Encyclopedia Astronautica
DS-P1-M



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DS-P1-M
DS-P1-M target. Each face of the armoured polyhedronal satellite was covered with plates to measure the direction and magnitude of impact of shrapnel from the IS-A ASAT satellite.
Credit: © Mark Wade
ispdsdwg.jpg
DS-P1-M
DS-P1-M target. Each face of the armoured polyhedronal satellite was covered with plates to measure the direction and magnitude of impact of shrapnel from the IS-A ASAT satellite.
Credit: © Mark Wade
Ukrainian military anti-satellite system target satellite. 15 launches, 1970.12.22 (DS-P1-M s/n 1) to 1982.06.06 (Cosmos 1375). Target for IS ASAT systems tests.

A lighter target that could be launched by the smaller Kosmos rocket replaced the first R-36 launched IS-P target. Developed by KB Yuzhnoye (KB-3 Section; Chief Designer V M Kovtunenko). Although it acted as a target for the IS anti-satellite system, it was designed for both anti-ballistic missile and anti-satellite testing. It was more than a passive target, including an impact registration system and elements of the hit (direction, velocity, etc.). First flight trials were in August 1970. It was in service from 1973 to 1983, at which time the Soviet Union unilaterally abandoned anti-satellite operations. An upgraded version flown from 1975 carried the code name Lira and had unknown differences to the original design.

Gross mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb).
First Launch: 1970.12.22.
Last Launch: 1982.06.06.
Number: 15 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • DS The DS ('Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik') small satellite bus was developed by Yangel's OKB-586 / KB Yuzhnoye in the Ukraine for launch by the same bureau's Kosmos launch vehicles. They were used for a wide range of military and scientific research; component proving tests; and as radar, ASAT, and ABM targets. More...
  • Kosmos 3 In 1961 Isayev and Reshetnev developed the Voskhod space launch system on the basis of the R-14 IRBM. The initial version of the two stage rocket was designated Kosmos-1. The first 'Voskhod' launch complex was at Baikonur, a modification of one of the pads at the R-16 ICBM launch complex 41. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Kosmos 3 Russian orbital launch vehicle. In 1961 Isayev and Reshetnev developed the Voskhod space launch system on the basis of the R-14 IRBM. The initial version of the two stage rocket was designated Kosmos-1. The first 'Voskhod' launch complex was at Baikonur, a modification of one of the pads at the R-16 ICBM launch complex 41. More...
  • Kosmos 11K65M Russian orbital launch vehicle. Definitive and prolific production version of satellite launcher based on Yangel R-14 IRBM. After further development at NPO Polyot (Omsk, Chief Designer A S Klinishkov), the modified Kosmos-3M added a restartable second stage with an orientation system. This booster was launched form two 'Cusovaya' launch complexes from 1967. The second stage used low thrust rockets using gas generator output to adjust the final velocity of the stage More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Yuzhnoye Ukrainian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Yangel Design Bureau, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • JPL Mission and Spacecraft Library, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1997. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Agapov, V, "K zapusku pervovo ISZ serii 'DS'", Novosti Kosmonavtiki, 1997, Issue 6.
  • Zheleznyakov, Aleksandr, "Istrebitel Sputnikov", Istoriya Rossiyskoi Sovetskoi Kosmonavtiki, Aleksandr Krasnikov Web Page, 1998. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Melnik, T G, Voenno-Kosmicheskiy Siliy, Nauka, Moscow, 1997..

Associated Launch Sites
  • Plesetsk Plesetsk was the Soviet Union's northern cosmodrome, used for polar orbit launches of mainly military satellites, and was at one time the busiest launch centre in the world. The collapse of the Soviet Union put the main launch site of Baikonur in Kazakh territory. It now seems that once the Proton rocket is retired, Baikonur will be abandoned and Plesetsk will be Russia's primary launch centre. Upgrades to existing launch facilities will allow advanced versions of the Soyuz rocket and the new Angara launch vehicle to be launched from Plesetsk. Plesetsk's major drawback was the lower net payload in geosynchronous orbit from a northern latitude launch site. However Russia is planning to remove the disadvantage by looping geosynchronous satellites around the moon, using lunar gravity to make the necessary orbital plane change. More...

DS-P1-M Chronology


1970 December 22 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47117-106. FAILURE: First stage failed 1 second after launch.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DS-P1-M s/n 1 - . Payload: DS-P1-M s/n 1. Mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. COSPAR: F701222A. Summary: Target for IS ASAT systems tests. First test of Yangel-desinged target failed to reach orbit..

1971 February 9 - . 18:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65027-119.
  • Cosmos 394 - . Payload: DS-P1-M s/n 2. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Completed Operations Date: 1972-02-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 4922 . COSPAR: 1971-010A. Apogee: 552 km (342 mi). Perigee: 522 km (324 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 95.40 min. Summary: Target for IS ASAT systems tests. First test using Yangel-designed lighter, cheaper target launched by Kosmos 11K65M booster from Plesetsk..

1971 March 18 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65027-118.
  • Cosmos 400 - . Payload: DS-P1-M s/n 3. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Completed Operations Date: 1972-08-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 5050 . COSPAR: 1971-020A. Apogee: 995 km (618 mi). Perigee: 990 km (610 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Summary: ASAT target for Cosmos 404 interceptor..

1971 November 29 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65027-110.
  • Cosmos 459 - . Payload: DS-P1-M s/n 5. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Completed Operations Date: 1971-12-27 . Decay Date: 1971-12-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 5625 . COSPAR: 1971-102A. Apogee: 286 km (177 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: ASAT target for Cosmos 462 interceptor..

1972 September 29 - . 20:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M Yu47121-11.
  • Cosmos 521 - . Payload: DS-P1-M s/n 4. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Completed Operations Date: 1973-01-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 6206 . COSPAR: 1972-074A. Apogee: 992 km (616 mi). Perigee: 987 km (613 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Summary: ASAT target launched to test modifications to ASAT interceptor. Interceptor launch cancelled due to technical failure in target telemetry system. Signature of SALT treaty in May 1972 resulted in military being ordered to discontinue further ASAT tests..

1975 December 19 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53721-263. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
  • DS-P1-M - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. COSPAR: F751219A. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Summary: Target for IS ASAT systems tests..

1976 February 12 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53731-286.
  • Cosmos 803 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. USAF Sat Cat: 8688 . COSPAR: 1976-014A. Apogee: 555 km (344 mi). Perigee: 505 km (313 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Summary: ASAT target. Beginning of test of 'second generation' ASAT interceptor. Objective was to complete test series by 1978 ABM treaty date..

1976 July 8 - . 21:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53716-324.
  • Cosmos 839 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. USAF Sat Cat: 9011 . COSPAR: 1976-067A. Apogee: 2,053 km (1,275 mi). Perigee: 915 km (568 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 115.60 min. Summary: ASAT target for Cosmos 843 interceptor..

1976 December 9 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53719-153.
  • Cosmos 880 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Decay Date: 1979-10-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 9601 . COSPAR: 1976-120A. Apogee: 614 km (381 mi). Perigee: 558 km (346 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 96.30 min. Summary: ASAT target for Cosmos 886 interceptor..

1977 May 19 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53791-156.
  • Cosmos 909 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. USAF Sat Cat: 10010 . COSPAR: 1977-036A. Apogee: 2,111 km (1,311 mi). Perigee: 985 km (612 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 117.00 min. Summary: Target for IS ASAT systems tests..

1977 October 21 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53716-325.
  • Cosmos 959 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Decay Date: 1977-11-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 10419 . COSPAR: 1977-101A. Apogee: 850 km (520 mi). Perigee: 146 km (90 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 94.60 min. Summary: ASAT target for Cosmos 961 interceptor..

1977 December 13 - . 15:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53716-332.
  • Cosmos 967 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. USAF Sat Cat: 10512 . COSPAR: 1977-116A. Apogee: 1,003 km (623 mi). Perigee: 961 km (597 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Summary: ASAT target for Cosmos 970 interceptor..

1980 April 3 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47198-315.
  • Cosmos 1171 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. USAF Sat Cat: 11750 . COSPAR: 1980-026A. Apogee: 1,001 km (621 mi). Perigee: 969 km (602 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Summary: ASAT target for Cosmos 1174 interceptor. First in a series of tests to validate functioning of system after extended storage..

1981 January 21 - . 08:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65082-427.
  • Cosmos 1241 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. USAF Sat Cat: 12149 . COSPAR: 1981-006A. Apogee: 995 km (618 mi). Perigee: 989 km (614 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Summary: ASAT target for Cosmos 1243 and Cosmos 1258 interceptors..

1982 June 6 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65067-257.
  • Cosmos 1375 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Decay Date: 1985-10-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 13259 . COSPAR: 1982-055A. Apogee: 1,003 km (623 mi). Perigee: 986 km (612 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Summary: Target for IS ASAT systems tests..

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