Encyclopedia Astronautica
Liberator



xplibera.jpg
Liberator
American manned spacecraft. Study 2004. X-Prize suborbital ballistic spacecraft concept of HARC, Huntsville, Alabama.

The Liberator would be launched from an ocean-going barge. Once the barge was towed to the planned launch location, the rocket flame deflector, launch guide and rocket would be raised to a vertical position. Fuel and oxidizer would be loaded into their respective tanks. Pilot and passengers board the capsule. When seas and winds were calm and all systems were go, the rocket fires. After rocket engine cut-off, the capsule was in freefall until well after it passed apogee (108 km altitude). When the capsule reached 10 km altitude on its descent, a parachute was released and began to slow the capsule's fall. The capsule be tracked by GPS, and would splash down in the ocean. Capsule and crew were to be recovered almost immediately.

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Associated Countries
See also
  • America's Space Prize Following the success of the Ansari X-Prize in motivating flight of the first commercial suborbital manned spacecraft, Robert Bigelow announced the 'America's Space Prize' - $ 50 million - to the first team to fly an orbital manned spacecraft that completes two missions safely and successfully by January 10, 2010. More...
  • X-Prize The X-Prize competition was an attempt to promote commercial civilian spaceflight in a manner similar to the prizes handed out in the early days of aviation. Ten million dollars was to go to the first team to fly a vehicle capable of launching three people into space (defined as an altitude of 100 km in a suborbital trajectory), twice in a two-week period. The vehicle had to be 90% reusable by dry mass. For purposes of the two flights, the competition accepted flight by one person and ballast equivalent to two others at 90 kg per passenger. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • HARC American manufacturer of spacecraft. HARC, USA. More...

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