Encyclopedia Astronautica
DS-U1-A



dsu1a.jpg
DS-U1-A
Credit: Yuzhnoye
Ukrainian earth ionosphere satellite. One launch, 1968.04.19, Cosmos 215. Studied the optical characteristics of the atmosphere. Radiation observatory; 8 telescopes.

Gross mass: 385 kg (848 lb).
First Launch: 1968.04.18.
Number: 1 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • DS The DS ('Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik') small satellite bus was developed by Yangel's OKB-586 / KB Yuzhnoye in the Ukraine for launch by the same bureau's Kosmos launch vehicles. They were used for a wide range of military and scientific research; component proving tests; and as radar, ASAT, and ABM targets. More...
  • Kosmos 2 In 1960 the Soviet government decreed development of a lightweight launch vehicle for launch of payloads not requiring R-7 family of boosters. A modification of the R-12 IRBM was selected as the first stage; a new high-performance second stage was developed using a unique Lox/UDMH propellant combination. After two failures, the first successful flight was on March 16, 1962. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Kosmos 2 Ukrainian orbital launch vehicle. In 1960 the Soviet government decreed development of a lightweight launch vehicle for launch of payloads not requiring R-7 family of boosters. A modification of the R-12 IRBM was selected as the first stage; a new high-performance second stage was developed using a unique Lox/UDMH propellant combination. After two failures, the first successful flight was on March 16, 1962. More...
  • Kosmos 11K63 Ukrainian orbital launch vehicle. Series production version of satellite launcher based on Yangel R-12 IRBM. Succeeded 63S1M prototype from 1965, using same 'Dvina' launch complex. From March 16, 1967 orbital launches from Plesetsk were from the purpose-built 'Raduga' launch complex LC133. Total of 123 launches, of which 8 were failures. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Yuzhnoye Ukrainian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Yangel Design Bureau, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine. More...

Associated Programs
  • DS DS ('Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik') were small satellites built by Yangel's OKB-586 / KB Yuzhnoye in the Ukraine for launch by the same KB's Kosmos launch vehicles. They were used for a wide range of military and scientific research and component proving tests. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • JPL Mission and Spacecraft Library, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1997. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Agapov, V, "K zapusku pervovo ISZ serii 'DS'", Novosti Kosmonavtiki, 1997, Issue 6.
  • Siddiqi, Asif A, The Soviet Space Race With Apollo, University Press of Florida, 2003.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...

DS-U1-A Chronology


1965 June 22 - . LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Scientific Kosmos satellites approved. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: DS-U1-A. Summary: Ministry of General Machine Building (MOM) Decree 'On Preparations in 1965-66 of 18 Small Unifunctional Earth Satellites for Carrying out Scientific Investigations-creation of small scientific satellites at OKB-586' was issued..

1968 April 18 - . 22:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 215 - . Payload: DS-U1-A s/n 1. Mass: 385 kg (848 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U1-A. Completed Operations Date: 1968-06-06 . Decay Date: 1968-06-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 3205 . COSPAR: 1968-033A. Apogee: 403 km (250 mi). Perigee: 255 km (158 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 91.00 min. Summary: Studied the optical characteristics of the atmosphere. Radiation observatory; eight telescopes..

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