Encyclopedia Astronautica
Globalstar



globalst.jpg
Globalstar
American communications satellite. 72 launches, 1998.02.14 (Globalstar FM1) to 2007.10.20 (Globalstar D). The Globalstar constellation was a Medium Earth Orbit system for mobile voice and data communications.

The 3-axis stabilized 222 kg satellites had a nominal 7 year life, and were placed in eight planes at 1390 km / 52 degrees inclination. The entire initial constellation of 52 satellites was launched in 1998-2007. A replenishment launch of four satellites was made in 2007.

Gross mass: 222 kg (489 lb).
First Launch: 1998.02.14.
Last Launch: 2007.10.20.
Number: 72 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Delta The Delta launch vehicle was America's longest-lived, most reliable, and lowest-cost space launch vehicle. Development began in 1955 and it continued in service in the 21st Century despite numerous candidate replacements. More...
  • Soyuz The Russian Soyuz spacecraft has been the longest-lived, most adaptable, and most successful manned spacecraft design. In production for fifty years, more than 240 have been built and flown on a wide range of missions. The design will remain in use with the international space station well into the 21st century, providing the only manned access to the station after the retirement of the shuttle in 2011. More...
  • Zenit Zenit was to be a modular new generation medium Soviet launch vehicle, replacing the various ICBM-derived launch vehicles in use since the 1960's (Tsiklon and Soyuz). A version of the first stage was used as strap-ons for the cancelled Energia heavy booster. But it was built by Yuzhnoye in the Ukraine; when the Soviet Union broke up planned large-scale production for the Soviet military was abandoned (Angara development was begun as an indigenous alternative). Launch pads were completed only at Baikonur; those at Plesetsk were never finished and are planned to be completed as Angara pads. However the vehicle found new life as a commercial launch vehicle, launched from a sea platform by an American/Ukrainian consortium. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Delta American orbital launch vehicle. The Delta launch vehicle was America's longest-lived, most reliable, and lowest-cost space launch vehicle. Delta began as Thor, a crash December 1955 program to produce an intermediate range ballistic missile using existing components, which flew thirteen months after go-ahead. Fifteen months after that, a space launch version flew, using an existing upper stage. The addition of solid rocket boosters allowed the Thor core and Able/Delta upper stages to be stretched. Costs were kept down by using first and second-stage rocket engines surplus to the Apollo program in the 1970's. Continuous introduction of new 'existing' technology over the years resulted in an incredible evolution - the payload into a geosynchronous transfer orbit increasing from 68 kg in 1962 to 3810 kg by 2002. Delta survived innumerable attempts to kill the program and replace it with 'more rationale' alternatives. By 2008 nearly 1,000 boosters had flown over a fifty-year career, and cancellation was again announced. More...
  • Soyuz Russian orbital launch vehicle. The world's first ICBM became the most often used and most reliable launch vehicle in history. The original core+four strap-on booster missile had a small third stage added to produce the Vostok launch vehicle, with a payload of 5 metric tons. Addition of a larger third stage produced the Voskhod/Soyuz vehicle, with a payload over 6 metric tons. Using this with a fourth stage, the resulting Molniya booster placed communications satellites and early lunar and planetary probes in higher energy trajectories. By the year 2000 over 1,628 had been launched with an unmatched success rate of 97.5% for production models. Improved models providing commercial launch services for international customers entered service in the new millenium, and a new launch pad at Kourou was to be inaugurated in 2009. It appeared that the R-7 could easily still be in service 70 years after its first launch. More...
  • Soyuz 11A511U Russian standardised man-rated orbital launch vehicle derived from the original R-7 ICBM of 1957. It has been launched in greater numbers than any orbital launch vehicle in history. Not coincidentally, it has been the most reliable as well. After over 40 years service in Russia, ESA built a new launch pad at Kourou which will keep it in service from three launch sites in three countries well into the mid-21st Century. More...
  • Delta 2 7000 American orbital launch vehicle. The Delta 7000 series used GEM-40 strap-ons with the Extra Extended Long Tank core, further upgraded with the RS-27A engine. More...
  • Zenit Zenit was to be a modular new generation medium Soviet launch vehicle, replacing the various ICBM-derived launch vehicles in use since the 1960's (Tsiklon and Soyuz). A version of the first stage was used as strap-ons for the cancelled Energia heavy booster. But it was built by Yuzhnoye in the Ukraine; when the Soviet Union broke up planned large-scale production for the Soviet military was abandoned (Angara development was begun as an indigenous alternative). Launch pads were completed only at Baikonur; those at Plesetsk were never finished and are planned to be completed as Angara pads. However the vehicle found new life as a commercial launch vehicle, launched from a sea platform by an American/Ukrainian consortium. More...
  • Zenit-2 Ukrainian orbital launch vehicle. Two-stage version that continued to be used for launch of Russian military satellites tailored to it after the fall of the Soviet Union. More...
  • Delta 7420-XC Three stage vehicle consisting of 4 x GEM-40 + 1 x EELT Thor/RS-27A + 1 x Delta K with 3.05 m (10 foot) diameter composite fairing More...
  • Zenit-2 11K77.05 Ukrainian orbital launch vehicle. Version with a dispenser for multiple Globalstar communications satellite launches. More...
  • Soyuz FG Uprated Soyuz booster designed for high performance Russian government missions and delivery of Soyuz and Progress spacecraft to the International Space Station. Upgraded engines, modern avionics, reduced non-Russian content. Unknown differences to Soyuz ST. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Alenia Italian manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Alenia Spazio, Italy. More...
  • Globalstar American agency overseeing development of spacecraft. Globalstar Communications Corporation, San Jose, California, USA. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Report (Internet Newsletter), Harvard University, Weekly, 1989 to Present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Wilson, Andrew, editor,, Jane's/Interavia Space Directory, Jane's Information Group, Coulsdon, Surrey, 1992 et al.
  • NASA GSFC Orbital Parameters,
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Launch Log, October 1998. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • NASA/GSFC Orbital Information Group Website, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Space-Launcher.com, Orbital Report News Agency. Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Cape Canaveral America's largest launch center, used for all manned launches. Today only six of the 40 launch complexes built here remain in use. Located at or near Cape Canaveral are the Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, used by NASA for Saturn V and Space Shuttle launches; Patrick AFB on Cape Canaveral itself, operated the US Department of Defense and handling most other launches; the commercial Spaceport Florida; the air-launched launch vehicle and missile Drop Zone off Mayport, Florida, located at 29.00 N 79.00 W, and an offshore submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area. All of these take advantage of the extensive down-range tracking facilities that once extended from the Cape, through the Caribbean, South Atlantic, and to South Africa and the Indian Ocean. More...
  • Baikonur Russia's largest cosmodrome, the only one used for manned launches and with facilities for the larger Proton, N1, and Energia launch vehicles. The spaceport ended up on foreign soil after the break-up of Soviet Union. The official designations NIIP-5 and GIK-5 are used in official Soviet histories. It was also universally referred to as Tyuratam by both Soviet military staff and engineers, and the US intelligence agencies. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union the Russian Federation has insisted on continued use of the old Soviet 'public' name of Baikonur. In its Kazakh (Kazak) version this is rendered Baykonur. More...
  • Cape Canaveral LC17B Delta launch complex. Part of a dual launch pad complex built for the Thor ballistic missile program in 1956. Upgraded over the decades for use with Thor, Delta, Delta II, and Delta III launch vehicles, it remained in use for over half a century. More...
  • Cape Canaveral LC17A Delta launch complex. Part of a dual launch pad complex built for the Thor ballistic missile program in 1956. Pad 17A supported Thor, Delta, and Delta II launches into the 21st Century. More...

Globalstar Chronology


1998 February 14 - . 14:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7420-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7420-10C D253.
  • Globalstar FM1 - . Payload: Globalstar s/n FM1. Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto; Alenia. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25162 . COSPAR: 1998-008A. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. Summary: Plane 1. Ascending node 43.9 degrees..
  • Globalstar FM2 - . Payload: Globalstar s/n FM2. Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto; Alenia. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25163 . COSPAR: 1998-008B. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0100 deg. Period: 114.08 min. Summary: Plane 1. Ascending node 43.8 degrees..
  • Globalstar FM3 - . Payload: Globalstar s/n FM3. Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto; Alenia. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25164 . COSPAR: 1998-008C. Apogee: 1,520 km (940 mi). Perigee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 116.30 min. Summary: Plane 1. Ascending node 42.4 degrees..
  • Globalstar FM4 - . Payload: Globalstar s/n FM4. Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto; Alenia. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25165 . COSPAR: 1998-008D. Apogee: 1,416 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. Summary: Plane 1. Ascending node 43.6 degrees..

1998 April 24 - . 22:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7420-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7420-10C D256.
  • Globalstar FM6 - . Payload: Globalstar s/n FM6. Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto; Alenia. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25306 . COSPAR: 1998-023A. Apogee: 1,523 km (946 mi). Perigee: 1,503 km (933 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 116.30 min. Summary: Plane 2. Ascending node 90.4 degrees..
  • Globalstar FM8 - . Payload: Globalstar s/n FM8. Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto; Alenia. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25307 . COSPAR: 1998-023B. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. Summary: Plane 2. Ascending node 88.9 degrees..
  • Globalstar FM14 - . Payload: Globalstar s/n FM14. Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto; Alenia. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25308 . COSPAR: 1998-023C. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. Summary: Plane 2. Ascending node 90.2 degrees..
  • Globalstar FM15 - . Payload: Globalstar s/n FM15. Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto; Alenia. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25309 . COSPAR: 1998-023D. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. Summary: Plane 2. Ascending node 88.0 degrees..

1998 September 9 - . 20:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-2 11K77.05. LV Configuration: Zenit-2 11K77.05 22D (67047801). FAILURE: Computer error caused a very premature engine shutdown during second stage burn.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Globalstar FM5 - . Payload: Globalstar FM5. Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto; Alenia. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. COSPAR: F980909A. Summary: Fell in Siberia..

1999 February 9 - . 03:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. LV Configuration: Soyuz 11A511U/Ikar S15000-058 ST01.
  • Globalstar FM36 - . Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25621 . COSPAR: 1999-004A. Apogee: 1,421 km (882 mi). Perigee: 1,406 km (873 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. The first launch of the Soyuz- Ikar launch vehicle, selected by Orbcomm after failure of the Zenit launcher. The Ikar upper stage was derived from the Yantar reconnaissance satellite's propulsion module. The Soyuz second stage separated at 8 minutes 48 seconds into flight after placing the Ikar into a 236 km x 884 km x 52.0 deg transfer orbit. The Ikar stage burned at the second apogee passage, at 06:23 GMT, and released the Globalstar satellite at the top of the dispenser into a 915 km x 947 km x 52.0 deg orbit at 07:27 GMT. The three remaining satellites mounted around the side of the dispenser were released into a 903 km x 946 km x 52.0 deg orbit. This was also the first launch carried out by the Starsem organization, a joint venture including Aerospatiale and TsSKB-Progress (the launch vehicle manufacturer). The dispenser was built by Aerospatiale/Aquitaine (Bordeaux).
  • Globalstar FM23 - . Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25622 . COSPAR: 1999-004B. Apogee: 1,418 km (881 mi). Perigee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Globalstar FM38 - . Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25623 . COSPAR: 1999-004C. Apogee: 1,545 km (960 mi). Perigee: 1,541 km (957 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 116.90 min.
  • Globalstar FM40 - . Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25624 . COSPAR: 1999-004D. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.

1999 March 15 - . 03:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. LV Configuration: Soyuz 11A511U/Ikar - ST02.
  • Globalstar M022 - . Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25649 . COSPAR: 1999-012A. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. In the second Soyuz/Ikar launch four Globalstar satellites were delivered with the Ikar upper stage into a 235 km x 899 km x 52.0 degree transfer orbit. The Ikar stage then placed itself and its payload into a 897 km x 950 km x 52.0 degree deployment orbit. Satellite M022 was separated first from the top of the dispenser, followed by ejection of the other three satellites from the sides at 06:37 GMT. After dispensing the satellites, the Ikar deorbited itself on March 16.
  • Globalstar M046 - . Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25651 . COSPAR: 1999-012C. Apogee: 1,595 km (991 mi). Perigee: 1,594 km (990 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 118.10 min.
  • Globalstar M037 - . Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25652 . COSPAR: 1999-012D. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Globalstar M041 - . Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25650 . COSPAR: 1999-012B. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.

1999 April 15 - . 00:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. LV Configuration: Soyuz 11A511U/Ikar S15000-060 ST03.
  • Globalstar M019 - . Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25676 . COSPAR: 1999-019A. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. The Ikar upper stage entered a 234 km x 900 km transfer orbit, then maneuvered to dispense the four spacecraft into 900 km x 950 km x 52.0 deg parking orbits. The satellite's own thrusters would be used to place them into their 1410 km circular operational orbits. The Ikar stage deorbited itself after one day. The Globalstar satellites, built by Alenia and Loral, are L-band comsats which provide satellite phone service.
  • Globalstar M042 - . Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25677 . COSPAR: 1999-019B. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Globalstar M044 - . Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25678 . COSPAR: 1999-019C. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Globalstar M045 - . Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25679 . COSPAR: 1999-019D. Apogee: 1,586 km (985 mi). Perigee: 1,581 km (982 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 117.80 min.

1999 June 10 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. Launch Pad: SLC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7420-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7420-10C D270.
  • Globalstar 52 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25770 . COSPAR: 1999-031A. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Globalstar 49 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25771 . COSPAR: 1999-031B. Apogee: 2,101 km (1,305 mi). Perigee: 2,099 km (1,304 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 129.50 min.
  • Globalstar 25 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25772 . COSPAR: 1999-031C. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Globalstar 47 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25773 . COSPAR: 1999-031D. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.

1999 July 10 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. Launch Pad: SLC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7420-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7420-10C D272.
  • Globalstar 32 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25851 . COSPAR: 1999-037A. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Globalstar 51 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25854 . COSPAR: 1999-037D. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Globalstar 30 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25852 . COSPAR: 1999-037B. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Globalstar 35 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25853 . COSPAR: 1999-037C. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.

1999 July 25 - . 07:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7420-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7420-10C D273.
  • Globalstar 26 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25872 . COSPAR: 1999-041A. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Globalstar 28 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25873 . COSPAR: 1999-041B. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Globalstar 43 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25874 . COSPAR: 1999-041C. Apogee: 2,044 km (1,270 mi). Perigee: 2,020 km (1,250 mi). Inclination: 51.9000 deg. Period: 127.90 min.
  • Globalstar 48 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25875 . COSPAR: 1999-041D. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.

1999 August 17 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. Launch Pad: SLC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7420-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7420-10C D274.
  • Globalstar 24 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25883 . COSPAR: 1999-043A. Apogee: 2,113 km (1,312 mi). Perigee: 2,108 km (1,309 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 129.70 min.
  • Globalstar 27 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25884 . COSPAR: 1999-043B. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Globalstar 53 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25885 . COSPAR: 1999-043C. Apogee: 1,970 km (1,220 mi). Perigee: 1,961 km (1,218 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 126.40 min.
  • Globalstar 54 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25886 . COSPAR: 1999-043D. Apogee: 2,024 km (1,257 mi). Perigee: 2,021 km (1,255 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 127.70 min.

1999 September 22 - . 14:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. LV Configuration: Soyuz 11A511U/Ikar S15000-061 ST04.
  • Globalstar 33 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25907 . COSPAR: 1999-049A. Apogee: 1,416 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. Summary: The third stage put the complex into a 235 km x 906 km x 51.9 degree transfer orbit. The Ikar upper stage maneouvered, placed the four satellites into their final parking orbit, then made a deorbit burn and re-entered on September 24. .
  • Globalstar 55 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25909 . COSPAR: 1999-049C. Apogee: 1,416 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Globalstar 58 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25910 . COSPAR: 1999-049D. Apogee: 1,557 km (967 mi). Perigee: 1,547 km (961 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 117.10 min.
  • Globalstar 50 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25908 . COSPAR: 1999-049B. Apogee: 1,655 km (1,028 mi). Perigee: 1,641 km (1,019 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 119.30 min.

1999 October 18 - . 13:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. LV Configuration: Soyuz 11A511U/Ikar M15000-062 ST05.
  • Globalstar 31 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25943 . COSPAR: 1999-058A. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. Summary: At the time of this launch Globalstar began limited service of its satellite telephone system..
  • Globalstar 56 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25944 . COSPAR: 1999-058B. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Globalstar 57 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25945 . COSPAR: 1999-058C. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Globalstar 59 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25946 . COSPAR: 1999-058D. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.

1999 November 22 - . 16:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. LV Configuration: Soyuz 11A511U/Ikar - ST06.
  • Globalstar 29 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25961 . COSPAR: 1999-062A. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. Summary: Additional launches into Globalstar communications satellite constellation..
  • Globalstar 34 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25962 . COSPAR: 1999-062B. Apogee: 1,614 km (1,002 mi). Perigee: 1,610 km (1,000 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 118.50 min.
  • Globalstar 39 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25963 . COSPAR: 1999-062C. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,410 km (870 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Globalstar 61 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25964 . COSPAR: 1999-062D. Apogee: 1,791 km (1,112 mi). Perigee: 1,783 km (1,107 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 122.40 min.

2000 February 8 - . 21:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. Launch Pad: SLC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7420-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7420-10C D276.
  • Globalstar M060 - . Payload: Globalstar 60. Mass: 450 kg (990 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalsat. Manufacturer: Palo Alto; Alenia. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 26081 . COSPAR: 2000-008A. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. Summary: Mobile Telephony. These four Globalstar satellites completed the Globalstar initial constellation..
  • Globalstar M062 - . Payload: Globalstar 62. Mass: 450 kg (990 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalsat. Manufacturer: Palo Alto; Alenia. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 26082 . COSPAR: 2000-008B. Apogee: 1,418 km (881 mi). Perigee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Inclination: 52.0061 deg. Period: 114.09 min. Summary: Mobile Telephony. .
  • Globalstar M064 - . Payload: Globalstar 64. Mass: 450 kg (990 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalsat. Manufacturer: Palo Alto; Alenia. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 26084 . COSPAR: 2000-008D. Apogee: 934 km (580 mi). Perigee: 915 km (568 mi). Inclination: 52.0072 deg. Period: 103.43 min. Summary: Mobile Telephony. .
  • Globalstar M063 - . Payload: Globalstar 63. Mass: 450 kg (990 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalsat. Manufacturer: Palo Alto; Alenia. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 26083 . COSPAR: 2000-008C. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. Summary: Mobile Telephony. .

2007 May 29 - . 20:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz FG. LV Configuration: Soyuz-FG/Fregat Ts15000-021.
  • Globalstar A - . Mass: 450 kg (990 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 31571 . COSPAR: 2007-020A. Apogee: 932 km (579 mi). Perigee: 914 km (567 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 103.50 min. Summary: First replenishment launch of the resurgent Globalstar MEO communications satellite constellation after a five-year hiatus..
  • Globalstar B - . Mass: 450 kg (990 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 31573 . COSPAR: 2007-020C. Apogee: 931 km (578 mi). Perigee: 913 km (567 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 103.50 min.
  • Globalstar C - . Mass: 450 kg (990 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 31574 . COSPAR: 2007-020D. Apogee: 932 km (579 mi). Perigee: 926 km (575 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 103.60 min.
  • Globalstar D - . Mass: 450 kg (990 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 31576 . COSPAR: 2007-020F. Apogee: 938 km (582 mi). Perigee: 919 km (571 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 103.60 min.

2007 October 20 - . 20:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz FG. LV Configuration: Soyuz-FG/Fregat Ts15000-022.
  • Globalstar FM66 - . Mass: 450 kg (990 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 32266 . COSPAR: 2007-048A. Apogee: 932 km (579 mi). Perigee: 914 km (567 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 103.50 min. Summary: Last of the first generation Globalstar satellites, launched to replenish the constellation. The Fregat stage made three burns to deploy the satellites into circular orbit, and then deorbit itself to a reentry over the Pacific Ocean..
  • Globalstar FM67 - . Mass: 450 kg (990 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 32265 . COSPAR: 2007-048B. Apogee: 935 km (580 mi). Perigee: 925 km (574 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 103.60 min.
  • Globalstar FM68 - . Mass: 450 kg (990 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 32264 . COSPAR: 2007-048C. Apogee: 930 km (570 mi). Perigee: 915 km (568 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 103.50 min.
  • Globalstar FM70 - . Mass: 450 kg (990 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 32263 . COSPAR: 2007-048D. Apogee: 931 km (578 mi). Perigee: 911 km (566 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 103.40 min.

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