Encyclopedia Astronautica
Apollo CSM Block I



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Apollo CSM Block 1
View of Spacecraft 012 Command Module during pre-shipping operations
Credit: NASA
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Apollo CSM Block 1
Apollo Spacecraft 012 hoisted to top of gantry at Pad 34
Credit: NASA
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Apollo CSM Block 1
Apollo Spacecraft 012 hoisted to top of gantry at Pad 34
Credit: NASA
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Apollo CSM Block 1
Close-up view of Apollo Spacecraft 012 Command Module after flash fire
Credit: NASA
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Apollo CSM Block 1
Apollo Spacecraft 017 moved for mating with Saturn V launch vehicle
Credit: NASA
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Apollo CSM Block 1
Apollo Spacecraft 020 Command Module readied for mating with Service Module
Credit: NASA
American manned spacecraft. The Apollo Command Service Module was the spacecraft developed by NASA in the 1960's as a standard spacecraft for earth and lunar orbit missions.

Block I command service modules, which lacked forward docking tunnels and hatches, never flew manned after the Apollo 204 fire killed its crew on the pad.

Crew Size: 3. Habitable Volume: 6.17 m3. RCS total impulse: 3,774 kgf-sec. Spacecraft delta v: 2,804 m/s (9,199 ft/sec). Electric System: 690.00 kWh. Electric System: 6.30 average kW.

AKA: Command Service Module.
Gross mass: 18,488 kg (40,759 lb).
Height: 11.03 m (36.18 ft).
Thrust: 97.86 kN (22,000 lbf).
Specific impulse: 314 s.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • AJ10-137 Aerojet N2O4/Aerozine-50 rocket engine. 97.5 kN. Apollo SPS. Out of Production. Pressure-fed engine. Used as Apollo SM engine. Isp=312s. More...

See also
Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Saturn I American orbital launch vehicle. Von Braun launch vehicle known as 'Cluster's Last Stand' - 8 Redstone tanks around a Jupiter tank core,powered by eight Jupiter engines. Originally intended as the launch vehicle for Apollo manned circumlunar flights. However it was developed so early, no payloads were available for it. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • NASA American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA, USA. More...
  • North American American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. North American, Palmdale, El Segundo. Downey, CA, USA More...

Associated Propellants
  • N2O4/UDMH Nitrogen tetroxide became the storable liquid propellant of choice from the late 1950's. Unsymmetrical Dimethylhydrazine ((CH3)2NNH2) became the storable liquid fuel of choice by the mid-1950's. Development of UDMH in the Soviet Union began in 1949. It is used in virtually all storable liquid rocket engines except for some orbital manoeuvring engines in the United States, where MMH has been preferred due to a slightly higher density and performance. More...

Bibliography
  • Gatland, Kenneth, Manned Spacecraft, Macmillan, New York, 1968.
  • Baker, David, The History of Manned Spaceflight, Crown, New York, 1981.
  • Brooks, Courtney G, Grimwood, Hames M, Swenson, Lloyd S, Chariots for Apollo, Government Printing Office, 1989. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Turnill, Reginald,, The Observer's Spaceflight Directory, Frederick Warne, London, 1978.
  • Wade, Mark, "World Manned Spacecraft Characteristics", Journal of the British Interplanetary Society, 1981, Volume 34, page 425.
  • Loftus, J P, "An Historical Overview of NASA Manned Spacecraft and their Crew Stations", Journal of the British Interplanetary Society, 1985, Volume 38, page 354.
  • Kraft, Christopher C, editor, Manned Spacecraft: Engineering Design and Operation, NASA, 1968..
  • NASA Report, Apollo Command and Service Module System Specification /Block 1/ - October 1964, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • NASA Report, Project Apollo Spacecraft Description - September 1963, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • NASA Report, Apollo master spacecraft specification, October 1963, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • NASA Report, Apollo Command and Service Module System Specification /Block 1, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • NASA Report, Preliminary aerodynamic heating analysis for the Apollo command module, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • NASA Report, Postlaunch Report for Mission AS-201 (Apollo spacecraft 009), Web Address when accessed: here.
  • NASA Report, Apollo Experience Report: Guidance And Control Systems: Automated Control System For Unmanned Mission As-201, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • NASA Report, Apollo Spacecraft 011: Postlaunch Report for Mission AS-202, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • NASA Report, Entry flight aerodynamics from Apollo mission AS-202, Web Address when accessed: here.

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