Encyclopedia Astronautica
CS-2


Japanese communications satellite. 2 launches, 1983.02.04 (Sakura 2A) to 1983.08.05 (Sakura 2B). Business communications. Launching organization NASDA (National Space Development Agency of Japan).

N launch vehicle. Osaki launch site, NASDA Tanegashima Space Center, Kagoshima, Japan. Geostationary. Establishment of domestic satellite telecommunications network mainly for natural disaster, emergency and for remote islands using submillimeter wavelength and microwavelength signals. Development of the technology of communications satellite.

Gross mass: 720 kg (1,580 lb).
First Launch: 1983.02.04.
Last Launch: 1983.08.05.
Number: 2 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Delta The Delta launch vehicle was America's longest-lived, most reliable, and lowest-cost space launch vehicle. Development began in 1955 and it continued in service in the 21st Century despite numerous candidate replacements. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Delta American orbital launch vehicle. The Delta launch vehicle was America's longest-lived, most reliable, and lowest-cost space launch vehicle. Delta began as Thor, a crash December 1955 program to produce an intermediate range ballistic missile using existing components, which flew thirteen months after go-ahead. Fifteen months after that, a space launch version flew, using an existing upper stage. The addition of solid rocket boosters allowed the Thor core and Able/Delta upper stages to be stretched. Costs were kept down by using first and second-stage rocket engines surplus to the Apollo program in the 1970's. Continuous introduction of new 'existing' technology over the years resulted in an incredible evolution - the payload into a geosynchronous transfer orbit increasing from 68 kg in 1962 to 3810 kg by 2002. Delta survived innumerable attempts to kill the program and replace it with 'more rationale' alternatives. By 2008 nearly 1,000 boosters had flown over a fifty-year career, and cancellation was again announced. More...
  • N-2 Licensed version of Delta built in Japan using both US and Japanese components. 4 stage vehicle. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • TSCJ Japanese agency overseeing development of spacecraft. TSCJ, Japan. More...

Associated Programs
  • CS Medium-capacity Communications Satellite for Experimental Purposes, a spin stabilized geostationary communications satellite. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • JPL Mission and Spacecraft Library, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1997. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Launch Log, October 1998. Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Tanegashima Japan's main launch site for he larger N and H launch vehicles. In use for sounding rockets from 1967 and orbital launches from 1975. As of 2007 over 140 major launches had been made from the site. More...

CS-2 Chronology


1983 February 4 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: N-2. LV Configuration: N-2 N-10(F).
  • Sakura 2A - . Payload: CS-2A. Mass: 772 kg (1,701 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Program: CS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: CS-2. Completed Operations Date: 1990-12-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 13782 . COSPAR: 1983-006A. Apogee: 36,070 km (22,410 mi). Perigee: 35,994 km (22,365 mi). Inclination: 10.6000 deg. Period: 1,448.70 min. Business communications. Launch time 0837 GMT. Launching organization NASDA (National Space Development Agency of Japan). N launch vehicle No. 10(F) (N-II launch vehicle). Osaki launch site, NASDA Tanegashima Space Center, Kagoshima, Japan. Geostationary position 132 deg E. Estab lishment of domestic satellite telecommunications network mainly for natural disaster, emergency and for remote islands using submillimetre wavelength and microwavelength signals. Development of the technology of communications satellite. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 132 deg E in 1983-1988; 128 deg E in 1988-1990 As of 30 August 2001 located at 140.81 deg E drifting at 3.111 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 31.02W drifting at 3.113W degrees per day.

1983 August 5 - . 20:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: N-2. LV Configuration: N-2 N-11(F).
  • Sakura 2B - . Payload: CS-2B. Mass: 670 kg (1,470 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Program: CS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: CS-2. Completed Operations Date: 1990-01-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 14248 . COSPAR: 1983-081A. Apogee: 36,210 km (22,490 mi). Perigee: 36,191 km (22,488 mi). Inclination: 5.1000 deg. Period: 1,457.30 min. CS-2b (Sakura 2b). Launch time 2029 GMT. Launching organization NASDA (National Space Development Agency of Japan). N launch vehicle flight no. 11 (N-II launch vehicle). Domestic satellite communications; development of communications satellite technolog y. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 136 deg E in 1983-1989; 128 deg E in 1989-1990 As of 4 September 2001 located at 154.41 deg E drifting at 5.251 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 13.72E drifting at 5.257W degrees per day.

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