Encyclopedia Astronautica
Albatros Raketoplan



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Albatros 1 view
Credit: © Mark Wade
Russian manned spaceplane. Study 1974. Unique Russian space shuttle design of 1974. Hydrofoil-launched, winged recoverable first and second stages.

Hydrofoil would have been propelled to launch speed by the launch vehicles rocket engines, using a 200 metric ton fuel store in the hydrofoil. Advantages: launch from the Caspian Sea into a variety of orbital inclinations, variations in launch track possible to meet range safety requirements. Proposal of Alexeyev/Sukhoi OKBs.

Crew Size: 2.

Gross mass: 320,000 kg (700,000 lb).
Height: 49.00 m (160.00 ft).
Span: 25.00 m (82.00 ft).
Thrust: 1,960.00 kN (440,620 lbf).

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Russian Rocketplanes The story of rocketplanes and spaceplanes in the Soviet Union was one of constant setbacks due to internal politics, constant struggle with little result. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Albatros Unique Russian space shuttle design of 1974. Hydrofoil-launched, winged recoverable first and second stages. Hydrofoil would have been propelled to launch speed by the launch vehicles rocket engines, using a 200 tonne fuel store in the hydrofoil. Advantages: launch from the Caspian Sea into a variety of orbital inclinations, variations in launch track possible to meet range safety requirements. Proposal of Alexeyev/Sukhoi OKBs. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Alekseyev Russian manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Alekseyev Design Bureau, Russia. More...
  • Sukhoi Russian manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Sukhoi Design Bureau, Russia. More...

Bibliography
  • Kidger, Neville, "The Soviet Shuttle (Letter)", Spaceflight, 1983, Volume 25, page 251.

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