Encyclopedia Astronautica
FIRE


American re-entry vehicle technology satellite. 2 launches, 1964.04.14 (FIRE 1) and 1965.05.22 (FIRE 2). Suborbital re-entry test program that used a subscale model of the Apollo Command Module to verify the configuration at high reentry speed.

AKA: Flight Investigation of the Reentry Environment.
First Launch: 1964.04.14.
Last Launch: 1965.05.22.
Number: 2 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Atlas The Atlas rocket, originally developed as America's first ICBM, was the basis for most early American space exploration and was that country's most successful medium-lift commercial launch vehicle. It launched America's first astronaut into orbit; the first generations of spy satellites; the first lunar orbiters and landers; the first probes to Venus, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, and Saturn; and was America's most successful commercial launcher of communications satellites. Its innovative stage-and-a-half and 'balloon tank' design provided the best dry-mass fraction of any launch vehicle ever built. It was retired in 2004 after 576 launches in a 47-year career. More...
  • Atlas D American intercontinental ballistic missile. Rocket used both as a space launcher and ICBM. More...

Bibliography
  • Ertel , Ivan D; Morse , Mary Louise; et al, The Apollo Spacecraft Chronology Vol I - IV NASA SP-4009, NASA, 1966-1974. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Baker, David, The History of Manned Spaceflight, Crown, New York, 1981.
  • Brooks, Courtney G, Grimwood, Hames M, Swenson, Lloyd S, Chariots for Apollo, Government Printing Office, 1989. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • NASA Report,
  • NASA Report, Project Fire Integrated Post Flight Evaluation Report, Flight No. II, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • NASA Report, Project Fire Integrated Post Flight Evaluation Report, Flight No. 1, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • NASA Report, Flight parameters and vehicle performance for Project Fire Flight II, launched May 22, 1965, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • NASA Report, Convective and equilibrium radiation heat transfer prediction for Project Fire reentry vehicle , Web Address when accessed: here.
  • NASA Report, Body motion and angles of attack during Project Fire Flight II reentry, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • NASA Report, Project fire - space and reentry vehicle static stability, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • NASA Report, ETO cloud studies for FIRE 2, part 1, Web Address when accessed: here.

FIRE Chronology


1962 February 18 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NASA announced Project Fire - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: FIRE. NASA announced Project Fire, a high-speed reentry heat research program to obtain data on materials, heating rates, and radio signal attenuation on spacecraft reentering the atmosphere at speeds of about 24,500 miles per hour. Information from the program would support technology for manned and unmanned reentry from lunar missions. Under the management of the Langley Research Center, Project Fire would use Atlas D boosters and the reentry package would be powered by an Antares solid-fuel motor (third stage of the Scout).

1962 March 29 - .
  • Republic to build two experimental FIRE spacecraft - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: FIRE. NASA announced that a $5 million contract would be awarded to Republic Aviation Corporation for the construction of two experimental reentry spacecraft. Republic was selected from eight companies that submitted bids on March 12. The contract was part of Project Fire, to develop a spacecraft capable of withstanding reentry into the earth's atmosphere from a lunar mission. Plans called for the spacecraft to be tested during the second half of 1963.

1962 October 25 - .
  • RCA to build the data acquisition and communications subsystem for Project Fire - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: FIRE. Summary: Republic Aviation Corporation selected the Radio Corporation of America to design and build the data acquisition and communications subsystem for Project Fire..

1962 November 27 - .
  • Contract to Ling-Temco-Vought to develop the velocity package for Project Fire - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: FIRE. NASA awarded a $2.56 million contract to Ling-Temco-Vought, Inc. (LTV), to develop the velocity package for Project Fire, to simulate reentry from a lunar mission. An Atlas D booster would lift an instrumented payload (looking like a miniature Apollo CM) to an altitude of 122,000 meters (400,000 feet). The velocity package would then fire the reentry vehicle into a minus 15 degree trajectory at a velocity of 11,300 meters (37,000 feet) per second. On December 17, Republic Aviation Corporation, developer of the reentry vehicle, reported that design was 95 percent complete and that fabrication had already begun.

1964 January 15 - .
  • Plans for testing the Apollo heatshield under reentry conditions - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: FIRE. MSC and Bellcomm agreed upon a plan for testing the Apollo heatshield under reentry conditions. Following Project Fire and Scout tests, the Saturn IB would be used to launch standard "all-up" spacecraft into an elliptical orbit; the SM engine would boost the spacecraft's velocity to 8,839 meters

    (29,000 feet) per second. Additional Details: here....


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