Encyclopedia Astronautica
Kazakhstan



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Baikonur
Location of Baikonur
Credit: © Mark Wade
Kazakhstan

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Associated People
  • Shatalov Shatalov, Vladimir Aleksandrovich (1927-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 4, Soyuz 8, Soyuz 10. Made first Soviet space docking. More...
  • Patsayev Patsayev, Viktor Ivanovich (1933-1971) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Civilian Engineer, Korolev OKB. Flew on Soyuz 11. Member of first crew to stay aboard a space station, however perished during landing. A street in Kaluga and Asteroid 1791 were named for him. More...
  • Aubakirov Aubakirov, Toktar Ongarbaevich (1946-) Kazakh pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Austromir. First Kazakh astronaut. More...
  • Viktorenko Viktorenko, Aleksandr Stepanovich (1947-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EP-1, Mir EO-5, Mir EO-11, Mir EO-17. 489 cumulative days in space. Call sign: Vityaz (Knight). More...
  • Steklov Steklov, Vladimir Aleksandrovich (1949-) Russian actor cosmonaut, 1997-2000. More...
  • Musabayev Musabayev, Talgat Amangeldyevich (1951-) Kazakh pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-16, Mir EO-25, ISS EP-1. Transferred in 1991 Air Force Special Group. Russian Air Force More...
  • Polonski Polonski, Anatoly Borisovich (1956-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1989-1991. Test pilot and Colonel, Soviet Air Force Test Pilot School. Cosmonaut training March 1989 - April 1991. Later a test pilot at Khalovskaya. More...
  • Vozovikov Vozovikov, Sergei Yuriyevich (1958-1993) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1990-1993. Graduated from Higher Military Pilot School, Armavir, 1979. Cosmonaut training 1 October 1990 - 6 March 1992. Drowned during recovery training in the Black Sea. More...
  • Lonchakov Lonchakov, Yuri Valentinovich (1965-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on STS-100, ISS EP-4, ISS EO-18. Air Defence Force More...
  • Aymakhanov Aymakhanov, Mukhtar Rabatovich (1967-) Kazakh pilot cosmonaut, 2002-on. More...
  • Aimbetov Aimbetov, Aydyn Akanovich (1972-) Kazakh pilot cosmonaut, 2002-on. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Associated Launch Sites
  • Baikonur Russia's largest cosmodrome, the only one used for manned launches and with facilities for the larger Proton, N1, and Energia launch vehicles. The spaceport ended up on foreign soil after the break-up of Soviet Union. The official designations NIIP-5 and GIK-5 are used in official Soviet histories. It was also universally referred to as Tyuratam by both Soviet military staff and engineers, and the US intelligence agencies. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union the Russian Federation has insisted on continued use of the old Soviet 'public' name of Baikonur. In its Kazakh (Kazak) version this is rendered Baykonur. More...
  • Makat Tactical missile base, known to have been used for 34 launches from 1961 to 1965, reaching up to 460 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Dzhambul Headquarters of an RVSN Division, 1961-1965, operating 12 R-14 missile launchers. Earlier the base deployed with two R-1 (followed by R-2) launchers. More...
  • Derzhavinsk Headquarters of an RVSN Division, 1965-1996. Operated 52 heavy ICBM silos (R-36/R-36M2). More...
  • Saryozek Headquarters of an RVSN Division, 1965-on. Perhaps operated R-12 missiles. More...
  • Zhangiz-Tobe Headquarters of an RVSN Division, 1965-1995. Operated 52 heavy ICBM (R-36/R-36M2) silos. More...
  • Emba Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 4 launches from 1967 to 1970, reaching up to 250 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Gezgaly Base for units deployed with twelve R-12, and later six Pioner, launchers. More...

Kazakhstan Chronology


1927 December 8 - .
1933 June 19 - .
  • Birth of Viktor Ivanovich Patsayev - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Summary: Russian engineer cosmonaut. Civilian Engineer, Korolev OKB. Flew on Soyuz 11. Member of first crew to stay aboard a space station, however perished during landing. A street in Kaluga and Asteroid 1791 were named for him..

1946 July 17 - .
1947 March 29 - .
1949 January 3 - .
1951 January 7 - .
1956 September 8 - .
1958 April 17 - .
  • Birth of Sergei Yuriyevich Vozovikov - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Summary: Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1990-1993. Graduated from Higher Military Pilot School, Armavir, 1979 Cosmonaut training 1 October 1990 - 6 March 1992..

1958 December 24 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Vehicle: R-7. LV Configuration: R-7 B3-16.
  • III-1 - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1962 October 28 - . 06:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC51. Launch Vehicle: R-9. LV Configuration: R-9 Operation K-4.
1965 March 4 - .
1967 January 1 - .
1971 June 30 - .
  • Death of Viktor Ivanovich Patsayev. Killed in cabin depressurization of Soyuz 11. - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Related Persons: Patsayev. Summary: Russian engineer cosmonaut. Civilian Engineer, Korolev OKB. Flew on Soyuz 11. Member of first crew to stay aboard a space station, however perished during landing. A street in Kaluga and Asteroid 1791 were named for him..

1972 July 27 - .
1978 September 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC177. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100U 15A16. LV Configuration: MR-UR-100U 15A16 8.
  • SLI Kura - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 November 27 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC181. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100U 15A16. LV Configuration: MR-UR-100U 15A16 10.
  • SLI Kura - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1991 January 21 - .
  • Kazakhstan Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Related Persons: Aubakirov. Summary: Kazakh astronaut trained for flights to the Mir space station..

2006 November 9 - . 11:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. Launch Pad: LC175/pad?. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

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