Encyclopedia Astronautica
Aerospike Test Vehicle



atvssto.jpg
ATV
Credit: Gary Hudson
American manned spacecraft. George Detko of NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center produced a design for a minimum SSTO VTOVL vehicle in 1972. The vehicle had a gross liftoff mass of only 22 metric tons, and could deliver a two-person crew to orbit.

Alternatively it could be used to deliver as a rapid response transport to deliver critical goods anywhere on earth within 30 minutes. The design was refined by Gary Hudson and Tom A Brosz and renamed the 'Aerospike Test Vehicle'. This was the precursor of Hudson's smaller Phoenix designs, notably the Phoenix L (light) and Phoenix L-Prime.

Crew Size: 2.

AKA: ATV.
Gross mass: 22,000 kg (48,000 lb).

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
Associated Launch Vehicles
  • ATV American SSTO VTOVL orbital launch vehicle. George Detko of NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center produced designs for SSTO vehicles as early as 1960. The expendable vehicle had a gross listoff mass of only 22 tonnes, and could deliver a two-person crew to orbit. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Bibliography
  • Hudson, Gary C, History of the Phoenix VTOL SSTO and Recent Developments in Single-Stage Launch Systems, AAS 91-643, included in Proceedings of 5th ISCOPS, AAS Vol. 77, pp 329-351, November 1991.

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