Russian earth environment satellite. Study 1984. The eroding ozone layer of the earth would be replenished using a constellation of space-based lasers that would bombard the stratosphere at 30 km altitude for 30 years.
The Energia launch vehicle would launch 30 to 40 satellites, each with a mass of 60 to 80 metric tons, into a sun synchronous orbit at an altitude of 450 km. They would use on-board ion engines to move to operational orbits at 1600 km altitude. Each spacecraft would consist of:
- 600 m diameter solar collector
- 35 MWt oxygen-iodine laser of continuous function
- Equipment module with ion orbit correction engine
Gross mass: 80,000 kg (176,000 lb).
More... - Chronology...
Associated Launch Vehicles
Energia The Energia-Buran Reusable Space System (MKS) began development in 1976 as a Soviet booster that would exceed the capabilities of the US shuttle system. Following extended development, Energia made two successful flights in 1987-1988. But the Soviet Union was crumbling, and the ambitious plans to build an orbiting defense shield, to renew the ozone layer, dispose of nuclear waste, illuminate polar cities, colonize the moon and Mars, were not to be. Funding dried up and the Energia-Buran program completely disappeared from the government's budget after 1993. More...
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Korolev Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Korolev Design Bureau, Kaliningrad, Russia. More...
Semenov, Yuri P Editor, Raketno-kosmicheskaya korporatsiya 'Energia' imeni S P Koroleva, Moscow, Russia, 1996.
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