Encyclopedia Astronautica
Netherlands


Netherlands

More... - Chronology...


Associated People
  • van den Berg van den Berg, Dr Lodewijk (1932-) Dutch-American physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-B. More...
  • Olthof Olthof, Henk (1944-) Dutch physicist at ESA. From 1977-1986, responsible for the secretariat of the Astronomy Working Group. Thereafter, served as the head of space station and platforms for scientific users at the European Space Research and Technology Centre. More...
  • Ockels Ockels, Dr Wubbo Johannes (1946-) Dutch physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-A. First Dutch astronaut. More...
  • Kuipers Kuipers, Andre (1958-) Dutch engineer cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS Delta. More...

Associated Spacecraft
  • ANS Dutch visible astronomy satellite. One launch, 1974.08.30. Astronomical Netherlands Satellite; lower than planned orbit. More...
  • IRAS American infrared astronomy satellite. 2 launches, 1983.01.26 (IRAS) and (PIX 2). All-sky survey of astronomical IR bodies. More...
  • SLOSHSAT Dutch technology satellite. One launch, 2005.02.12. Test satellite to study the sloshing of fluids in zero gravity, developed by the Netherlands Aerospace Laboratory. Equipped with a tank with 33.5 liters of water and an attitude control system. More...
  • Delfi Dutch technology satellite. One launch, 2008.04.28. Technical University of Delft nanosat. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • NIVR Dutch manufacturer of spacecraft. NIVR, Netherlands. More...
  • ESTEC Dutch manufacturer of spacecraft. European Space Tech. Centre, Noordwijk, Netherlands More...

Associated Programs
  • Intelsat Intelsat operated the world's first commercial communications satellite. It has provided the scheduled transoceanic television and voice and data communications service ever since. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Woensdrecht US base for BGM-109G ground-launched cruise missiles. Never became operational prior to the INF Treaty with the Soviet Union. More...

Netherlands Chronology


1655 March 25 - .
  • Christiaan Huygens' Discovery of Saturn Moon Titan - . Nation: Netherlands.

1932 March 24 - .
1946 March 28 - .
1958 October 5 - .
  • Birth of Andre Kuipers - . Nation: Netherlands. Summary: Dutch engineer cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS Delta..

1974 August 30 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1. LV Configuration: Scout D-1 S189C. FAILURE: Partial Failure.. Failed Stage: 4.
  • ANS 1 - . Mass: 129 kg (284 lb). Nation: Netherlands. Agency: NIVR. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: ANS. Decay Date: 1977-06-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 7427 . COSPAR: 1974-070A. Apogee: 1,173 km (728 mi). Perigee: 258 km (160 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 99.10 min. Summary: Astronomical Netherlands Satellite; lower than planned orbit. .

2002 April 16 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. LV Configuration: Ariane 44L-3 V150.
  • NSS 7 - . Mass: 4,692 kg (10,344 lb). Nation: Netherlands. Agency: New Skies. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 27414 . COSPAR: 2002-019A. Apogee: 35,791 km (22,239 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Ariane mission V150 placed Lockheed Martin A2100-class satellite NSS 7 satellite into orbit. The satellite was owned by New Skies, an Intelsat spinoff, and carried a C/Ku band telecoms payload. The spacecraft was in a 24200 x 35706 km x 0.7 deg orbit by April 24, on its way to geosynchrnous orbit. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 22.01W drifting at 0.010W degrees per day.

2002 December 17 - . 23:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. LV Configuration: Ariane 44L-3 V156.
  • NSS 6 - . Payload: A-2100AX. Mass: 4,575 kg (10,086 lb). Nation: Netherlands. Agency: New Skies. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 27603 . COSPAR: 2002-057A. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Launch delayed from late November, then December 12. The Dutch New Skies Satellites' NSS-6 telecommunications spacecraft was developed by Lockheed Martin Commercial Space Systems. It was to be positioned at 95 deg E to provide broadcasting and business services coverage of the Pacific Rim, Australia, India, the Middle East and southern Africa. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 95.01E drifting at 0.008W degrees per day.

2005 February 12 - . 21:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA. LV Configuration: Ariane 5 EC-A V164 City of Bremen.
  • SLOSHSAT - . Payload: SLOSHSAT-FLEVO. Mass: 127 kg (279 lb). Nation: Netherlands. Agency: ESA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SLOSHSAT. USAF Sat Cat: 28544 . COSPAR: 2005-005C. Apogee: 35,723 km (22,197 mi). Perigee: 268 km (166 mi). Inclination: 6.8000 deg. Period: 631.20 min. Summary: Test satellite to study the sloshing of fluids in zero gravity, developed by the Netherlands Aerospace Laboratory. Equipped with a tank with 33.5 liters of water and an attitude control system..

2007 January 30 - . 23:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiritimati. Launch Pad: 0.0 N x 154.0 W. Launch Platform: ODYSSEY. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SL. LV Configuration: Zenit-3SL 24SL. FAILURE: First stage exploded just after ignition, damaging launch platform.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • NSS 8 - . Mass: 6,100 kg (13,400 lb). Nation: Netherlands. Agency: New Skies. Manufacturer: El Segundo. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 702. COSPAR: F20070130. The platform was designed to survive such an explosion, but the flame deflector was blown off and the blast doors unhinged. The launch platform was towed back to Long Beach for repairs. The time required to repair the platform and the investigation to determine and fix the cause would certainly impact the 2007 Zenit-3SL and Zenit-2 launch schedules, probably forcing customers to be diverted to other boosters. NSS-8 was to have been placed at a 57 East orbital position to satisfy demand in the Indian Ocean region with 56 C-band and 36 Ku-band transponders. NSS-703, with an expected end-of-life in 2009, would have to continue in service until a replacement was built and launched.

2008 April 28 - . 03:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV.
  • Delfi-C3 - . Nation: Netherlands. Agency: ISRO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 32789 . COSPAR: 2008-021G. Apogee: 636 km (395 mi). Perigee: 614 km (381 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.20 min. Summary: Technical University of Delft nanosat..

2009 February 11 - . 22:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • NSS 9 - . Mass: 2,400 kg (5,200 lb). Nation: Netherlands. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Intelsat. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 33749 . COSPAR: 2009-008A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use