Encyclopedia Astronautica
Apollo CMLS

Apollo CMLS
American manned lunar habitat. Study 1966.

In 1966 North American concluded that the Apollo Command Module (CM) could be converted into a lunar shelter by removal of the heat shield, interior modification, addition of a fuel cell power supply, storage facilities for fuel cell reactants and life support expendables, and possibly some type of airlock. When compared to an LM derivative shelter, the greatest advantage of the CM was the 36% greater available volume-- 8.7 m3 compared to 6.4 m3.

Quiescent storage capability modifications would be similar to those required for lunar orbit CM modes, possibly with the exception of larger RTG requirements for thermal control.

AKA: CM Lunar Shelter.

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Associated Countries
See also
  • Lunar Habitats Lunar habitats were usually for early lunar exploration or as modules for fixed-location base buildup. Mobile habitats were the more logical solution for extended exploration (see Lunar Rovers). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • NASA American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA, USA. More...
  • North American American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. North American, Palmdale, El Segundo. Downey, CA, USA More...

  • Bendersky, C, Manned Lunar Program Options - Mission Equipment - Case 230, Bellcomm memo for file, Sept. 29, 1967.

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