Encyclopedia Astronautica
Lunar Orbit OPS

Lunar Orbit OPS
Credit: © Mark Wade
Russian manned lunar orbiter. Study 1968. In Chelomei's draft project for the UR-700, he proposed that lunar versions of the Almaz OPS be placed in lunar orbit to conduct detailed reconnaissance of the surface using manned assistance.

The OPS would also be used as a command post to co-ordinate the work of lunar surface operations and organize rescues in the case of emergencies on the surface. The UR-700 could place a station of 37,080 kg into lunar orbit - sufficient for a complete OPS, an LK-700 return spacecraft, and many metric tons of additional payload.

Crew Size: 2.

Gross mass: 37,000 kg (81,000 lb).
Height: 11.50 m (37.70 ft).

More... - Chronology...

Associated Countries
See also
Associated Launch Vehicles
  • UR-700 Russian heavy-lift orbital launch vehicle. The UR-700 was the member of Vladimir Chelomei's Universal Rocket family designed in the 1960's to allow direct manned flight by the LK-700 spacecraft to the surface of the moon. However Korolev's N1 was the selected Soviet super-booster design. Only when the N1 ran into schedule problems in 1967 was work on the UR-700 resumed. The draft project foresaw first launch in May 1972. But no financing for full scale development was forthcoming; by then it was apparent that the moon race was lost. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Chelomei Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Chelomei Design Bureau, Reutov, Russia. More...

  • Yevtifyev, M D, Dolgiy put k 'Burye', Vyzovskaya kniga, Moscow, 1996..

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