Encyclopedia Astronautica
GOES


American earth weather satellite. 8 launches, 1975.10.16 (GOES 1) to 1987.02.26 (GOES 7). Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite.

AKA: Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite.; Geostationary Orbiting Environmental Satellite.
Gross mass: 836 kg (1,843 lb).
First Launch: 1975.10.16.
Last Launch: 1987.02.26.
Number: 8 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • Star 27 Thiokol solid rocket engine. 27 kN. Apogee motor used on CTS, GMS, BS, GPS, GOES satellites. In Production. Isp=288s. More...

See also
  • Delta The Delta launch vehicle was America's longest-lived, most reliable, and lowest-cost space launch vehicle. Development began in 1955 and it continued in service in the 21st Century despite numerous candidate replacements. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Delta American orbital launch vehicle. The Delta launch vehicle was America's longest-lived, most reliable, and lowest-cost space launch vehicle. Delta began as Thor, a crash December 1955 program to produce an intermediate range ballistic missile using existing components, which flew thirteen months after go-ahead. Fifteen months after that, a space launch version flew, using an existing upper stage. The addition of solid rocket boosters allowed the Thor core and Able/Delta upper stages to be stretched. Costs were kept down by using first and second-stage rocket engines surplus to the Apollo program in the 1970's. Continuous introduction of new 'existing' technology over the years resulted in an incredible evolution - the payload into a geosynchronous transfer orbit increasing from 68 kg in 1962 to 3810 kg by 2002. Delta survived innumerable attempts to kill the program and replace it with 'more rationale' alternatives. By 2008 nearly 1,000 boosters had flown over a fifty-year career, and cancellation was again announced. More...
  • Delta 2914 American orbital launch vehicle. Four stage vehicle consisting of 9 x Castor 2 + 1 x ELT Thor/RS-27 + 1 x Delta P /TR-201 + 1 x Star 37E More...
  • Delta 3914 American orbital launch vehicle. Four stage vehicle consisting of 9 x Castor 4 + 1 x ELT Thor/RS-27 + 1 x Delta P /TR-201 + 1 x Star 37E More...
  • Delta 2000 American orbital launch vehicle. The Delta 2000 series used Castor 2 strap-ons together with an Extended Long Tank core equipped with the more powerful RS-27 engine. This engine was derived from surplus H-1 engines intended for the Saturn IB booster of the Apollo programme. The Delta P upper stage was built by Douglas and used surplus Apollo lunar module engines from TRW. More...
  • Delta 3000 American orbital launch vehicle. The Delta 3000 series upgraded the boosters to Castor 4 solid propellant strap-ons, while retaining the Extended Long Tank core with RS-27 engine. The 3910 series used the TRW Lunar Module engine in the second stage, while the 3920 series reintroduced the Aerojet AJ110 Delta engine. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • NASA American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA, USA. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Krebs, Gunter, Gunter's Space Page, University of Frankfurt, 1996. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • JPL Mission and Spacecraft Library, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1997. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • NASA Report, GOES-M Factsheet, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • NASA Report, GOES I-M Databook, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • NASA Report, GOES N-P Databook, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • NASA Report, GOES-N/Q Project Brochure , Web Address when accessed: here.
  • NASA Report, The Solar X-ray Imager, Web Address when accessed: here.
  • NASA Report, GEOS Pre-Processing Report, Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Cape Canaveral America's largest launch center, used for all manned launches. Today only six of the 40 launch complexes built here remain in use. Located at or near Cape Canaveral are the Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, used by NASA for Saturn V and Space Shuttle launches; Patrick AFB on Cape Canaveral itself, operated the US Department of Defense and handling most other launches; the commercial Spaceport Florida; the air-launched launch vehicle and missile Drop Zone off Mayport, Florida, located at 29.00 N 79.00 W, and an offshore submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area. All of these take advantage of the extensive down-range tracking facilities that once extended from the Cape, through the Caribbean, South Atlantic, and to South Africa and the Indian Ocean. More...
  • Cape Canaveral LC17B Delta launch complex. Part of a dual launch pad complex built for the Thor ballistic missile program in 1956. Upgraded over the decades for use with Thor, Delta, Delta II, and Delta III launch vehicles, it remained in use for over half a century. More...
  • Cape Canaveral LC17A Delta launch complex. Part of a dual launch pad complex built for the Thor ballistic missile program in 1956. Pad 17A supported Thor, Delta, and Delta II launches into the 21st Century. More...

GOES Chronology


1975 October 16 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914. LV Configuration: Delta 2914 597/D116.
  • GOES 1 - . Payload: GOES A. Mass: 295 kg (650 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NOAA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: GOES. Completed Operations Date: 1985-01-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 8366 . COSPAR: 1975-100A. Apogee: 35,811 km (22,251 mi). Perigee: 35,787 km (22,236 mi). Inclination: 14.8000 deg. Period: 1,436.70 min. Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Atlantic Ocean at 55 deg W in 1975-1976; over the Pacific Ocean 135 deg W in 1976-1978; over the Atlantic Ocean 10 deg W in 1978; over the Indian Ocean 58 deg E in 1978-1979; over the Pacific Ocean 135 deg W in 1979-1980; over the Atlantic Ocean 93 deg W in 1980; over the Pacific Ocean 130 deg W in 1980-1985 As of 3 September 2001 located at 81.97 deg W drifting at 0.051 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 81.95W drifting at 0.055W degrees per day.

1977 June 16 - . 10:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914. LV Configuration: Delta 2914 616/D131.
  • GOES 2 - . Payload: GOES B. Mass: 627 kg (1,382 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NOAA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: GOES. USAF Sat Cat: 10061 . COSPAR: 1977-048A. Apogee: 36,080 km (22,410 mi). Perigee: 35,985 km (22,360 mi). Inclination: 14.1000 deg. Period: 1,448.70 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Atlantic Ocean at 75 deg W in 1977-1978 over the Americas at 100-110 deg W in 1979-1984 over the Americas at 112-114 deg W in 1984-1990 over the Atlantic Ocean 60 deg W in 1990-1992 over the Pacific Ocean 135 deg W in 1992-1995; over the Pacific Ocean 177 deg W in 1995-on. As of 4 September 2001 located at 147.59 deg W drifting at 3.154 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 8 located at 1.58W drifting at 3.141W degrees per day.

1978 June 16 - . 10:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914. LV Configuration: Delta 2914 625/D142.
  • GOES 3 - . Payload: GOES C. Mass: 627 kg (1,382 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NOAA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: GOES. USAF Sat Cat: 10953 . COSPAR: 1978-062A. Apogee: 35,812 km (22,252 mi). Perigee: 35,767 km (22,224 mi). Inclination: 9.8000 deg. Period: 1,436.30 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Pacific Ocean at 135 deg W in 1978-1981 over the Americas at 90 deg W in 1982-1984 over the Pacific Ocean 135 deg W in 1985-1987 over the Americas at129 deg W in 1987-1990 over the Pacific Ocean 175 deg W in 1990-1995 over the Americas at 102-110 deg W in 1996-on. As of 5 September 2001 located at 101.78 deg W drifting at 0.017 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 105.91W drifting at 0.030W degrees per day.

1980 September 9 - . 22:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3914. LV Configuration: Delta 3914 637/D152.
  • GOES 4 - . Payload: GOES D. Mass: 627 kg (1,382 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NOAA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: GOES. Completed Operations Date: 1988-11-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 11964 . COSPAR: 1980-074A. Apogee: 36,213 km (22,501 mi). Perigee: 35,948 km (22,337 mi). Inclination: 9.4000 deg. Period: 1,451.20 min. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 98 deg W in 1980-1981; 135 deg W in 1981-1983; 135-143 deg W in 1983; 139 deg W in 1984-1985; 10 deg W in 1985; 44 deg W in 1985-1988 As of 5 September 2001 located at 37.03 deg E drifting at 3.758 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 45.89E drifting at 3.763W degrees per day.

1981 May 22 - . 22:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3914. LV Configuration: Delta 3914 645/D154.
  • GOES 5 - . Payload: GOES E. Mass: 836 kg (1,843 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NOAA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: GOES. Completed Operations Date: 1990-07-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 12472 . COSPAR: 1981-049A. Apogee: 35,810 km (22,250 mi). Perigee: 35,775 km (22,229 mi). Inclination: 6.5000 deg. Period: 1,436.40 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 85 deg W in 1981; 75 deg W in 1981-1987; 106 deg W in 1987-1988; 65 deg W in 1988-1989 As of 31 August 2001 located at 107.28 deg W drifting at 0.248 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 110.88W drifting at 0.246W degrees per day.

1983 April 28 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3914. LV Configuration: Delta 3914 D168.
  • GOES 6 - . Payload: GOES F. Mass: 836 kg (1,843 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NOAA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: GOES. Completed Operations Date: 1992-05-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 14050 . COSPAR: 1983-041A. Apogee: 35,820 km (22,250 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 10.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.70 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 135 deg W in 1983-1984; 97 deg W in-108 deg W in 1984-1987; 135 deg W in 1987-1992 As of 5 September 2001 located at 75.78 deg W drifting at 0.054 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 83.60W drifting at 0.139W degrees per day.

1986 May 3 - . 22:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3914. LV Configuration: Delta 3914 D178. FAILURE: Stage one main engine shutdown at T+71 seconds due to electrical failure.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • GOES G - . Payload: GOES G. Nation: USA. Agency: NOAA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: GOES. Decay Date: 1986-04-26 . COSPAR: F860503A.

1987 February 26 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3914. LV Configuration: Delta 3914 D179.
  • GOES 7 - . Payload: GOES H. Mass: 399 kg (879 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NOAA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: GOES. Completed Operations Date: 1998-01-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 17561 . COSPAR: 1987-022A. Apogee: 35,797 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 1.2000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min. Stationed at 83 deg W. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 75 deg W in 1987-1988; 108 deg W in-98 deg W in 1989-1992; 111 deg W in 1992; 112 deg W in 1993-1994; 135 deg W in 1995; 98 deg W in 1996-1998 As of 5 September 2001 located at 179.83 deg E drifting at 0.023 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 176.12W drifting at 0.061W degrees per day.

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