-02.
  • - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1964 July 6 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A VI-1 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 July 7 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 42 TMA-1.
  • 2A VI-2 IRIS - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1964 July 8 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 43 TMA-2.
  • 2A VI-3 JANET - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1964 July 22 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 62 TMA-3.
  • 2A VI-21 SHARON - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1964 July 23 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B.
  • 3B VI-2 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 July 23 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B.
  • 3B VI-1 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 July 23 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A VI-22 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 July 23 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B.
  • 3B VI-3 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 July 24 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 67 TMA-4.
  • 2A VI-23 QUEENIE - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1964 July 25 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B.
  • 3B VI-10 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 September 8 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B.
  • 3B VII-1 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 September 8 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B.
  • 3B VII-2 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 September 8 - . 03:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AK-2A-59. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 September 9 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B.
  • 3B VII-3 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 September 9 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B. LV Configuration: Martlet 3B 77?.
  • 3B VII-4 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 September 15 - . 06:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AD-2A-58.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1964 October 6 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIB CC-2B-49.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1964 October 7 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIB CC-2B-61.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1964 November 27 - . 08:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AA-2A-37.
  • Test/Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1964 Dec - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B.
  • 3B IX-1 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Dec - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B.
  • 3B IX-2 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Dec - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2C IX-4 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Dec - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2C IX-1 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Dec - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2C IX-3 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Dec - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A IX-3 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Dec - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A IX-2 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Dec - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A IX-4 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 Dec - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2C IX-2 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 December 8 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 84?.
  • 2A IX-1 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 December 14 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B.
  • 3B IX-3 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 January 22 - . 21:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA FF-4-03.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 670 km (410 mi).

1965 January 23 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA FF-4-04.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 735 km (456 mi).

1965 January 25 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIB CC-2B-48.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1965 January 25 - . 20:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIB CC-2B-56. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1965 March - . LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 4.
  • Martlet 4 orbital gun-launched rocket design. - . Nation: Canada. It was not until 1964, when agreements between the Canadian and the US governments permitted stable funding over the following three years, that HARP was able to seriously consider an orbital program. The Martlet 4 program began in the spring of 1965 with extensive parametric studies which showed that meaningful payloads could be launched into low Earth orbit from the 16 inch L86 HARP gun on the Barbados flight range using a full bore, 3 stage rocket vehicle.

1965 March 17 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AE-2A-24.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1965 March 19 - . 06:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AA-2A-52.
  • Fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1965 March 23 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A X-1 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 March 23 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A X-2 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 March 24 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 100.
  • 2C X-3 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 March 24 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2C X-1 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 March 24 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 99.
  • 2C X-2 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 March 24 - . 01:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 97 TMA-5.
  • 2A X-3 LUPACA - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1965 March 24 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 98 TMA-6.
  • 2A X-4 MIAMI - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1965 March 24 - . 06:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AA-2A-53.
  • Fields mission (date may be 23 March) - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1965 March 25 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B. LV Configuration: Martlet 3B 101.
  • 3B X-1 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 March 25 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B. LV Configuration: Martlet 3B 102.
  • 3B X-2 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 March 25 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 106?.
  • 2D X-1 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 March 25 - . 05:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AA-2A-60.
  • or Mar 24 Ionosphere / micrometeorite mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1965 March 27 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 103 TMA-7.
  • 2C X-4 NOOTKA - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1965 March 29 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B. LV Configuration: Martlet 3B 107?.
  • 3B X-3 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 March 29 - . 00:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 104 TMA-8.
  • 2C X-5 OTTAWA - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1965 March 29 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 105 TMA-9.
  • 2C X-6 PUEBLO - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1965 April 22 - . 05:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AA-3-11.
  • Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1965 May 27 - . 23:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II BB-2A-51. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi).

1965 May 31 - . 16:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 108 Chaff.
  • 2A XI-1 APPIUS - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1965 June 2 - . 14:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II BB-2A-50.
  • Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 2 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 109 Chaff.
  • 2A XI-2 RUFUS - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1965 June 3 - . 17:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B. LV Configuration: Martlet 3B 110 Grain test.
  • 3B XI-1 DEVILS - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1965 June 3 - . 20:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1965 June 3 - . 23:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 112 TMA-10.
  • 2C XI-2 MARIUS - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1965 June 4 - . 02:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 113 TMA-11.
  • 2C XI-5 NERO - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1965 June 4 - . 05:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 114 TMA-12 B-12.
  • 2C XI-6 ELAGABULUS - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1965 June 4 - . 07:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 115 TMA-13.
  • 2C XI-7 FABIUS - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1965 June 5 - . 17:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 117 Chaff.
  • 2A XI-3 SPARTA - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1965 June 5 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1965 June 5 - . 22:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1965 June 7 - . 16:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B. LV Configuration: Martlet 3B 120 Grain test.
  • 3B XI-2 EAGLE - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1965 June 9 - . 22:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 121 TMA.
  • 2C XI-12 LUCRETIA - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1965 June 10 - . 01:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 122 TMA-14.
  • 2C XI-8 OVID - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1965 June 10 - . 03:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 123 TMA-15.
  • 2C XI-9 CICERO - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

1965 June 10 - . 06:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 124 TMA.
  • 2C XI-10 DIANA - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1965 June 11 - . 01:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 125 TMA-16.
  • 2C XI-11 PLINY - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1965 June 12 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 126 TMA.
  • 2C XI-13 QUINTUS - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1965 June 12 - . 08:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 127 TMA.
  • 2C XI-14 HADRIAN - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1965 June 12 - . 19:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB FF-VB-01.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 378 km (234 mi).

1965 June 18 - . 16:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB FF-VB-02.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 364 km (226 mi).

1965 July 1 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 August 4 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 128.
  • 2C XII-1 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 August 6 - . 00:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 129 TMA-17.
  • 2C XII-2 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

1965 August 6 - . 06:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 130 TMA-18.
  • 2C XII-3 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1965 Sep - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2C XIII-5 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 Sep - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2C XIII-6 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 Sep - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2C XIII-7 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 Sep - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2C XIII-4 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 Sep - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2C XIII-3 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 Sep - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2C XIII-2 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 Sep - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A XIII-1 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 September 14 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2C XIII-1 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 September 20 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 133 TMA-19 B-19.
  • 2C XIII-8 BELAIR - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1965 September 20 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 September 21 - . 00:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 134 TMA-20.
  • 2C XIII-9 CONOWINGO - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1965 September 21 - . 00:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 September 21 - . 04:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 136 TMA-21.
  • 2C XIII-10 EDGEWOOD - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1965 September 21 - . 04:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 September 21 - . 06:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 137 TMA-22.
  • 2C XIII-11 FO. GREEN - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1965 September 21 - . 07:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 138 TMA-23.
  • 2C XIII-12 GALENA - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1965 September 21 - . 07:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 September 21 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 139 TMA-24.
  • 2C XIII-13 HAVRE DE - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1965 September 21 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 September 22 - . 23:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 142 TMA-25.
  • 2C XIII-14 LINTHICUM - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1965 September 22 - . 23:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 September 23 - . 05:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 144 TMA-26.
  • 2C XIII-15 MAGNOLIA - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1965 September 23 - . 05:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 September 23 - . 07:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 145 TMA-27.
  • 2C XIII-16 NANTICOKE - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1965 September 23 - . 07:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 September 23 - . 08:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 September 23 - . 08:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 146 TMA-28.
  • 2C XIII-17 OLNEY - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1965 September 23 - . 09:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 147 TMA-29.
  • 2C XIII-18 PERRYMAN - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1965 September 23 - . 09:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 September 25 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • 2A XIII-2 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 November 15 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B. LV Configuration: Martlet 3B 154.
  • 3B FOAM - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1965 November 15 - . 20:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B. LV Configuration: Martlet 3B 155.
  • 3B GOOSE - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1965 November 16 - . 17:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 156.
  • 2C2 ZENMAC - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1965 November 16 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 157.
  • 2C3 CESIUM - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1965 November 17 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 3B. LV Configuration: Martlet 3B 158.
  • 3B HAHA - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1965 November 17 - . 20:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 159.
  • 2C3 BRIDGETOWN Chaff - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1965 November 17 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 160 B-31.
  • 2C2 CHRISTCHURCH - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1965 November 17 - . 23:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 161 B-32.
  • 2C2 DOVER - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1965 November 18 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 163 B-33.
  • 2C2 FOULBAY - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1965 November 18 - . 04:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 164.
  • 2C2 GUNHILL - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1965 November 18 - . 05:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 165.
  • 2C2 HASTINGS - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

1965 November 18 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 166.
  • 2C2 INDIAN GROUND - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1965 November 18 - . 09:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 167.
  • 2C2 JAMESTOWN - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1965 November 20 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 170.
  • 2C2 WORTHING - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1965 November 21 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 172.
  • 2C2 VAUXHALL - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1965 November 22 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 174.
  • 2C2 NEEDHAM'S POINT - . Nation: Canada. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1965 November 23 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2 175.
  • 2C2 OLDBURY - . Nation: Canada. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi).

1965 November 29 - . 04:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B SLV-2. LV Configuration: Thor SLV-2 Agena B 453 (TA5) / Agena B S-01 6102 .
  • Alouette 2 - . Payload: Alouette 2 / Explorer 31. Mass: 145 kg (319 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: DRTE. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Alouette. USAF Sat Cat: 1804 . COSPAR: 1965-098A. Apogee: 2,666 km (1,656 mi). Perigee: 503 km (312 mi). Inclination: 79.8000 deg. Period: 117.90 min. Ionospheric research; data correlated with Explorer 31. The double-launch project, known as ISIS-X was the first in a new co-operative NASA-Canadian Defense Research Board program for International Satellites for Ionospheric Studies. Alouette was in orbit with an apogee just over a kilometre lower than Explorer 31's and with a perigee of just more than a kilometre higher. The orbits were some 3000 km at apogee and 500 km at perigee.

1966 January 17 - . 20:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 1 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1966 January 18 - . 14:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 2 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1966 January 18 - . 19:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 3 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1966 January 18 - . 20:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 4 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1966 January 19 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 5 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1966 January 19 - . 18:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 6 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 January 19 - . 19:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 7 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 January 20 - . 16:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 8 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1966 January 20 - . 19:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 9 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1966 January 21 - . 16:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 10 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1966 January 21 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 11 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1966 January 24 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 12 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1966 January 26 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 13 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1966 January 28 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 14 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1966 January 31 - . 16:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 15 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1966 February 2 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 17 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1966 February 2 - . 17:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. Launch Vehicle: 7 inch HARP Gun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1966 February 2 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 16 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 February 7 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. Launch Vehicle: 7 inch HARP Gun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 46 km (28 mi).

1966 February 7 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 18 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1966 February 8 - . 18:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: 7 inch HARP Gun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 February 8 - . 19:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: 7 inch HARP Gun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 February 9 - . 16:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 19 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1966 February 11 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. Launch Vehicle: 7 inch HARP Gun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 46 km (28 mi).

1966 February 11 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 20 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1966 February 16 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 21 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1966 February 16 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. Launch Vehicle: 7 inch HARP Gun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 February 17 - . 17:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 22 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1966 February 18 - . 01:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • B-43 INAUGUA - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1966 February 18 - . 15:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 23 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1966 February 20 - . 21:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. Launch Vehicle: 7 inch HARP Gun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 February 20 - . 21:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 24 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1966 February 23 - . 22:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 25 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1966 February 23 - . 22:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. Launch Vehicle: 7 inch HARP Gun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 February 24 - . 03:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. Launch Vehicle: 7 inch HARP Gun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 February 24 - . 03:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 26 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1966 February 24 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. Launch Vehicle: 7 inch HARP Gun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 February 24 - . 09:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • B-49 ST THOMAS - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1966 February 24 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. Launch Vehicle: 7 inch HARP Gun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 February 25 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. Launch Vehicle: 7 inch HARP Gun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 February 25 - . 16:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 27 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1966 March 1 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 28 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1966 March 3 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 29 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1966 March 4 - . 16:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • 30 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1966 March 26 - . 07:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AA-2A-103.
  • Aurora / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1966 March 30 - . 04:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AK-2A-104.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1966 July 19 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Resolute Bay. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AKF-3-16.
  • Ionosphere / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 July 21 - . 03:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Resolute Bay. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AKF-3-15.
  • Ionosphere / chemical release mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 August 26 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AAF-3-13.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1966 September - . LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 4.
  • Martlet 4A orbital gun-launched rocket tests. - . Nation: Canada. Development trials for the Martlet 4A began in the fall of 1966 with tests proceeding into early 1967. The majority of the early work was conducted on the Highwater, Quebec test range where the structural integrity of the Martlet 4A motor during gun-launching was proven. Prior to the abrupt end of the HARP project in July 1967, soft recovery trials and flight testing had been planned for the winter of 1967/1968. At nearly one ton the Martlet 4A holds the worlds record for being the largest rocket motor ever fired from a gun.

1966 September 20 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • B-51 BETA - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1966 September 20 - . 02:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • B-52 GAMMA - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1966 September 20 - . 04:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • B-53 DELTA - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1966 September 20 - . 06:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • B-55 ZETA - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1966 September 20 - . 08:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • B-57 THETA - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AAD-2A-106.
  • Hydrogen line emission Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1966 November 29 - . 06:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AAF-3-12.
  • Plasma / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1966 November 29 - . 06:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AAF-4-05.
  • CR / ne probe Plasma / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1966 December 12 - . 19:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ALF-3-18.
  • Neutral density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1966 December 13 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA AAD-VA-107. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Geminids Aurora / ionosphere / meteorology mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 48 km (29 mi).

1966 December 15 - . 15:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AAF-4-08.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 871 km (541 mi).

1966 December 15 - . 21:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AAF-4-07.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 871 km (541 mi).

1967 January 21 - . 06:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AA-2-105.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1967 January 22 - . 18:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AA-2-102.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / meteorology mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1967 February 4 - . 05:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AA-2-101.
  • Recovery test / Ionosphere Aurora / ionosphere / meteorology mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1967 February 16 - . 01:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • B-59 BELFAST - . Nation: Canada. Agency: USA. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1967 February 16 - . 03:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • B-61 DUBLIN - . Nation: Canada. Agency: USA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1967 February 17 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • B-63 HOLLYWOOD - . Nation: Canada. Agency: USA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1967 February 17 - . 08:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • B-65 LIMERICK - . Nation: Canada. Agency: USA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1967 April 26 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AFF-VB-06.
  • Test / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 396 km (246 mi).

1967 April 27 - . 04:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AFF-VB-07.
  • Test / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 398 km (247 mi).

1967 May 5 - . 04:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAD-VB-10.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 361 km (224 mi).

1967 June 22 - . 02:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • B-67 CAIRO - . Nation: Canada. Agency: BRL. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

1967 June 22 - . 23:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • B-68 DURBAN - . Nation: Canada. Agency: BRL. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1967 June 30 - . LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet.
  • HARP project closed down - . Nation: Canada. The cancellation came only a few months before an orbital 2G-1 could be flown. Martlet 2's were used to conduct extensive research at altitudes of up to 180 km with some 200 flights being conducted between 1963 and 1967. The very low cost per flight, about $3,000, made it ideal for a wide variety of applications.. Typical mission payloads included chemical ejection to produce an observable atmospheric trail and assorted sensors with multi-channel telemetry.

1967 July 4 - . 23:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ALF-3-19.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1967 July 5 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ALF-3-20.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1967 July 12 - . 00:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADF-3-24.
  • O2 profile Airglow infrared mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1967 July 12 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADF-3-25.
  • O2 profile Airglow infrared mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1967 September 28 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA AFF-VA-119.
  • Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1967 October 5 - . 04:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA AFF-VA-120.
  • Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1967 October 20 - . 10:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Resolute Bay. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AKF-3-26.
  • Ionosphere / x-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1967 October 22 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Resolute Bay. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AKF-3-27.
  • Ionosphere/Solar X-ray/X-ray Astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1968 January 19 - . 02:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AAF-2-108.
  • Te / ne Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1968 January 22 - . 03:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ADD-VB-11.
  • Hbeta / ne Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 377 km (234 mi).

1968 January 23 - . 05:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II ADD-2-109/ADD-VB-109.
  • Fields / Ionosphere / Micrometeorites Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1968 January 30 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AKD-2A-111.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1968 March 7 - . 22:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 AMD-S2-5.
  • O2 profile Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1968 March 27 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-04.
  • Auroral fluxes Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1968 April 3 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-05.
  • Auroral fluxes Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 316 km (196 mi).

1968 April 6 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AKF-4-10.
  • Calgary CR / ionos Ionosphere / chemical release mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 862 km (535 mi).

1968 April 16 - . 03:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AKD-2A-113.
  • Auroral breakup Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1968 April 18 - . 05:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AKD-2A-110.
  • Auroral breakup Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1968 April 18 - . 06:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AKD-2A-112.
  • Auroral breakup Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1968 April 23 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AMF-2A-115.
  • dup for 116? Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 337 km (209 mi).

1968 April 23 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AMF-2A-116. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Auroral spectrum Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi).

1968 April 29 - . 22:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 AMD-S2-8.
  • OH profile Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: Canada. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1968 April 30 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 AMD-S2-7.
  • Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: Canada. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1968 April 30 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 AMD-S2-6.
  • Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: Canada. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1968 May 7 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA NASA 19.04II.
  • Isis test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NASA; DRTE. Apogee: 820 km (500 mi).

1968 August 2 - . 06:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ADD-VB-18.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 284 km (176 mi).

1968 August 22 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Complex: Fort Churchill LC7. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Launcher test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1968 October 8 - . 05:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Resolute Bay. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AKF-3-40.
  • X-ray astronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1968 October 9 - . 03:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Resolute Bay. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AKF-3-39.
  • Ionosphere / chemical release / solar x-ray mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1968 October 31 - . 20:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADF-3-31.
  • PCA Ionos Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1968 November 1 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADF-3-33.
  • PCA Ionos Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1968 November 19 - . 01:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II BB-2.
  • Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1968 November 19 - . 04:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADF-3-32. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi).

1968 December 13 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Complex: Fort Churchill LC7. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AAF-2-125.
  • Geminids Ionosphere / meteorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1968 December 18 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AKD-VB-21.
  • Calgary auroral Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 363 km (225 mi).

1969 January 14 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AAF-4-17. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1969 January 28 - . 07:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AEF-2-118.
  • N2, temperature profile Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1969 January 30 - . 06:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta E1. LV Configuration: Thor Delta E1 485/D65.
  • Isis 1 - . Payload: Isis A. Mass: 241 kg (531 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: CRCSS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Isis. USAF Sat Cat: 3669 . COSPAR: 1969-009A. Apogee: 3,458 km (2,148 mi). Perigee: 578 km (359 mi). Inclination: 88.4000 deg. Period: 127.60 min. Summary: Ionospheric measurements; data correlated with measurements from Alouette 1. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1969 February 13 - . 23:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AMF-2-46.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1969 February 19 - . 04:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AMF-2-117.
  • VUV auroral spectrum Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1969 March 6 - . 06:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AAD-4-16.
  • Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 791 km (491 mi).

1969 March 10 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AKD-VB-20.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 362 km (224 mi).

1969 March 11 - . 03:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-22.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1969 March 29 - . 00:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADF-3-37.
  • O2 infrared profile Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1969 March 29 - . 11:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADF-3-38.
  • O2 infrared profile Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1969 April 1 - . 04:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ADD-VB-23.
  • VUV auroral Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 372 km (231 mi).

1969 April 12 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADF-3-29. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi).

1969 April 19 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas 2. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas 2 AMM-BA-1.
  • O / OH profile Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1969 April 19 - . 01:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas 2. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas 2 AMM-BA-2.
  • O / OH profile Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1969 April 19 - . 04:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas 2. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas 2 AMM-BA-3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • O / OH profile Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1969 May 1 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AHF-4-14.
  • Electron content Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 760 km (470 mi).

1969 May 7 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AHF-4-15.
  • Electron content Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 820 km (500 mi).

1969 September 11 - . 01:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AAD-2-122.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / meteorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1969 September 12 - . 01:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AAD-2-123.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / meteorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1969 October 25 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Resolute Bay. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIIB AKF-3B-50.
  • Soft X-ray survey X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1969 October 26 - . 06:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Resolute Bay. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIIB AAF-3B-51.
  • Soft X-ray survey X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1969 November 3 - . 10:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Resolute Bay. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIIB AAF-3B-48.
  • Aurora / chemical release mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1969 November 5 - . 11:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Resolute Bay. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIIB AAF-3B-49.
  • Aurora / chemical release mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1969 December 3 - . 18:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AMF-3-47.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1969 December 3 - . 23:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AMF-3-46.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1969 December 15 - . 02:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AAF-4-20.
  • Auroral particles Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 774 km (480 mi).

1970 January 6 - .
1970 January 14 - . 04:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-29.
  • Auroral lower elevatuib Ionosphere / plasma / meteor mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1970 February 24 - . 07:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AAD-4-23.
  • VLF / Particles Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 796 km (494 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: East Quoddy. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AAF-3A-42.
  • Eclipse solar ultraviolet and x-rays mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 18:55 GMT - . Launch Site: East Quoddy. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AAF-3A-43.
  • Eclipse solar ultraviolet and x-rays mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 18:57 GMT - . Launch Site: East Quoddy. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AAF-3A-44.
  • Eclipse solar ultraviolet and x-rays mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 19:03 GMT - . Launch Site: East Quoddy. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AAF-3A-45.
  • Eclipse solar ultraviolet and x-rays mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1970 April 22 - . 08:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AEF-2-121. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1970 April 24 - . 00:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AMD-VB-25.
  • Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi).

1970 August 16 - . 03:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAD-VB-31.
  • E fields Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1970 November 13 - . 21:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 AMM-S2-9.
  • D-region O profile Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1970 December 7 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AKF-4A-19.
  • Twilight airglow Aeronomy / x-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 770 km (470 mi).

1970 December 14 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAD-VB-30.
  • Geminids Ionosphere / meteorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1970 December 15 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • MDSS-001 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1970 December 16 - . 15:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • MDSS-002 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1970 December 16 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • MDSS-003 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1970 December 16 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • MDSS-004 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1971 January 13 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II ADD-2-124.
  • O2 profile Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1971 January 21 - . 02:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AKD-VB-27.
  • Auroral Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi).

1971 January 23 - . 04:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ADD-VB-24.
  • Auroral VUV Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 375 km (233 mi).

1971 January 26 - . 17:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AMD-VB-26.
  • Airglow Ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi).

1971 February 5 - . 22:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AKF-4B-24.
  • Impedance dipole Aurora / ionosphere / meteorology mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 784 km (487 mi).

1971 February 20 - . 03:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AKF-4A-18.
  • Auroral emissions Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 785 km (487 mi).

1971 February 28 - . 07:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AND-3-41.
  • Microwave background Submillimeter radio astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1971 March 3 - . 06:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-32.
  • Electrons / ions Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 275 km (170 mi).

1971 March 20 - . 07:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AHF-2-115.
  • Auroral VUV Test / aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1971 April 1 - . 02:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta E1. LV Configuration: Thor Delta E1 491/D84.
  • Isis 2 - . Payload: Isis B. Mass: 264 kg (582 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: CRCSS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Isis. USAF Sat Cat: 5104 . COSPAR: 1971-024A. Apogee: 1,424 km (884 mi). Perigee: 1,358 km (843 mi). Inclination: 88.2000 deg. Period: 113.60 min. Summary: Ionospheric research. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1971 April 26 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-006 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi).

1971 April 26 - . 17:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-005 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi).

1971 April 26 - . 18:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-008 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 37 km (22 mi).

1971 April 26 - . 19:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-009 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 36 km (22 mi).

1971 April 26 - . 20:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-007 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

1971 May 5 - . 14:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-010 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 38 km (23 mi).

1971 May 5 - . 15:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-011 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 36 km (22 mi).

1971 May 5 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-012 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 38 km (23 mi).

1971 May 5 - . 17:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-013 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi).

1971 May 5 - . 18:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-014 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1971 May 5 - . 18:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-015 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1971 May 5 - . 19:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-016 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1972 January 15 - . 05:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Gillam. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIIB AAF-3B-53.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1972 January 15 - . 06:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-33.
  • Not in FC Aeronomy / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1972 January 15 - . 06:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AAF-4B-25.
  • Not in FC Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1972 January 15 - . 23:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas NASA 15.97UI.
  • ATT-BA-4 Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NASA; NRCC. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1972 January 27 - . 15:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-064 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 38 km (23 mi).

1972 January 27 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-065 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi).

1972 January 27 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-056 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi).

1972 January 27 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-052 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1972 February 8 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADD-3A-54.
  • Infrared airglow profile Aeronomy / ionosphere / infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1972 February 14 - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B.
  • Not in FC - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi).

1972 February 15 - . 03:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II ADD-2-114.
  • Auroral VUV Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1972 March 21 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AMF-3A-52.
  • Oxygen recombination Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1972 March 24 - . 09:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AED-VB-28.
  • Nightglow Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1972 May 17 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB APF-4B-26.
  • X-ray survey X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 660 km (410 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADD-3A-55.
  • Aeronomy / Solar Eclipse mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 19:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADD-3A-56.
  • Aeronomy / Solar Eclipse mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADD-3A-57.
  • Aeronomy / Solar Eclipse mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADD-3A-58.
  • Aeronomy / Solar Eclipse mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 20:29 GMT - . Launch Site: East Quoddy. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADD-3A-59.
  • Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 21:32 GMT - . Launch Site: East Quoddy. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADD-3A-60.
  • Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 21:39 GMT - . Launch Site: East Quoddy. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADD-3A-61.
  • Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: East Quoddy. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADD-3A-62.
  • Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1972 July 12 - . 19:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6.
  • MDSS FP-019 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1972 July 12 - . 20:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6.
  • MDSS FP-020 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1972 July 12 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. FAILURE: Failure.
  • MDSS FP-022 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1972 July 12 - . 23:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6.
  • MDSS FP-021 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1972 July 13 - . 00:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. FAILURE: Failure.
  • MDSS FP-023 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 7.00 km (4.30 mi).

1972 July 13 - . 00:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6.
  • MDSS FP-025 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1972 July 13 - . 18:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. FAILURE: Failure.
  • MDSS FP-028 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1972 July 13 - . 19:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6.
  • MDSS FP-029 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1972 July 13 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6.
  • MDSS FP-027 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1972 July 13 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6.
  • MDSS FP-026 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1972 July 14 - . 14:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6.
  • MDSS FP-024 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1972 November 10 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 1914. LV Configuration: Delta 1914 580/D92.
  • Anik A1 - . Payload: Telesat 1. Mass: 557 kg (1,227 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Telesat. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 333. Completed Operations Date: 1982-07-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 6278 . COSPAR: 1972-090A. Apogee: 36,247 km (22,522 mi). Perigee: 36,145 km (22,459 mi). Inclination: 11.3000 deg. Period: 1,457.10 min. Anik I and Anik II also registered as United States objects. .The satellites, act as space repeaters capable of receiving transmissions from earth stations and retransmitting them to other earth stations in Canada. The antenna coverage of the satellite pr ovides the capability of serving virtually all of Canada. Anik I and II had weights of 1240.59 lb and 1246.48 lb. Each satellite has 12 RF channels each capable of transmitting a color television signal or up to 900 one-way voice channels. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Americas at 114 deg W in 1973-1976; over the Americas at 104 deg W in 1976-1982 As of 1 September 2001 located at 66.14 deg W drifting at 5.205 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 107.03W drifting at 5.211W degrees per day.

1972 December 1 - . 01:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIIB AND-3B-63.
  • Microwave background Submillimeter radio astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1973 January 29 - . 05:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AAF-4B-27.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 760 km (470 mi).

1973 February 2 - . 06:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Gillam. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIIB AAF-3B-67.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1973 February 2 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-36.
  • Auroral substorm Aurora / aeronomy / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 335 km (208 mi).

1973 February 9 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AAF-4B-28.
  • Aeronomy / plasma / aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 760 km (470 mi).

1973 February 22 - . 03:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIIB AAD-3B-64.
  • Auroral plasma Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1973 February 24 - . 07:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIIB AAD-3B-65.
  • Auroral plasma Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1973 February 26 - . 03:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II ADD-2-127.
  • Auroral VUV Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1973 April 20 - . 23:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 1914. LV Configuration: Delta 1914 583/D94.
  • Anik A2 - . Payload: Telesat 2. Mass: 272 kg (599 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Telesat. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 333. Completed Operations Date: 1982-10-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 6437 . COSPAR: 1973-023A. Apogee: 35,952 km (22,339 mi). Perigee: 35,886 km (22,298 mi). Inclination: 13.7000 deg. Period: 1,442.90 min. Anik I and Anik II also registered as United States objects. .The satellites, act as space repeaters capable of receiving transmissions from earth stations and retransmitting them to other earth stations in Canada. The antenna coverage of the satellite pr ovides the capability of serving virtually all of Canada. Anik I and II had weights of 1240.59 lb and 1246.48 lb. Each satellite has 12 RF channels each capable of transmitting a color television signal or up to 900 one-way voice channels. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Americas at 109 deg W in 1973-1979; over the Americas at 106 deg W in 1979-1981; over the Americas at 114 deg W in 1981-1982 As of 26 August 2001 located at 0.59 deg E drifting at 1.690 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 150.94E drifting at 1.684W degrees per day.

1973 May 16 - . 09:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-37.
  • Tower modification test / aeronomy / ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 301 km (187 mi).

1973 May 16 - . 11:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AAF-VI-01.
  • Dust collector Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1973 June 21 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB APF-4B-30.
  • Galactic X-rays X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 686 km (426 mi).

1973 November 25 - . 22:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA AMF-VA-40. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1973 December 4 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 AMM-S2-10.
  • Oxygen profile Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1973 December 4 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 AMM-S2-11.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1973 December 4 - . 22:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 AMM-S2-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1973 December 5 - . 06:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 AMM-S2-13.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1973 December 5 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 AMM-S2-14.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1974 January 23 - . 06:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AMD-VB-34.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1974 February 13 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AAF-4B-31.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 638 km (396 mi).

1974 February 22 - . 04:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II ADD-2A-128.
  • Auroral VUV Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1974 February 28 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AKF-VB-39.
  • ISIS-2 pass Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

1974 March 22 - . 16:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AAF-VI-02. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Dust collector Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1974 March 26 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AAF-VI-04.
  • Dust collector Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1974 March 29 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B.
  • EQUION Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Aerospace. Apogee: 742 km (461 mi).

1974 April 23 - . 04:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AKF-VI-03.
  • Auroral X-rays Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1974 December 6 - . 23:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AMF-VB-41.
  • Cusp Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1974 December 11 - . 22:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AAF-4B-32.
  • Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1975 January 11 - . 00:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB Tordo II.
  • Periquito Plasma / barium release mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 540 km (330 mi).

1975 January 30 - . 02:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AED-VB-43.
  • Auroral/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi).

1975 May 7 - . 23:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914. LV Configuration: Delta 2914-C 596/D110.
  • Anik A3 (Telesat 3) - . Payload: Anik A3. Mass: 286 kg (630 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Telesat. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 333. Completed Operations Date: 1984-11-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 7790 . COSPAR: 1975-038A. Apogee: 35,851 km (22,276 mi). Perigee: 35,845 km (22,273 mi). Inclination: 9.0000 deg. Period: 1,439.20 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Americas at 104 deg W in 1975-1976; over the Americas at 114 deg W in 1976-1984 As of 4 September 2001 located at 32.38 deg E drifting at 0.812 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 138.81W drifting at 0.829W degrees per day.

1975 October 31 - . 07:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AKF-VI-07.
  • Not in FC Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1975 December 4 - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B AAF-NVB-01.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1976 January 17 - . 23:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914. LV Configuration: Delta 2914 606/D119.
  • CTS 1 - . Payload: Hermes. Mass: 500 kg (1,100 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: CRCSS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: CTS. Completed Operations Date: 1979-12-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 8585 . COSPAR: 1976-004A. Apogee: 35,840 km (22,260 mi). Perigee: 35,704 km (22,185 mi). Inclination: 12.8000 deg. Period: 1,435.40 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Americas at 116 deg W in 1976-79; over the Pacific Ocean 142 deg W in 1979 As of 5 September 2001 located at 135.36 deg W drifting at 0.161 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 131.55W drifting at 0.190W degrees per day.

1976 January 27 - .
1976 February 2 - . 02:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-35. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1976 February 5 - . 05:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AAF-4B-33.
  • Test / aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 730 km (450 mi).

1976 May 11 - . 15:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AAF-VI-10.
  • Sep system test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1976 November 9 - . 12:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB APD-VB-42.
  • Cosmic rays X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1977 January 7 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AED-VB-46.
  • Aurora / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 261 km (162 mi).

1977 January 13 - . 04:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA AAD-VA-45.
  • Auroral UV / infrared Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1977 February 27 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AQF-VI-05.
  • Non-acoustic waves Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1977 March 5 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B AAF-NVB-02.
  • Auroral Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 327 km (203 mi).

1977 March 5 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AKF-VI-09.
  • Auroral X-rays Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1977 March 8 - . 04:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AAF-4B-34.
  • Pitch angles Test / aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi).

1977 March 8 - . 04:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AKF-VI-08.
  • Auroral X-rays Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1977 March 21 - . 06:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AND-VB-44.
  • CMB spectrum Submillimeter radio astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1977 December 6 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B AAF-NVB-03.
  • Dayside Cusp Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1977 December 12 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B AAF-NVB-04. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Dayside Cusp Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1978 February 8 - . 04:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AQF-VI-06.
  • Coherent pulse radar Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1978 February 27 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AAF-4B-35.
  • Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 785 km (487 mi).

1978 February 27 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AKF-VI-14.
  • Auroral X-rays Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1978 February 28 - . 03:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AKF-VI-15.
  • Auroral X-rays Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1978 April 12 - . 01:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA ADD-VA-49.
  • O / Ozone profile Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1978 April 18 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AAF-VI-13.
  • Dust collector Meteorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1978 November 25 - . 04:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B AAF-NVB-05.
  • CMB spectrum 2 Submillimeter radio astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 366 km (227 mi).

1978 December 15 - . 01:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB APD-VB-47.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 316 km (196 mi).

1978 December 16 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3914. LV Configuration: Delta 3914 632/D147.
  • Anik B1 (Telesat 4) - . Payload: Anik B1. Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Telesat. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Anik. Completed Operations Date: 1986-12-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 11153 . COSPAR: 1978-116A. Apogee: 35,927 km (22,323 mi). Perigee: 35,900 km (22,300 mi). Inclination: 6.6000 deg. Period: 1,442.60 min. Longitude 109.0. Function - telecommunications. Operating entity - Telesat Canada. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Americas at 109 deg W in 1978-1986 As of 29 August 2001 located at 59.48 deg E drifting at 1.672 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 13.64W drifting at 1.622W degrees per day.
  • DRIMS - . Payload: DRIMS. Nation: Canada. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: Anik. Spacecraft: Anik. Decay Date: 1979-04-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 11154 . COSPAR: 1978-116B. Apogee: 1,832 km (1,138 mi). Perigee: 181 km (112 mi). Inclination: 28.3000 deg. Period: 105.26 min.

1979 February 19 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake MCM. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Eclipse pre Sonde - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 February 23 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake MCM. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Eclipse pre Sonde - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 February 24 - . 15:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake MCM. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Eclipse pre Sonde - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 February 24 - . 17:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas CMSA-10.
  • Eclipse preparatory aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Summary: Eclipse Prep. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 25 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake MCM. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • Eclipse Ne - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 February 25 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas CMSA-05.
  • Eclipse preparatory aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Summary: Eclipse Prep. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 25 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake MCM. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Eclipse Sonde - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 February 26 - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA AMF-VA-51.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1979 February 26 - . 16:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas CMSA-06.
  • Eclipse Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Summary: Eclipse. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 26 - . 17:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas CMSA-07.
  • Eclipse Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Summary: Eclipse. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 26 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake MCM. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • Eclipse Ne - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 February 26 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake MCM. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Eclipse Sonde - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 February 27 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas CMSA-08.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 February 27 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki CMSL-09.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1979 February 27 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Eclipse Met Probe - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1979 February 27 - . 13:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas CMSA-09.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 February 27 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake MCM. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • Eclipse Ne - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 February 27 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki CMSL-10.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1979 February 27 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Eclipse Met Probe - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 April 27 - . 06:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AKF-VI-16. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Auroral X-rays Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1979 April 28 - . 06:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AKF-VI-17.
  • Auroral X-rays Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1979 December 3 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B AAF-NVB-06.
  • Auroral substorm Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 344 km (213 mi).

1979 December 17 - . 06:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA ADD-VA-48.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1980 February 15 - . 11:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Southend. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ADD-VB-50.
  • Pulsating aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1980 February 23 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Southend. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ADD-VB-52.
  • Pulsating aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1980 April 6 - . 03:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B AAF-NVB-07.
  • Waterhole 1 Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi).

1981 January 19 - . 03:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AED-VB-54.
  • Upper atmosphere Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi).

1981 January 26 - . 07:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AAF-4B-36.
  • Substorm Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 584 km (362 mi).

1981 March 1 - .
  • Death of James A Chamberlin - . Nation: Canada. Related Persons: Chamberlin. Summary: Canadian-American engineer. Lead at Avro for fighters, 1945-1959. Lead positions at NASA, 1959-1970. Conceived modular design for Gemini and pushed its use for lunar mission. At McDonnell-Douglas 1970-1981; headed their shuttle bid..

1981 March 28 - . 01:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AAF-4B-37.
  • FALCONS Ionosphere / plasma / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1981 March 28 - . 01:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-55.
  • FALCONS Ionosphere / plasma / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 327 km (203 mi).

1981 December 6 - . 23:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AAF-4B-38.
  • CENTAUR Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 615 km (382 mi).

1981 December 13 - . 21:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AAF-4B-39. FAILURE: Failure.
  • CENTAUR Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1982 August 26 - . 23:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3920/PAM. LV Configuration: Delta 3920/PAM 651/D164.
  • Anik D1 (Telesat 5) - . Payload: Anik D1. Nation: Canada. Agency: Telesat. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376. Completed Operations Date: 1991-12-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 13431 . COSPAR: 1982-082A. Apogee: 35,846 km (22,273 mi). Perigee: 35,820 km (22,250 mi). Inclination: 8.0000 deg. Period: 1,438.50 min. Telecommunications. Operating entity Telesat Canada. Longitude 104.5W. Anik D-1 Transmit frequencies (MHz): 3720, 3740, 3760, 3780, 3800, 3820, 3840, 3860, 3880, 3900, 3920, 3940, 3960, 3980, 4000, 4020, 4040, 4060, 4080, 4100, 4120, 4140, 4160, 4180. Power 8.9 watts on each frequency. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 104 deg W in 1982-1991 As of 2 September 2001 located at 94.37 deg E drifting at 0.637 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 52.18E drifting at 0.631W degrees per day.

1982 September 15 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC AMF-VC-53.
  • Solar infrared mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1982 November 11 - . 12:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-5.
  • Anik C3 (Telesat 6) - . Payload: Anik C3 [PAM-D]. Mass: 632 kg (1,393 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Telesat. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376. Completed Operations Date: 1997-06-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 13652 . COSPAR: 1982-110C. Apogee: 35,902 km (22,308 mi). Perigee: 35,871 km (22,289 mi). Inclination: 7.9000 deg. Period: 1,441.20 min. Deployed from STS-5 11 November 1982. Telecommunications, operated by Telesat Canada. Transmit power 11.2 W per frequency at input of transmit antenna (typical saturated carrier). Anik C-3 Transmit frequency (MHz): 11730, 11743, 11791, 11804, 11852 , 11865, 11913, 11926, 11974, 11987, 12035, 12048, 12096, 12109 , 12157, 12170. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 117.5 deg W in 1982-1989; 115 deg W in 1989-1997 As of 5 September 2001 located at 15.95 deg E drifting at 1.305 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 114.85W drifting at 1.353W degrees per day.

1983 February 7 - . 02:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX AAF-IXC-2.
  • WATERHOLE 3 Plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 333 km (206 mi).

1983 May 12 - . 05:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B AAF-VIIIB-8.
  • SABRE Aurora / ionosphere / release mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

1983 June 11 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC ADD-VC-56.
  • OASIS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1983 June 18 - . 11:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-7.
  • Anik C2 (Telesat 7) - . Payload: Anik C2 [PAM-D]. Mass: 1,238 kg (2,729 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Telesat. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376. Completed Operations Date: 1998-01-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 14133 . COSPAR: 1983-059B. Apogee: 36,273 km (22,538 mi). Perigee: 35,949 km (22,337 mi). Inclination: 7.8000 deg. Period: 1,452.70 min. Deployed by STS-7 6/19/83. Telecommunications. Operating entity TELESAT Canada. Longitude 110 W. Transmit power 11.2 W on each frequency. Frequencies 11730, 11743, 11791, 11804, 11852, 11865, 11913, 11926, 11974, 11987, 12035, 12048, 12096, 12109, 12157, 12170 MHz. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 112 deg W in 1983; 105 deg W in 1983-1985; 110 deg W in 1985-1991; 109 deg W in 1991-1993;76 deg W in 1993-1997; 115 deg W in 1997-1998 As of 4 September 2001 located at 113.76 deg E drifting at 4.144 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 68.60E drifting at 4.154W degrees per day.

1984 February 28 - . 03:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C ADD-VIIIC-10.
  • ARIES B Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1984 March 3 - . 03:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C ADD-VIIIC-9.
  • ARIES A Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1984 May 11 - . 11:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ARS-3A-69.
  • SMERF 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1984 November 8 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle 51-A.
  • Anik D2 - . Payload: Anik D2 [PAM-D]. Mass: 1,100 kg (2,400 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Telesat. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376. Completed Operations Date: 1995-02-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 15383 . COSPAR: 1984-113B. Apogee: 36,271 km (22,537 mi). Perigee: 36,076 km (22,416 mi). Inclination: 6.7000 deg. Period: 1,455.90 min. Released 9 November 1984 from STS 51A; 82 deg W. Telecommunications. Longitude 111.5 deg W. Operating entity Telesat Canada. Transmitter power 8.9 watts at each frequency. Frequencies 3720 to 4180 MHz spaced by 20 MHz. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 111 deg W in 1984-1986; 110 deg W in 1986-1991; 82 deg W in 1991-1993; 20 deg E in 1993-1995 As of 28 August 2001 located at 178.69 deg W drifting at 4.912 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 25.98W drifting at 4.913W degrees per day.

1985 February 15 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IXB AAF-IXB-3.
  • WATERHOLE 4 Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 302 km (187 mi).

1985 February 15 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10B. LV Configuration: Black Brant XB AAF-XB-01.
  • MARIE Ionosphere / plasma / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 979 km (608 mi).

1985 April 12 - . 13:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle 51-D.
  • Anik C1 - . Payload: Anik C1 [PAM-D]. Mass: 1,238 kg (2,729 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Telesat. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376. Completed Operations Date: 2000-04-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 15642 . COSPAR: 1985-028B. Apogee: 35,792 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,783 km (22,234 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min. Released by STS 51D 4/13/85; 107.5 deg W. Telecommunications. Operating entity TELESAT Canada. Longitude 107.5 W. Transmit power 11.2 W on each frequency. Frequencies 11730, 11743, 11791, 11804, 11852, 11865, 11913, 11926, 11974, 11987, 12035, 12048, 12096, 12109, 12157, 121 70 MHz. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 107 deg W in 1985-1991; 109 deg W in 1991-1993; 72 deg W in 1993-1997; 118 deg W in 1997-1998; 106 deg W in 1998-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 63.20 deg W drifting at 0.009 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 2 located at 112.29E drifting at 2.201W degrees per day.

1985 May 6 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIIB ARS-3B-70.
  • SMERF 2 (Ozone) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1989 January 30 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10B. LV Configuration: Black Brant XB AAF-XB-02.
  • OEDIPUS A Plasma / tether mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CSA. Apogee: 512 km (318 mi).

1990 January 21 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • COBRA Submillimeter radio astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CSA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 April 4 - . 23:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44P. LV Configuration: Ariane 44P V43.
  • Anik E2 - . Mass: 2,923 kg (6,444 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Telesat. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 5000. USAF Sat Cat: 21222 . COSPAR: 1991-026A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Canadian communications; 107.3 deg W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 107 deg W in 1991-1999 As of 6 September 2001 located at 111.10 deg W drifting at 0.003 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 123.15E drifting at 4.124W degrees per day..

1991 September 26 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44P. LV Configuration: Ariane 44P V46.
  • Anik E1 - . Mass: 2,977 kg (6,563 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Telesat. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 5000. USAF Sat Cat: 21726 . COSPAR: 1991-067A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Stationed at 111.1 deg W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 111 deg W in 1991-1999 As of 6 September 2001 located at 118.68 deg W drifting at 0.000 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 31.37E drifting at 3.973W degrees per day..

1992 March 19 - . 16:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX CSAR 1.
  • CSAR 1 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CSA. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi).

1992 March 19 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.088DE.
  • HIRAAS 2 Airglow mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1992 October 22 - . 17:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-52.
  • CTA - . Payload: Columbia F13 / Lageos 2 [Iris] / CTA. Mass: 82 kg (180 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: CSA. Program: STS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: CTA. Decay Date: 1992-11-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 22214 . COSPAR: 1992-070C. Apogee: 219 km (136 mi). Perigee: 212 km (131 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Summary: Canadian Target Assembly; deployed from STS-52 10/22/92. .

1994 February 10 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9CM1. LV Configuration: Black Brant 9CM1 NASA 36.097IE.
  • Gemini Plasma / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NASA; CSA. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1994 December 8 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Pad: LC36 L-455. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9CM1. LV Configuration: Black Brant 9CM1 Starfire 1/F7.
  • CSAR-2 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CSA. Apogee: 254 km (157 mi). Summary: CSAR II (Canadian materials processing payload).

1995 November 4 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-X. LV Configuration: Delta 7920-10 D229.
  • Radarsat - . Mass: 2,713 kg (5,981 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: CSA. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft: Radarsat. USAF Sat Cat: 23710 . COSPAR: 1995-059A. Apogee: 793 km (492 mi). Perigee: 791 km (491 mi). Inclination: 98.6000 deg. Period: 100.70 min. Summary: Earth imaging with synthetic aperture radar..

1995 November 7 - . 06:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 12. LV Configuration: Black Brant XII NASA 40.09IE.
  • OEDIPUS C Ionosphere / tether mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CSA; NASA. Apogee: 824 km (512 mi).

1996 April 20 - . 22:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 42P. LV Configuration: Ariane 42P-3 V85.
  • M-SAT 1 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: TMI. Program: M-SAT. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 601. USAF Sat Cat: 23846 . COSPAR: 1996-022A. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Geostationary at 106.5W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 106 deg W in 1996-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 106.55 deg W drifting at 0.004 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 106.48W drifting at 0.004W degrees per day..

1996 June 13 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C.
  • LAADEX Target - . Nation: Canada. Agency: USN. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1998 April 28 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9B.
  • ACTIVE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CSA. Apogee: 315 km (195 mi).

1999 January 15 - .
  • Wild Fire engine test. - . Nation: Canada. Program: X-Prize. Summary: The da Vinci Project (Toronto, Ontario, Canada) successfully tests single engine propulsion system..

1999 May 20 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2M. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM-2M (DM3) 396-02.
  • Nimiq 1 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Telesat. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 25740 . COSPAR: 1999-027A. Apogee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Perigee: 35,772 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Telesat Canada's Nimiq television broadcasting satellite was placed into a 7050 km x 35790 km x 15.9 degree transfer orbit. The Nimiq was to use its liquid apogee engine (Royal Ordnance Leros 1) to reach geosynchronous orbit. Telesat Canada also operated the Anik Canadian domestic communications satellites, the first of which was launched in 1972. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 91 deg W in 1999. As of 4 September 2001 located at 91.11 deg W drifting at 0.002 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 91.18W drifting at 0.012W degrees per day.

2000 February 26 - . 09:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat LC4. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 12. LV Configuration: Black Brant XII NASA 40.15IE.
  • GEODESIC Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CSA. Apogee: 990 km (610 mi).

2000 November 21 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. LV Configuration: Ariane 44L-3 V136.
  • Anik F1 - . Mass: 4,711 kg (10,385 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Telesat. Manufacturer: El Segundo. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 702. USAF Sat Cat: 26624 . COSPAR: 2000-076A. Apogee: 35,787 km (22,236 mi). Perigee: 35,786 km (22,236 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Heaviest Ariane 4 payload ever. Anik F1 was a Telesat Canada communications satellite. The Boeing model 702 satellite had a launch mass of 4852 kg and a dry mass of 2950 kg. It carried 36 C-band and 48 Ku-band transponders. As of 3 September 2001 located at 107.30 deg W drifting at 0.006 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 107.29W drifting at 0.000W degrees per day.

2002 April 25 - .
  • Canadian Arrow mock-up displayed. - . Nation: Canada. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Canadian Arrow. Summary: Canadian Arrow (London, Ontario, Canada) displays full-scale rocket mock-up in New York City's Rockefeller Center..

2002 July 20 - .
  • Canadian Arrow injector tests. - . Nation: Canada. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Canadian Arrow. Summary: Canadian Arrow (London, Ontario, Canada) successfully hot fire tests first stage propulsion system injector cup.

2002 October 5 - .
  • Canadian Arrow test stand completed. - . Nation: Canada. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Canadian Arrow. Summary: Canadian Arrow (London, Ontario, Canada) rocket engine test stand complete..

2002 December 29 - . 23:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz M. LV Configuration: Proton-M/Briz-M 535-02.
  • Nimiq 2 - . Mass: 3,600 kg (7,900 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Telesat. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 27632 . COSPAR: 2002-062A. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,787 km (22,236 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.30 min. Summary: Payload moved from Atlas 5. Direct broadcast satellite. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 82.05W drifting at 0.004W degrees per day..

2003 June 30 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot. LV Configuration: Rokot / Briz-KM.
  • Most - . Mass: 66 kg (145 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: CSA. Class: Astronomy. Type: Astroseismology satellite. Spacecraft: Most. USAF Sat Cat: 27843 . COSPAR: 2003-031D. Apogee: 834 km (518 mi). Perigee: 818 km (508 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Summary: MOST (Microvariability and Oscillations of Stars) was a Canadian Space Agency project with a 0.15m telescope which would make photometric observations of stars down to mag 6 with 1 part per million accuracy in the 3500-7000 Angstrom band..
  • CanX-1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Toronto. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 27847 . COSPAR: 2003-031H. Apogee: 831 km (516 mi). Perigee: 817 km (507 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Summary: CanX-1, from the University of Toronto, carried a camera for attitude determination..

2003 August 13 - . 02:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Arguello WADZ. Launch Pad: 36.0 N x 123.0 W. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Pegasus XL. LV Configuration: Pegasus XL F35.
  • Scisat 1 - . Mass: 260 kg (570 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: CSA. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: SCISAT. USAF Sat Cat: 27858 . COSPAR: 2003-036A. Apogee: 654 km (406 mi). Perigee: 642 km (398 mi). Inclination: 73.9000 deg. Period: 97.70 min. Canadian Space Agency spacecraft which carried the ACE-FTS spectrometer to study the chemistry of the upper troposphere and stratosphere and the MAESTRO instrument to study ozone and aerosol levels in the atmosphere. Originally to have launched June 25, 2002. Delayed five more times.

2004 July 16 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10. LV Configuration: Black Brant X ARAV-ER.
  • 3-stage ARAV - . Nation: Canada. Agency: USN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

2004 July 18 - . 00:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5Gp. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G+ V163 (519).
  • Anik F2 - . Payload: BSS-702. Mass: 5,950 kg (13,110 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Telesat. Manufacturer: El Segundo. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 702. USAF Sat Cat: 28378 . COSPAR: 2004-027A. Apogee: 38,333 km (23,818 mi). Perigee: 33,253 km (20,662 mi). Inclination: 0.2000 deg. Period: 1,436.40 min. Summary: Delayed from May, July 9, 13, 16 and 17. Heaviest single payload to GTO to that date. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 111.09W drifting at 0.004W degrees per day..

2005 July 7 - . 16:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.222DS.
  • VAULT 3 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2005 August 3 - . 18:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.227US.
  • USC-6 (SOHO SEM) Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2005 September 8 - . 19:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz M. LV Configuration: Proton-M/Briz-M 535-12.
  • Anik F1-R - . Payload: Eurostar 3000S. Mass: 4,500 kg (9,900 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Telesat. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 28868 . COSPAR: 2005-036A. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Moved up from October, delayed from August 9, moved up from September 15 . Telesat Canada communications satellite operating in C- and Ku-band. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 107.32W drifting at 0.005W degrees per day..

2007 April 9 - . 22:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz M. LV Configuration: Proton-M/Briz-M 535-16.
  • Anik F3 - . Payload: Eurostar 3000S. Mass: 4,634 kg (10,216 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Telesat. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 31102 . COSPAR: 2007-009A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,781 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min. Summary: Communications satellite with C, Ku and Ka band transponders..

2007 October 30 - . 04:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.218UE.
  • MidLat Spread F Plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 395 km (245 mi).

2007 November 6 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.241GS.
  • EUNIS Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2007 December 10 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya U3. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 12. LV Configuration: Black Brant XII NASA 40.018UE.
  • TRICE High Plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,150 km (710 mi).

2007 December 10 - . 09:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya Athena. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 12. LV Configuration: Black Brant XII NASA 40.022UE.
  • TRICE Low Plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

2007 December 14 - . 13:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz FG. LV Configuration: Soyuz-FG/Fregat Ts15000-025.
  • Radarsat-2 - . Mass: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Starsem. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: Radarsat. USAF Sat Cat: 32382 . COSPAR: 2007-061A. Apogee: 793 km (492 mi). Perigee: 791 km (491 mi). Inclination: 98.6000 deg. Period: 100.70 min. Follow-on to Canadian Radarsat-1 launched in 1995. Designed to provide C-band synthetic aperture radar mapping with resolution of 3 m to Canadian government users. Compared to the earlier model had greater resolution, vastly increased on-board data storage capacity, and capability to scan left or right of ground track. Planned lifetime of seven years.

2008 April 28 - . 03:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV.
  • Can X-6 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: ISRO. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Can X. USAF Sat Cat: 32784 . COSPAR: 2008-021B. Apogee: 638 km (396 mi). Perigee: 615 km (382 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.20 min. Summary: Nanosat built by University of Toronto Institiute of Aerospace Studies and Com Dev International; carried a payload for relaying identification beacon data from shipping..
  • Can X-2 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: ISRO. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 32790 . COSPAR: 2008-021H. Apogee: 635 km (394 mi). Perigee: 615 km (382 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.20 min.

2008 September 19 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz M.
  • Nimiq 4 - . Mass: 4,800 kg (10,500 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: ILS. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 33373 . COSPAR: 2008-044A. Apogee: 35,749 km (22,213 mi). Perigee: 35,653 km (22,153 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,431.70 min. Summary: Geostationary television broadcasting satellite launched for Telesat..

2008 December 10 - . 13:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz M.
  • Ciel-2 - . Payload: Spacebus 4000C4. Mass: 5,600 kg (12,300 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: ILS. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 33453 . COSPAR: 2008-063A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Communications satellite owned by Ciel Satellite Group, Ottawa and controlled from Saskatoon, Canada. Ciel was at the time using Echostar V (redesignated Ciel-1)..

2009 February 26 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SLB. LV Configuration: Zenit-3SLB s/n LL2.
  • Telstar 11N - . Mass: 4,012 kg (8,844 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: SIS. Program: Telstar. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 34111 . COSPAR: 2009-009A. Apogee: 35,798 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Ku-band direct-broadcast satellite with 39 high-power transponders covering North and Central America, Europe, Africa and the Atlantic Ocean Region, stationed at 37.5 degrees..

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