Encyclopedia Astronautica
LII Spaceplane



lii93b.jpg
LII Spaceplanes
LII Air-launched Spaceplane
Credit: Mark Lindroos
Russian manned spaceplane. Study 1993. LII (the Gromov Experimental Flight Institute at Zhukovskiy) designed several alternate spaceplane concepts for air-launch from the An-225 transport. These were similar to the various MAKS concepts.

Crew Size: 1.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Russian Rocketplanes The story of rocketplanes and spaceplanes in the Soviet Union was one of constant setbacks due to internal politics, constant struggle with little result. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • LII Spaceplane Russian air-launched winged orbital launch vehicle. LII (the Gromov Experimental Flight Institute at Zhukoskiy) designed several alternate spaceplane concepts for air-launch from the An-225 transport. These were similar to the various MAKS concepts. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • LII Russian agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Flight-Research Institute, Russia. More...

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