Encyclopedia Astronautica
DS-P1-I



dsp1i.jpg
DS-P1-I
Credit: Yuzhnoye
Ukrainian military target satellite. 19 launches, 1966.01.25 (Cosmos 106) to 1977.06.18 (Cosmos 919). Operational radar target for the ABM forces.

DS-type control-test complexes were developed by V M Kovtunenko at OKB-586. Flight tests of the DS-P1 in 1962 demonstrated the practical use of this method. In 1966 the DS-P1-I operational system started flight tests. It was accepted into the military in 1970 as part of the 'Raduga' complex. Used until 1978, launched by the Kosmos-2 rocket. Colonel Ye S Shchapov was in charge of Raduga development for the military.

AKA: 11F620.
Gross mass: 340 kg (740 lb).
First Launch: 1966.01.25.
Last Launch: 1977.06.18.
Number: 19 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • DS The DS ('Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik') small satellite bus was developed by Yangel's OKB-586 / KB Yuzhnoye in the Ukraine for launch by the same bureau's Kosmos launch vehicles. They were used for a wide range of military and scientific research; component proving tests; and as radar, ASAT, and ABM targets. More...
  • Kosmos 2 In 1960 the Soviet government decreed development of a lightweight launch vehicle for launch of payloads not requiring R-7 family of boosters. A modification of the R-12 IRBM was selected as the first stage; a new high-performance second stage was developed using a unique Lox/UDMH propellant combination. After two failures, the first successful flight was on March 16, 1962. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Kosmos 2 Ukrainian orbital launch vehicle. In 1960 the Soviet government decreed development of a lightweight launch vehicle for launch of payloads not requiring R-7 family of boosters. A modification of the R-12 IRBM was selected as the first stage; a new high-performance second stage was developed using a unique Lox/UDMH propellant combination. After two failures, the first successful flight was on March 16, 1962. More...
  • Kosmos 11K63 Ukrainian orbital launch vehicle. Series production version of satellite launcher based on Yangel R-12 IRBM. Succeeded 63S1M prototype from 1965, using same 'Dvina' launch complex. From March 16, 1967 orbital launches from Plesetsk were from the purpose-built 'Raduga' launch complex LC133. Total of 123 launches, of which 8 were failures. More...
  • Kosmos 63S1M Ukrainian orbital launch vehicle. Modernized version of 63S1 initial configuration of the first Kosmos launcher and the prototype for the production 11K63 launch vehicle. Suborbital launches from Plesetsk from 1965 at from the modified R-12 silo 'Dvina'. Flown only a few times in 1965-1967. Succeeded by the 11K63 production model launched from the 'Raduga' complex. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Yuzhnoye Ukrainian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Yangel Design Bureau, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine. More...

Associated Programs
  • DS DS ('Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik') were small satellites built by Yangel's OKB-586 / KB Yuzhnoye in the Ukraine for launch by the same KB's Kosmos launch vehicles. They were used for a wide range of military and scientific research and component proving tests. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • JPL Mission and Spacecraft Library, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1997. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Agapov, V, "K zapusku pervovo ISZ serii 'DS'", Novosti Kosmonavtiki, 1997, Issue 6.
  • Melnik, T G, Voenno-Kosmicheskiy Siliy, Nauka, Moscow, 1997..

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...
  • Plesetsk Plesetsk was the Soviet Union's northern cosmodrome, used for polar orbit launches of mainly military satellites, and was at one time the busiest launch centre in the world. The collapse of the Soviet Union put the main launch site of Baikonur in Kazakh territory. It now seems that once the Proton rocket is retired, Baikonur will be abandoned and Plesetsk will be Russia's primary launch centre. Upgrades to existing launch facilities will allow advanced versions of the Soyuz rocket and the new Angara launch vehicle to be launched from Plesetsk. Plesetsk's major drawback was the lower net payload in geosynchronous orbit from a northern latitude launch site. However Russia is planning to remove the disadvantage by looping geosynchronous satellites around the moon, using lunar gravity to make the necessary orbital plane change. More...

DS-P1-I Chronology


1966 January 25 - . 12:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 106 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 1. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1966-11-15 . Decay Date: 1966-11-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 1949 . COSPAR: 1966-004A. Apogee: 553 km (343 mi). Perigee: 281 km (174 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 92.80 min. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1967 March 16 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 148 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 2. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1967-05-07 . Decay Date: 1967-05-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 2712 . COSPAR: 1967-023A. Apogee: 404 km (251 mi). Perigee: 270 km (160 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 91.30 min. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces. First launch of 63SM/11K63 version of Kosmos launch vehicle; first launch from the Raduga launch complex at Plesetsk..

1968 March 5 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 204 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 3. Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1969-03-03 . Decay Date: 1969-03-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 3139 . COSPAR: 1968-015A. Apogee: 626 km (388 mi). Perigee: 485 km (301 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 95.70 min. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1968 September 20 - . 14:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 242 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 4. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1968-11-13 . Decay Date: 1968-11-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 3414 . COSPAR: 1968-079A. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi). Perigee: 272 km (169 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 91.30 min. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1969 March 28 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 275 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 5. Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1969-08-06 . Decay Date: 1970-02-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 3846 . COSPAR: 1969-031A. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 273 km (169 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1969 November 4 - . 11:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 308 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 7. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1970-01-04 . Decay Date: 1970-01-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 4219 . COSPAR: 1969-096A. Apogee: 408 km (253 mi). Perigee: 271 km (168 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 91.30 min. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1970 January 30 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63. FAILURE: Second stage failed 128 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DS-P1-I s/n 6 - . Payload: DS-P1-I. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. COSPAR: F700130A. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1970 March 18 - . 14:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 327 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 8. Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1970-09-11 . Decay Date: 1971-01-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 4351 . COSPAR: 1970-020A. Apogee: 819 km (508 mi). Perigee: 280 km (170 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 95.70 min. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1970 September 16 - . 11:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 362 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 9. Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1970-11-24 . Decay Date: 1971-10-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 4536 . COSPAR: 1970-073A. Apogee: 829 km (515 mi). Perigee: 270 km (160 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 95.60 min. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1971 January 14 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 391 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 11. Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1971-04-01 . Decay Date: 1972-02-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 4847 . COSPAR: 1971-002A. Apogee: 803 km (498 mi). Perigee: 267 km (165 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1971 September 24 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 440 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 10. Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1972-01-20 . Decay Date: 1972-10-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 5480 . COSPAR: 1971-079A. Apogee: 788 km (489 mi). Perigee: 272 km (169 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1971 November 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • DS-P1-I - . Payload: DS-P1-I. Nation: USSR. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces. Launch vehicle launch scrubbed - unknown cause..

1972 June 30 - . 09:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 497 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 12. Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1973-11-07 . Decay Date: 1973-11-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 6076 . COSPAR: 1972-048A. Apogee: 787 km (489 mi). Perigee: 271 km (168 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1973 December 13 - . 11:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 615 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 13. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1975-06-16 . Decay Date: 1975-12-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 6971 . COSPAR: 1973-099A. Apogee: 834 km (518 mi). Perigee: 270 km (160 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 95.70 min. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1974 June 26 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 662 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 14. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1975-03-17 . Decay Date: 1976-08-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 7347 . COSPAR: 1974-047A. Apogee: 812 km (504 mi). Perigee: 271 km (168 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 95.50 min. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1975 July 17 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 750 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 15. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1976-01-30 . Decay Date: 1977-09-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 8036 . COSPAR: 1975-067A. Apogee: 803 km (498 mi). Perigee: 272 km (169 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 95.40 min. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1976 February 5 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 801 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 16. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1976-12-14 . Decay Date: 1978-01-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 8658 . COSPAR: 1976-012A. Apogee: 796 km (494 mi). Perigee: 268 km (166 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1976 August 18 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 849 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 17. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1977-06-30 . Decay Date: 1978-04-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 9382 . COSPAR: 1976-083A. Apogee: 865 km (537 mi). Perigee: 264 km (164 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 96.00 min. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1977 April 5 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 901 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 18. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1978-06-29 . Decay Date: 1978-06-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 9905 . COSPAR: 1977-025A. Apogee: 820 km (500 mi). Perigee: 269 km (167 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 95.50 min. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1977 June 18 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 919 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 19. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1978-05-16 . Decay Date: 1978-08-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 10070 . COSPAR: 1977-051A. Apogee: 822 km (510 mi). Perigee: 269 km (167 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 95.60 min. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

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