Encyclopedia Astronautica

Credit: USAF Phillips Laboratory
Russian communications satellite. Study 1995. An early Applied Mechanics NPO plan to replace Gorizont and Ekran spacecraft revolved around the Gelikon project.

Although the Gelikon schedule slipped, the Gelikon program officially enjoyed government approval, but no government funding.

Gelikon satellites were to be deployed at five geosynchronous positions (one for each of the major broadcast time zones): 23 degrees E, 44 degrees E, 74 degrees E, 110 degrees E, and 140 degrees E. Although the launch mass of Gelikon was to be the same as Gals and Express (2.5 metric tons), Gelikon would carry augmented solar arrays (span of 26.9 m) which provided up to 5.2 kW for the expected ten-year lifetime Instead of the three transponders on Gals, the Gelikon payload included 12 Ku-band units which would work with a range of fixed dishes. The Gelikon bus differed in appearance from that of Gals and Express with overall dimensions of 6.2 m by 6.8 m. The first launch of Gelikon was set for 1995, but further delays were anticipated. In fact the satellite never went into production.


Electric System: 5.20 average kW.

Gross mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb).
Height: 6.80 m (22.30 ft).
Span: 26.90 m (88.20 ft).

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Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Reshetnev Russian manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Reshetnev Design Bureau, Krasnoyarsk-26/Zhelenogorsk, Russia. More...

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