Encyclopedia Astronautica
Black Horse



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Black Horse Profile
Mission profile for the proposed Black Horse air-refuelable launch vehicle. The Black Horse would, lightly loaded, take off horizontally from a runway and rendezvous with a tanker for in-flight fuelling of non-cryogenic lower specific impulse propellants. The Black Horse would then boost itself to suborbital velocity, releasing an upper stage for orbital insertion of its payload. The winged vehicle would then return to its base for a runway landing and reuse.
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Black Horse
Credit: © Mark Wade
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Black Horse
Black Horse Launch Vehicle 3 View
Credit: © Mark Wade
American manned spaceplane. Study 1994. Winged, single stage to orbit launch vehicle using aerial refueling and lower performance, non-cryogenic propellants.

Takes off from runway at 22,000 kg gross weight; rendezvous with tanker to load 66,760 kg oxidizer; then flies to orbit.

Crew Size: 1.

Gross mass: 84,100 kg (185,400 lb).
Height: 69.00 m (226.00 ft).
Thrust: 443.19 kN (99,633 lbf).

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Black Horse American air-launched winged orbital launch vehicle. Winged, single stage to orbit launch vehicle using aerial refueling and lower performance, non-cryogenic propellants. Takes off from runway at 22,000 kg gross weight; rendezvous with tanker to load 66,760 kg oxidizer; then flies to orbit. More...

Bibliography
  • Zubrin, Robert M, and Clapp, Mitchell B, "Black Horse: One Stop to Orbit", Black Horse Web Site, Web Address when accessed: here.

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